DRS4 Forum
 DRS4 Discussion Forum, all entries Not logged in
ID Date Author Subject
791   Tue May 26 12:44:16 2020 Stefan RittDomino wave

Look at the attached picture. For simplicity, only 4 cells are open and tracking the input signal. Time is flowing from top to bottom. So initially, a train of 4 cells is open. When it's stopped, the train stops not immediately, but kind of "runs against a wall" at the stop cell. So each cell is open for four time ticks effectively, and you can use all 1024 cells.

 xggg wrote: Hi Stefan, According to the datasheet DRS_rev09, the write signal is always 16 cells wide. So when the domino wave runs in infinite mode and be stopped by setting DENABLE low , there are always 16 cells capicitors tracking the input signal . It means that the effective sample cells is 1024-16=1008? That's confusing.

Attachment 1: Screenshot_2020-05-26_at_12.43.40_.png
790   Tue May 26 11:10:27 2020 xgggDomino wave

Hi Stefan,

According to the datasheet DRS_rev09, the write signal is always 16 cells wide. So when the domino wave runs in infinite mode and be stopped by setting DENABLE low , there are always 16 cells capicitors tracking the input signal . It means that the effective sample cells is 1024-16=1008? That's confusing.

789   Mon May 25 03:36:12 2020 Keita MizukoshiDRS4 Evaluation board control tool 'drscl' with macro file

Thank you very much. That is what I wanted.

Stefan Ritt wrote:

There is an example program in the distribution under software/drscl/drs_exam.cpp which is a stand-alone program to do what you need. It uses the C library coming with the distribution. It configureres the board, defines a trigger, and then writes a few waveforms into a file. You can use it as a starting point for your development. If you need any other language, you have to develop bindings to the C library.

Stefan

 Keita Mizukoshi wrote: Dear experts,   I would like to use DRS4 evaluation board as DAQ system for small, table-top experiment. I need waveforms capture as binary file on some trigger based on command line without GUI. I found drscl tool in official software, but it require interactive command. I'd rather use static macro or so on to control DAQ as same behaviour in each time. I guess, experts are thinking users should develop DAQ code by themselves for their experiment specifically, but my request is very common so someone has already developed these tool.   Best regards, Keita

788   Fri May 22 13:24:51 2020 Stefan RittType check at DOFrame.h in official software

The software is a bit outdated, I will soon make a new release.

In meantime, you can replace that like with

bool GetRefclk(int board) { return m_refClk[board]; }

Best,
Stefan

 Keita Mizukoshi wrote: Hi,   I've failured to compile official software. The cause is the following line. DOFrame.h L.111    bool GetRefclk()        { return m_refClk > 0; }   m_refClk is pointer to bool. I guess these line is for null-check of the pointer. Can I replace the following line as  bool GetRefclk()        { return m_refClk != nullptr; } ? The latest compilers may not accept C-style check.   My compiler version is Apple clang version 11.0.3 (clang-1103.0.32.59) Target: x86_64-apple-darwin19.4.0 Thread model: posix InstalledDir: /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin Best regards, Keita

786   Fri May 22 12:53:33 2020 Stefan RittDRS4 Evaluation board control tool 'drscl' with macro file

There is an example program in the distribution under software/drscl/drs_exam.cpp which is a stand-alone program to do what you need. It uses the C library coming with the distribution. It configureres the board, defines a trigger, and then writes a few waveforms into a file. You can use it as a starting point for your development. If you need any other language, you have to develop bindings to the C library.

Stefan

 Keita Mizukoshi wrote: Dear experts,   I would like to use DRS4 evaluation board as DAQ system for small, table-top experiment. I need waveforms capture as binary file on some trigger based on command line without GUI. I found drscl tool in official software, but it require interactive command. I'd rather use static macro or so on to control DAQ as same behaviour in each time. I guess, experts are thinking users should develop DAQ code by themselves for their experiment specifically, but my request is very common so someone has already developed these tool.   Best regards, Keita

785   Thu May 21 07:38:05 2020 Keita MizukoshiType check at DOFrame.h in official software

Hi,

I've failured to compile official software. The cause is the following line.

DOFrame.h L.111    bool GetRefclk()        { return m_refClk > 0; }

m_refClk is pointer to bool. I guess these line is for null-check of the pointer.

Can I replace the following line as

bool GetRefclk()        { return m_refClk != nullptr; }

?

The latest compilers may not accept C-style check.

My compiler version is

Apple clang version 11.0.3 (clang-1103.0.32.59)
Target: x86_64-apple-darwin19.4.0
InstalledDir: /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/XcodeDefault.xctoolchain/usr/bin

Best regards,

Keita

784   Thu May 21 07:18:48 2020 Keita MizukoshiDRS4 Evaluation board control tool 'drscl' with macro file

Dear experts,

I would like to use DRS4 evaluation board as DAQ system for small, table-top experiment.

I need waveforms capture as binary file on some trigger based on command line without GUI.

I found drscl tool in official software, but it require interactive command. I'd rather use static macro or so on to control DAQ as same behaviour in each time.

I guess, experts are thinking users should develop DAQ code by themselves for their experiment specifically, but my request is very common so someone has already developed these tool.

Best regards,

Keita

783   Mon Mar 23 15:03:28 2020 Ajay KrishnamurthyUSB trigger issue

Hello,

I had forgotten to disable the turn off the power to the USB drive on Windows and DRS4 stopped triggering. Now, we are all on quarantine and I am unable to reset the board to normal function. Are there any commands to reset the board remotely. I tried all of the default Windows based solutions such as disable USB port etc., but I am unable to do this. Only thing that has worked in the past is manually replugging the USB but I do not have the option to do that currently. Please help.

Thanks,

Ajay

782   Fri Oct 25 16:39:07 2019 Stefan RittComputing corrected time from binary data...what is t_0,0?

t0,0 refers to the time of cell #0 of channel #0. So basically you keep channel 0 fixed, calculate the difference of each channel's cell #0 in respect to channel 0, and align all channels except channel 0 so that their cell #0 has the same value. There is an inconsistency between the channel numbering. The formula uses 0...3 and the manual says "channel 1" but it means actually the first channel, which uses index "0".

Stefan

 John Jendzurski wrote: In the equations for computing the corrected time for channels other than channel 1, does anyone know what the term t0,0 refers to?  This is the last term in the last equation on page 24 of DRS4 Evaluation Board User’s Manual, Board Revision 5 as of January 2014, Last revised: April 27, 2016. Screenshot from User's Manual is attached below. Thank you!

781   Wed Oct 23 17:56:26 2019 John JendzurskiComputing corrected time from binary data...what is t_0,0?

In the equations for computing the corrected time for channels other than channel 1, does anyone know what the term t0,0 refers to?  This is the last term in the last equation on page 24 of DRS4 Evaluation Board User’s Manual, Board Revision 5 as of January 2014, Last revised: April 27, 2016.

Screenshot from User's Manual is attached below.

Thank you!

Attachment 1: Screenshot.png
780   Tue Oct 15 08:14:17 2019 Danyanghow to acquire the stop position with channel cascading

Thanks a lot. The problem is solved when A3-A0 is set 1101 and srclk keeps low.

Best Regards,
Danyang

Stefan Ritt wrote:

If you configure the Write Shift Register with 01010101b, then all you have to do after a trigger is to set A3-A0 to 1101. The WSROUT pin shows you then either ther state 01010101b or 10101010b, you the pin should be 1 or 0, and that's all you need. The Write Shift Register is NOT routed to the SROUT pin, you only see it at the WSROUT pin.

Stefan

Danyang wrote:

Yes, firstly I configured the chip with 4x2048 bins by setting the Write Shift Register to 01010101b， A3-A0 keeps 1101----> secondly I enabled the domino wave, wait  some time for stable,  A3-A0 keeps 1111  ---->thirdly stops the domino wave when the trigger comes, A3-A0 keeps 1101 (or 1010, 0000)----> forthly send the clock pulse to the srclk pin, A3-A0 keeps 1101,  srout pin keeps low----> fifthly enable rsrload, A3-A0 (0000-1000),  srout pin reacts nomally.   I think the cascading is worked when I checked the waveform on the oscilloscope. Is there any step I missed?

Best Regards,
Danyang

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Note that you have to read out the Write Shift Register only if you do channel cascading, e.g. configuring the chip with 4x2048 bins by setting the Write Shift Register to 01010101b. Then the Write Shift Register tells you in which 1024-bin segment the Domino Wave has been stopped. If you use the normal 8x1024 bin mode, you don't have to read out the Write Shift Register since it continas only 1's.

Stefan

Danyang wrote:

I tried the logic in my designed board.  The results are shown in the picture: Srout keeps low when A3-A0  is set to 1101 and srclk is set as you mentioned. And the drs4 chip does not output sine wave in such configuration.

Srout signal only reacts after the rsrload signal is pulled high and A3-A0 is not 1101.

The number of srclk is not enough?  Is there any recommended time to configure the command?

Best Regards,
Danyang

Stefan Ritt wrote:

You first set A3-A0, on the next clock cycle you issue pulses on srclk, and about 10ns after each clock pulse the output shows up at srout. Best is to verity this with an oscilloscope.

The radout of the shift register is independent of the readout mode, so you can use with with MUXOUT as well.

Stefan

 Danyang wrote: Hi Steffan,        In DSR4 DATASHEET Rev.0.9 Page13,  there is a paragraph "If the DRS4 is configured for channel cascading or daisy chaining, it is necessary to know which the current channel is where the sampling has been stopped. This can be determined by addressing the Write Shift Register withA3-A0 = 1101b and by applying clock pulses to the SRCLK input ...".        My question is the timing details about srclk, srout, A3-A0 in the above control and its timing relation with stop shift register (Figure 15).  And can this configuration be used in the full readout mode with output MUXOUT?                Best Regards, Danyang (sun2222@mail.ustc.edu.cn)

779   Mon Oct 14 15:27:09 2019 Stefan Ritthow to acquire the stop position with channel cascading

If you configure the Write Shift Register with 01010101b, then all you have to do after a trigger is to set A3-A0 to 1101. The WSROUT pin shows you then either ther state 01010101b or 10101010b, you the pin should be 1 or 0, and that's all you need. The Write Shift Register is NOT routed to the SROUT pin, you only see it at the WSROUT pin.

Stefan

Danyang wrote:

Yes, firstly I configured the chip with 4x2048 bins by setting the Write Shift Register to 01010101b， A3-A0 keeps 1101----> secondly I enabled the domino wave, wait  some time for stable,  A3-A0 keeps 1111  ---->thirdly stops the domino wave when the trigger comes, A3-A0 keeps 1101 (or 1010, 0000)----> forthly send the clock pulse to the srclk pin, A3-A0 keeps 1101,  srout pin keeps low----> fifthly enable rsrload, A3-A0 (0000-1000),  srout pin reacts nomally.   I think the cascading is worked when I checked the waveform on the oscilloscope. Is there any step I missed?

Best Regards,
Danyang

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Note that you have to read out the Write Shift Register only if you do channel cascading, e.g. configuring the chip with 4x2048 bins by setting the Write Shift Register to 01010101b. Then the Write Shift Register tells you in which 1024-bin segment the Domino Wave has been stopped. If you use the normal 8x1024 bin mode, you don't have to read out the Write Shift Register since it continas only 1's.

Stefan

Danyang wrote:

I tried the logic in my designed board.  The results are shown in the picture: Srout keeps low when A3-A0  is set to 1101 and srclk is set as you mentioned. And the drs4 chip does not output sine wave in such configuration.

Srout signal only reacts after the rsrload signal is pulled high and A3-A0 is not 1101.

The number of srclk is not enough?  Is there any recommended time to configure the command?

Best Regards,
Danyang

Stefan Ritt wrote:

You first set A3-A0, on the next clock cycle you issue pulses on srclk, and about 10ns after each clock pulse the output shows up at srout. Best is to verity this with an oscilloscope.

The radout of the shift register is independent of the readout mode, so you can use with with MUXOUT as well.

Stefan

 Danyang wrote: Hi Steffan,        In DSR4 DATASHEET Rev.0.9 Page13,  there is a paragraph "If the DRS4 is configured for channel cascading or daisy chaining, it is necessary to know which the current channel is where the sampling has been stopped. This can be determined by addressing the Write Shift Register withA3-A0 = 1101b and by applying clock pulses to the SRCLK input ...".        My question is the timing details about srclk, srout, A3-A0 in the above control and its timing relation with stop shift register (Figure 15).  And can this configuration be used in the full readout mode with output MUXOUT?                Best Regards, Danyang (sun2222@mail.ustc.edu.cn)

778   Mon Oct 14 13:44:26 2019 Danyanghow to acquire the stop position with channel cascading

Yes, firstly I configured the chip with 4x2048 bins by setting the Write Shift Register to 01010101b， A3-A0 keeps 1101----> secondly I enabled the domino wave, wait  some time for stable,  A3-A0 keeps 1111  ---->thirdly stops the domino wave when the trigger comes, A3-A0 keeps 1101 (or 1010, 0000)----> forthly send the clock pulse to the srclk pin, A3-A0 keeps 1101,  srout pin keeps low----> fifthly enable rsrload, A3-A0 (0000-1000),  srout pin reacts nomally.   I think the cascading is worked when I checked the waveform on the oscilloscope. Is there any step I missed?

Best Regards,
Danyang

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Note that you have to read out the Write Shift Register only if you do channel cascading, e.g. configuring the chip with 4x2048 bins by setting the Write Shift Register to 01010101b. Then the Write Shift Register tells you in which 1024-bin segment the Domino Wave has been stopped. If you use the normal 8x1024 bin mode, you don't have to read out the Write Shift Register since it continas only 1's.

Stefan

Danyang wrote:

I tried the logic in my designed board.  The results are shown in the picture: Srout keeps low when A3-A0  is set to 1101 and srclk is set as you mentioned. And the drs4 chip does not output sine wave in such configuration.

Srout signal only reacts after the rsrload signal is pulled high and A3-A0 is not 1101.

The number of srclk is not enough?  Is there any recommended time to configure the command?

Best Regards,
Danyang

Stefan Ritt wrote:

You first set A3-A0, on the next clock cycle you issue pulses on srclk, and about 10ns after each clock pulse the output shows up at srout. Best is to verity this with an oscilloscope.

The radout of the shift register is independent of the readout mode, so you can use with with MUXOUT as well.

Stefan

 Danyang wrote: Hi Steffan,        In DSR4 DATASHEET Rev.0.9 Page13,  there is a paragraph "If the DRS4 is configured for channel cascading or daisy chaining, it is necessary to know which the current channel is where the sampling has been stopped. This can be determined by addressing the Write Shift Register withA3-A0 = 1101b and by applying clock pulses to the SRCLK input ...".        My question is the timing details about srclk, srout, A3-A0 in the above control and its timing relation with stop shift register (Figure 15).  And can this configuration be used in the full readout mode with output MUXOUT?                Best Regards, Danyang (sun2222@mail.ustc.edu.cn)

777   Mon Oct 14 12:56:13 2019 Stefan Ritthow to acquire the stop position with channel cascading

Note that you have to read out the Write Shift Register only if you do channel cascading, e.g. configuring the chip with 4x2048 bins by setting the Write Shift Register to 01010101b. Then the Write Shift Register tells you in which 1024-bin segment the Domino Wave has been stopped. If you use the normal 8x1024 bin mode, you don't have to read out the Write Shift Register since it continas only 1's.

Stefan

Danyang wrote:

I tried the logic in my designed board.  The results are shown in the picture: Srout keeps low when A3-A0  is set to 1101 and srclk is set as you mentioned. And the drs4 chip does not output sine wave in such configuration.

Srout signal only reacts after the rsrload signal is pulled high and A3-A0 is not 1101.

The number of srclk is not enough?  Is there any recommended time to configure the command?

Best Regards,
Danyang

Stefan Ritt wrote:

You first set A3-A0, on the next clock cycle you issue pulses on srclk, and about 10ns after each clock pulse the output shows up at srout. Best is to verity this with an oscilloscope.

The radout of the shift register is independent of the readout mode, so you can use with with MUXOUT as well.

Stefan

 Danyang wrote: Hi Steffan,        In DSR4 DATASHEET Rev.0.9 Page13,  there is a paragraph "If the DRS4 is configured for channel cascading or daisy chaining, it is necessary to know which the current channel is where the sampling has been stopped. This can be determined by addressing the Write Shift Register withA3-A0 = 1101b and by applying clock pulses to the SRCLK input ...".        My question is the timing details about srclk, srout, A3-A0 in the above control and its timing relation with stop shift register (Figure 15).  And can this configuration be used in the full readout mode with output MUXOUT?                Best Regards, Danyang (sun2222@mail.ustc.edu.cn)

776   Mon Oct 14 11:45:06 2019 Danyanghow to acquire the stop position with channel cascading

I tried the logic in my designed board.  The results are shown in the picture: Srout keeps low when A3-A0  is set to 1101 and srclk is set as you mentioned. And the drs4 chip does not output sine wave in such configuration.

Srout signal only reacts after the rsrload signal is pulled high and A3-A0 is not 1101.

The number of srclk is not enough?  Is there any recommended time to configure the command?

Best Regards,
Danyang

Stefan Ritt wrote:

You first set A3-A0, on the next clock cycle you issue pulses on srclk, and about 10ns after each clock pulse the output shows up at srout. Best is to verity this with an oscilloscope.

The radout of the shift register is independent of the readout mode, so you can use with with MUXOUT as well.

Stefan

 Danyang wrote: Hi Steffan,        In DSR4 DATASHEET Rev.0.9 Page13,  there is a paragraph "If the DRS4 is configured for channel cascading or daisy chaining, it is necessary to know which the current channel is where the sampling has been stopped. This can be determined by addressing the Write Shift Register withA3-A0 = 1101b and by applying clock pulses to the SRCLK input ...".        My question is the timing details about srclk, srout, A3-A0 in the above control and its timing relation with stop shift register (Figure 15).  And can this configuration be used in the full readout mode with output MUXOUT?                Best Regards, Danyang (sun2222@mail.ustc.edu.cn)

Attachment 1: Capture.PNG
775   Mon Oct 14 10:14:46 2019 Stefan Ritthow to acquire the stop position with channel cascading

You first set A3-A0, on the next clock cycle you issue pulses on srclk, and about 10ns after each clock pulse the output shows up at srout. Best is to verity this with an oscilloscope.

The radout of the shift register is independent of the readout mode, so you can use with with MUXOUT as well.

Stefan

 Danyang wrote: Hi Steffan,        In DSR4 DATASHEET Rev.0.9 Page13,  there is a paragraph "If the DRS4 is configured for channel cascading or daisy chaining, it is necessary to know which the current channel is where the sampling has been stopped. This can be determined by addressing the Write Shift Register withA3-A0 = 1101b and by applying clock pulses to the SRCLK input ...".        My question is the timing details about srclk, srout, A3-A0 in the above control and its timing relation with stop shift register (Figure 15).  And can this configuration be used in the full readout mode with output MUXOUT?                Best Regards, Danyang (sun2222@mail.ustc.edu.cn)

774   Mon Oct 14 09:32:33 2019 Danyanghow to acquire the stop position with channel cascading

Hi Steffan,

In DSR4 DATASHEET Rev.0.9 Page13,  there is a paragraph "If the DRS4 is configured for channel cascading or daisy chaining, it is necessary to know which the current channel is where the sampling has been stopped. This can be
determined by addressing the Write Shift Register withA3-A0 = 1101b and by applying clock pulses to the SRCLK input ...".

My question is the timing details about srclk, srout, A3-A0 in the above control and its timing relation with stop shift register (Figure 15).  And can this configuration be used in the full readout mode with output MUXOUT?

Best Regards,
Danyang (sun2222@mail.ustc.edu.cn)

Attachment 1: Capture.PNG
773   Fri Sep 13 15:27:41 2019 Arseny RybnikovScaler / How to modify the firmware to change the scaler integration time

Hello,

We want to use the inner DRS4 counter(scaler) within more than the 100ms integration time. We guess that we need to modify the original firmware around this point:

-- Reference clock used for frequency counter

proc_1hzclk: process(I_RESET, I_CLK33)
begin
if (I_RESET = '1') then
drs_1hz_counter(31 downto 0)          <= (others => '0');
drs_1hz_clock                         <= '0';
scaler_reset                          <= (others => '1');
scaler_ff_reset                       <= (others => '1');
elsif rising_edge(I_CLK33) then
drs_1hz_counter                       <= drs_1hz_counter - 1; -- count down
scaler_reset                          <= (others => '0');
scaler_ff_reset                       <= (others => '0');

-- toggle refclk if timer expires
if (drs_1hz_counter(drs_1hz_counter'high) = '1') then
drs_1hz_clock                       <= not drs_1hz_clock;
drs_1hz_counter(31 downto 0)        <= X"0016E35F";     -- 1499999, I_CLK33 is actually a 30 MHz clock

scaler_ff_reset                     <= (others => '1'); -- reset scaler_ff once every 100ms cycle
loop_scaler_reset : for i in 0 to 5 loop
if (scaler_ff(i) = '0') then                          -- no activity since last cycle?
scaler_reset(i)                <= '1';             -- force clear scaler register
end if;
end loop;

if (scaler_ff(0) = '0') then                            -- no activity since last cycle?
scaler_reset(0)                   <= '1';             -- force clear scaler register
end if;

end if;
end if;
end process;

Could you please tell us how to modify the firmware to increse the time up to 5 seconds for instance?

772   Tue Aug 27 09:14:03 2019 Stefan RittDRS4

Is a 5 GSPS oscilloscope suitable for use with Silicon surface barier detectors?

 chinmay basu wrote: Is DRS4 suitable for use with Silicon surface barrier detectors?

771   Tue Aug 27 08:33:22 2019 chinmay basuDRS4

Is DRS4 suitable for use with Silicon surface barrier detectors?

