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Message ID: 747     Entry time: Fri Mar 8 19:35:11 2019
Author: Abaz Kryemadhi 
Subject: ROOT Macro for newest software 

The older root macro did not work for me for data acquired with the newest software.

so for the newest software and multiple boards, I modified the read_binary.cpp into read_binary.C for those who like to use the root macro, see the attachment.  

 

Attachment 1: read_binary.C  9 kB  | Hide | Hide all
/*
 
   Name:           read_binary.C
   Created by:     Stefan Ritt <stefan.ritt@psi.ch>
   Date:           July 30th, 2014
   Modified By:    Abaz Kryemadhi
   Date:           March 7th, 2019
 
   Purpose:        Example program under ROOT to read a binary data file written 
                   by the DRSOsc program. Decode time and voltages from waveforms 
                   and display them as a graph. Put values into a ROOT Tree for 
                   further analysis.
 
                   To run it, do:
 
                   - Crate a file test.dat via the "Save" button in DRSOsc
                   - start ROOT (type root)
                   root [0] .L read_binary.C+
                   root [1] decode("test.dat");
 
*/
 

#include <fcntl.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <math.h>


#include <string.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include "TFile.h"
#include "TTree.h"
#include "TString.h"
#include "TGraph.h"
#include "TCanvas.h"
#include "Getline.h"
#include "TAxis.h"

typedef struct {
   char           tag[3];
   char           version;
} FHEADER;

typedef struct {
   char           time_header[4];
} THEADER;

typedef struct {
   char           bn[2];
   unsigned short board_serial_number;
} BHEADER;

typedef struct {
   char           event_header[4];
   unsigned int   event_serial_number;
   unsigned short year;
   unsigned short month;
   unsigned short day;
   unsigned short hour;
   unsigned short minute;
   unsigned short second;
   unsigned short millisecond;
   unsigned short range;
} EHEADER;

typedef struct {
   char           tc[2];
   unsigned short trigger_cell;
} TCHEADER;

typedef struct {
   char           c[1];
   char           cn[3];
} CHEADER;

/*-----------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

//int main(int argc, const char * argv[])
void decode(char *filename) {

   FHEADER  fh;
   THEADER  th;
   BHEADER  bh;
   EHEADER  eh;
   TCHEADER tch;
   CHEADER  ch;
   
   unsigned int scaler;
   unsigned short voltage[1024];
   double waveform[16][4][1024], time[16][4][1024];
   float bin_width[16][4][1024];
   int i, j, b, chn, n, chn_index, n_boards;
   double t1, t2, dt;
   //char filename[256];
   char rootfile[256];
   int ndt;
   double threshold, sumdt, sumdt2;
   double sum, baseline, max,amplitude1,amplitude2, amplitude3,amplitude4;
   
   // open the binary waveform file
   FILE *f = fopen(filename, "rb");
   if (f == NULL) {
      printf("Cannot find file \'%s\'\n", filename);
      return;
   }
   
   
    //open the root file
   strcpy(rootfile, filename);
   if (strchr(rootfile, '.'))
      *strchr(rootfile, '.') = 0;
   strcat(rootfile, ".root");
   TFile *outfile = new TFile(rootfile, "RECREATE");
   
   // define the rec tree
   TTree *rec = new TTree("rec","rec");
   rec->Branch("t1", time[0][0]     ,"t1[1024]/D");  
   rec->Branch("t2", time[0][1]     ,"t2[1024]/D");  
   rec->Branch("t3", time[0][2]     ,"t3[1024]/D");  
   rec->Branch("t4", time[0][3]     ,"t4[1024]/D");  
   rec->Branch("w1", waveform[0][0] ,"w1[1024]/D");
   rec->Branch("w2", waveform[0][1] ,"w2[1024]/D");
   rec->Branch("w3", waveform[0][2] ,"w3[1024]/D");
   rec->Branch("w4", waveform[0][3] ,"w4[1024]/D");
   rec->Branch("amplitude1", &amplitude1,"amplitude1/D");
   rec->Branch("amplitude2", &amplitude2,"amplitude2/D");
   rec->Branch("amplitude3", &amplitude3,"amplitude3/D");
   rec->Branch("amplitude4", &amplitude4,"amplitude4/D");
   // create canvas
   TCanvas *c1 = new TCanvas();
   
   // create graph
   TGraph *g = new TGraph(1024, (double *)time[0][0], (double *)waveform[0][0]);


   // read file header
   fread(&fh, sizeof(fh), 1, f);
   if (fh.tag[0] != 'D' || fh.tag[1] != 'R' || fh.tag[2] != 'S') {
      printf("Found invalid file header in file \'%s\', aborting.\n", filename);
      return;
   }
   
   if (fh.version != '2') {
      printf("Found invalid file version \'%c\' in file \'%s\', should be \'2\', aborting.\n", fh.version, filename);
      return;
   }

   // read time header
   fread(&th, sizeof(th), 1, f);
   if (memcmp(th.time_header, "TIME", 4) != 0) {
      printf("Invalid time header in file \'%s\', aborting.\n", filename);
      return;
   }

   for (b = 0 ; ; b++) {
      // read board header
      fread(&bh, sizeof(bh), 1, f);
      if (memcmp(bh.bn, "B#", 2) != 0) {
         // probably event header found
         fseek(f, -4, SEEK_CUR);
         break;
      }
      
      printf("Found data for board #%d\n", bh.board_serial_number);
      
