1) That's correct. SRIN is ampled at the falling edge. Pleae make sure to obey the hold-time as written in the datasheet. P.12, Fig. 11: SRIN must be stable before the falling edge of SRCLK and tH after the falling clock. tH is 5ns according to table 1.
2) The write shift register is a 8-bit shift register, with an input, output and clock. After the first clock pulse, the 7th bit is shown, after the second clock pulse the 6th bit and so on. You you need 8 clock pulses to read the whole register. At the same time you write to the register, so what ever is present at SRIN will replace the old 8 bits of that register.
3) No this is not possible. When you read the register, you write to it at the same time. One possibilty is to connect SROUT to SRIN during that (maybe via the FPGA). Then you have a circular register wich is the same after each 8 clock pulses.
For your reference, I posted a commercial D-Flip Flop (TI SNHCS72). The DRS4 write shift register is a simple array of 8 such registers, with no CLR or PRE, where SROUT is Q of the last Flip Flop.
I have questions about the timing diagram of SROUT/SRIN signal to write/read a write shift register.
1) Value of SRIN signal is saved at the falling edge of SRCLK, correct? (It is written in datasheet, page12, "Bits are latched into the shift register on the falling edge of SRCLK")
2) When are 8-bits of write shift register shown through SROUT? At ridging edges of SRCLK? and with additional delay(~10ns)? or falling edges?
3) In my understanding, when SRCLK is sent to DRS4, we can read and write the values in parallel, right? If so, is it possible just to read the registers without updating the registers?
We have two modes to set the write shift register, the first one is to always reconnect to the first line and another one is to reconnect to the same line as when DWRITE goes to Low.
We can read/write the write shift register with the first mode (channel reset, page1). But we rarely face the problem of write shift register, unexpected values are written, with the second mode. With this mode, SROUT signal is sent back to DRS from FPGA as SRIN to write the same value on the write shift register. So there is a small delay(~10ns) due to the routing (DRS->FPGA->DRS, page2). It seems SRIN signal is not stable around the falling edges of SRCLK, thus it could cause that unexpected values are written in write shifter register.
To understand the situation clearly, I'd like to know the answer to the above questions.