770   Tue Aug 20 16:05:21 2019 Bill Ashmanskasshould one deassert DENABLE while writing the write-shift register?

Aha -- many thanks.  I think what tripped up my test logic is that the "done" state in drs4_eval5_app.vhd that executes post-readout sets DWRITE back to 1 (drs_write_set).  If one then writes to FPGA register 5 while the FSM is in the "idle" state, the conf_strobe and wsr_strobe states occur with DWRITE and DENABLE both asserted.  This is if one sets the "dactive" bit in the FPGA app code, which is probably not the usual use case.  Maybe using the real DRS.cpp avoids this situation.  (I was simulating your FPGA code to test my understanding of what our FPGA code should do.)

Anyway, our own use case is fine: as you suggest, we leave DENABLE asserted, but we deassert DWRITE while reading out or while changing DRS4 register values.

Thanks again,

Bill

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Hi Bill,

you keep DENABLE active all the time to keep the Domino Wave running, but you deassert DWRITE if you change any register via SRCLK. There is no shadow register, just a simple shift register, but with DWRITE being low, the domino circuitry does not touch it.

Best,
Stefan

 Bill Ashmanskas wrote: Hi Stefan, We have for some time now been using custom firmware on a custom board to read waveforms out of DRS4 chips.  Now we are working on cascaded readout mode, 4 channels @ 2048 samples, WSREG=0x55, in order to allow for longer trigger latency. Doing a testbench simulation of the FPGA code raised a question for me:  Do I need to deassert DENABLE while I shift a new 8-bit value into the write-shift register?  What happens if, during the few-hundred nanoseconds it takes to shift 8 bits into the register, the domino wave crosses cell 768, thereby shifting the write-shift register left by one bit?  Is this shifting suppressed when A=0b1101?  Or does the update of the actual write-shift register occur only once, after the 8th SRCLK cycle?  (Maybe one is really shifting bits into a shadow register that is copied all at once into the actual register?) I notice in simulating your drs4_eval5_app.vhd that if one sets bit 27 ("drs_ctl_dactive") of register 0 (do not deassert DENABLE on trigger), then starts the domino wave (set bit 0 of register 0), then issues a software trigger, then later writes to register 5 (config register, wsreg, etc.), DENABLE is not in fact deasserted during the time when A=0b1100 (conf_setup, conf_strobe) or when A=0b1101 (wsr_setup, wsr_strobe). But my simulation testbench includes a simplified Verilog model of my interpretation of the DRS4 data sheet, and my simulated DRS4 happened to cause the write-shift register to shift (256 samples before DTAP toggled) during your "wsr_strobe" FSM state, thus corrupting the value that was being shifted into the WSREG via SRIN and SRCLK. So I'm curious:  to be safe, should one deassert DENABLE before updating the write-shift register, or is it safe to update it even while the domino wave is active and looping?  It seems easy enough to be safe, since we should only need to write to the WSREG once during the setup phase and then let it loop forever. Many thanks, Bill

769   Tue Aug 20 10:44:45 2019 Stefan Rittshould one deassert DENABLE while writing the write-shift register?

Hi Bill,

you keep DENABLE active all the time to keep the Domino Wave running, but you deassert DWRITE if you change any register via SRCLK. There is no shadow register, just a simple shift register, but with DWRITE being low, the domino circuitry does not touch it.

Best,
Stefan

 Bill Ashmanskas wrote: Hi Stefan, We have for some time now been using custom firmware on a custom board to read waveforms out of DRS4 chips.  Now we are working on cascaded readout mode, 4 channels @ 2048 samples, WSREG=0x55, in order to allow for longer trigger latency. Doing a testbench simulation of the FPGA code raised a question for me:  Do I need to deassert DENABLE while I shift a new 8-bit value into the write-shift register?  What happens if, during the few-hundred nanoseconds it takes to shift 8 bits into the register, the domino wave crosses cell 768, thereby shifting the write-shift register left by one bit?  Is this shifting suppressed when A=0b1101?  Or does the update of the actual write-shift register occur only once, after the 8th SRCLK cycle?  (Maybe one is really shifting bits into a shadow register that is copied all at once into the actual register?) I notice in simulating your drs4_eval5_app.vhd that if one sets bit 27 ("drs_ctl_dactive") of register 0 (do not deassert DENABLE on trigger), then starts the domino wave (set bit 0 of register 0), then issues a software trigger, then later writes to register 5 (config register, wsreg, etc.), DENABLE is not in fact deasserted during the time when A=0b1100 (conf_setup, conf_strobe) or when A=0b1101 (wsr_setup, wsr_strobe). But my simulation testbench includes a simplified Verilog model of my interpretation of the DRS4 data sheet, and my simulated DRS4 happened to cause the write-shift register to shift (256 samples before DTAP toggled) during your "wsr_strobe" FSM state, thus corrupting the value that was being shifted into the WSREG via SRIN and SRCLK. So I'm curious:  to be safe, should one deassert DENABLE before updating the write-shift register, or is it safe to update it even while the domino wave is active and looping?  It seems easy enough to be safe, since we should only need to write to the WSREG once during the setup phase and then let it loop forever. Many thanks, Bill
768   Mon Aug 19 23:01:22 2019 Bill Ashmanskasshould one deassert DENABLE while writing the write-shift register?

Hi Stefan,

We have for some time now been using custom firmware on a custom board to read waveforms out of DRS4 chips.  Now we are working on cascaded readout mode, 4 channels @ 2048 samples, WSREG=0x55, in order to allow for longer trigger latency.

Doing a testbench simulation of the FPGA code raised a question for me:  Do I need to deassert DENABLE while I shift a new 8-bit value into the write-shift register?  What happens if, during the few-hundred nanoseconds it takes to shift 8 bits into the register, the domino wave crosses cell 768, thereby shifting the write-shift register left by one bit?  Is this shifting suppressed when A=0b1101?  Or does the update of the actual write-shift register occur only once, after the 8th SRCLK cycle?  (Maybe one is really shifting bits into a shadow register that is copied all at once into the actual register?)

I notice in simulating your drs4_eval5_app.vhd that if one sets bit 27 ("drs_ctl_dactive") of register 0 (do not deassert DENABLE on trigger), then starts the domino wave (set bit 0 of register 0), then issues a software trigger, then later writes to register 5 (config register, wsreg, etc.), DENABLE is not in fact deasserted during the time when A=0b1100 (conf_setup, conf_strobe) or when A=0b1101 (wsr_setup, wsr_strobe).

But my simulation testbench includes a simplified Verilog model of my interpretation of the DRS4 data sheet, and my simulated DRS4 happened to cause the write-shift register to shift (256 samples before DTAP toggled) during your "wsr_strobe" FSM state, thus corrupting the value that was being shifted into the WSREG via SRIN and SRCLK.

So I'm curious:  to be safe, should one deassert DENABLE before updating the write-shift register, or is it safe to update it even while the domino wave is active and looping?  It seems easy enough to be safe, since we should only need to write to the WSREG once during the setup phase and then let it loop forever.

Many thanks,

Bill

767   Sat Jul 20 12:28:14 2019 Stefan RittTrace Impedance

The DRS4 input is high impedance. So if you like you can terminate it with 100 Ohm differentially and route it with 100 Ohm. But if you keep the lines short, the reflection is negligible. That’s what we made on the evaluation board.

Ismael Garcia wrote:

When you're refering to laying a 50 Ohm trace, you're referring to the SMA input and not the interface between the output of the Op-AMP(THS4508) buffer
and the inputs  of the DRS4(IN0-IN8). Is there a recommended diffential impedance for IN0-IN8?

Ismael

Stefan Ritt wrote:

The requiremnet is the same as for any high speed analog board, there is othing special with the DRS4. If you want to terminate your line with 50 Ohms and you want a matched impedance layout, you route all lines with 50 Ohms impedance. Truth is however that nothing is perfect. The SMA connector is not exactly 50 Ohm, the PCB gets a 10-20% variation depending on the manufacturer. So even if you try hard, you will never have a 50 Ohm matched impedance. On the evaluation board we made some compromises as you have seen, but for us the board works satisfactory even with this compromises, and you can test it yourself with real hardware (namely the evaluation board). If you can do a better job, try it. But usually these compromises have only little influence on the signal quality.

Stefan

 Ismael Garcia wrote: Hi Steffan,               I'm an engineer at UCLA developing a board with the DRS4 chip. Our team has a question on what might be the required trace impedence for the analog inputs. Can that information be provided?  Best Regards, Ismael Garcia

766   Fri Jul 19 01:37:09 2019 Ismael GarciaTrace Impedance

When you're refering to laying a 50 Ohm trace, you're referring to the SMA input and not the interface between the output of the Op-AMP(THS4508) buffer
and the inputs  of the DRS4(IN0-IN8). Is there a recommended diffential impedance for IN0-IN8?

Ismael

Stefan Ritt wrote:

The requiremnet is the same as for any high speed analog board, there is othing special with the DRS4. If you want to terminate your line with 50 Ohms and you want a matched impedance layout, you route all lines with 50 Ohms impedance. Truth is however that nothing is perfect. The SMA connector is not exactly 50 Ohm, the PCB gets a 10-20% variation depending on the manufacturer. So even if you try hard, you will never have a 50 Ohm matched impedance. On the evaluation board we made some compromises as you have seen, but for us the board works satisfactory even with this compromises, and you can test it yourself with real hardware (namely the evaluation board). If you can do a better job, try it. But usually these compromises have only little influence on the signal quality.

Stefan

 Ismael Garcia wrote: Hi Steffan,               I'm an engineer at UCLA developing a board with the DRS4 chip. Our team has a question on what might be the required trace impedence for the analog inputs. Can that information be provided?  Best Regards, Ismael Garcia

765   Thu Jul 18 11:37:56 2019 Stefan RittTrace Impedance

The requiremnet is the same as for any high speed analog board, there is othing special with the DRS4. If you want to terminate your line with 50 Ohms and you want a matched impedance layout, you route all lines with 50 Ohms impedance. Truth is however that nothing is perfect. The SMA connector is not exactly 50 Ohm, the PCB gets a 10-20% variation depending on the manufacturer. So even if you try hard, you will never have a 50 Ohm matched impedance. On the evaluation board we made some compromises as you have seen, but for us the board works satisfactory even with this compromises, and you can test it yourself with real hardware (namely the evaluation board). If you can do a better job, try it. But usually these compromises have only little influence on the signal quality.

Stefan

 Ismael Garcia wrote: Hi Steffan,               I'm an engineer at UCLA developing a board with the DRS4 chip. Our team has a question on what might be the required trace impedence for the analog inputs. Can that information be provided?  Best Regards, Ismael Garcia

764   Thu Jul 18 01:03:44 2019 Ismael GarciaTrace Impedance

Hi Steffan,

I'm an engineer at UCLA developing a board with the DRS4 chip. Our team has a question on what might be the required trace impedence for the analog inputs. Can that information be provided?

Best Regards,
Ismael Garcia

Attachment 1: DRS4_Analog_IN.PNG
763   Mon Jul 15 19:34:25 2019 Brendan PosehnEvaluation Board Test Functionality

Hello Stefan,

Thanks for the quick reply. The issue was a faulty SMA connector, should have checked this first. Signal looks good now.

Brendan

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Have you set the trigger correctly to the channel with your signal, polarity and level? Do you undersand the difference between normal and auto trigger? Why don't you post a screendump. Are you ABSOLUTELY SURE that you have a signal on your cable? Have you tried with another oscilloscope? Are you sure that your SMA connector is good?

Stefan

 Brendan Posehn wrote: Hello,  I have recently obtained a DRS4 Evaluation Board (V5), but I am unable to register signals when using the DRS Oscilloscope application. There seems to be some difference in noise when I have an input connected to a signal or not, but I am unable to view a simple, 0.2V amplitude square wave or other small signals. The only way I have been able to view a waveform is when connecting the reference clock to all channels. When running 'info' in the DRS Command Line Interface I am shown correct information. I was wondering if there is any way for me to test the functionality of the board (specifially ability to read signals on Ch 1-4) to ensure that it is indeed working as expected?  Thanks,  Brendan

762   Mon Jul 15 17:26:50 2019 Stefan RittEvaluation Board Test Functionality

Have you set the trigger correctly to the channel with your signal, polarity and level? Do you undersand the difference between normal and auto trigger? Why don't you post a screendump. Are you ABSOLUTELY SURE that you have a signal on your cable? Have you tried with another oscilloscope? Are you sure that your SMA connector is good?

Stefan

 Brendan Posehn wrote: Hello,  I have recently obtained a DRS4 Evaluation Board (V5), but I am unable to register signals when using the DRS Oscilloscope application. There seems to be some difference in noise when I have an input connected to a signal or not, but I am unable to view a simple, 0.2V amplitude square wave or other small signals. The only way I have been able to view a waveform is when connecting the reference clock to all channels. When running 'info' in the DRS Command Line Interface I am shown correct information. I was wondering if there is any way for me to test the functionality of the board (specifially ability to read signals on Ch 1-4) to ensure that it is indeed working as expected?  Thanks,  Brendan

761   Sat Jul 13 01:00:15 2019 Brendan PosehnEvaluation Board Test Functionality

Hello,

I have recently obtained a DRS4 Evaluation Board (V5), but I am unable to register signals when using the DRS Oscilloscope application. There seems to be some difference in noise when I have an input connected to a signal or not, but I am unable to view a simple, 0.2V amplitude square wave or other small signals. The only way I have been able to view a waveform is when connecting the reference clock to all channels. When running 'info' in the DRS Command Line Interface I am shown correct information. I was wondering if there is any way for me to test the functionality of the board (specifially ability to read signals on Ch 1-4) to ensure that it is indeed working as expected?

Thanks,

Brendan

760   Mon Jul 8 14:29:12 2019 Stefan Rittdrs_exam is always reading out a sin wave

Actually in the original drs_exam.cpp the sine wave oscillator is turned off with this command

/* use following line to turn on the internal 100 MHz clock connected to all channels  */
//b->EnableTcal(1);

If you remove the "//" then the generator gets enabled. Probably you did this by accident. With this line commented out, you see the proper input like this:

Event #0 ----------------------
t1[ns]  u1[mV]  t2[ns] u2[mV]
0.000     1.9   0.000    -2.4
0.195     0.5   0.195     0.3
0.391     0.1   0.391    -1.4
0.586    -0.7   0.586    -0.4
0.781    -1.1   0.781    -2.4
0.977    -0.6   0.977     0.0
1.172    -1.5   1.172    -2.8
1.367    -0.4   1.367    -0.6
1.562    -1.2   1.562    -3.8
1.758    -1.5   1.758    -1.7
1.953    -1.0   1.953    -3.3
2.148    -0.7   2.148    -1.8
2.344    -1.6   2.344    -4.2
2.539     0.5   2.539    -1.5
2.734     0.2   2.734    -3.6
...

167.969    -3.4 167.969    -5.2
168.164    -3.7 168.164    -3.6
168.359     0.0 168.359    -2.0
168.555     1.9 168.555    -0.2
168.750     2.8 168.750    -2.8
168.945     5.4 168.945    -1.4
169.141    18.0 169.141     1.2
169.336    26.6 169.336     2.7
169.531    46.2 169.531     0.4
169.727    56.2 169.727     1.6
169.922    93.3 169.922     0.1
170.117   115.6 170.117     0.0
170.312   174.4 170.312    -1.5
170.508   206.9 170.508    -0.8
170.703   282.2 170.703    -2.4
170.898   328.4 170.898    -1.2
171.094   419.6 171.094    -3.2
171.289   465.8 171.289    -2.5
171.484   500.0 171.484    -2.0
171.680   500.0 171.680    -0.6
171.875   500.0 171.875    -4.0
172.070   500.0 172.070    -1.1
172.266   500.0 172.266    -3.7
172.461   500.0 172.461    -2.1
172.656   500.0 172.656    -5.0
172.852   500.0 172.852    -3.3
173.047   500.0 173.047    -4.8
173.242   500.0 173.242    -4.1
173.438   500.0 173.438    -5.1
173.633   500.0 173.633    -3.3
173.828   500.0 173.828    -6.4
174.023   500.0 174.023    -3.9
174.219   500.0 174.219    -5.5
174.414   500.0 174.414    -3.2
174.609   500.0 174.609    -3.6
174.805   500.0 174.805    -2.6
175.000   500.0 175.000    -5.2
175.195   500.0 175.195    -2.7
175.391   434.3 175.391    -3.9
175.586   391.7 175.586    -2.4
175.781   312.2 175.781    -4.1
175.977   275.7 175.977    -1.8
176.172   202.4 176.172    -3.8
176.367   167.6 176.367    -1.4
176.562   117.4 176.562    -2.9
176.758    96.1 176.758    -2.3
176.953    62.8 176.953    -3.3
177.148    49.1 177.148    -1.8
177.344    35.9 177.344    -4.3
177.539    33.4 177.539    -2.6
177.734    30.4 177.734    -4.2
...

Si Xie wrote:

I see. Where is the code that we can use to turn off the generator? I thought the example is taking data with CH1 as the trigger.

For our board, which is BoardType == 9, it is running these lines:

b->EnableTrigger(1, 0);           // enable hardware trigger
b->SetTriggerSource(1<<0);        // set CH1 as source

Is that not using the hardware trigger with CH1 as the source?

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Sure, that’s correct. The example program turns on the internal sine wave generator in case people don’t have a real signal. That’s why it’s called „example“. Find the code which turns on the generator and change it. You will also have to change the trigger settings depending on your actual signal.

Stefan

 Si Xie wrote: We are using the drs_exam.cpp to read out waveforms, but it seems to be outputting only sin waves on all channels - as if it was reading out the simulated waveform from the oscilloscope program if we run it without the board plugged in. Does anyone know what is causing this? We are taking data with a pulser plugged into channel 1, which produces a single pulse with width of 8ns, and nothing plugged into channel 2.  Our board is as follows: Found DRS4 evaluation board, serial #2567, firmware revision 21305 Board type: 9 The output is something like the following: Event #0 ----------------------   t1[ns]  u1[mV]  t2[ns] u2[mV]   0.000  -452.7   0.026  -469.3   0.289  -460.8   0.293  -469.8   0.413  -477.3   0.400  -481.5   0.642  -485.3   0.650  -482.4   0.806  -486.9   0.821  -477.8   1.086  -476.8   1.085  -457.2   1.183  -467.3   1.162  -446.4   1.450  -435.6   1.459  -405.1   1.619  -410.1   1.630  -373.3   1.843  -366.2   1.851  -323.9   1.945  -342.9   1.948  -298.9   2.221  -275.7   2.210  -229.3   2.359  -237.6   2.357  -187.6   2.602  -165.6   2.609  -111.2   2.687  -141.1   2.697   -84.3   2.976   -50.5   2.987     5.5   3.164     8.4   3.144    53.3   3.377    73.9   3.384   124.2   3.503   111.4   3.506   158.0   3.753   182.0   3.769   226.9   3.924   227.5   3.929   265.8

759   Wed Jun 26 15:17:51 2019 Si XieRunning drs_example.cpp

Hi Rodrigo, I'm wondering how you solved your original triggering problem. We are also having trouble with collecting data continously using the example. Thanks.

We found a way to solve the previous problem, but right now when we try to set the input range only -0.5 to 0.5 is working. When we set the function "SetInputRange(0.5)" for 0 to 1V the output is all zeros and with  "SetInputRange(0.45)" we just get all the outputs -49.9mV. What does that means? How to fix?

 odrigo Trindade de Menezes wrote: Hello, We have been using the DRS4 evaluation board (S/N 2636) that works with the scope application. However we are trying to run the DRS4 evaluation board remotely by modifying the drs_exam.cpp to acquire and store data continuously. We compiled the DRS_example.cpp without the wxWidgets but when we try to run the program, it appears to trigger on nonsense.  The program appears to not be sensitive to the trigger threshold (although for very large trigger threshold it gets stuck in a waiting mode).  Is there a way to ensure that the "normal" trigger mode is set?  We are worried that the auto mode is running.  Otherwise, not sure why the program is triggering on nonsense.  By the way, it does not work with the wxWidgets compiled either so we are worried that there is an additional flag that needs to be set. The routine does not appear to conduct a calibration -- is this not necessary? Another issue that we are having is with the data set stored on the .txt file looks incorrect.  The time channel stops at 200 (but we think it should go up to 1024). In addition, the voltage channel appears to hover around small values near zero (as if triggering on noise).  The output file appears this way even when we change the threshold to much higher values.  It suggests that the trigger threshold is not actually being set? There are events where the output voltage appears to oscillate through huge negative and positive values too.  So not sure what's going on.  Thanks! Rodrigo

758   Wed Jun 26 15:10:09 2019 Si Xiedrs_exam is always reading out a sin wave

I see. Where is the code that we can use to turn off the generator? I thought the example is taking data with CH1 as the trigger.

For our board, which is BoardType == 9, it is running these lines:

b->EnableTrigger(1, 0);           // enable hardware trigger
b->SetTriggerSource(1<<0);        // set CH1 as source

Is that not using the hardware trigger with CH1 as the source?

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Sure, that’s correct. The example program turns on the internal sine wave generator in case people don’t have a real signal. That’s why it’s called „example“. Find the code which turns on the generator and change it. You will also have to change the trigger settings depending on your actual signal.

