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ID Date Author Subject
  48   Thu Mar 4 19:14:10 2010 Hao HuanReadout of DRS Data

Hi Stefan,

    thanks to your help I can now successfully keep the Domino wave running at a stable frequency and maintain the channel cascading information in the Write Shift Register. (Since you told me WSR always reads and writes at the same time, I think I need to rewrite the information back every time after reading out from WSR to decide from which channel my data come, don't I?)

    However I'm still having difficulty in reading out from the DRS cells. I use the ROI readout mode and assume as long as I give a pulse on RSRLOAD the data will come out one by one. However, what I get is just a constant with some noise, which seems I'm always reading from the same cell. Actually I'm not very clear about how it works. What's the mechanism for RSRLOAD  and do I have to initialize the Read Shift Register to use the ROI mode? Also I read in the datasheet that WSROUT will give RSR output when DWRITE is low. Sometimes I see some random bits from this output and sometimes I see all zero's. What is the reasonable output I should see from WSROUT, say, when I'm running in the transparent mode with DWRITE low?

    Thank you very much!

 

  47   Wed Mar 3 17:49:30 2010 Stefan RittInitialization of the Domino Circuit

Hao Huan wrote:

Hi Stefan,

    I read in the datasheet that every time after power up the Domino wave in DRS4 needs to be started and stopped once to initialize the Domino circuit. However in your firmware it seems the chip immediately goes into the idle state after reset. Is that Domino circuit initialization really necessary?

    Also an aside question: in your firmware the readout process has the SRCLK sent to DRS4 only about 200ns later after RSRLOAD gets asserted instead of immediately following RSRLOAD. Is there any reason for that?

    Thanks a lot!

 

The start/stop requirement is obsolete and has been replaced by  elog:10. I need to update this in the datasheet. The delay between the RSRLOAD and the SRCLK has the following reason: On the RSRLOAD the first sampling cell is output to the chip and to the ADC. This can sometimes be a rather high swing, which needs some time to settle, and some warm-up for the output driver. But actually I never really measured it, so it's there just as a safety margin. But I would encourage you to try to reduce this time and see it the first few bins of the readout change in offset.

  46   Wed Mar 3 17:36:31 2010 Hao HuanInitialization of the Domino Circuit

Hi Stefan,

    I read in the datasheet that every time after power up the Domino wave in DRS4 needs to be started and stopped once to initialize the Domino circuit. However in your firmware it seems the chip immediately goes into the idle state after reset. Is that Domino circuit initialization really necessary?

    Also an aside question: in your firmware the readout process has the SRCLK sent to DRS4 only about 200ns later after RSRLOAD gets asserted instead of immediately following RSRLOAD. Is there any reason for that?

    Thanks a lot!

 

  45   Wed Mar 3 14:37:40 2010 Stefan RittPLLLCK signal of DRS4

Hao Huan wrote:

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Hao Huan wrote:

By the way I have another question: when the default operation mode of the DRS4 chip is used, i.e. WSRIN is fed internally to WSROUT, at the external pins is it necessary to leave the WSRIN open? Or any input through the pin will not affect the Domino wave running? Also I observe that WSROUT will be always low when the chip is running in this mode; is it the supposed behavior?

If the WSRin is fed internally to WSROUT, then the level of the WSRIN pin does not matter, it's just disconnected. You can leave the pin open without problem. WSROUT is however active, so you can observe the internal state of the write shift register. In the default configuration (8x1024 sampling cells), all 8 channels are active all the time, so the WSR is loaded with ones. The inverter at the output then makes all zeros from this. If you configure the chip as 4x2048 cells, then you will observe switching bits at WSROUT. 

 Sorry; WSROUT also has an inverter? Actually I have one more stupid question about the shift registers: when we assert the address bits to operate on one shift register, e.g. WSR, we use SRIN to give input and SROUT to read output; but how does the shift register know whether we're reading or writing? Or it will just receive input from SRIN and give output at SROUT at the same time?

Actually I double checked the schematics, WSROUT has NO inverter at the output. So the output should be always one in a 8x1024 channel configuration.

Concerning the read/write you are right. On each clock cycle, SRIN will be shifted into the first bit, and the last bit will be visible at SROUT.

  44   Mon Feb 22 17:23:59 2010 Hao HuanPLLLCK signal of DRS4

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Hao Huan wrote:

By the way I have another question: when the default operation mode of the DRS4 chip is used, i.e. WSRIN is fed internally to WSROUT, at the external pins is it necessary to leave the WSRIN open? Or any input through the pin will not affect the Domino wave running? Also I observe that WSROUT will be always low when the chip is running in this mode; is it the supposed behavior?