      // read time bin widths
      memset(bin_width[b], sizeof(bin_width[0]), 0);
      for (chn=0 ; chn<5 ; chn++) {
         fread(&ch, sizeof(ch), 1, f);
         if (ch.c[0] != 'C') {
            // event header found
            fseek(f, -4, SEEK_CUR);
            break;
         }
         i = ch.cn[2] - '0' - 1;
         printf("Found timing calibration for channel #%d\n", i+1);
         fread(&bin_width[b][i][0], sizeof(float), 1024, f);
         // fix for 2048 bin mode: double channel
         if (bin_width[b][i][1023] > 10 || bin_width[b][i][1023] < 0.01) {
            for (j=0 ; j<512 ; j++)
               bin_width[b][i][j+512] = bin_width[b][i][j];
         }
      }
   }
   n_boards = b;
   
   // initialize statistics
   ndt = 0;
   sumdt = sumdt2 = 0;
   
   // loop over all events in the data file
   for (n=0 ; ; n++) {
      // read event header
      i = (int)fread(&eh, sizeof(eh), 1, f);
      if (i < 1)
         break;
      
      printf("Found event #%d %d %d\n", eh.event_serial_number, eh.second, eh.millisecond);
      
      // loop over all boards in data file
      for (b=0 ; b<n_boards ; b++) {
         
         // read board header
         fread(&bh, sizeof(bh), 1, f);
         if (memcmp(bh.bn, "B#", 2) != 0) {
            printf("Invalid board header in file \'%s\', aborting.\n", filename);
            return;
         }
         
         // read trigger cell
         fread(&tch, sizeof(tch), 1, f);
         if (memcmp(tch.tc, "T#", 2) != 0) {
            printf("Invalid trigger cell header in file \'%s\', aborting.\n", filename);
            return;
         }

         if (n_boards > 1)
            printf("Found data for board #%d\n", bh.board_serial_number);
         
         // reach channel data
         for (chn=0 ; chn<4 ; chn++) {
            
            // read channel header
            fread(&ch, sizeof(ch), 1, f);
            if (ch.c[0] != 'C') {
               // event header found
               fseek(f, -4, SEEK_CUR);
               break;
            }
            chn_index = ch.cn[2] - '0' - 1;
            fread(&scaler, sizeof(int), 1, f);
            fread(voltage, sizeof(short), 1024, f);
            
            for (i=0 ; i<1024 ; i++) {
               // convert data to volts
               waveform[b][chn_index][i] = (voltage[i] / 65536. + eh.range/1000.0 - 0.5);
               
               // calculate time for this cell
               for (j=0,time[b][chn_index][i]=0 ; j<i ; j++)
                  time[b][chn_index][i] += bin_width[b][chn_index][(j+tch.trigger_cell) % 1024];
            }
         }
         
         // align cell #0 of all channels
         t1 = time[b][0][(1024-tch.trigger_cell) % 1024];
         for (chn=1 ; chn<4 ; chn++) {
            t2 = time[b][chn][(1024-tch.trigger_cell) % 1024];
            dt = t1 - t2;
            for (i=0 ; i<1024 ; i++)
               time[b][chn][i] += dt;
         }
         
         t1 = t2 = 0;
         threshold = 0.3;
         
         // find peak in channel 1 above threshold
         for (i=0 ; i<1022 ; i++)
            if (waveform[b][0][i] < threshold && waveform[b][0][i+1] >= threshold) {
               t1 = (threshold-waveform[b][0][i])/(waveform[b][0][i+1]-waveform[b][0][i])*(time[b][0][i+1]-time[b][0][i])+time[b][0][i];
               break;
            }
         
         // find peak in channel 2 above threshold
         for (i=0 ; i<1022 ; i++)
            if (waveform[b][1][i] < threshold && waveform[b][1][i+1] >= threshold) {
               t2 = (threshold-waveform[b][1][i])/(waveform[b][1][i+1]-waveform[b][1][i])*(time[b][1][i+1]-time[b][1][i])+time[b][1][i];
               break;
            }
         
         // calculate distance of peaks with statistics
         if (t1 > 0 && t2 > 0) {
            ndt++;
            dt = t2 - t1;
            sumdt += dt;
            sumdt2 += dt*dt;
         }
     //Find baseline for channel 3 to get amplitude for ch3 
     sum=0.0;
      for (i=0 ; i<10; i++) {
         sum+=waveform[0][2][i];
       } 
       baseline=sum/10;
     //Find amplitude for channel 3 (this is example channel )
     max=-10000.0;
      for (i=0 ; i<1022; i++) {
         if (waveform[b][2][i]>max) {
            max=waveform[b][2][i];
       } 
      }
       amplitude3=max;
     // fill root tree
      rec->Fill();

  //Uncomment the following to see couple waveforms of voltage vs time
  /*   
      // fill graph
      for (i=0 ; i<1024 ; i++)
         g->SetPoint(i, time[b][2][i], waveform[b][2][i]);
      
      // draw graph and wait for user click
... 20 more lines ...
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