Stefan

 Si Xie wrote: We are using the drs_exam.cpp to read out waveforms, but it seems to be outputting only sin waves on all channels - as if it was reading out the simulated waveform from the oscilloscope program if we run it without the board plugged in. Does anyone know what is causing this? We are taking data with a pulser plugged into channel 1, which produces a single pulse with width of 8ns, and nothing plugged into channel 2.  Our board is as follows: Found DRS4 evaluation board, serial #2567, firmware revision 21305 Board type: 9 The output is something like the following: Event #0 ----------------------   t1[ns]  u1[mV]  t2[ns] u2[mV]   0.000  -452.7   0.026  -469.3   0.289  -460.8   0.293  -469.8   0.413  -477.3   0.400  -481.5   0.642  -485.3   0.650  -482.4   0.806  -486.9   0.821  -477.8   1.086  -476.8   1.085  -457.2   1.183  -467.3   1.162  -446.4   1.450  -435.6   1.459  -405.1   1.619  -410.1   1.630  -373.3   1.843  -366.2   1.851  -323.9   1.945  -342.9   1.948  -298.9   2.221  -275.7   2.210  -229.3   2.359  -237.6   2.357  -187.6   2.602  -165.6   2.609  -111.2   2.687  -141.1   2.697   -84.3   2.976   -50.5   2.987     5.5   3.164     8.4   3.144    53.3   3.377    73.9   3.384   124.2   3.503   111.4   3.506   158.0   3.753   182.0   3.769   226.9   3.924   227.5   3.929   265.8

757   Wed Jun 26 13:08:42 2019 Stefan Rittdrs_exam is always reading out a sin wave

Sure, that’s correct. The example program turns on the internal sine wave generator in case people don’t have a real signal. That’s why it’s called „example“. Find the code which turns on the generator and change it. You will also have to change the trigger settings depending on your actual signal.

Stefan

 Si Xie wrote: We are using the drs_exam.cpp to read out waveforms, but it seems to be outputting only sin waves on all channels - as if it was reading out the simulated waveform from the oscilloscope program if we run it without the board plugged in. Does anyone know what is causing this? We are taking data with a pulser plugged into channel 1, which produces a single pulse with width of 8ns, and nothing plugged into channel 2.  Our board is as follows: Found DRS4 evaluation board, serial #2567, firmware revision 21305 Board type: 9 The output is something like the following: Event #0 ----------------------   t1[ns]  u1[mV]  t2[ns] u2[mV]   0.000  -452.7   0.026  -469.3   0.289  -460.8   0.293  -469.8   0.413  -477.3   0.400  -481.5   0.642  -485.3   0.650  -482.4   0.806  -486.9   0.821  -477.8   1.086  -476.8   1.085  -457.2   1.183  -467.3   1.162  -446.4   1.450  -435.6   1.459  -405.1   1.619  -410.1   1.630  -373.3   1.843  -366.2   1.851  -323.9   1.945  -342.9   1.948  -298.9   2.221  -275.7   2.210  -229.3   2.359  -237.6   2.357  -187.6   2.602  -165.6   2.609  -111.2   2.687  -141.1   2.697   -84.3   2.976   -50.5   2.987     5.5   3.164     8.4   3.144    53.3   3.377    73.9   3.384   124.2   3.503   111.4   3.506   158.0   3.753   182.0   3.769   226.9   3.924   227.5   3.929   265.8

756   Tue Jun 25 23:04:29 2019 Si Xiedrs_exam is always reading out a sin wave

We are using the drs_exam.cpp to read out waveforms, but it seems to be outputting only sin waves on all channels - as if it was reading out the simulated waveform from the oscilloscope program if we run it without the board plugged in. Does anyone know what is causing this?

We are taking data with a pulser plugged into channel 1, which produces a single pulse with width of 8ns, and nothing plugged into channel 2.

Our board is as follows:

Found DRS4 evaluation board, serial #2567, firmware revision 21305
Board type: 9

The output is something like the following:

Event #0 ----------------------
t1[ns]  u1[mV]  t2[ns] u2[mV]
0.000  -452.7   0.026  -469.3
0.289  -460.8   0.293  -469.8
0.413  -477.3   0.400  -481.5
0.642  -485.3   0.650  -482.4
0.806  -486.9   0.821  -477.8
1.086  -476.8   1.085  -457.2
1.183  -467.3   1.162  -446.4
1.450  -435.6   1.459  -405.1
1.619  -410.1   1.630  -373.3
1.843  -366.2   1.851  -323.9
1.945  -342.9   1.948  -298.9
2.221  -275.7   2.210  -229.3
2.359  -237.6   2.357  -187.6
2.602  -165.6   2.609  -111.2
2.687  -141.1   2.697   -84.3
2.976   -50.5   2.987     5.5
3.164     8.4   3.144    53.3
3.377    73.9   3.384   124.2
3.503   111.4   3.506   158.0
3.753   182.0   3.769   226.9
3.924   227.5   3.929   265.8

755   Mon Jun 24 23:07:35 2019 Andrew PeckEvaluation firmware wait_vdd state

Dear Stefan,

Thanks so much for clarifying this. We made wait_vdd a parameter controlled by software and will try to experiment with it to find some compromise between deadtime and the offset added by the droop in VDD.

Best regards,

Andrew

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Dear Andrew,

the posting you mention is still accurate. Any power supply will drop when you start the Domino wave, no matter how big your capacitor is. Unfortunately the output signal of the DRS4 scales with VDD. So if your VDD drops by 40 mV and you get a trigger and you immediately start the readout, the output baseline will also be shifted by about 40 mV. If you are sensitive to dead time, you can remove the wait_vdd state completely, but then you have to deal with varying baseline shifts. If you have narrow signals sitting on a broad baseline, you can correct for this by measuring the baseline outside your signal, then subtracting it before integrating your pulse. If you have lots of pile-up in your signals, it might sometimes be hard to evaluate the baseline on an event-by-event basis.

Stefan

754   Fri Jun 21 12:54:47 2019 Stefan RittEvaluation firmware wait_vdd state

Dear Andrew,

the posting you mention is still accurate. Any power supply will drop when you start the Domino wave, no matter how big your capacitor is. Unfortunately the output signal of the DRS4 scales with VDD. So if your VDD drops by 40 mV and you get a trigger and you immediately start the readout, the output baseline will also be shifted by about 40 mV. If you are sensitive to dead time, you can remove the wait_vdd state completely, but then you have to deal with varying baseline shifts. If you have narrow signals sitting on a broad baseline, you can correct for this by measuring the baseline outside your signal, then subtracting it before integrating your pulse. If you have lots of pile-up in your signals, it might sometimes be hard to evaluate the baseline on an event-by-event basis.

Stefan

753   Thu Jun 20 01:36:48 2019 Andrew PeckEvaluation firmware wait_vdd state

Dear Stefan,

I am working with others at UCLA on a custom made board built around the DRS4. We are in the process of writing firmware so I am adapting the readout state machine from the evaluation board firmware.

I see in the state machine of the eval board firmware that after a trigger is received, the FPGA goes into the start readout state and then into "wait_vdd", where the FPGA waits "~120 us for vdd to stabilize" before reading out the ADC.

Our application is sensitive to deadtime and this wait_vdd state adds very significantly.  I am trying to find anything explaining the necessity of wait_vdd in the documentation / elog and have only found so far your old forum posting, https://elog.psi.ch/elogs/DRS4+Forum/12

Does this forum posting explain wait_vdd or is there a another purpose that I have missed?

If this post is relevant to wait_vdd, does the advice of large capacitance and an LDO with fast transient response still apply or are there any new recommendations?

Thank you,

Andrew Peck

752   Fri Apr 12 12:50:18 2019 Stefan Rittmulti-board

If you have two signal going through two cables, the cable have never the same length (on a scale of picoseconds), and you have to calibrate that anyway. So a proper timing calibration is not a crutch.

What do you mean by "manual 50ps"? The manual does not mention any resolution. In my experience, you can achieve about 10ps between channels of the SAME board easily. The phase shift between boards in multi-mode is always there, unfortunately there are no cable which conduct current faster than the speed of light! What you can do is to split a common reference clock and send a copy to one channel of each board, then calculate the timing relative to the next edge in that reference signal. This way you get rid of the phase shift, but this is also a kind of calibration, so in your laguange that would be "a big crutch".

Stefan

Lev Pavlov wrote:

I understand this, thanks. But my Chief does not understand this, he wants to see the phase difference without “crutches”. And what is meant in the manual 50 ps resolution? Maybe I just do not understand something? And if you submit a reference signal not in the mode of a garland, but simultaneously in parallel to all the boards, will this shift go? Thanks

Lev Pavlov

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Subtract 16 ns from your measured value ;-)

Stefan

 Lev Pavlov wrote:  Good afternoon, I use 5 boards in multi-mode, everything is connected according to the instructions. Can I measure the phase difference between the two signals on channel 1 and channel 20? with each board the phase shift is added +16 ns I can not figure out how to compensate for this. give thanks

751   Fri Apr 12 09:59:15 2019 Lev Pavlovmulti-board

I understand this, thanks. But my Chief does not understand this, he wants to see the phase difference without “crutches”. And what is meant in the manual 50 ps resolution? Maybe I just do not understand something? And if you submit a reference signal not in the mode of a garland, but simultaneously in parallel to all the boards, will this shift go? Thanks

Lev Pavlov

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Subtract 16 ns from your measured value ;-)

Stefan

 Lev Pavlov wrote:  Good afternoon, I use 5 boards in multi-mode, everything is connected according to the instructions. Can I measure the phase difference between the two signals on channel 1 and channel 20? with each board the phase shift is added +16 ns I can not figure out how to compensate for this. give thanks

750   Fri Apr 12 09:55:50 2019 Stefan Rittmulti-board

Subtract 16 ns from your measured value ;-)

Stefan

 Lev Pavlov wrote:  Good afternoon, I use 5 boards in multi-mode, everything is connected according to the instructions. Can I measure the phase difference between the two signals on channel 1 and channel 20? with each board the phase shift is added +16 ns I can not figure out how to compensate for this. give thanks

749   Fri Apr 12 09:39:30 2019 Lev Pavlovmulti-board

Good afternoon, I use 5 boards in multi-mode, everything is connected according to the instructions. Can I measure the phase difference between the two signals on channel 1 and channel 20? with each board the phase shift is added +16 ns I can not figure out how to compensate for this. give thanks
748   Thu Mar 14 03:43:49 2019 Deepak SamuelHow to buy DRS evaluation kit

Dear Stefan,

I have emailed drs4@psi.ch a couple of times regarding the pricing of the evaluation kits for academic use in India and have not received any reply and hence writing in this forum. Could you please help me in this?

Thanks and regards,
Deepak Samuel.

747   Fri Mar 8 19:35:11 2019 Abaz KryemadhiROOT Macro for newest software

The older root macro did not work for me for data acquired with the newest software.

so for the newest software and multiple boards, I modified the read_binary.cpp into read_binary.C for those who like to use the root macro, see the attachment.

/*

Created by:     Stefan Ritt <stefan.ritt@psi.ch>
Date:           July 30th, 2014
Date:           March 7th, 2019

Purpose:        Example program under ROOT to read a binary data file written
by the DRSOsc program. Decode time and voltages from waveforms
and display them as a graph. Put values into a ROOT Tree for
further analysis.

To run it, do:

- Crate a file test.dat via the "Save" button in DRSOsc
- start ROOT (type root)
root [1] decode("test.dat");

*/

#include <fcntl.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <math.h>

#include <string.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include "TFile.h"
#include "TTree.h"
#include "TString.h"
#include "TGraph.h"
#include "TCanvas.h"
#include "Getline.h"
#include "TAxis.h"

typedef struct {
char           tag[3];
char           version;

typedef struct {

typedef struct {
char           bn[2];
unsigned short board_serial_number;

typedef struct {
unsigned int   event_serial_number;
unsigned short year;
unsigned short month;
unsigned short day;
unsigned short hour;
unsigned short minute;
unsigned short second;
unsigned short millisecond;
unsigned short range;

typedef struct {
char           tc[2];
unsigned short trigger_cell;

typedef struct {
char           c[1];
char           cn[3];

/*-----------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

//int main(int argc, const char * argv[])
void decode(char *filename) {

unsigned int scaler;
unsigned short voltage[1024];
double waveform[16][4][1024], time[16][4][1024];
float bin_width[16][4][1024];
int i, j, b, chn, n, chn_index, n_boards;
double t1, t2, dt;
//char filename[256];
char rootfile[256];
int ndt;
double threshold, sumdt, sumdt2;
double sum, baseline, max,amplitude1,amplitude2, amplitude3,amplitude4;

// open the binary waveform file
FILE *f = fopen(filename, "rb");
if (f == NULL) {
printf("Cannot find file \'%s\'\n", filename);
return;
}

//open the root file
strcpy(rootfile, filename);
if (strchr(rootfile, '.'))
*strchr(rootfile, '.') = 0;
strcat(rootfile, ".root");
TFile *outfile = new TFile(rootfile, "RECREATE");

// define the rec tree
TTree *rec = new TTree("rec","rec");
rec->Branch("t1", time[0][0]     ,"t1[1024]/D");
rec->Branch("t2", time[0][1]     ,"t2[1024]/D");
rec->Branch("t3", time[0][2]     ,"t3[1024]/D");
rec->Branch("t4", time[0][3]     ,"t4[1024]/D");
rec->Branch("w1", waveform[0][0] ,"w1[1024]/D");
rec->Branch("w2", waveform[0][1] ,"w2[1024]/D");
rec->Branch("w3", waveform[0][2] ,"w3[1024]/D");
rec->Branch("w4", waveform[0][3] ,"w4[1024]/D");
rec->Branch("amplitude1", &amplitude1,"amplitude1/D");
rec->Branch("amplitude2", &amplitude2,"amplitude2/D");
rec->Branch("amplitude3", &amplitude3,"amplitude3/D");
rec->Branch("amplitude4", &amplitude4,"amplitude4/D");
// create canvas
TCanvas *c1 = new TCanvas();

// create graph
TGraph *g = new TGraph(1024, (double *)time[0][0], (double *)waveform[0][0]);

if (fh.tag[0] != 'D' || fh.tag[1] != 'R' || fh.tag[2] != 'S') {
printf("Found invalid file header in file \'%s\', aborting.\n", filename);
return;
}

if (fh.version != '2') {
printf("Found invalid file version \'%c\' in file \'%s\', should be \'2\', aborting.\n", fh.version, filename);
return;
}

if (memcmp(th.time_header, "TIME", 4) != 0) {
printf("Invalid time header in file \'%s\', aborting.\n", filename);
return;
}

for (b = 0 ; ; b++) {
if (memcmp(bh.bn, "B#", 2) != 0) {
fseek(f, -4, SEEK_CUR);
break;
}

printf("Found data for board #%d\n", bh.board_serial_number);

memset(bin_width[b], sizeof(bin_width[0]), 0);
for (chn=0 ; chn<5 ; chn++) {
if (ch.c[0] != 'C') {
fseek(f, -4, SEEK_CUR);
break;
}
i = ch.cn[2] - '0' - 1;
printf("Found timing calibration for channel #%d\n", i+1);
// fix for 2048 bin mode: double channel
if (bin_width[b][i][1023] > 10 || bin_width[b][i][1023] < 0.01) {
for (j=0 ; j<512 ; j++)
bin_width[b][i][j+512] = bin_width[b][i][j];
}
}
}
n_boards = b;

// initialize statistics
ndt = 0;
sumdt = sumdt2 = 0;

// loop over all events in the data file
for (n=0 ; ; n++) {
i = (int)fread(&eh, sizeof(eh), 1, f);
if (i < 1)
break;

printf("Found event #%d %d %d\n", eh.event_serial_number, eh.second, eh.millisecond);

// loop over all boards in data file
for (b=0 ; b<n_boards ; b++) {

if (memcmp(bh.bn, "B#", 2) != 0) {
printf("Invalid board header in file \'%s\', aborting.\n", filename);
return;
}

if (memcmp(tch.tc, "T#", 2) != 0) {
printf("Invalid trigger cell header in file \'%s\', aborting.\n", filename);
return;
}

if (n_boards > 1)
printf("Found data for board #%d\n", bh.board_serial_number);

// reach channel data
for (chn=0 ; chn<4 ; chn++) {

if (ch.c[0] != 'C') {
fseek(f, -4, SEEK_CUR);
break;
}
chn_index = ch.cn[2] - '0' - 1;

for (i=0 ; i<1024 ; i++) {
// convert data to volts
waveform[b][chn_index][i] = (voltage[i] / 65536. + eh.range/1000.0 - 0.5);

// calculate time for this cell
for (j=0,time[b][chn_index][i]=0 ; j<i ; j++)
time[b][chn_index][i] += bin_width[b][chn_index][(j+tch.trigger_cell) % 1024];
}
}

// align cell #0 of all channels
t1 = time[b][0][(1024-tch.trigger_cell) % 1024];
for (chn=1 ; chn<4 ; chn++) {
t2 = time[b][chn][(1024-tch.trigger_cell) % 1024];
dt = t1 - t2;
for (i=0 ; i<1024 ; i++)
time[b][chn][i] += dt;
}

t1 = t2 = 0;
threshold = 0.3;

// find peak in channel 1 above threshold
for (i=0 ; i<1022 ; i++)
if (waveform[b][0][i] < threshold && waveform[b][0][i+1] >= threshold) {
t1 = (threshold-waveform[b][0][i])/(waveform[b][0][i+1]-waveform[b][0][i])*(time[b][0][i+1]-time[b][0][i])+time[b][0][i];
break;
}

// find peak in channel 2 above threshold
for (i=0 ; i<1022 ; i++)
if (waveform[b][1][i] < threshold && waveform[b][1][i+1] >= threshold) {
t2 = (threshold-waveform[b][1][i])/(waveform[b][1][i+1]-waveform[b][1][i])*(time[b][1][i+1]-time[b][1][i])+time[b][1][i];
break;
}

// calculate distance of peaks with statistics
if (t1 > 0 && t2 > 0) {
ndt++;
dt = t2 - t1;
sumdt += dt;
sumdt2 += dt*dt;
}
//Find baseline for channel 3 to get amplitude for ch3
sum=0.0;
for (i=0 ; i<10; i++) {
sum+=waveform[0][2][i];
}
baseline=sum/10;
//Find amplitude for channel 3 (this is example channel )
max=-10000.0;
for (i=0 ; i<1022; i++) {
if (waveform[b][2][i]>max) {
max=waveform[b][2][i];
}
}
amplitude3=max;
// fill root tree
rec->Fill();

//Uncomment the following to see couple waveforms of voltage vs time
/*
// fill graph
for (i=0 ; i<1024 ; i++)
g->SetPoint(i, time[b][2][i], waveform[b][2][i]);

// draw graph and wait for user click

... 20 more lines ...
746   Wed Mar 6 10:09:01 2019 Willy Changdrscl "no board found" in some Win7 or Win8.X PCs

Hi all,

When connecting the board and running the Zadig program, some Windows PCs may return "driver installation failed." I coudn't find the solution from their download website. So I started the drscl first. Apparently it shows: Successfully scanned, but no boards found. Therefore I checked the Device Manager. A breakdown warning triangle appears under the serial port...

The possible solution may be found here.

Infact, the WinUsb driver has been in existence in your PC. One can just follow the instructions here:

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows-hardware/drivers/usbcon/winusb-installation

1. Plug in your device to the host system.
2. Open Device Manager and locate the device.
3. Right-click the device and select Update driver software... from the context menu.
4. In the wizard, select Browse my computer for driver software.
5. Select Let me pick from a list of device drivers on my computer.
6. From the list of device classes, select Universal Serial Bus devices.
7. The wizard displays WinUsb Device. Select it to load the driver.

In the wizard, somehow the default setting displays Microsoft Device on the Top of the list and replaced the WinUsb Device. You can easily re-load the WinUsb Device. Just ignore the WARNING from the device manager. The board should work fine now.

Willy

745   Mon Feb 25 08:48:27 2019 Stefan Rittno board found

"dynamic" or "static" does not matter, as long as you don't use your program on another computer. I have no more idea about the "no board found" problem. It works ok on all computers I tried at our lab.

Stefan

 Lev Pavlov wrote: Hello. When compiling drs_exam, do you need to use a "static "version of usblib or a "dynamic" version?"The problem with "no board found" is not solved. Thanks for your help. Lev
744   Mon Feb 25 08:40:44 2019 Lev Pavlovno board found

Hello. When compiling drs_exam, do you need to use a "static "version of usblib or a "dynamic" version?"The problem with "no board found" is not solved. Thanks for your help.

Lev.

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Could be. Have you tried that elog:657

Stefan

Lev Pavlov wrote:

Hey. Yes, the program is running as administrator. By the way, this is win10. Your drs_exam works fine. My drs_exam compiled wrote no board found. Maybe this is a problem like in the post https://elog.psi.ch/elogs/DRS4+Forum/698. Maybe there were solutions to the problems?

Thank You

Lev

Stefan Ritt wrote:

No idea. Maye some access problem. Have you tried to start your program under an admin account?

Stefan

Lev Pavlov wrote:

Great, drs_exam compiles without problems. Now when you run the compiled file drs_exam writes board not found, but drsosc and drscl work without problems. What could possibly be the matter?

Lev

Stefan Ritt wrote:

You have to change the path to libusb-1.0.lib to the one where you installed it.

Stefan

 Lev Pavlov wrote: Hey. Strange problem. Why does the compiler refer there at all? Library installed drsosc works   LINK : fatal error LNK1104: cannot open file "C:\meg\online\drivers\drs\libusb-1.0\libusb-1.0.lib"

743   Thu Feb 21 09:57:53 2019 Stefan Rittno board found

Could be. Have you tried that elog:657

Stefan

Lev Pavlov wrote:

Hey. Yes, the program is running as administrator. By the way, this is win10. Your drs_exam works fine. My drs_exam compiled wrote no board found. Maybe this is a problem like in the post https://elog.psi.ch/elogs/DRS4+Forum/698. Maybe there were solutions to the problems?

Thank You

Lev

Stefan Ritt wrote:

No idea. Maye some access problem. Have you tried to start your program under an admin account?

Stefan

Lev Pavlov wrote:

Great, drs_exam compiles without problems. Now when you run the compiled file drs_exam writes board not found, but drsosc and drscl work without problems. What could possibly be the matter?