If the WSRin is fed internally to WSROUT, then the level of the WSRIN pin does not matter, it's just disconnected. You can leave the pin open without problem. WSROUT is however active, so you can observe the internal state of the write shift register. In the default configuration (8x1024 sampling cells), all 8 channels are active all the time, so the WSR is loaded with ones. The inverter at the output then makes all zeros from this. If you configure the chip as 4x2048 cells, then you will observe switching bits at WSROUT. 

 Sorry; WSROUT also has an inverter? Actually I have one more stupid question about the shift registers: when we assert the address bits to operate on one shift register, e.g. WSR, we use SRIN to give input and SROUT to read output; but how does the shift register know whether we're reading or writing? Or it will just receive input from SRIN and give output at SROUT at the same time?

Thank you so much!

  43   Sun Feb 21 20:33:57 2010 Stefan RittPLLLCK signal of DRS4

Hao Huan wrote:

By the way I have another question: when the default operation mode of the DRS4 chip is used, i.e. WSRIN is fed internally to WSROUT, at the external pins is it necessary to leave the WSRIN open? Or any input through the pin will not affect the Domino wave running? Also I observe that WSROUT will be always low when the chip is running in this mode; is it the supposed behavior?

If the WSRin is fed internally to WSROUT, then the level of the WSRIN pin does not matter, it's just disconnected. You can leave the pin open without problem. WSROUT is however active, so you can observe the internal state of the write shift register. In the default configuration (8x1024 sampling cells), all 8 channels are active all the time, so the WSR is loaded with ones. The inverter at the output then makes all zeros from this. If you configure the chip as 4x2048 cells, then you will observe switching bits at WSROUT. 

  42   Sun Feb 21 20:27:46 2010 Hao HuanPLLLCK signal of DRS4

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Hao Huan wrote:


Thanks! I see. The capacitor is important. However I'm a little confused... If PLLLCK=DTAP XOR REFCLK, shouldn't it integrate to low instead of high when the two clocks are in phase? I must have some misunderstanding here. So if we ignore any realistic complexity and assume DTAP is perfectly locked with REFCLK, will PLLLCK be always low or high? I'm sorry I do not know how the DRS internal PLL and its input/output work...

Actually the XOR is followed by an inverter, so it will integrate to high if the two clocks are in phase. 

 Got it. Thank you! By the way I have another question: when the default operation mode of the DRS4 chip is used, i.e. WSRIN is fed internally to WSROUT, at the external pins is it necessary to leave the WSRIN open? Or any input through the pin will not affect the Domino wave running? Also I observe that WSROUT will be always low when the chip is running in this mode; is it the supposed behavior?

  41   Sun Feb 21 13:47:03 2010 Stefan RittPLLLCK signal of DRS4

Hao Huan wrote:


Thanks! I see. The capacitor is important. However I'm a little confused... If PLLLCK=DTAP XOR REFCLK, shouldn't it integrate to low instead of high when the two clocks are in phase? I must have some misunderstanding here. So if we ignore any realistic complexity and assume DTAP is perfectly locked with REFCLK, will PLLLCK be always low or high? I'm sorry I do not know how the DRS internal PLL and its input/output work...

Actually the XOR is followed by an inverter, so it will integrate to high if the two clocks are in phase. 

  40   Sun Feb 21 13:41:35 2010 Stefan RittReal Time Conference 2010

Hello,

may I draw your attention to the upcoming Real Time Conference 2010, taking place in Lisbon, Portugal, May 23rd to May 28th, 2010.

http://rt2010.ipfn.ist.utl.pt/

Several groups which are developing DRS4 electronics will come to this conference and present their work, so it will be a good opportunity to exchange ideas and experiences. There will also be a short course on digital pulse shape processing, which is highly relevant for our field.

Looking forward to see you in Lisbon,

    Stefan 

  39   Sun Feb 21 00:46:01 2010 Hao HuanPLLLCK signal of DRS4

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Hao Huan wrote:

Hi Stefan,

    in the latest DRS4 datasheet I only saw your data of the DRS4 PLL locking time for 6GSPS sampling speed, with other rows "TBD". Have you tried those lower frequencies? According to the datasheet I think the PLLLCK should be stabily low when the PLL is locked; am I right? However when I try my design with the DRS4 chip and feed the reference clock signal at 0.5MHz or 2MHz, the PLLLCK I get can never stabilize. There could be some problem in the PCB circuit connection, but I want to confirm with you since I'm confused with those "TBD" blanks.

    Thanks a lot!