Lev

Stefan Ritt wrote:

You have to change the path to libusb-1.0.lib to the one where you installed it.

Stefan

 Lev Pavlov wrote: Hey. Strange problem. Why does the compiler refer there at all? Library installed drsosc works   LINK : fatal error LNK1104: cannot open file "C:\meg\online\drivers\drs\libusb-1.0\libusb-1.0.lib"

742   Thu Feb 21 09:51:24 2019 Lev Pavlovno board found

Hey. Yes, the program is running as administrator. By the way, this is win10. Your drs_exam works fine. My drs_exam compiled wrote no board found. Maybe this is a problem like in the post https://elog.psi.ch/elogs/DRS4+Forum/698. Maybe there were solutions to the problems?

Thank You

Lev

Stefan Ritt wrote:

No idea. Maye some access problem. Have you tried to start your program under an admin account?

Stefan

Lev Pavlov wrote:

Great, drs_exam compiles without problems. Now when you run the compiled file drs_exam writes board not found, but drsosc and drscl work without problems. What could possibly be the matter?

Lev

Stefan Ritt wrote:

You have to change the path to libusb-1.0.lib to the one where you installed it.

Stefan

 Lev Pavlov wrote: Hey. Strange problem. Why does the compiler refer there at all? Library installed drsosc works   LINK : fatal error LNK1104: cannot open file "C:\meg\online\drivers\drs\libusb-1.0\libusb-1.0.lib"

740   Wed Feb 20 12:56:56 2019 Stefan Rittmeg?

No idea. Maye some access problem. Have you tried to start your program under an admin account?

Stefan

Lev Pavlov wrote:

Great, drs_exam compiles without problems. Now when you run the compiled file drs_exam writes board not found, but drsosc and drscl work without problems. What could possibly be the matter?

Lev

Stefan Ritt wrote:

You have to change the path to libusb-1.0.lib to the one where you installed it.

Stefan

 Lev Pavlov wrote: Hey. Strange problem. Why does the compiler refer there at all? Library installed drsosc works   LINK : fatal error LNK1104: cannot open file "C:\meg\online\drivers\drs\libusb-1.0\libusb-1.0.lib"

739   Wed Feb 20 12:13:44 2019 Lev Pavlovmeg?

Great, drs_exam compiles without problems. Now when you run the compiled file drs_exam writes board not found, but drsosc and drscl work without problems. What could possibly be the matter?

Lev

Stefan Ritt wrote:

You have to change the path to libusb-1.0.lib to the one where you installed it.

Stefan

 Lev Pavlov wrote: Hey. Strange problem. Why does the compiler refer there at all? Library installed drsosc works   LINK : fatal error LNK1104: cannot open file "C:\meg\online\drivers\drs\libusb-1.0\libusb-1.0.lib"

738   Wed Feb 20 08:08:42 2019 Stefan Rittmeg?

You have to change the path to libusb-1.0.lib to the one where you installed it.

Stefan

 Lev Pavlov wrote: Hey. Strange problem. Why does the compiler refer there at all? Library installed drsosc works   LINK : fatal error LNK1104: cannot open file "C:\meg\online\drivers\drs\libusb-1.0\libusb-1.0.lib"

737   Wed Feb 20 08:03:04 2019 Lev Pavlovmeg?

Hey. Strange problem. Why does the compiler refer there at all? Library installed drsosc works

LINK : fatal error LNK1104: cannot open file "C:\meg\online\drivers\drs\libusb-1.0\libusb-1.0.lib"

736   Mon Feb 4 18:18:22 2019 Stefan RittDifferent Distances between the sampling points
Hans Steiger wrote:

Sorry.... but is there a solution or a Root Macro, that reads the waveforms into a Root-Tree? I simply can not work anymore with the data.

Can you tell me, which software was in use in early 2017?

All the best,

Hans

Stefan Ritt wrote:

The sampling points are NOT equidestant, they have varying bin widths of 150ps to 250ps at 5GS/s. That's due the way the DRS4 chip works. You might have neglected that fact in the past, but that would have led to poor timing resolutions (typically 1-2ns resolution only). To get bins with the same width, you have to treat your waveform as a real X/Y points (or better U/T), and the re-sample that cure, maybe spline-interpolated, at 200ps bins.

Stefan

 Hans Steiger wrote: Dear All, with the older software for my V5 Board i did not have the problem, that the distance between the sampling points (in time) is not the same (e.g. a sampling point all 200ps for 5GS/s).  How can i fix this? Can someone provide me the software for the board which is old enough to not have this problem. All my Root interpreters produce problems with this new data format.  Which version would be old enough?   All the best and thanks a lot,   Hans

735   Mon Feb 4 17:36:49 2019 Hans SteigerDifferent Distances between the sampling points

Sorry.... but is there a solution or a Root Macro, that reads the waveforms into a Root-Tree? I simply can not work anymore with the data.

Can you tell me, which software was in use in early 2017?

All the best,

Hans

Stefan Ritt wrote:

The sampling points are NOT equidestant, they have varying bin widths of 150ps to 250ps at 5GS/s. That's due the way the DRS4 chip works. You might have neglected that fact in the past, but that would have led to poor timing resolutions (typically 1-2ns resolution only). To get bins with the same width, you have to treat your waveform as a real X/Y points (or better U/T), and the re-sample that cure, maybe spline-interpolated, at 200ps bins.

Stefan

 Hans Steiger wrote: Dear All, with the older software for my V5 Board i did not have the problem, that the distance between the sampling points (in time) is not the same (e.g. a sampling point all 200ps for 5GS/s).  How can i fix this? Can someone provide me the software for the board which is old enough to not have this problem. All my Root interpreters produce problems with this new data format.  Which version would be old enough?   All the best and thanks a lot,   Hans

734   Mon Feb 4 16:46:04 2019 Stefan RittDifferent Distances between the sampling points

The sampling points are NOT equidestant, they have varying bin widths of 150ps to 250ps at 5GS/s. That's due the way the DRS4 chip works. You might have neglected that fact in the past, but that would have led to poor timing resolutions (typically 1-2ns resolution only). To get bins with the same width, you have to treat your waveform as a real X/Y points (or better U/T), and the re-sample that cure, maybe spline-interpolated, at 200ps bins.

Stefan

 Hans Steiger wrote: Dear All, with the older software for my V5 Board i did not have the problem, that the distance between the sampling points (in time) is not the same (e.g. a sampling point all 200ps for 5GS/s).  How can i fix this? Can someone provide me the software for the board which is old enough to not have this problem. All my Root interpreters produce problems with this new data format.  Which version would be old enough?   All the best and thanks a lot,   Hans

733   Mon Feb 4 16:42:08 2019 Hans SteigerDifferent Distances between the sampling points

Dear All,

with the older software for my V5 Board i did not have the problem, that the distance between the sampling points (in time) is not the same (e.g. a sampling point all 200ps for 5GS/s).

How can i fix this?

Can someone provide me the software for the board which is old enough to not have this problem. All my Root interpreters produce problems with this new data format.  Which version would be old enough?

All the best and thanks a lot,

Hans

732   Sat Feb 2 10:10:22 2019 Stefan RittSaving Rate (only 15Acq/s)

The reduction of rate is because you save in XML format, which is an ASCII format, so human readable, but takes long to write. If you switch to binary format and write on a decent fast hard disk, you should get back to 450 Acq/s.

Stefan

 Hans Steiger wrote: Dear All,   when I use my Evaluation Board with some PMTs I can digitize 450 Acq/s or so. But when I want to save the waveforms the rate goes down. The Acqu. rate with saving is in the range of 14Hz up to 24 Hz. I normally use the .txt file. I try to use the 5GS/s but also with much lower sampling rate the saving rate is not getting much better.  Is this a problem of my McBook connected to the Evaluation Board?   All the best,   Hans

731   Sat Feb 2 00:13:12 2019 Hans SteigerSaving Rate (only 15Acq/s)

Dear All,

when I use my Evaluation Board with some PMTs I can digitize 450 Acq/s or so. But when I want to save the waveforms the rate goes down. The Acqu. rate with saving is in the range of 14Hz up to 24 Hz.

I normally use the .txt file. I try to use the 5GS/s but also with much lower sampling rate the saving rate is not getting much better.

Is this a problem of my McBook connected to the Evaluation Board?

All the best,

Hans

730   Wed Jan 30 17:08:58 2019 Stefan RittROOT Macro for data acquired with the newest software

This one elog:361 should still work.

Stefan

 Abaz Kryemadhi wrote: Hello, Is there a root macro for decoding binary data acquired with the newest software for single board or multi-boards daisy chained? Cheers, Abaz

729   Wed Jan 30 08:02:25 2019 Stefan RittDRS4 domino wave stability study

The Domino wave is most stable at 5 GSPS, slowly degrades down to 3-2 GSPS, and at 1GSPS gets some significant jitter. This is for internal reasons in the chip and cannot be compensated by the loop filter. It is therefore important to run it as fast as possible if you want to achieve best timing resolution. As a rule of thumb, the jitter at 5 GSPS is about 20-25 ps, and at 1 GSPS it is maybe 150 ps. If you require good timing resolution, you can use the 9th channel to sample a stable reference clock (100 MHz for example) and measure timing relative to that clock. This way you can bring down the resolution to a few ps at 5GSPS and to maybe 40 ps at 1 GSPS.

Stefan

 Saurabh Neema wrote: We have been using DRS4 IC in our design for quite some time and it is giving good performance. Till now we were using Domino wave frequency as 1 GSPS by use of reference clock to DRS4 and internal PLL of DRS4. Recently we tried to use 4GSPS by modifying the reference clock. What I have found that DRS4 domino wave is more stable at 4 GSPS as compared to 1 GSPS by doing the timing jitter analysis. I am not sure if it is the property of DRS4 IC to be having more stable domino wave at higher frequency (by design) or it is due to some external effects like PLL loop filter or any other on board parasitic effects. Please share if anyone has done any study of DRS4 Domino wave stability at different sampling frequencies. Thanks,

728   Wed Jan 30 06:51:37 2019 Saurabh NeemaDRS4 domino wave stability study

We have been using DRS4 IC in our design for quite some time and it is giving good performance.

Till now we were using Domino wave frequency as 1 GSPS by use of reference clock to DRS4 and internal PLL of DRS4. Recently we tried to use 4GSPS by modifying the reference clock.

What I have found that DRS4 domino wave is more stable at 4 GSPS as compared to 1 GSPS by doing the timing jitter analysis. I am not sure if it is the property of DRS4 IC to be having more stable domino wave at higher frequency (by design) or it is due to some external effects like PLL loop filter or any other on board parasitic effects.

Please share if anyone has done any study of DRS4 Domino wave stability at different sampling frequencies.

Thanks,

727   Tue Jan 29 14:43:44 2019 Abaz KryemadhiROOT Macro for data acquired with the newest software

Hello,

Is there a root macro for decoding binary data acquired with the newest software for single board or multi-boards daisy chained?

Cheers,

Abaz

726   Thu Nov 8 12:02:34 2018 Davide DepaoliTiming Issue
Thanks a lot for the quick response.
We will do as you suggest.

Best regards

Davide and Alessio

> That's not a bug, but a feature of the DRS4 chip. The time bins have different values by the properties of the chip. They are generated by a chain of inverters, which all have different
propagation times. This delay is measured by the time calibration and then applied. If you want equidistant bins,
> you have to interpolate your data points (linearly or by splines) and resample the signal. You can find more details in the DRS4 data sheet.
>
> Best,
> Stefan
>
>
> > Hi,
> >
> > We are using the DRS4 Evaluation Board as a digitizer in our laboratory.
> > We found a strange behavior in the saved files, more specifically the time difference between two consecutive points is not constant, also after the Timing Calibration.
> > As an example, I paste a piece of a xml file saved using the drsosc program, acquiring CH1 (open):
> >
> > 	---------------------------
> > 	---[ START XML EXAMPLE ]---
> > 	---------------------------
> >
> > 	<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
> > 	<!-- created by MXML on Thu Nov  8 11:13:27 2018 -->
> > 	<DRSOSC>
> > 	<Event>
> > 	<Serial>1</Serial>
> > 	<Time>2018/11/08 11:13:27.163</Time>
> > 	<HUnit>ns</HUnit>
> > 	<VUnit>mV</VUnit>
> > 	<Board_2796>
> > 	<Trigger_Cell>216</Trigger_Cell>
> > 	<Scaler0>0</Scaler0>
> > 	<CHN1>
> > 	<Data>0.000,-1.0</Data>
> > 	<Data>1.083,-1.0</Data>
> > 	<Data>2.143,-1.0</Data>
> > 	<Data>2.926,-1.0</Data>
> > 	<Data>4.249,-0.1</Data>
> > 	<Data>4.929,-0.6</Data>
> > 	<Data>6.075,-0.4</Data>
> > 	<Data>7.042,0.0</Data>
> > 	<Data>8.299,0.2</Data>
> >
> > 	[...]
> >
> > 	-------------------------
> > 	---[ END XML EXAMPLE ]---
> > 	-------------------------
> >
> > We found the same behavior saving events in the binary format, and then reading them with the read_binary.cpp
> >
> > Is there a way to fix our issue?
> >
> > Thanks a lot
> >
> > Davide and Alessio
725   Thu Nov 8 11:54:33 2018 Stefan RittTiming Issue
That's not a bug, but a feature of the DRS4 chip. The time bins have different values by the properties of the chip. They are generated by a chain of inverters, which all have different propagation times. This delay is measured by the time calibration and then applied. If you want equidistant bins,
you have to interpolate your data points (linearly or by splines) and resample the signal. You can find more details in the DRS4 data sheet.

Best,
Stefan

> Hi,
>
> We are using the DRS4 Evaluation Board as a digitizer in our laboratory.
> We found a strange behavior in the saved files, more specifically the time difference between two consecutive points is not constant, also after the Timing Calibration.
> As an example, I paste a piece of a xml file saved using the drsosc program, acquiring CH1 (open):
>
> 	---------------------------
> 	---[ START XML EXAMPLE ]---
> 	---------------------------
>
> 	<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
> 	<!-- created by MXML on Thu Nov  8 11:13:27 2018 -->
> 	<DRSOSC>
> 	<Event>
> 	<Serial>1</Serial>
> 	<Time>2018/11/08 11:13:27.163</Time>
> 	<HUnit>ns</HUnit>
> 	<VUnit>mV</VUnit>
> 	<Board_2796>
> 	<Trigger_Cell>216</Trigger_Cell>
> 	<Scaler0>0</Scaler0>
> 	<CHN1>
> 	<Data>0.000,-1.0</Data>
> 	<Data>1.083,-1.0</Data>
> 	<Data>2.143,-1.0</Data>
> 	<Data>2.926,-1.0</Data>
> 	<Data>4.249,-0.1</Data>
> 	<Data>4.929,-0.6</Data>
> 	<Data>6.075,-0.4</Data>
> 	<Data>7.042,0.0</Data>
> 	<Data>8.299,0.2</Data>
>
> 	[...]
>
> 	-------------------------
> 	---[ END XML EXAMPLE ]---
> 	-------------------------
>
> We found the same behavior saving events in the binary format, and then reading them with the read_binary.cpp
>
> Is there a way to fix our issue?
>
> Thanks a lot
>
> Davide and Alessio
724   Thu Nov 8 11:44:35 2018 Davide DepaoliTiming Issue
Hi,

We are using the DRS4 Evaluation Board as a digitizer in our laboratory.
We found a strange behavior in the saved files, more specifically the time difference between two consecutive points is not constant, also after the Timing Calibration.
As an example, I paste a piece of a xml file saved using the drsosc program, acquiring CH1 (open):

---------------------------
---[ START XML EXAMPLE ]---
---------------------------

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
<!-- created by MXML on Thu Nov  8 11:13:27 2018 -->
<DRSOSC>
<Event>
<Serial>1</Serial>
<Time>2018/11/08 11:13:27.163</Time>
<HUnit>ns</HUnit>
<VUnit>mV</VUnit>
<Board_2796>
<Trigger_Cell>216</Trigger_Cell>
<Scaler0>0</Scaler0>
<CHN1>
<Data>0.000,-1.0</Data>
<Data>1.083,-1.0</Data>
<Data>2.143,-1.0</Data>
<Data>2.926,-1.0</Data>
<Data>4.249,-0.1</Data>
<Data>4.929,-0.6</Data>
<Data>6.075,-0.4</Data>
<Data>7.042,0.0</Data>
<Data>8.299,0.2</Data>

[...]

-------------------------
---[ END XML EXAMPLE ]---
-------------------------

We found the same behavior saving events in the binary format, and then reading them with the read_binary.cpp

Is there a way to fix our issue?

Thanks a lot

Davide and Alessio
723   Thu Nov 8 09:57:26 2018 Stefan RittPi attenuator on eval board inputs?

The attenuator compensates for the gain of the buffer which is slightly above one. In addition, it serves as a "placeholder" in case one wants larger input signals. One can easily convert the attenuator to -6db, -12db, etc. by chaning the resistors.

Stefan

 Sean Quinn wrote: Dear DRS4 team,   I am curious about this part of the circuit: What is the purpose of this?

722   Mon Nov 5 17:17:08 2018 Sean QuinnPi attenuator on eval board inputs?

Dear DRS4 team,

What is the purpose of this?

721   Wed Sep 26 19:21:03 2018 Stefan RittTrigger OUT pulse width variable from 100 us up to 100 ms

In meantime I even updated the manual.

Stefan

 Gerard Arino-Estrada wrote: Thank you very much for the answer, I really appreciate your help. Thanks! Gerard

720   Wed Sep 26 18:28:20 2018 Gerard Arino-EstradaTrigger OUT pulse width variable from 100 us up to 100 ms

Thank you very much for the answer, I really appreciate your help.

Thanks!

Gerard

Stefan Ritt wrote:

The "Trigger OUT" has changed recently. It goes high on a new trigger, but then STAYS high until the board has been read out by the PC and re-started. This allows better synchronization with some external trigger, which can be re-armed with the falling edge of the trigger out signal. The signal can be quite long, since readout of an event via USB typically takes 2 ms, but can be more if the PC is busy. If you need back your 150 ns pulse, send the trigger out to an external pulse shaper with fixed shaping width.

Stefan

 Gerard Arino-Estrada wrote: Hello Stefan, I am using the DRS4 board connected to a Raspberry PI and through the drsosc application. I am interested on using the "Trigger OUT" signal to do some extra data processing with NIM modules. According to the manual, for each hardware trigger a TTL pulse of 150 ns width should be send through the "trigger OUT". In my case I do see pulses with widths ranging from 100 microseconds up to hundreds of miliseconds. I am connecting the signal directly to an oscilloscope with 50 Ohm termination. I have tried two DRS4 boards in identical conditions and both show the same behavior.  Having such wide and variable pulses makes it complicated for me to do the extra post-processing. Have you any idea of what might be going wrong? Thank you very much. Best regards, Gerard

Draft   Wed Sep 26 18:25:07 2018 Gerard Arino-EstradaTrigger OUT pulse width variable from 100 us up to 100 ms

Thank you very much for the answer, I really appreciate your help.

Thanks!

Gerard

Stefan Ritt wrote:

The "Trigger OUT" has changed recently. It goes high on a new trigger, but then STAYS high until the board has been read out by the PC and re-started. This allows better synchronization with some external trigger, which can be re-armed with the falling edge of the trigger out signal. The signal can be quite long, since readout of an event via USB typically takes 2 ms, but can be more if the PC is busy. If you need back your 150 ns pulse, send the trigger out to an external pulse shaper with fixed shaping width.

Stefan

 Gerard Arino-Estrada wrote: Hello Stefan, I am using the DRS4 board connected to a Raspberry PI and through the drsosc application. I am interested on using the "Trigger OUT" signal to do some extra data processing with NIM modules. According to the manual, for each hardware trigger a TTL pulse of 150 ns width should be send through the "trigger OUT". In my case I do see pulses with widths ranging from 100 microseconds up to hundreds of miliseconds. I am connecting the signal directly to an oscilloscope with 50 Ohm termination. I have tried two DRS4 boards in identical conditions and both show the same behavior.  Having such wide and variable pulses makes it complicated for me to do the extra post-processing. Have you any idea of what might be going wrong? Thank you very much. Best regards, Gerard

718   Wed Sep 26 14:44:14 2018 Stefan RittTrigger OUT pulse width variable from 100 us up to 100 ms

The "Trigger OUT" has changed recently. It goes high on a new trigger, but then STAYS high until the board has been read out by the PC and re-started. This allows better synchronization with some external trigger, which can be re-armed with the falling edge of the trigger out signal. The signal can be quite long, since readout of an event via USB typically takes 2 ms, but can be more if the PC is busy. If you need back your 150 ns pulse, send the trigger out to an external pulse shaper with fixed shaping width.

Stefan

 Gerard Arino-Estrada wrote: Hello Stefan, I am using the DRS4 board connected to a Raspberry PI and through the drsosc application. I am interested on using the "Trigger OUT" signal to do some extra data processing with NIM modules. According to the manual, for each hardware trigger a TTL pulse of 150 ns width should be send through the "trigger OUT". In my case I do see pulses with widths ranging from 100 microseconds up to hundreds of miliseconds. I am connecting the signal directly to an oscilloscope with 50 Ohm termination. I have tried two DRS4 boards in identical conditions and both show the same behavior.  Having such wide and variable pulses makes it complicated for me to do the extra post-processing. Have you any idea of what might be going wrong? Thank you very much. Best regards, Gerard

717   Sun Sep 23 02:22:46 2018 Gerard Arino-EstradaTrigger OUT pulse width variable from 100 us up to 100 ms

Hello Stefan,

I am using the DRS4 board connected to a Raspberry PI and through the drsosc application. I am interested on using the "Trigger OUT" signal to do some extra data processing with NIM modules. According to the manual, for each hardware trigger a TTL pulse of 150 ns width should be send through the "trigger OUT". In my case I do see pulses with widths ranging from 100 microseconds up to hundreds of miliseconds. I am connecting the signal directly to an oscilloscope with 50 Ohm termination. I have tried two DRS4 boards in identical conditions and both show the same behavior.  Having such wide and variable pulses makes it complicated for me to do the extra post-processing. Have you any idea of what might be going wrong? Thank you very much.

Best regards,

Gerard

716   Thu Sep 13 18:09:13 2018 Martin Petriska"Symmetric spikes" fixed

Ok, so I made it ... and Yes it works :),

https://youtu.be/0noy4CoFoh8

here is changed part in drs4_eval4_app.vhd

                        when done =>           drs_readout_state    <= spikeoff;           drs_stat_busy        <= '0';           drs_dpram_we1        <= '0';           drs_write_set        <= '1';   -- set drs_write_ff in proc_drs_write                                          -- to keep chip "warm"

 -- spike fix ELOG 697                     when spikeoff =>              o_drs_addr       <= "1011"; -- Address the read shift register by applying 1011b to A3:A0             o_drs_srin       <= '0'; -- Switch SRIN low                           drs_readout_state                 <= spikecycle;              -- Apply 1024 clock cycles to SRCLK                   drs_sr_count         <= 0;

          when spikecycle =>                    drs_sr_count         <= drs_sr_count + 1;              o_drs_srclk          <= not o_drs_srclk;              if (drs_sr_count = 1024) then                 drs_readout_state <= idle;              end if;      

        -- set-up of configuration register

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Yes it's possible, but I have to find time for that. The software of the evaluation board takes care of the spikes ("remove spikes"), so I thought it's not so urgent to fix that in the FPGA (which takes me some time).

Stefan

Martin Petriska wrote:

Hi,

Is it possible to fix it by FPGA changes?  I see readout cycle (proc_drs_reedout) in drs4_eval(4)5_app.vhd, but not sure where to exactly put this three commands. Could you please attach app.vhd file for eval board with example how to fix ?

Regards,

Martin

 Stefan Ritt wrote: Good news for all DRS4 users. After many years, I finally understand where the "symmetric spikes" come from and how to fix them. The "symmetric spikes" are small spikes of 17-18mV, which randomly happen at 1-2 cells. They alwas come in groups of 2 in each channel, symmetric around sampling cell #512. See first attachment. The reason for the spikes is the previous readout cycle. On each readout cycle, the "read bit" is clocked through all 1024 cells to switch one cell contents to the DRS4 output. At the end of the 1024 cycles, the read bit stays at its last position. The bit is carried by a metal line on the chip, which crosses all 9 channels (second attachment). This bit now influences the sampling cells below the metal line capacitively, so their contents is "pushed up" by a few mV, just like the ROFS offset does. Since the DRS sampling channels are in a snake layout, going 0-512 from left, then 512-1023 back again, the line crosses two cells in each channel, and thus the symmetric spikes. Previously, there was a software solution for that. In the evaluation board software DRSOsc there is a button "Remove spikes" which tries to fix this in software. Although this works most of the time, it's annoying and not 100% safe. Like when the spike sits on top of a noise signal, it might not be recognized. Fixing this in hardware is however straight forwar. After the readout cycle ends, push the read bit out of the chip: Address the read shift register by applying 1011b to A3:A0 Switch SRIN low Apply 1024 clock cycles to SRCLK This shifts the bit out of the chip, so that the next event is not affected by the read bit. The third attachment show the effect of this. The "clear cycle" increases the readout time a little bit, but depending on the application this might be worth it. Regards, Stefan

715   Tue Sep 4 13:04:30 2018 Stefan Ritt"Symmetric spikes" fixed

Yes it's possible, but I have to find time for that. The software of the evaluation board takes care of the spikes ("remove spikes"), so I thought it's not so urgent to fix that in the FPGA (which takes me some time).

Stefan

Martin Petriska wrote:

Hi,

Is it possible to fix it by FPGA changes?  I see readout cycle (proc_drs_reedout) in drs4_eval(4)5_app.vhd, but not sure where to exactly put this three commands. Could you please attach app.vhd file for eval board with example how to fix ?

Regards,

Martin

 Stefan Ritt wrote: Good news for all DRS4 users. After many years, I finally understand where the "symmetric spikes" come from and how to fix them. The "symmetric spikes" are small spikes of 17-18mV, which randomly happen at 1-2 cells. They alwas come in groups of 2 in each channel, symmetric around sampling cell #512. See first attachment. The reason for the spikes is the previous readout cycle. On each readout cycle, the "read bit" is clocked through all 1024 cells to switch one cell contents to the DRS4 output. At the end of the 1024 cycles, the read bit stays at its last position. The bit is carried by a metal line on the chip, which crosses all 9 channels (second attachment). This bit now influences the sampling cells below the metal line capacitively, so their contents is "pushed up" by a few mV, just like the ROFS offset does. Since the DRS sampling channels are in a snake layout, going 0-512 from left, then 512-1023 back again, the line crosses two cells in each channel, and thus the symmetric spikes. Previously, there was a software solution for that. In the evaluation board software DRSOsc there is a button "Remove spikes" which tries to fix this in software. Although this works most of the time, it's annoying and not 100% safe. Like when the spike sits on top of a noise signal, it might not be recognized. Fixing this in hardware is however straight forwar. After the readout cycle ends, push the read bit out of the chip: Address the read shift register by applying 1011b to A3:A0 Switch SRIN low Apply 1024 clock cycles to SRCLK This shifts the bit out of the chip, so that the next event is not affected by the read bit. The third attachment show the effect of this. The "clear cycle" increases the readout time a little bit, but depending on the application this might be worth it. Regards, Stefan

714   Mon Sep 3 11:17:26 2018 Martin Petriska"Symmetric spikes" fixed

Hi,

Is it possible to fix it by FPGA changes?  I see readout cycle (proc_drs_reedout) in drs4_eval(4)5_app.vhd, but not sure where to exactly put this three commands. Could you please attach app.vhd file for eval board with example how to fix ?

Regards,

Martin

 Stefan Ritt wrote: Good news for all DRS4 users. After many years, I finally understand where the "symmetric spikes" come from and how to fix them. The "symmetric spikes" are small spikes of 17-18mV, which randomly happen at 1-2 cells. They alwas come in groups of 2 in each channel, symmetric around sampling cell #512. See first attachment. The reason for the spikes is the previous readout cycle. On each readout cycle, the "read bit" is clocked through all 1024 cells to switch one cell contents to the DRS4 output. At the end of the 1024 cycles, the read bit stays at its last position. The bit is carried by a metal line on the chip, which crosses all 9 channels (second attachment). This bit now influences the sampling cells below the metal line capacitively, so their contents is "pushed up" by a few mV, just like the ROFS offset does. Since the DRS sampling channels are in a snake layout, going 0-512 from left, then 512-1023 back again, the line crosses two cells in each channel, and thus the symmetric spikes. Previously, there was a software solution for that. In the evaluation board software DRSOsc there is a button "Remove spikes" which tries to fix this in software. Although this works most of the time, it's annoying and not 100% safe. Like when the spike sits on top of a noise signal, it might not be recognized. Fixing this in hardware is however straight forwar. After the readout cycle ends, push the read bit out of the chip: Address the read shift register by applying 1011b to A3:A0 Switch SRIN low Apply 1024 clock cycles to SRCLK This shifts the bit out of the chip, so that the next event is not affected by the read bit. The third attachment show the effect of this. The "clear cycle" increases the readout time a little bit, but depending on the application this might be worth it. Regards, Stefan

713   Tue Aug 21 14:36:44 2018 Stefan RittOptimal readout speed

The analog output of the DRS4 chip needs some time to settle. In principle it need an infinite amout of time (exponential curve) to settle to 100% of the final value. So if we sample after a finite time, there is some error we do. Some of the error will be taken care of the voltage calibration, but there remains some residual error depending on the value of the previous sampling cell. So all sampling speeds 10 MHz, 16 MHz, 33 MHz are kind of rule of thumbs. In the end we run the evaluation board at 16 MHz to save a little bit of power (which is limited on an USB device). But I never made a careful study of noise-after-calibration vs. sampling speed. If you have some measurements, I'm happt to include it in the data sheet.

Stefan

 Sean Quinn wrote: Dear DRS4 team, On page 3 of the data sheet, Table 1. for readout speed a typical value of 10 MHz is specified, but in the comment column it notes optimal performance achieved at 33 MHz. I see the V5.1 eval board runs at 16 MHz. I'd like to understand the rationale for this using speed, instead of 33 MHz. Is there an SNR issue for the ADC at the higher speed, even though this is optimal for the DRS4? Very best, Sean

712   Tue Aug 14 06:10:49 2018 Stefan RittLatch delay support

I put that on the wish list, but I won't have time for that in the next months.

Stefan

 Martin Petriska wrote: Hi, https://forge.physik.rwth-aachen.de/projects/drs4-rwth Not sure about their licensing, but is it possible to add latch delay support to official firmware ? Best regards Martin

711   Mon Aug 13 19:44:59 2018 Martin PetriskaLatch delay support

Hi,

https://forge.physik.rwth-aachen.de/projects/drs4-rwth

Not sure about their licensing, but is it possible to add latch delay support to official firmware ?

Best regards

Martin

710   Wed Aug 1 00:49:30 2018 Sean QuinnOptimal readout speed

Dear DRS4 team,

On page 3 of the data sheet, Table 1. for readout speed a typical value of 10 MHz is specified, but in the comment column it notes optimal performance achieved at 33 MHz.

I see the V5.1 eval board runs at 16 MHz. I'd like to understand the rationale for this using speed, instead of 33 MHz. Is there an SNR issue for the ADC at the higher speed, even though this is optimal for the DRS4?

Very best,

Sean

709   Fri Jul 20 00:44:13 2018 Woon-Seng ChoongEffect of interpolation on timing

Just a follow-up update.

It turns out that I was using a cubic spline interpolation with smoothing. If I required the cubic spline to go through the sampled points, then I obtained similar time resolution as the simple linear interpolation.

 Woon-Seng Choong wrote: Using a test pulse split into two channels of the DRS4 Evaluation Board v5, I looked at the time resolution using a leading edge threshold. The voltage and timing calibration was performed. One method (1) is to linearly interpolate between two points of the raw waveform that is above and below the threshold (this is exactly the algorithm given in read_binary.c in the drs4 source distribution); and another (2) is to use a cubic spline interpolation of the raw waveform. The results I obtained are: Method 1: dt = 1.298 ns +/- 7.22 ps Method 2: dt = 1.293 ns +/- 15.48 ps I am really puzzled why the time resolution of the spline interpolation is about a factor 2 worse than the simple linear interpolation. Has anyone studied the time resolution using similar or other interpolation methods?

708   Mon Jul 16 19:39:35 2018 Woon-Seng ChoongEffect of interpolation on timing

Using a test pulse split into two channels of the DRS4 Evaluation Board v5, I looked at the time resolution using a leading edge threshold. The voltage and timing calibration was performed. One method (1) is to linearly interpolate between two points of the raw waveform that is above and below the threshold (this is exactly the algorithm given in read_binary.c in the drs4 source distribution); and another (2) is to use a cubic spline interpolation of the raw waveform. The results I obtained are:

Method 1: dt = 1.298 ns +/- 7.22 ps

Method 2: dt = 1.293 ns +/- 15.48 ps

I am really puzzled why the time resolution of the spline interpolation is about a factor 2 worse than the simple linear interpolation. Has anyone studied the time resolution using similar or other interpolation methods?

707   Fri Jun 29 07:51:33 2018 Stefan RittNegative Bin Width

Yes that's normal. A negative cell bin width means that the next cell N+1 samples the input signal before cell N. This can happen due to the signal routing on the DRS4 chip.

Stefan

 Woon-Seng Choong wrote: I am using a DRS4 Evaluation Board v5 and running the drsosc.exe version 5.06 on a Window 7 machine. I have performed the voltage and timing calibration. With test pulses on channel 1 and 2, I collected binary data file with all 4 channels active sampling at 5GSPS.  Attached is a distribution of the bin_width vs. cell # for all the 4 channels. Note that there are few cells with bin_width < 10 ps.  Channel 1: bin_width[498] = -0.000348, bin_width[1010]= -0.000348 Channel 2: bin_width[498] = 0.007363 Channel 3: bin_width[498] = 0.007843 Channel 4: bin_width[498] = 0.005948 Is this normal? How can you get negative bin_width? What does negative bin_width means? I have attached the binary data file for your verification.

706   Thu Jun 28 19:55:45 2018 Woon-Seng ChoongNegative Bin Width

I am using a DRS4 Evaluation Board v5 and running the drsosc.exe version 5.06 on a Window 7 machine. I have performed the voltage and timing calibration.

With test pulses on channel 1 and 2, I collected binary data file with all 4 channels active sampling at 5GSPS.

Attached is a distribution of the bin_width vs. cell # for all the 4 channels. Note that there are few cells with bin_width < 10 ps.

Channel 1: bin_width[498] = -0.000348, bin_width[1010]= -0.000348

Channel 2: bin_width[498] = 0.007363

Channel 3: bin_width[498] = 0.007843

Channel 4: bin_width[498] = 0.005948

Is this normal? How can you get negative bin_width? What does negative bin_width means?

I have attached the binary data file for your verification.

Attachment 1: bin_width_5gsps.jpg
Attachment 2: test5gsps.dat
705   Tue Jun 19 12:54:51 2018 Phan Van ChuanThe data acquisition speed

Thank Stefan Ritt, I added the SoftTrigger() just after StartDomino(), so now, The data acquisition speed the same speed as in the DRS oscilloscope. I have misunderstood the "auto" trigger on an oscilloscope as setting SetTriggerLevel (0).
Thank so much!

Phan Van Chuan

704   Tue Jun 19 10:05:50 2018 Stefan RittThe data acquisition speed

How do you tigger the board? In your code below you start the board (StartDomino()) and then wait for a trigger. Setting the trigger level to zero (via SetTriggerLevel(0)) is certainly wrong. Please have a look at drs_exam.cpp in the distribution and use the same functions used there. If you want to trigger the board, you need some external pulser with high enough rate (more than 500 Hz or course). You can also "software" trigger the board with a call to SoftTrigger() just after StartDomino(). This is then like the "auto" trigger on an oscilloscope.

Stefan

703   Tue Jun 19 06:42:23 2018 Phan Van ChuanThe data acquisition speed

Dear Stefan,

We are using an DRS4 board V5.1 for building a metering system for the scintillator detector by a Labview program. The program was built based on the functions in DRS.cpp and it reads data from channel 0 very well (Fig 1). Now, I am having a problem with the data acquisition from DRS4 board. The data acquisition speed on this program is only about 30-50 Acq / s, while using the DRS Oscilloscope that of about 300-400 Acq / s.

When the program was installed with fDominoMode = 0 and fDominoActive = 0, the data acquisition speed was about 300-400 Acq / s. However, the waveform is inaccurate.

I do not know if I installed the wrong function! Can you show me how to solve this problem?

In the Labview program, functions (corresponding to functions in DRS.cpp) are called with the following parameters:

InitFPGA();

SetMultiBuffer(0);

fROFS = 1.6;              // differential input range -0.5V ... +0.5V

fRange = 0;

SetDAC(fDAC_ROFS_1, fROFS);

fCommonMode = 0.8;        // 0.8V +- 0.5V inside NMOS range

SetDAC(fDAC_CALP, fCommonMode);

SetDAC(fDAC_CALN, fCommonMode);

SetDAC(fDAC_BIAS, 0.70);

/* set default number of channels per chip */

// default settings

fMultiBuffer = 0;

fNMultiBuffer = 0;

fDominoMode = 1;

fTriggerEnable1 = 1;

fTriggerEnable2 = 0;

fTriggerSource = 0;

fTriggerDelay = 0;

fTriggerDelayNs = 0;

fSyncDelay = 0;

fNominalFrequency = 1;

fDominoActive = 1;

...

SetDominoMode(fDominoMode);

EnableTrigger(fTriggerEnable1, fTriggerEnable2);

SetTriggerSource(fTriggerSource);

SetTriggerDelayPercent(0);

SetSyncDelay(fSyncDelay);

SetDominoActive(fDominoActive);

SetFrequency(fNominalFrequency, true);

SetInputRange(fRange);

SelectClockSource(0); // FPGA clock

// disable calibration signals

EnableAcal(0, 0);

SetCalibTiming(0, 0);

EnableTcal(0);

// got to idle state

Reinit();

////////

SetFrequency (1,false);

settranspmode (1);

setinputrange(0);

EnableTcal (0,-,-);

EnableTrigger(1, 0);

SetTriggerSource(0);

SetTriggerLevel(0);

SetTriggerPolarity(false);

SetTriggerDelayNs(512);

// in loop of read data from DRS4:

{

StartDomino();

while (b->IsBusy());

TransferWaves(0, 8);

GetTime(0, 0, b->GetTriggerCell(0), time_array[0]);

GetWave(0, 0, wave_array[0]);

}

Thank you very much!

Best Regards,

Chuan

Attachment 1: wavech0.png

Thank you! That solves my problem.

Stefan Ritt wrote:

In principle the numbers in the manual are correct. But they relate to pulses of a certain length, because the input protection only works for DC voltage and for pulses which are not too long. Since we could not write this all on the label of the board, we decided to put there 100% safe value as a "warning" to people, meaning that if pulses are above 2.5V, they should look into the manual and read the details.

Stefan

 Julian Kemp wrote: Dear all, I have been wondering what the maximum analog input voltage for the DRS4 V5 evaluation board is. It came with a sticker indicating that it is "2.5V pk Max". On the other hand, when checking the manual (https://www.psi.ch/drs/DocumentationEN/manual_rev50.pdf), it says maximum allowed is 10V DC or even 30V for short pulses. I foresee an application where I cannot make sure that pulses stay below 2.5V, so the correct value will be quite important for me. Best, Julian

In principle the numbers in the manual are correct. But they relate to pulses of a certain length, because the input protection only works for DC voltage and for pulses which are not too long. Since we could not write this all on the label of the board, we decided to put there 100% safe value as a "warning" to people, meaning that if pulses are above 2.5V, they should look into the manual and read the details.

Stefan

 Julian Kemp wrote: Dear all, I have been wondering what the maximum analog input voltage for the DRS4 V5 evaluation board is. It came with a sticker indicating that it is "2.5V pk Max". On the other hand, when checking the manual (https://www.psi.ch/drs/DocumentationEN/manual_rev50.pdf), it says maximum allowed is 10V DC or even 30V for short pulses. I foresee an application where I cannot make sure that pulses stay below 2.5V, so the correct value will be quite important for me. Best, Julian

Dear all,

I have been wondering what the maximum analog input voltage for the DRS4 V5 evaluation board is. It came with a sticker indicating that it is "2.5V pk Max". On the other hand, when checking the manual (https://www.psi.ch/drs/DocumentationEN/manual_rev50.pdf), it says maximum allowed is 10V DC or even 30V for short pulses. I foresee an application where I cannot make sure that pulses stay below 2.5V, so the correct value will be quite important for me.

Best,
Julian

699   Fri Jun 8 08:11:05 2018 Stefan Ritt

Several people reported this problem, but we cannot reproduce it at our lab. Both the oscilloscope and the command line interface use exactly the same code to connect to the board. Have you tried the solution reported here: elog:657 ?

Best,

Stefan

 Phan Van Chuan wrote: Dear Stefan, I am using an DRS4 board to test the signal from an scintillator detector; It has connected well to the computer on DRS Oscilloscope (Figure 1). Now, I am having a problem of developing from the code of the drs_exam program, because the DRS4 board has not connected to the computer when translation the drs_exam program (Figure 2). Before running the drs_exam program, I copied the libusb-1.0.lib file to the computer's "C: \ Program Files \ Microsoft SDKs \ Windows \ v7.0A \ Lib" folder. Can you show me how to solve this problem?   Figure 1.   Figure 2. Thank you very much! Best Regards, Chuan

698   Thu Jun 7 16:27:21 2018 Phan Van Chuan

Dear Stefan,

I am using an DRS4 board to test the signal from an scintillator detector; It has connected well to the computer on DRS Oscilloscope (Figure 1). Now, I am having a problem of developing from the code of the drs_exam program, because the DRS4 board has not connected to the computer when translation the drs_exam program (Figure 2). Before running the drs_exam program, I copied the libusb-1.0.lib file to the computer's "C: \ Program Files \ Microsoft SDKs \ Windows \ v7.0A \ Lib" folder. Can you show me how to solve this problem?

Figure 1.

Figure 2.

Thank you very much!

Best Regards,

Chuan

Attachment 1: figure1.png
Attachment 2: figure2.png
697   Thu May 17 13:29:34 2018 Stefan Ritt"Symmetric spikes" fixed

Good news for all DRS4 users. After many years, I finally understand where the "symmetric spikes" come from and how to fix them.

The "symmetric spikes" are small spikes of 17-18mV, which randomly happen at 1-2 cells. They alwas come in groups of 2 in each channel, symmetric around sampling cell #512. See first attachment.

The reason for the spikes is the previous readout cycle. On each readout cycle, the "read bit" is clocked through all 1024 cells to switch one cell contents to the DRS4 output. At the end of the 1024 cycles, the read bit stays at its last position. The bit is carried by a metal line on the chip, which crosses all 9 channels (second attachment). This bit now influences the sampling cells below the metal line capacitively, so their contents is "pushed up" by a few mV, just like the ROFS offset does. Since the DRS sampling channels are in a snake layout, going 0-512 from left, then 512-1023 back again, the line crosses two cells in each channel, and thus the symmetric spikes.