 

The locking time is typically 20-30 cycles of the external reference clock, I will update the numbers in the datasheet soon. I attached a screenshot of the chip when starting up at 1 GHz (0.5 MHz REFCLK), so you can see the behaviour. The upper curver is the DTAP signal, the lower curve the PLLLCK signal. As you can see, the PLLLCK signal is not purely digital. Actually it's a simple XOR between the REFCLK and the DTAP signal, so you need an external 4.7nF capacitor to "integrate" this signal. Without this capacitor, you would see small negative spikes whenever there is s small phase shift between the DTAP and the REFCLK signal. Have a look at your DTAP signal, is it in phase with the REFCLK? 

Thanks! I see. The capacitor is important. However I'm a little confused... If PLLLCK=DTAP XOR REFCLK, shouldn't it integrate to low instead of high when the two clocks are in phase? I must have some misunderstanding here. So if we ignore any realistic complexity and assume DTAP is perfectly locked with REFCLK, will PLLLCK be always low or high? I'm sorry I do not know how the DRS internal PLL and its input/output work...

  38   Sat Feb 20 09:54:48 2010 Stefan RittPLLLCK signal of DRS4

Hao Huan wrote:

Hi Stefan,

    in the latest DRS4 datasheet I only saw your data of the DRS4 PLL locking time for 6GSPS sampling speed, with other rows "TBD". Have you tried those lower frequencies? According to the datasheet I think the PLLLCK should be stabily low when the PLL is locked; am I right? However when I try my design with the DRS4 chip and feed the reference clock signal at 0.5MHz or 2MHz, the PLLLCK I get can never stabilize. There could be some problem in the PCB circuit connection, but I want to confirm with you since I'm confused with those "TBD" blanks.

    Thanks a lot!

 

The locking time is typically 20-30 cycles of the external reference clock, I will update the numbers in the datasheet soon. I attached a screenshot of the chip when starting up at 1 GHz (0.5 MHz REFCLK), so you can see the behaviour. The upper curver is the DTAP signal, the lower curve the PLLLCK signal. As you can see, the PLLLCK signal is not purely digital. Actually it's a simple XOR between the REFCLK and the DTAP signal, so you need an external 4.7nF capacitor to "integrate" this signal. Without this capacitor, you would see small negative spikes whenever there is s small phase shift between the DTAP and the REFCLK signal. Have a look at your DTAP signal, is it in phase with the REFCLK? 

  37   Sat Feb 20 01:56:05 2010 Hao HuanPLLLCK signal of DRS4

Hi Stefan,

    in the latest DRS4 datasheet I only saw your data of the DRS4 PLL locking time for 6GSPS sampling speed, with other rows "TBD". Have you tried those lower frequencies? According to the datasheet I think the PLLLCK should be stabily low when the PLL is locked; am I right? However when I try my design with the DRS4 chip and feed the reference clock signal at 0.5MHz or 2MHz, the PLLLCK I get can never stabilize. There could be some problem in the PCB circuit connection, but I want to confirm with you since I'm confused with those "TBD" blanks.

    Thanks a lot!

 

  36   Tue Feb 16 09:38:59 2010 Stefan RittProblem reading oscilloscope binary waveform output

Ron Grazioso wrote:

It looks like the pulse is there but there is something corrupting the data only in binary form.  Is there a setting that may not be correct?

Yes, but you have to recompile the oscilloscope application. Find following line in the source file DOFrame.cpp:

            m_WFfd = open(filename.char_str(), O_RDWR | O_CREAT | O_TRUNC | O_TEXT, 0644);

and replace it with

            m_WFfd = open(filename.char_str(), O_RDWR | O_CREAT | O_TRUNC | O_BINARY, 0644);

 that fixes the problem. To compile the program, you need MS Visual C++ and you have to install the vxWidgets library. Let me know if you have any problem with that.

Anyhow I plan a major software update soon (weeks), which not only fixes this problem, but also reduces the noise considerably by doing a kind of two-fold calibration.

- Stefan

  35   Mon Feb 15 19:43:34 2010 Ron GraziosoProblem reading oscilloscope binary waveform output

I have saved some waveforms using the oscilloscope application in both binary and xml.  I can see that the xml file gives me proper data values but when I try to read the binary file using IDL, it does not seem correct.  This is a screen shot of the pulse I saved: test_pulse.png

But when I open the binary file in IDL using:

data = uintarr(1024)       ;unsigned integer array
readu,lun1,data
free_lun,lun1
close,lun1

;Convert bits to Volts
data=data*0.000015259-0.5        

window,0,xs=512,ys=512
plot,data[*]

I get: pulse_IDL.png

It looks like the pulse is there but there is something corrupting the data only in binary form.  Is there a setting that may not be correct?

Thanks, Ron

 

 

 

  34   Wed Feb 10 15:35:09 2010 Stefan RittHello

pepe sanchez lopez wrote:

hello i am an student and i want to do my final project with drs4 board and i really can´t find how to open waveform file and how can i save or opened many of them quickly.

if you can tell me how i will be very grateful.

thanks,

kind regards.