Previously, there was a software solution for that. In the evaluation board software DRSOsc there is a button "Remove spikes" which tries to fix this in software. Although this works most of the time, it's annoying and not 100% safe. Like when the spike sits on top of a noise signal, it might not be recognized. Fixing this in hardware is however straight forwar. After the readout cycle ends, push the read bit out of the chip:

• Switch SRIN low
• Apply 1024 clock cycles to SRCLK

This shifts the bit out of the chip, so that the next event is not affected by the read bit. The third attachment show the effect of this. The "clear cycle" increases the readout time a little bit, but depending on the application this might be worth it.

Regards,
Stefan

Attachment 1: with.png
Attachment 2: Screen_Shot_2018-05-17_at_13.30.23_.png
Attachment 3: without.png
696   Mon May 14 09:21:29 2018 Alessio BertiWIndows Connection problem with drs507 SOLVED

Hi,

I have a machine with Windows 10 and the solution provided by Steven works fine. To give more details, the driver installed in my case is WinUSB (i.e. libusb, v6.1.7600.16385).

Cheers,

Alessio

Alec Shackleford wrote:

Thank you for this fantastic solution. I had almost reinstalled windows 7 to see if that would solve the issue!

All the best,

Alec

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Dear Steven, many thanks for this information, this is very useful. I know of people having problems on Windows 10, maybe this will also help them.

Stefan

 Steven Block wrote: Hello All, I too have been struggling with trying to get the drs4 (507) to work on my windows machine and I found it to be a problem with the libusb library. My solution is as follows and has worked on multiple PC's. I ran this solution after I first plugged in the drs4 and installed 507. Go to http://zadig.akeo.ie/ and install the corresponding software. After that, you will need to plug in the DRS4 to your computer. From there go to ‘Options’, and select ‘List all Devices’. Finally, choose the DRS4 evaluation board from the list and press install driver and let it run. You should be fine after that.  Best, Steven

695   Wed May 9 14:07:10 2018 Alec ShacklefordWIndows Connection problem with drs507 SOLVED

Thank you for this fantastic solution. I had almost reinstalled windows 7 to see if that would solve the issue!

All the best,

Alec

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Dear Steven, many thanks for this information, this is very useful. I know of people having problems on Windows 10, maybe this will also help them.

Stefan

 Steven Block wrote: Hello All, I too have been struggling with trying to get the drs4 (507) to work on my windows machine and I found it to be a problem with the libusb library. My solution is as follows and has worked on multiple PC's. I ran this solution after I first plugged in the drs4 and installed 507. Go to http://zadig.akeo.ie/ and install the corresponding software. After that, you will need to plug in the DRS4 to your computer. From there go to ‘Options’, and select ‘List all Devices’. Finally, choose the DRS4 evaluation board from the list and press install driver and let it run. You should be fine after that.  Best, Steven

694   Wed May 9 09:03:52 2018 Stefan RittManual Rev5.1 Figure 1, optional components

I updated the picture in the manual with a current picture of a Rev5.1 board, and also added a picture of the bottom side. If you need a picture without the blue labels, have a look at https://www.psi.ch/drs/old-evaluation-boards at the bottom.

Here is the explanation of the optional components:

- R1, C2, R6, R29, R30 and same components for other channels: Normally the board is AC-coupled. You can make the board DC-coupled by briding C1, C9, C13, removing R6, C2, adding R1, adding R29, removing R30. The CAL signal then enters before the THS4508. We found that DC coupling gives slightly higher noise and is prone to high input DC levels, so we ship the board usually AC-coupled.

- R84 & Co. defines the hysteresis of the trigger comparators as described in the schematics

- R99-R106, R143: If soldered, the board is configured in cascading mode with 4 channels @ 2048 bins. R143 tells the FPGA that we are in this mode, so the firmware can correctly configure the DRS4

- R118 & Co. defines the MCX output level to be either 3.3V or 5V (default)

- R146-R149 connect JTAG to the uC. We planned at one point to make firmware upgrades through USB, but we never implemented that, so these resistors are not soldered.

I hope I covered everything. If I overlooked any optional component please tell me.

Cheers,
Stefan

 Sean Quinn wrote: Dear All,   I'm troubleshooting a board which uses the DRS4 and adopts an analog front end very similar to the evaluation board. As a result, we rely on the eval board as a reference. In doing so we've encountered an issue in the manual: The high resolution photo in Figure 1. is useful, but it seems to correspond to an older version of the board. For instance, the RF switch can't correspond to the schematics of Rev5.1 in the appendix. Request: Could the manual be updated with a high resolution image of Rev5.1. Also, could a high resolution of the bottom side of the board be included in the manual? This is desirable since it has the version number and contact information, so it will remove any ambiguity about what board you're looking at and what schematics you should refer to. A second question, which might be overly broad: what is the impact of installing the optional components (marked * in the schematics) on the analog front end? Why are a lot of these left uninstalled on the eval board? Thanks, Sean

693   Tue May 8 23:58:35 2018 Sean QuinnManual Rev5.1 Figure 1, optional components

Dear All,

I'm troubleshooting a board which uses the DRS4 and adopts an analog front end very similar to the evaluation board. As a result, we rely on the eval board as a reference. In doing so we've encountered an issue in the manual:

The high resolution photo in Figure 1. is useful, but it seems to correspond to an older version of the board. For instance, the RF switch can't correspond to the schematics of Rev5.1 in the appendix.

Request: Could the manual be updated with a high resolution image of Rev5.1. Also, could a high resolution of the bottom side of the board be included in the manual? This is desirable since it has the version number and contact information, so it will remove any ambiguity about what board you're looking at and what schematics you should refer to.

A second question, which might be overly broad: what is the impact of installing the optional components (marked * in the schematics) on the analog front end? Why are a lot of these left uninstalled on the eval board?

Thanks,

Sean

692   Tue May 8 14:43:03 2018 Stefan RittPeak at 0 mV in traces

The DRS chip is read out with a 12 bit ADC, thus the phyical resolution is roughly 1V/4096 = 0.24 mV. I say roughly since the DRS has an analog gain of 0.98, which is corrected for. Now you have integer values which are converted into floating point numbers my multiplying them with ~0.24mV. If you then do histogramming with different bin sizes such as 0.1 mV and 0.35 mV , you get aliasing effects. The code truncates the result to 0.1 mV, which can give you also rounding artifacts. You will probalby see the same if you generate random 12 bit values and do the same histogramming. The 0.35 mV are not the RESOLUTION of the board (this is 0.24 mV as written above), but the Signal-To-Noise ratio of the DRS chip. If you measure zero volts at the input, and you make statistics over the distribution, you get an RMS of 0.35 mV.

Stefan

Alessio Berti wrote:

Hi Stefan,

following your example, we tried to perform the same measurement, using drs_exam and taking 1000 events. The results we obtained are in the plots attached (both in log and linear scale). We tried two different binnings:

- the first is the same as the one used in your example, that is 0.1 mV (corresponding to the plots having 81 bins)

- the second is a more wide binning equal to 0.35 mV, that is (2^(-11.5)) mV, 11.5 being the effective number of bits given in the DRS4 spreadsheet (corresponding to the plots having 23 bins)

With the fine binning we see that in the bin centered around 0 there is a little excess of events (the effect is more visible in the log scale histograms). This excess is not present in the wide binning case.

Is the problem we had before (and also here in the fine binning case) lying in the fact that we were trying to have bins with a width smaller than the effective resolution of the instrument (0.35 mV)?

We also noticed that in drs_exam, the values for the waveform are printed in the ASCII file with 1 digit after the decimal point, but when trying to print more digits the resolution is not improved (i.e. the decimal digits from the second one on are 0). This means that the values are rounded to a resolution of 0.1 mV when they are saved through the GetWave() routine (and in fact the member fPrecision is set to 0.1 -mV- in DRS.cpp, line 7502, and also in DRS.h, line 757, GetPrecision() returns 0.1). Why is that so? How does it reconcile with the effective number of bits giving a resolution of 0.35 mV?

Thank you,

Alessio & Davide

Stefan Ritt wrote:

I tried the following:

- trigger on a 10 MHz sine wave on CH0, CH1 was open

- run drs_exam.cpp program and write data.txt with a few events

- imported the event into Excel

- did a histogram on (empty) CH1

What I see is a nice Gaussian distribution centered around 1mV, but with no spike around zero. See attachment. So I still believe that you have either a binning or a rounding problem. Like you round value -0.99 to +0.99 all to zero mV, and 1.00 to 1.99 mV to one mV.

Stefan

Alessio Berti wrote:

Hi,

thank you for the quick reply. All the bins in the previous histograms have the same width. We also tried to plot the noise histogram for channel 2 with more bins (i.e. 1000, so that we can see almost discrete values), and the peak is still there.

Alessio & Davide

Stefan Ritt wrote:

I note that your peak at zero is exactly twice as high as the bins left and right, so this looks to me like a binning problem in your histogramming. Maybe your bin #0 goes from -1mV to +1mV, which all other bins are just 1mW wide. Can you check that?

Stefan

 Alessio Berti wrote: Hi, we modified drs_exam.cpp to read all 4 channels from the DRS4 and apply directly the spike removal (taken from Osci.cpp) during the acquisition phase. For test purposes, we don't save the data showing spikes and we focus on the data not having spikes (even if at the end we end up having triple and quadro spikes which are not removed by the spike removal routine, but they are rare). With this modified program we wanted to characterize the noise of the DRS4, so we took 30000 events at 5GSPS, triggering on channel 1 with a 10 MHz sine wave with 100 mV_pp (trigger level set at 10 mV), while channels 2,3 and 4 were left open without any input. We then took a look at the data and plotted the noise histograms for channels 2,3 and 4, which you can find attached (without offset correction, named zero_peak_after_spike_removal_ch*.png). For completeness, we also attached the plot from ch1 (the sine wave). The selections in time and amplitude we applied had the goal to remove the high oscillations in amplitude occurring in the first and last samples and to discard the quadro spikes we had in the data. We see that there is a peak at 0 mV in all histograms from all channels and scanning through the data, we saw that indeed the value 0 mV is stored many times for each event, thus originating the peak we see in the histograms. We also applied an offset correction to the data (taking the average of the first three most occuring amplitudes) of channels 2 (as an example) and the problem seems to be only partially removed. We also noticed that this peak at 0 mV is present also when we acquired the data from the DRS4 with DRSosc saving the data in binary format. So we had the following questions: - why is the DRS4 saving so many times the value 0 mV (exactly 0 mV)? - is there any way (in our case through software, preferably at acquisition time) to solve this problem? Thank you for the help and best regards, Alessio & Davide

691   Tue May 8 12:15:54 2018 Alessio BertiPeak at 0 mV in traces

Hi Stefan,

following your example, we tried to perform the same measurement, using drs_exam and taking 1000 events. The results we obtained are in the plots attached (both in log and linear scale). We tried two different binnings:

- the first is the same as the one used in your example, that is 0.1 mV (corresponding to the plots having 81 bins)

- the second is a more wide binning equal to 0.35 mV, that is (2^(-11.5)) mV, 11.5 being the effective number of bits given in the DRS4 spreadsheet (corresponding to the plots having 23 bins)

With the fine binning we see that in the bin centered around 0 there is a little excess of events (the effect is more visible in the log scale histograms). This excess is not present in the wide binning case.

Is the problem we had before (and also here in the fine binning case) lying in the fact that we were trying to have bins with a width smaller than the effective resolution of the instrument (0.35 mV)?

We also noticed that in drs_exam, the values for the waveform are printed in the ASCII file with 1 digit after the decimal point, but when trying to print more digits the resolution is not improved (i.e. the decimal digits from the second one on are 0). This means that the values are rounded to a resolution of 0.1 mV when they are saved through the GetWave() routine (and in fact the member fPrecision is set to 0.1 -mV- in DRS.cpp, line 7502, and also in DRS.h, line 757, GetPrecision() returns 0.1). Why is that so? How does it reconcile with the effective number of bits giving a resolution of 0.35 mV?

Thank you,

Alessio & Davide

Stefan Ritt wrote:

I tried the following:

- trigger on a 10 MHz sine wave on CH0, CH1 was open

- run drs_exam.cpp program and write data.txt with a few events

- imported the event into Excel

- did a histogram on (empty) CH1

What I see is a nice Gaussian distribution centered around 1mV, but with no spike around zero. See attachment. So I still believe that you have either a binning or a rounding problem. Like you round value -0.99 to +0.99 all to zero mV, and 1.00 to 1.99 mV to one mV.

Stefan

Alessio Berti wrote:

Hi,

thank you for the quick reply. All the bins in the previous histograms have the same width. We also tried to plot the noise histogram for channel 2 with more bins (i.e. 1000, so that we can see almost discrete values), and the peak is still there.

Alessio & Davide

Stefan Ritt wrote:

I note that your peak at zero is exactly twice as high as the bins left and right, so this looks to me like a binning problem in your histogramming. Maybe your bin #0 goes from -1mV to +1mV, which all other bins are just 1mW wide. Can you check that?

Stefan

 Alessio Berti wrote: Hi, we modified drs_exam.cpp to read all 4 channels from the DRS4 and apply directly the spike removal (taken from Osci.cpp) during the acquisition phase. For test purposes, we don't save the data showing spikes and we focus on the data not having spikes (even if at the end we end up having triple and quadro spikes which are not removed by the spike removal routine, but they are rare). With this modified program we wanted to characterize the noise of the DRS4, so we took 30000 events at 5GSPS, triggering on channel 1 with a 10 MHz sine wave with 100 mV_pp (trigger level set at 10 mV), while channels 2,3 and 4 were left open without any input. We then took a look at the data and plotted the noise histograms for channels 2,3 and 4, which you can find attached (without offset correction, named zero_peak_after_spike_removal_ch*.png). For completeness, we also attached the plot from ch1 (the sine wave). The selections in time and amplitude we applied had the goal to remove the high oscillations in amplitude occurring in the first and last samples and to discard the quadro spikes we had in the data. We see that there is a peak at 0 mV in all histograms from all channels and scanning through the data, we saw that indeed the value 0 mV is stored many times for each event, thus originating the peak we see in the histograms. We also applied an offset correction to the data (taking the average of the first three most occuring amplitudes) of channels 2 (as an example) and the problem seems to be only partially removed. We also noticed that this peak at 0 mV is present also when we acquired the data from the DRS4 with DRSosc saving the data in binary format. So we had the following questions: - why is the DRS4 saving so many times the value 0 mV (exactly 0 mV)? - is there any way (in our case through software, preferably at acquisition time) to solve this problem? Thank you for the help and best regards, Alessio & Davide

Attachment 1: 20180508_drs4_drs_exam_1000_events_81_bins_linear.png
Attachment 2: 20180508_drs4_drs_exam_1000_events_81_bins_log.png
Attachment 3: 20180508_drs4_drs_exam_1000_events_23_bins_linear.png
Attachment 4: 20180508_drs4_drs_exam_1000_events_23_bins_log.png
690   Sun May 6 11:45:09 2018 Stefan Rittconfusion about the description in drs.cpp

The locbus_addr is indeed 32 bits wide, since the firmware was originally derived from some firmware running in a VME crate, and the VME bus has 32 bits or addressing. So you will still find some "historic" remnants from that era. In the USB firmware, lcobus_addr[32:8] is always zero. Sorry for the confusuion.

Stefan

chen wenjun wrote:

Hi Stefan:

I'm still confused that althought the 8 bits buffer is enough,the FPGA receive the command through the uc_data_i register which is 16 bits wides.As we can see in the firmware, the locbus_addr is 32 bits wides. Does it means the locbus_addr[31:8] are always '0' because the address in buffer is only 8 bits. Does it means the usrbus_status_sel and usrbus_ram_sel are also '0' all the time .

thanks!

chen

Stefan Ritt wrote:

The FPGA is very small, so it only has an address space of 256 bytes. Look at the definition in DRS.cpp

#define USB_CTRL_OFFSET                 0x00    /* all registers 32 bit */
#define USB_STATUS_OFFSET               0x40
#define USB_RAM_OFFSET                  0x80

The registers are 32 bits wide, but the addresses only run from 0 to 255, and thus a single byte is enough for addressing them.

 chen wenjun wrote: Hi,Stefan:   recently,whtn I study the drs.cpp code ,I found that  the buffer[1] is char but the addr and the base_addr are all unsigned int,isn't there any problem that the addr may be cut off to 8 bits? Also ,I found that the data fpga recieved from the usb is 16 bits,so how can fpga get the true 32bits address from the PC.

689   Sun May 6 08:13:37 2018 chen wenjunconfusion about the description in drs.cpp

Hi Stefan:

I'm still confused that althought the 8 bits buffer is enough,the FPGA receive the command through the uc_data_i register which is 16 bits wides.As we can see in the firmware, the locbus_addr is 32 bits wides. Does it means the locbus_addr[31:8] are always '0' because the address in buffer is only 8 bits. Does it means the usrbus_status_sel and usrbus_ram_sel are also '0' all the time .

thanks!

chen

Stefan Ritt wrote:

The FPGA is very small, so it only has an address space of 256 bytes. Look at the definition in DRS.cpp

#define USB_CTRL_OFFSET                 0x00    /* all registers 32 bit */
#define USB_STATUS_OFFSET               0x40
#define USB_RAM_OFFSET                  0x80

The registers are 32 bits wide, but the addresses only run from 0 to 255, and thus a single byte is enough for addressing them.

 chen wenjun wrote: Hi,Stefan:   recently,whtn I study the drs.cpp code ,I found that  the buffer[1] is char but the addr and the base_addr are all unsigned int,isn't there any problem that the addr may be cut off to 8 bits? Also ,I found that the data fpga recieved from the usb is 16 bits,so how can fpga get the true 32bits address from the PC.

688   Fri May 4 12:11:57 2018 Stefan RittRunning drs_example.cpp

And here is the second part of your answer: When you change the input range, you have to redo the voltage calibration. Best is if you do that in the DRSOsc program, then you see that it's working. Then start your custom program and use the same range.

Stefan

We found a way to solve the previous problem, but right now when we try to set the input range only -0.5 to 0.5 is working. When we set the function "SetInputRange(0.5)" for 0 to 1V the output is all zeros and with  "SetInputRange(0.45)" we just get all the outputs -49.9mV. What does that means? How to fix?

 odrigo Trindade de Menezes wrote: Hello, We have been using the DRS4 evaluation board (S/N 2636) that works with the scope application. However we are trying to run the DRS4 evaluation board remotely by modifying the drs_exam.cpp to acquire and store data continuously. We compiled the DRS_example.cpp without the wxWidgets but when we try to run the program, it appears to trigger on nonsense.  The program appears to not be sensitive to the trigger threshold (although for very large trigger threshold it gets stuck in a waiting mode).  Is there a way to ensure that the "normal" trigger mode is set?  We are worried that the auto mode is running.  Otherwise, not sure why the program is triggering on nonsense.  By the way, it does not work with the wxWidgets compiled either so we are worried that there is an additional flag that needs to be set. The routine does not appear to conduct a calibration -- is this not necessary? Another issue that we are having is with the data set stored on the .txt file looks incorrect.  The time channel stops at 200 (but we think it should go up to 1024). In addition, the voltage channel appears to hover around small values near zero (as if triggering on noise).  The output file appears this way even when we change the threshold to much higher values.  It suggests that the trigger threshold is not actually being set? There are events where the output voltage appears to oscillate through huge negative and positive values too.  So not sure what's going on.  Thanks! Rodrigo

687   Fri May 4 11:56:08 2018 Stefan RittVoltage and Timing Calibration in drs_exam.cpp

Have you set the sampling frequency

b->SetFrequency(5, true);

before the calibration?

Note there is also the "drscl" program, which is a ocmmand linke interface to the evaluation board. Start it, and do the calibration there:

/drs4eb/software/drscl$./drscl DRS command line tool, Revision 21435 Type 'help' for a list of available commands. Found DRS4 board 0 on USB, serial #2400, firmware revision 30000 B0> freq 5 B0> calib Enter calibration frequency [GHz]: 5 Enter range [V]: 0 Enter mode [1]024 or [2]048 bin mode: 1 Please make sure that no input signal are present then hit any key Creating Calibration of Board on USB, serial #2400 B0> ===============================================] B0> then look at the code in drscl.cpp (around line 1097). /Stefan  Alessio Berti wrote: Hi, we were trying to implement an automatic way to calibrate our DRS4 both in voltage and in time (we have the V5 Evaluation Board). We started from drs_exam.cpp and tried with the following lines: /* set input range to -0.5V ... +0.5V */ b->SetInputRange(0); b->CalibrateVolt(NULL); b->CalibrateTiming(NULL); While the timing calibration seems to work (we checked with drsosc executable), the voltage calibration in our test program seems not to do the same as in drsosc when pressing the button "Execute Voltage Calibration". Specifically we think that no primary calibration, secondary calibration or spike removal is applied when calling CalibrateVolt(). It seems that the methods to perform those tasks are implemented in Osci.ccp/Osci.h, but drs_exam.cpp uses objects of the class DRS (i.e. defined in DRS.cpp and DRS.h). Is there a way to execute the voltage calibration in drs_exam.cpp in the same way performed within drsosc? Cheers, Alessio 686 Fri May 4 11:35:20 2018 Stefan RittPeak at 0 mV in traces I tried the following: - trigger on a 10 MHz sine wave on CH0, CH1 was open - run drs_exam.cpp program and write data.txt with a few events - imported the event into Excel - did a histogram on (empty) CH1 What I see is a nice Gaussian distribution centered around 1mV, but with no spike around zero. See attachment. So I still believe that you have either a binning or a rounding problem. Like you round value -0.99 to +0.99 all to zero mV, and 1.00 to 1.99 mV to one mV. Stefan Alessio Berti wrote: Hi, thank you for the quick reply. All the bins in the previous histograms have the same width. We also tried to plot the noise histogram for channel 2 with more bins (i.e. 1000, so that we can see almost discrete values), and the peak is still there. Alessio & Davide Stefan Ritt wrote: I note that your peak at zero is exactly twice as high as the bins left and right, so this looks to me like a binning problem in your histogramming. Maybe your bin #0 goes from -1mV to +1mV, which all other bins are just 1mW wide. Can you check that? Stefan  Alessio Berti wrote: Hi, we modified drs_exam.cpp to read all 4 channels from the DRS4 and apply directly the spike removal (taken from Osci.cpp) during the acquisition phase. For test purposes, we don't save the data showing spikes and we focus on the data not having spikes (even if at the end we end up having triple and quadro spikes which are not removed by the spike removal routine, but they are rare). With this modified program we wanted to characterize the noise of the DRS4, so we took 30000 events at 5GSPS, triggering on channel 1 with a 10 MHz sine wave with 100 mV_pp (trigger level set at 10 mV), while channels 2,3 and 4 were left open without any input. We then took a look at the data and plotted the noise histograms for channels 2,3 and 4, which you can find attached (without offset correction, named zero_peak_after_spike_removal_ch*.png). For completeness, we also attached the plot from ch1 (the sine wave). The selections in time and amplitude we applied had the goal to remove the high oscillations in amplitude occurring in the first and last samples and to discard the quadro spikes we had in the data. We see that there is a peak at 0 mV in all histograms from all channels and scanning through the data, we saw that indeed the value 0 mV is stored many times for each event, thus originating the peak we see in the histograms. We also applied an offset correction to the data (taking the average of the first three most occuring amplitudes) of channels 2 (as an example) and the problem seems to be only partially removed. We also noticed that this peak at 0 mV is present also when we acquired the data from the DRS4 with DRSosc saving the data in binary format. So we had the following questions: - why is the DRS4 saving so many times the value 0 mV (exactly 0 mV)? - is there any way (in our case through software, preferably at acquisition time) to solve this problem? Thank you for the help and best regards, Alessio & Davide Attachment 1: Screen_Shot_2018-05-04_at_11.36.24_.png 685 Wed May 2 12:23:16 2018 Alessio BertiPeak at 0 mV in traces Hi, thank you for the quick reply. All the bins in the previous histograms have the same width. We also tried to plot the noise histogram for channel 2 with more bins (i.e. 1000, so that we can see almost discrete values), and the peak is still there. Alessio & Davide Stefan Ritt wrote: I note that your peak at zero is exactly twice as high as the bins left and right, so this looks to me like a binning problem in your histogramming. Maybe your bin #0 goes from -1mV to +1mV, which all other bins are just 1mW wide. Can you check that? Stefan  Alessio Berti wrote: Hi, we modified drs_exam.cpp to read all 4 channels from the DRS4 and apply directly the spike removal (taken from Osci.cpp) during the acquisition phase. For test purposes, we don't save the data showing spikes and we focus on the data not having spikes (even if at the end we end up having triple and quadro spikes which are not removed by the spike removal routine, but they are rare). With this modified program we wanted to characterize the noise of the DRS4, so we took 30000 events at 5GSPS, triggering on channel 1 with a 10 MHz sine wave with 100 mV_pp (trigger level set at 10 mV), while channels 2,3 and 4 were left open without any input. We then took a look at the data and plotted the noise histograms for channels 2,3 and 4, which you can find attached (without offset correction, named zero_peak_after_spike_removal_ch*.png). For completeness, we also attached the plot from ch1 (the sine wave). The selections in time and amplitude we applied had the goal to remove the high oscillations in amplitude occurring in the first and last samples and to discard the quadro spikes we had in the data. We see that there is a peak at 0 mV in all histograms from all channels and scanning through the data, we saw that indeed the value 0 mV is stored many times for each event, thus originating the peak we see in the histograms. We also applied an offset correction to the data (taking the average of the first three most occuring amplitudes) of channels 2 (as an example) and the problem seems to be only partially removed. We also noticed that this peak at 0 mV is present also when we acquired the data from the DRS4 with DRSosc saving the data in binary format. So we had the following questions: - why is the DRS4 saving so many times the value 0 mV (exactly 0 mV)? - is there any way (in our case through software, preferably at acquisition time) to solve this problem? Thank you for the help and best regards, Alessio & Davide Attachment 1: zero_peak_after_spike_removal_ch2_1000_bins.png 684 Wed May 2 12:12:42 2018 Stefan RittPeak at 0 mV in traces I note that your peak at zero is exactly twice as high as the bins left and right, so this looks to me like a binning problem in your histogramming. Maybe your bin #0 goes from -1mV to +1mV, which all other bins are just 1mW wide. Can you check that? Stefan  Alessio Berti wrote: Hi, we modified drs_exam.cpp to read all 4 channels from the DRS4 and apply directly the spike removal (taken from Osci.cpp) during the acquisition phase. For test purposes, we don't save the data showing spikes and we focus on the data not having spikes (even if at the end we end up having triple and quadro spikes which are not removed by the spike removal routine, but they are rare). With this modified program we wanted to characterize the noise of the DRS4, so we took 30000 events at 5GSPS, triggering on channel 1 with a 10 MHz sine wave with 100 mV_pp (trigger level set at 10 mV), while channels 2,3 and 4 were left open without any input. We then took a look at the data and plotted the noise histograms for channels 2,3 and 4, which you can find attached (without offset correction, named zero_peak_after_spike_removal_ch*.png). For completeness, we also attached the plot from ch1 (the sine wave). The selections in time and amplitude we applied had the goal to remove the high oscillations in amplitude occurring in the first and last samples and to discard the quadro spikes we had in the data. We see that there is a peak at 0 mV in all histograms from all channels and scanning through the data, we saw that indeed the value 0 mV is stored many times for each event, thus originating the peak we see in the histograms. We also applied an offset correction to the data (taking the average of the first three most occuring amplitudes) of channels 2 (as an example) and the problem seems to be only partially removed. We also noticed that this peak at 0 mV is present also when we acquired the data from the DRS4 with DRSosc saving the data in binary format. So we had the following questions: - why is the DRS4 saving so many times the value 0 mV (exactly 0 mV)? - is there any way (in our case through software, preferably at acquisition time) to solve this problem? Thank you for the help and best regards, Alessio & Davide 683 Wed May 2 10:44:17 2018 Alessio BertiPeak at 0 mV in traces Hi, we modified drs_exam.cpp to read all 4 channels from the DRS4 and apply directly the spike removal (taken from Osci.cpp) during the acquisition phase. For test purposes, we don't save the data showing spikes and we focus on the data not having spikes (even if at the end we end up having triple and quadro spikes which are not removed by the spike removal routine, but they are rare). With this modified program we wanted to characterize the noise of the DRS4, so we took 30000 events at 5GSPS, triggering on channel 1 with a 10 MHz sine wave with 100 mV_pp (trigger level set at 10 mV), while channels 2,3 and 4 were left open without any input. We then took a look at the data and plotted the noise histograms for channels 2,3 and 4, which you can find attached (without offset correction, named zero_peak_after_spike_removal_ch*.png). For completeness, we also attached the plot from ch1 (the sine wave). The selections in time and amplitude we applied had the goal to remove the high oscillations in amplitude occurring in the first and last samples and to discard the quadro spikes we had in the data. We see that there is a peak at 0 mV in all histograms from all channels and scanning through the data, we saw that indeed the value 0 mV is stored many times for each event, thus originating the peak we see in the histograms. We also applied an offset correction to the data (taking the average of the first three most occuring amplitudes) of channels 2 (as an example) and the problem seems to be only partially removed. We also noticed that this peak at 0 mV is present also when we acquired the data from the DRS4 with DRSosc saving the data in binary format. So we had the following questions: - why is the DRS4 saving so many times the value 0 mV (exactly 0 mV)? - is there any way (in our case through software, preferably at acquisition time) to solve this problem? Thank you for the help and best regards, Alessio & Davide Attachment 1: zero_peak_after_spike_removal_ch1.png Attachment 2: zero_peak_after_spike_removal_ch2.png Attachment 3: zero_peak_after_spike_removal_ch3.png Attachment 4: zero_peak_after_spike_removal_ch4.png Attachment 5: zero_peak_after_spike_removal_offset_correction_ch2.png 682 Wed May 2 09:24:53 2018 Stefan RittDRS4 using drs_exam.cpp to save as binary files You have to write the C/C++ code yourself to write data in binary or any other format. All information is present after the waveform readout in drs_exam.cpp, so it's just a matter of proper write() functions. Please consult any C/C++ handbook on how to write to files.  Hyunseong Kim wrote: Hi, I would like to save the waveform in a .dat binary file using drs_exam.cpp. I know the distributed software allows us to save as binary files with the save button, but I currently need to save multiple runs using a script. I've seen that drs_exam.cpp can save the waveform as .txt files. Is there any .cpp file or function that allows us to save the waveforms in binary format (.dat)? Thank you for your help. 681 Tue May 1 02:00:40 2018 Hyunseong KimDRS4 using drs_exam.cpp to save as binary files Hi, I would like to save the waveform in a .dat binary file using drs_exam.cpp. I know the distributed software allows us to save as binary files with the save button, but I currently need to save multiple runs using a script. I've seen that drs_exam.cpp can save the waveform as .txt files. Is there any .cpp file or function that allows us to save the waveforms in binary format (.dat)? Thank you for your help. 680 Tue Apr 17 13:28:23 2018 Stefan RittDRS4 read_binary.cpp On the software download page at https://www.psi.ch/drs/software-download you find a link to all versions of the DRS software, which is located at: https://www.dropbox.com/sh/clqo7ekr0ysbrip/AACoWJzrQAbf3WiBJHG89bGGa?dl=0 Earch .tar.gz file has a date, which should help you find the correct version.  Sobimpe Eniola wrote: Hello everyone, The new read_binary.cpp code I will be very glad if anyone can help with the old version of read_binary.cpp code. The latest version I saw online was updated on June 30th, 2014, but I need the old version of the code to compare what changes were made in the latest version. This will help me to modify it and be able to read my data successfully. Thanks 679 Mon Apr 16 21:21:29 2018 Sobimpe EniolaDRS4 read_binary.cpp Hello everyone, The new read_binary.cpp code I will be very glad if anyone can help with the old version of read_binary.cpp code. The latest version I saw online was updated on June 30th, 2014, but I need the old version of the code to compare what changes were made in the latest version. This will help me to modify it and be able to read my data successfully. Thanks 678 Fri Apr 13 18:14:07 2018 Alessio BertiVoltage and Timing Calibration in drs_exam.cpp Hi, we were trying to implement an automatic way to calibrate our DRS4 both in voltage and in time (we have the V5 Evaluation Board). We started from drs_exam.cpp and tried with the following lines: /* set input range to -0.5V ... +0.5V */ b->SetInputRange(0); b->CalibrateVolt(NULL); b->CalibrateTiming(NULL); While the timing calibration seems to work (we checked with drsosc executable), the voltage calibration in our test program seems not to do the same as in drsosc when pressing the button "Execute Voltage Calibration". Specifically we think that no primary calibration, secondary calibration or spike removal is applied when calling CalibrateVolt(). It seems that the methods to perform those tasks are implemented in Osci.ccp/Osci.h, but drs_exam.cpp uses objects of the class DRS (i.e. defined in DRS.cpp and DRS.h). Is there a way to execute the voltage calibration in drs_exam.cpp in the same way performed within drsosc? Cheers, Alessio 677 Fri Mar 23 09:39:55 2018 Stefan RittRead the CalibrateWaveform You don't have to read and calibrate the waveforms in your user code, but can rely on the DRS.cpp library to do that. Just look at the drs_exam.cpp program coming with the distribution. It uses the function b->GetWave() to retrieve the calibrated waveform. If you like, you can look into that function to learn how to apply the calibration, but I can tell you that it's a bit complicated. Since each event starts at an arbitrary stop cell in the DRS4, you have to "rotate" the calibration array. Then you do actually four calibrations in a row (cell, readout, gain and range). Stefan  Phan Van Chuan wrote: Helo I'm building an application for reading waveforms from the DRS4 board to PC. However, I am having problems reading calibration data from EEPROM on DRS4 board. The calibration data is read through the function reference: void DRSBoard :: ReadCalibration (void) ... ReadEEPROM (1, buf, 1024 * 32); for (i = 0; i <8; i ++) for (j = 0; j <1024; j ++) { fCellOffset [i] [j] = buf [(i * 1024 + j) * 2]; fCellGain [i] [j] = buf [(i * 1024 + j) * 2 + 1] / 65535.0*0.4+0.7; } ReadEEPROM (2, buf, 1024 * 32); for (i = 0; i <8; i ++) for (j = 0; j <1024; j ++) fCellOffset2 [i] [j] = buf [(i * 1024 + j) * 2]; ... The Calibrate Waveform is performed by: int DRSBoard::CalibrateWaveform(unsigned int chipIndex, unsigned char channel, unsigned short *adcWaveform, short *waveform, bool responseCalib, int triggerCell, bool adjustToClock, float threshold, bool offsetCalib) ..... for (j = 0; j < n_bins; j++) { value = adcWaveform[j] - fCellOffset[channel+chipIndex*9][(j*skip + triggerCell) % kNumberOfBins]; value = value / fCellGain[channel+chipIndex*9][(j*skip + triggerCell) % kNumberOfBins]; if (offsetCalib && channel != 8) value = value - fCellOffset2[channel+chipIndex*9][j*skip] + 32768; ... . Because the calibration data reads incorrectly, the Calibrate Waveform does not do it. Can read calibration data from EEPROM by any command via Oscilloscope application or DRS Command Line Interface application? Thank you for your help!!!! 676 Thu Mar 22 14:36:01 2018 Phan Van ChuanRead the CalibrateWaveform Helo I'm building an application for reading waveforms from the DRS4 board to PC. However, I am having problems reading calibration data from EEPROM on DRS4 board. The calibration data is read through the function reference: void DRSBoard :: ReadCalibration (void) ... ReadEEPROM (1, buf, 1024 * 32); for (i = 0; i <8; i ++) for (j = 0; j <1024; j ++) { fCellOffset [i] [j] = buf [(i * 1024 + j) * 2]; fCellGain [i] [j] = buf [(i * 1024 + j) * 2 + 1] / 65535.0*0.4+0.7; } ReadEEPROM (2, buf, 1024 * 32); for (i = 0; i <8; i ++) for (j = 0; j <1024; j ++) fCellOffset2 [i] [j] = buf [(i * 1024 + j) * 2]; ... The Calibrate Waveform is performed by: int DRSBoard::CalibrateWaveform(unsigned int chipIndex, unsigned char channel, unsigned short *adcWaveform, short *waveform, bool responseCalib, int triggerCell, bool adjustToClock, float threshold, bool offsetCalib) ..... for (j = 0; j < n_bins; j++) { value = adcWaveform[j] - fCellOffset[channel+chipIndex*9][(j*skip + triggerCell) % kNumberOfBins]; value = value / fCellGain[channel+chipIndex*9][(j*skip + triggerCell) % kNumberOfBins]; if (offsetCalib && channel != 8) value = value - fCellOffset2[channel+chipIndex*9][j*skip] + 32768; ... . Because the calibration data reads incorrectly, the Calibrate Waveform does not do it. Can read calibration data from EEPROM by any command via Oscilloscope application or DRS Command Line Interface application? Thank you for your help!!!! 675 Mon Mar 19 16:22:42 2018 Stefan RittROI The DRS4 has an internal storage of 1024 capacitors. They work as a ring buffer, so at 5GSPS you can store 200ns wide signals. After 200ns, the first samples are overwritten by new samples, so you always have the last 200ns of samples stored. Once you trigger the DRS4, this buffer is frozen, and the readout of this buffer causes the dead time. No trigger, no dead time. Hope this answers your question. Stefan Steven Block wrote: Great! That is very helpful. One more question. If no signals were detected in the 1024*200ps time frame in ROI mode, would the DRS4 go dead for 32us (or 30us depending on the supply) for, or would it dump the earliest events in the buffer for the more recent ones until it detects a signal to readout? Or rather, does filling the buffer force a readout or can it dynamically shift out old data until it detects a signal to readout. Steven Stefan Ritt wrote: N'/N is correct. The 2 us "from the response you got from me" come from the fact that after readout, you have to start the DRS4 again. During this time, the power supply usually becomes slightly unstable, and it takes on the evaluation board about 2us to stabilize it again. Tha't why I add the 2 us. If you don't care about slight offset effect, or if you make a better power supply, you dead time would be 10*30ns = 300ns for 10 samples. Starting the DRS again will take one or two clock cycles from the FPGA, which might add another 30 ns or so, depending on how you program the FPGA. So the best you can achieve for 10 samples is maybe 330 ns, if you have a really good power supply (large capacitors). You can achieve this functionality with the evaluation board, but you would have to make a special firmware for it. Stefan  Steven Block wrote: Hello, I have a question about how ROI works. From what I have read, it will only save data that ocurs some time [ta] dictated by the user after an event is triggered as well as a small time [tb] before the event. The technical manual seems to indicated that the deadtime assciated with operating in ROI mode can be reduced by the following factor: $\frac{t_a + t_b }{\frac{N}{Sample Speed}}$ . Where N is the number of points in the time window (ex. 2048 or 1024). Is it ok to describe this as: $\frac{N'}{N}$ Where N' is the number of samples in the ROI and N is the same as before. For example, if I were running at 5Gsps (200ps between samples), only recording 1024 samples per event and I had an signal that lasted 2ns, that means the signal would last 10 samples. If I set the ROI to only save 20 samples around this signal, would my Deadtime go to: $\frac{10}{1024} * 30ns*1024 + 2\mu s = 2.3\mu s$? (The second portion of this equation comes from a response I recieved earlier, but I just want to make sure I understand this concept properly) I recognize that the caveat is that this would work only if the signal was detected during acquistion, which leads to my next question. If no signals were detected in the 1024*200ps time frame in ROI mode, would the DRS4 go dead for 32us (using the factor = 1 from above equation), or would it dump the earliest events in the buffer for the more recent ones until it detects a signal? Finally, I assume this functionality can only be utilized with custom electornics with the DRS4, not the evaulation/demo board, please let me know if this is the case. Best, Steven 674 Mon Mar 19 15:12:02 2018 Stefan RittRunning drs_example.cpp The time channel is already calibrated in ns. So for 5 GSPS, the time scale goes from zero to 200. Concerning your other issues I will come back to you later. Stefan  Rodrigo Trindade de Menezes wrote: Another issue that we are having is with the data set stored on the .txt file looks incorrect. The time channel stops at 200 (but we think it should go up to 1024). In addition, the voltage channel appears to hover around small values near zero (as if triggering on noise). The output file appears this way even when we change the threshold to much higher values. It suggests that the trigger threshold is not actually being set? There are events where the output voltage appears to oscillate through huge negative and positive values too. So not sure what's going on. 673 Fri Mar 16 14:00:06 2018 Stefan Rittconfusion about the description in drs.cpp The FPGA is very small, so it only has an address space of 256 bytes. Look at the definition in DRS.cpp #define USB_CTRL_OFFSET 0x00 /* all registers 32 bit */ #define USB_STATUS_OFFSET 0x40 #define USB_RAM_OFFSET 0x80 The registers are 32 bits wide, but the addresses only run from 0 to 255, and thus a single byte is enough for addressing them.  chen wenjun wrote: Hi,Stefan: recently,whtn I study the drs.cpp code ,I found that the buffer[1] is char but the addr and the base_addr are all unsigned int,isn't there any problem that the addr may be cut off to 8 bits? Also ,I found that the data fpga recieved from the usb is 16 bits,so how can fpga get the true 32bits address from the PC. 672 Thu Mar 15 08:44:26 2018 Stefan Rittsub-ms precision timestamps? Putting sub-ms precision into the header does not make sense, since the USB transfer only happens in time-slots of about 2 ms. To get better timing, you would need a hardware time clock in the FPGA, which does not exist right now. Best, Stefan  Will Flanagan wrote: Dear DRS4 community, Is there a way to extract timestamps with sub-ms precision? The milliseconds of an event is clearly given when unpacking the header. I would like to determine how far apart events are when they are within the same millisecond. Thanks, Will 671 Wed Mar 14 09:13:39 2018 chen wenjunconfusion about the description in drs.cpp Hi,Stefan: recently,whtn I study the drs.cpp code ,I found that the buffer[1] is char but the addr and the base_addr are all unsigned int,isn't there any problem that the addr may be cut off to 8 bits? Also ,I found that the data fpga recieved from the usb is 16 bits,so how can fpga get the true 32bits address from the PC. Attachment 1: 20180314161201.jpg 668 Wed Mar 14 00:38:15 2018 Will Flanagansub-ms precision timestamps? Dear DRS4 community, Is there a way to extract timestamps with sub-ms precision? The milliseconds of an event is clearly given when unpacking the header. I would like to determine how far apart events are when they are within the same millisecond. Thanks, Will 667 Thu Mar 8 22:54:20 2018 Rodrigo Trindade de