There is no built-in possibility to open waveform files, you have to write your own programs to do that. 

  33   Wed Feb 10 02:57:55 2010 pepe sanchez lopezHello

hello i am an student and i want to do my final project with drs4 board and i really can´t find how to open waveform file and how can i save or opened many of them quickly.

if you can tell me how i will be very grateful.

thanks,

kind regards.

  32   Mon Feb 1 08:30:42 2010 Stefan RittFailure In Flashing Xilinx PROM

Hao Huan wrote:

Hi Stefan,

    I have an old-version DRS4 evaluation board which doesn't have the latest firmware. I tried to flash the drs_eval1.ipf boundary scan chain into the XCF02S PROM with Xilinx IMPACT, and the firmware seemed to go through into the PROM. However, when I started the DRS command line interface to test the firmware it kept on reporting errors like

musb_write: requested 10, wrote -116, errno 0 (No error)

musb_read error -116

musb_write: requested 10, wrote -22, error 0 (No error)

musb_read error -116

and so on. Finally the program made a dumb recognition of the board as

Found mezz. board 0 on USB, serial #0, firmware revision 0

Do you have any idea which caused this problem? Thanks!

A firmware update requires a power cycle of the evaluation board. Have you tried that? I attached for you reference the current drs_eval1.mcs file, which is meant to go into the XCF02S PROM. There were recent changes also in the DRS library, and I'm not sure if yous if recent enough. So I put also the current C files which go with the firmware. They contain also some improvements which should reduce the intrinsic noise of the board.  

  31   Sun Jan 31 23:52:15 2010 Hao HuanFailure In Flashing Xilinx PROM

Hi Stefan,

    I have an old-version DRS4 evaluation board which doesn't have the latest firmware. I tried to flash the drs_eval1.ipf boundary scan chain into the XCF02S PROM with Xilinx IMPACT, and the firmware seemed to go through into the PROM. However, when I started the DRS command line interface to test the firmware it kept on reporting errors like

musb_write: requested 10, wrote -116, errno 0 (No error)

musb_read error -116

musb_write: requested 10, wrote -22, error 0 (No error)

musb_read error -116

and so on. Finally the program made a dumb recognition of the board as

Found mezz. board 0 on USB, serial #0, firmware revision 0

Do you have any idea which caused this problem? Thanks!

  30   Mon Jan 11 16:32:21 2010 Stefan Rittnormal_mode_in_drs_exam.cpp

aliyilmaz wrote:

 Dear Mr. S. Ritt

       i am Ms. student , am working with your DRS4 board to calculate the time of flight of the cosmic particle which passes trough  the hodoscope . i see the signals at scope , which is negative (i don't want to take positive side of the signal).

       i am using your drs_exap.cpp file to  take the data, i set the analog trigger source , threshold level is negative, like this(b->SetTriggerLevel(-30, true) ); but the exam file also registers the positive side of signal (i think  that is spike or internal reflection), is it possible to eliminate this spike? Also i want to register  the data just after the threshold value, but that is always triggered, i think that caused from the mode. Is it possible to set the trigger mode to normal in exam file?,and  how can i do that?

 

 

Best regards.

Sincerely,

 Ali YILMAZ (ali.yilmaz@roma1.infn.it)

 

Please note that SetTriggerLevel(level, polarity) needs "level" in volts, not millivolts, so you need SetTriggerLevel(-0.3, true). The trigger mode is not specified with any library call, but depends on what your program does. If you always poll on IsBusy(), then you are already in "normal" mode. The auto mode can only be achieved on the user application level by doing an "artifical" trigger by calling SoftTrigger() if there are no hardware triggers for a certain time. 

  29   Wed Dec 30 14:28:33 2009 aliyilmaznormal_mode_in_drs_exam.cpp

 Dear Mr. S. Ritt

       i am Ms. student , am working with your DRS4 board to calculate the time of flight of the cosmic particle which passes trough  the hodoscope . i see the signals at scope , which is negative (i don't want to take positive side of the signal).

       i am using your drs_exap.cpp file to  take the data, i set the analog trigger source , threshold level is negative, like this(b->SetTriggerLevel(-30, true) ); but the exam file also registers the positive side of signal (i think  that is spike or internal reflection), is it possible to eliminate this spike? Also i want to register  the data just after the threshold value, but that is always triggered, i think that caused from the mode. Is it possible to set the trigger mode to normal in exam file?,and  how can i do that?

 

Best regards.

Sincerely,

 Ali YILMAZ (ali.yilmaz@roma1.infn.it)

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