MenezesRunning drs_example.cpp We found a way to solve the previous problem, but right now when we try to set the input range only -0.5 to 0.5 is working. When we set the function "SetInputRange(0.5)" for 0 to 1V the output is all zeros and with "SetInputRange(0.45)" we just get all the outputs -49.9mV. What does that means? How to fix?  odrigo Trindade de Menezes wrote: Hello, We have been using the DRS4 evaluation board (S/N 2636) that works with the scope application. However we are trying to run the DRS4 evaluation board remotely by modifying the drs_exam.cpp to acquire and store data continuously. We compiled the DRS_example.cpp without the wxWidgets but when we try to run the program, it appears to trigger on nonsense. The program appears to not be sensitive to the trigger threshold (although for very large trigger threshold it gets stuck in a waiting mode). Is there a way to ensure that the "normal" trigger mode is set? We are worried that the auto mode is running. Otherwise, not sure why the program is triggering on nonsense. By the way, it does not work with the wxWidgets compiled either so we are worried that there is an additional flag that needs to be set. The routine does not appear to conduct a calibration -- is this not necessary? Another issue that we are having is with the data set stored on the .txt file looks incorrect. The time channel stops at 200 (but we think it should go up to 1024). In addition, the voltage channel appears to hover around small values near zero (as if triggering on noise). The output file appears this way even when we change the threshold to much higher values. It suggests that the trigger threshold is not actually being set? There are events where the output voltage appears to oscillate through huge negative and positive values too. So not sure what's going on. Thanks! Rodrigo 666 Wed Mar 7 22:49:38 2018 Rodrigo Trindade de MenezesRunning drs_example.cpp Hello, We have been using the DRS4 evaluation board (S/N 2636) that works with the scope application. However we are trying to run the DRS4 evaluation board remotely by modifying the drs_exam.cpp to acquire and store data continuously. We compiled the DRS_example.cpp without the wxWidgets but when we try to run the program, it appears to trigger on nonsense. The program appears to not be sensitive to the trigger threshold (although for very large trigger threshold it gets stuck in a waiting mode). Is there a way to ensure that the "normal" trigger mode is set? We are worried that the auto mode is running. Otherwise, not sure why the program is triggering on nonsense. By the way, it does not work with the wxWidgets compiled either so we are worried that there is an additional flag that needs to be set. The routine does not appear to conduct a calibration -- is this not necessary? Another issue that we are having is with the data set stored on the .txt file looks incorrect. The time channel stops at 200 (but we think it should go up to 1024). In addition, the voltage channel appears to hover around small values near zero (as if triggering on noise). The output file appears this way even when we change the threshold to much higher values. It suggests that the trigger threshold is not actually being set? There are events where the output voltage appears to oscillate through huge negative and positive values too. So not sure what's going on. Thanks! Rodrigo Attachment 1: drs_exam.cpp /********************************************************************\ Name: drs_exam.cpp Created by: Stefan Ritt Contents: Simple example application to read out a DRS4 evaluation board$Id: drs_exam.cpp 21308 2014-04-11 14:50:16Z ritt $\********************************************************************/ #include <math.h> #ifdef _MSC_VER #include <windows.h> #elif defined(OS_LINUX) #define O_BINARY 0 #include <unistd.h> #include <ctype.h> #include <sys/ioctl.h> #include <errno.h> #define DIR_SEPARATOR '/' #endif #include <stdio.h> #include <string.h> #include <stdlib.h> #include "strlcpy.h" #include "DRS.h" /*------------------------------------------------------------------*/ int main() { int i, j, nBoards; DRS *drs; DRSBoard *b; float time_array[8][1024]; float wave_array[8][1024]; FILE *f; /* do initial scan */ drs = new DRS(); /* show any found board(s) */ for (i=0 ; i<drs->GetNumberOfBoards() ; i++) { b = drs->GetBoard(i); printf("Found DRS4 evaluation board, serial #%d, firmware revision %d\n", b->GetBoardSerialNumber(), b->GetFirmwareVersion()); } /* exit if no board found */ nBoards = drs->GetNumberOfBoards(); if (nBoards == 0) { printf("No DRS4 evaluation board found\n"); return 0; } /* continue working with first board only */ b = drs->GetBoard(0); /* initialize board */ b->Init(); /* set sampling frequency */ b->SetFrequency(5, true); /* enable transparent mode needed for analog trigger */ b->SetTranspMode(1); /* set input range to -0.5V ... +0.5V */ b->SetInputRange(0); /* use following line to set range to 0..1V */ //b->SetInputRange(0.5); /* use following line to turn on the internal 100 MHz clock connected to all channels */ b->EnableTcal(1); /* use following lines to enable hardware trigger on CH1 at 50 mV positive edge */ if (b->GetBoardType() >= 8) { // Evaluaiton Board V4&5 b->EnableTrigger(1, 0); // enable hardware trigger b->SetTriggerSource(1<<0); // set CH1 as source } else if (b->GetBoardType() == 7) { // Evaluation Board V3 b->EnableTrigger(0, 1); // lemo off, analog trigger on b->SetTriggerSource(0); // use CH1 as source } b->SetTriggerLevel(0.3); // 0.05 V printf("Trigger Level CHNN1: 100mV\n"); b->SetTriggerPolarity(false); // positive edge /* use following lines to set individual trigger elvels */ //b->SetIndividualTriggerLevel(1, 0.1); //b->SetIndividualTriggerLevel(2, 0.2); //b->SetIndividualTriggerLevel(3, 0.3); //b->SetIndividualTriggerLevel(4, 0.4); //b->SetTriggerSource(15); b->SetTriggerDelayNs(0); // zero ns trigger delay /* use following lines to enable the external trigger */ //if (b->GetBoardType() == 8) { // Evaluaiton Board V4 // b->EnableTrigger(1, 0); // enable hardware trigger // b->SetTriggerSource(1<<4); // set external trigger as source //} else { // Evaluation Board V3 // b->EnableTrigger(1, 0); // lemo on, analog trigger off // } /* open file to save waveforms */ f = fopen("data.txt", "w"); if (f == NULL) { perror("ERROR: Cannot open file \"data.txt\""); return 1; } /* repeat ten times */ for (j=0 ; j<1000 ; j++) { /* start board (activate domino wave) */ b->StartDomino(); /* wait for trigger */ printf("Waiting for trigger..."); fflush(stdout); while (b->IsBusy()); /* read all waveforms */ b->TransferWaves(0, 8); /* read time (X) array of first channel in ns */ b->GetTime(0, 0, b->GetTriggerCell(0), time_array[0]); /* decode waveform (Y) array of first channel in mV */ b->GetWave(0, 0, wave_array[0]); /* read time (X) array of second channel in ns Note: On the evaluation board input #1 is connected to channel 0 and 1 of the DRS chip, input #2 is connected to channel 2 and 3 and so on. So to get the input #2 we have to read DRS channel #2, not #1. */ b->GetTime(0, 2, b->GetTriggerCell(0), time_array[1]); /* decode waveform (Y) array of second channel in mV */ b->GetWave(0, 2, wave_array[1]); /* Save waveform: X=time_array[i], Yn=wave_array[n][i] */ fprintf(f, "Event #%d ----------------------\n t1[ns] u1[mV] t2[ns] u2[mV]\n", j); for (i=0 ; i<1024 ; i++) fprintf(f, "%7.3f %7.1f %7.3f %7.1f\n", time_array[0][i], wave_array[0][i], time_array[1][i], wave_array[1][i]); /* print some progress indication */ printf("\rEvent #%d read successfully\n", j); } fclose(f); /* delete DRS object -> close USB connection */ delete drs; }  665 Fri Mar 2 21:05:48 2018 Steven BlockROI Great! That is very helpful. One more question. If no signals were detected in the 1024*200ps time frame in ROI mode, would the DRS4 go dead for 32us (or 30us depending on the supply) for, or would it dump the earliest events in the buffer for the more recent ones until it detects a signal to readout? Or rather, does filling the buffer force a readout or can it dynamically shift out old data until it detects a signal to readout. Steven Stefan Ritt wrote: N'/N is correct. The 2 us "from the response you got from me" come from the fact that after readout, you have to start the DRS4 again. During this time, the power supply usually becomes slightly unstable, and it takes on the evaluation board about 2us to stabilize it again. Tha't why I add the 2 us. If you don't care about slight offset effect, or if you make a better power supply, you dead time would be 10*30ns = 300ns for 10 samples. Starting the DRS again will take one or two clock cycles from the FPGA, which might add another 30 ns or so, depending on how you program the FPGA. So the best you can achieve for 10 samples is maybe 330 ns, if you have a really good power supply (large capacitors). You can achieve this functionality with the evaluation board, but you would have to make a special firmware for it. Stefan  Steven Block wrote: Hello, I have a question about how ROI works. From what I have read, it will only save data that ocurs some time [ta] dictated by the user after an event is triggered as well as a small time [tb] before the event. The technical manual seems to indicated that the deadtime assciated with operating in ROI mode can be reduced by the following factor: $\frac{t_a + t_b }{\frac{N}{Sample Speed}}$ . Where N is the number of points in the time window (ex. 2048 or 1024). Is it ok to describe this as: $\frac{N'}{N}$ Where N' is the number of samples in the ROI and N is the same as before. For example, if I were running at 5Gsps (200ps between samples), only recording 1024 samples per event and I had an signal that lasted 2ns, that means the signal would last 10 samples. If I set the ROI to only save 20 samples around this signal, would my Deadtime go to: $\frac{10}{1024} * 30ns*1024 + 2\mu s = 2.3\mu s$? (The second portion of this equation comes from a response I recieved earlier, but I just want to make sure I understand this concept properly) I recognize that the caveat is that this would work only if the signal was detected during acquistion, which leads to my next question. If no signals were detected in the 1024*200ps time frame in ROI mode, would the DRS4 go dead for 32us (using the factor = 1 from above equation), or would it dump the earliest events in the buffer for the more recent ones until it detects a signal? Finally, I assume this functionality can only be utilized with custom electornics with the DRS4, not the evaulation/demo board, please let me know if this is the case. Best, Steven 664 Fri Mar 2 20:17:17 2018 Stefan RittROI N'/N is correct. The 2 us "from the response you got from me" come from the fact that after readout, you have to start the DRS4 again. During this time, the power supply usually becomes slightly unstable, and it takes on the evaluation board about 2us to stabilize it again. Tha't why I add the 2 us. If you don't care about slight offset effect, or if you make a better power supply, you dead time would be 10*30ns = 300ns for 10 samples. Starting the DRS again will take one or two clock cycles from the FPGA, which might add another 30 ns or so, depending on how you program the FPGA. So the best you can achieve for 10 samples is maybe 330 ns, if you have a really good power supply (large capacitors). You can achieve this functionality with the evaluation board, but you would have to make a special firmware for it. Stefan  Steven Block wrote: Hello, I have a question about how ROI works. From what I have read, it will only save data that ocurs some time [ta] dictated by the user after an event is triggered as well as a small time [tb] before the event. The technical manual seems to indicated that the deadtime assciated with operating in ROI mode can be reduced by the following factor: $\frac{t_a + t_b }{\frac{N}{Sample Speed}}$ . Where N is the number of points in the time window (ex. 2048 or 1024). Is it ok to describe this as: $\frac{N'}{N}$ Where N' is the number of samples in the ROI and N is the same as before. For example, if I were running at 5Gsps (200ps between samples), only recording 1024 samples per event and I had an signal that lasted 2ns, that means the signal would last 10 samples. If I set the ROI to only save 20 samples around this signal, would my Deadtime go to: $\frac{10}{1024} * 30ns*1024 + 2\mu s = 2.3\mu s$? (The second portion of this equation comes from a response I recieved earlier, but I just want to make sure I understand this concept properly) I recognize that the caveat is that this would work only if the signal was detected during acquistion, which leads to my next question. If no signals were detected in the 1024*200ps time frame in ROI mode, would the DRS4 go dead for 32us (using the factor = 1 from above equation), or would it dump the earliest events in the buffer for the more recent ones until it detects a signal? Finally, I assume this functionality can only be utilized with custom electornics with the DRS4, not the evaulation/demo board, please let me know if this is the case. Best, Steven 663 Fri Mar 2 18:08:55 2018 Steven BlockROI Hello, I have a question about how ROI works. From what I have read, it will only save data that ocurs some time [ta] dictated by the user after an event is triggered as well as a small time [tb] before the event. The technical manual seems to indicated that the deadtime assciated with operating in ROI mode can be reduced by the following factor: $\frac{t_a + t_b }{\frac{N}{Sample Speed}}$ . Where N is the number of points in the time window (ex. 2048 or 1024). Is it ok to describe this as: $\frac{N'}{N}$ Where N' is the number of samples in the ROI and N is the same as before. For example, if I were running at 5Gsps (200ps between samples), only recording 1024 samples per event and I had an signal that lasted 2ns, that means the signal would last 10 samples. If I set the ROI to only save 20 samples around this signal, would my Deadtime go to: $\frac{10}{1024} * 30ns*1024 + 2\mu s = 2.3\mu s$? (The second portion of this equation comes from a response I recieved earlier, but I just want to make sure I understand this concept properly) I recognize that the caveat is that this would work only if the signal was detected during acquistion, which leads to my next question. If no signals were detected in the 1024*200ps time frame in ROI mode, would the DRS4 go dead for 32us (using the factor = 1 from above equation), or would it dump the earliest events in the buffer for the more recent ones until it detects a signal? Finally, I assume this functionality can only be utilized with custom electornics with the DRS4, not the evaulation/demo board, please let me know if this is the case. Best, Steven 662 Tue Feb 27 18:12:32 2018 Stefan RittDRS4 Dead times For applications which are critical on the dead time, one typically uses one ADC per DRS4 channel, and thus the dead time stays at 32us. If you multiplex two DRS4 channels into one ADC channel, then it goes to 32us. Stefan Steven Block wrote: That is extremely helpful! Many thanks. One more question; If I were to take inputs from 2 channels at once, would that scale the dead time to 64us using your example? Steven Stefan Ritt wrote: XML is very slow to write, and you are probably limited by that. Switch to binary mode, which is much faster. You will see in the end a maximum rate of ~500 Hz, and thus a dead time of 2ms, independent of the sampling speed. Note that you have only an evaluation board, which is optimized for ease of use. If you develop your own electronics, and do optimized readout, you can bring the deadtime down to 30ns x number of samples + 2us, or 32us if you read 1024 values from one channel. Stefan  Steven Block wrote: Hello All, I am currently trying to figure out how to properly characterize the dead time of the DRS4 board. My most recent experiment to try and answer this question involved using an external trigger that can range from 1Hz to 2MHz. I fed this trigger into the DRS4 and collected 1000 samples with no input to any channels. I repeated this across the range of my external trigger by a factor of ten [10Hz, 100Hz, 1kHz...etc]. After I had saved these runs in XML format, I looked at the difference between timestamps on the events. Attached are my findings. Can someone offer an explanation for the periodic peaks? I am new to the DRS4 and don't really understand how it works. My guess is that there is a buffer that has to be emptied every so often, but if so, the buffer emptying time varies with the frequency of the trigger. I would ideally like to be able to know the relation of the dead time to a particular setting I change on the DRS4 such as locking the sampling speed or changing external trigger frequency. Best, Steven 661 Tue Feb 27 18:04:18 2018 Steven BlockDRS4 Dead times That is extremely helpful! Many thanks. One more question; If I were to take inputs from 2 channels at once, would that scale the dead time to 64us using your example? Steven Stefan Ritt wrote: XML is very slow to write, and you are probably limited by that. Switch to binary mode, which is much faster. You will see in the end a maximum rate of ~500 Hz, and thus a dead time of 2ms, independent of the sampling speed. Note that you have only an evaluation board, which is optimized for ease of use. If you develop your own electronics, and do optimized readout, you can bring the deadtime down to 30ns x number of samples + 2us, or 32us if you read 1024 values from one channel. Stefan  Steven Block wrote: Hello All, I am currently trying to figure out how to properly characterize the dead time of the DRS4 board. My most recent experiment to try and answer this question involved using an external trigger that can range from 1Hz to 2MHz. I fed this trigger into the DRS4 and collected 1000 samples with no input to any channels. I repeated this across the range of my external trigger by a factor of ten [10Hz, 100Hz, 1kHz...etc]. After I had saved these runs in XML format, I looked at the difference between timestamps on the events. Attached are my findings. Can someone offer an explanation for the periodic peaks? I am new to the DRS4 and don't really understand how it works. My guess is that there is a buffer that has to be emptied every so often, but if so, the buffer emptying time varies with the frequency of the trigger. I would ideally like to be able to know the relation of the dead time to a particular setting I change on the DRS4 such as locking the sampling speed or changing external trigger frequency. Best, Steven 660 Tue Feb 27 17:04:12 2018 Stefan RittDRS4 Dead times XML is very slow to write, and you are probably limited by that. Switch to binary mode, which is much faster. You will see in the end a maximum rate of ~500 Hz, and thus a dead time of 2ms, independent of the sampling speed. Note that you have only an evaluation board, which is optimized for ease of use. If you develop your own electronics, and do optimized readout, you can bring the deadtime down to 30ns x number of samples + 2us, or 32us if you read 1024 values from one channel. Stefan  Steven Block wrote: Hello All, I am currently trying to figure out how to properly characterize the dead time of the DRS4 board. My most recent experiment to try and answer this question involved using an external trigger that can range from 1Hz to 2MHz. I fed this trigger into the DRS4 and collected 1000 samples with no input to any channels. I repeated this across the range of my external trigger by a factor of ten [10Hz, 100Hz, 1kHz...etc]. After I had saved these runs in XML format, I looked at the difference between timestamps on the events. Attached are my findings. Can someone offer an explanation for the periodic peaks? I am new to the DRS4 and don't really understand how it works. My guess is that there is a buffer that has to be emptied every so often, but if so, the buffer emptying time varies with the frequency of the trigger. I would ideally like to be able to know the relation of the dead time to a particular setting I change on the DRS4 such as locking the sampling speed or changing external trigger frequency. Best, Steven 659 Tue Feb 27 16:34:26 2018 Steven BlockDRS4 Dead times Hello All, I am currently trying to figure out how to properly characterize the dead time of the DRS4 board. My most recent experiment to try and answer this question involved using an external trigger that can range from 1Hz to 2MHz. I fed this trigger into the DRS4 and collected 1000 samples with no input to any channels. I repeated this across the range of my external trigger by a factor of ten [10Hz, 100Hz, 1kHz...etc]. After I had saved these runs in XML format, I looked at the difference between timestamps on the events. Attached are my findings. Can someone offer an explanation for the periodic peaks? I am new to the DRS4 and don't really understand how it works. My guess is that there is a buffer that has to be emptied every so often, but if so, the buffer emptying time varies with the frequency of the trigger. I would ideally like to be able to know the relation of the dead time to a particular setting I change on the DRS4 such as locking the sampling speed or changing external trigger frequency. Best, Steven Attachment 1: 1kHz.png Attachment 2: 1MHz.png Attachment 3: 10Hz.png Attachment 4: 10kHz.png Attachment 5: 100Hz.png Attachment 6: 100kHz.png 658 Tue Feb 27 13:29:47 2018 Stefan RittWIndows Connection problem with drs507 SOLVED Dear Steven, many thanks for this information, this is very useful. I know of people having problems on Windows 10, maybe this will also help them. Stefan  Steven Block wrote: Hello All, I too have been struggling with trying to get the drs4 (507) to work on my windows machine and I found it to be a problem with the libusb library. My solution is as follows and has worked on multiple PC's. I ran this solution after I first plugged in the drs4 and installed 507. Go to http://zadig.akeo.ie/ and install the corresponding software. After that, you will need to plug in the DRS4 to your computer. From there go to ‘Options’, and select ‘List all Devices’. Finally, choose the DRS4 evaluation board from the list and press install driver and let it run. You should be fine after that. Best, Steven 657 Tue Feb 27 13:17:00 2018 Steven BlockWIndows Connection problem with drs507 SOLVED Hello All, I too have been struggling with trying to get the drs4 (507) to work on my windows machine and I found it to be a problem with the libusb library. My solution is as follows and has worked on multiple PC's. I ran this solution after I first plugged in the drs4 and installed 507. Go to http://zadig.akeo.ie/ and install the corresponding software. After that, you will need to plug in the DRS4 to your computer. From there go to ‘Options’, and select ‘List all Devices’. Finally, choose the DRS4 evaluation board from the list and press install driver and let it run. You should be fine after that. Best, Steven 656 Thu Jan 25 08:07:32 2018 chen wenjunproblem with the drscl(drs507) I have tried about 4 computers,only one worked fine.I truly want to know how others get this fixed,can you get in touch with them? Stefan Ritt wrote: This problem has been reported by several people, like elog:551 So far I could not solve it. On the computers at our lab it works find so I cannot reproduce and fix the problem. One suspicion I have is that the underlying libusb library needs to be updated. You can try to install the newest version from their website at http://libusb.info/, but I haven't tried it myself. Stefan  chen wenjun wrote: Hi! Stefan: when I change a new computer(win7,64bit),I meet a problem that the drscl app cannot found the board! It shows"USB successfully scanned,but no boards found",but the drsosc runs well . when I connect to other win7*64bits computer,only one of them runs property! Is there any driver else I need to install? Thank you! Chen 655 Thu Jan 25 08:00:16 2018 Stefan Rittproblem with the drscl(drs507) This problem has been reported by several people, like elog:551 So far I could not solve it. On the computers at our lab it works find so I cannot reproduce and fix the problem. One suspicion I have is that the underlying libusb library needs to be updated. You can try to install the newest version from their website at http://libusb.info/, but I haven't tried it myself. Stefan  chen wenjun wrote: Hi! Stefan: when I change a new computer(win7,64bit),I meet a problem that the drscl app cannot found the board! It shows"USB successfully scanned,but no boards found",but the drsosc runs well . when I connect to other win7*64bits computer,only one of them runs property! Is there any driver else I need to install? Thank you! Chen 654 Thu Jan 25 06:10:52 2018 chen wenjundrscl doesn't find eval board but drsosc does (Windows 7) Hi! Jim: It seems that I meet the same question with you ,and I am confused ,have you find out the reason about this problem?Or can you tell me how you deal with it? Thank you very much! chen  Jim Freeman wrote: I cannot find the EVAL board using drscl version 5.06 while the drsosc works fine. I tried 2 different eval boards and 2 different computers and the same effect. I looked under device manager at the libusb and the drs4 was there, and checked the driver which was found to be up to date. 653 Thu Jan 25 05:24:05 2018 chen wenjunproblem with the drscl(drs507) Hi! Stefan: when I change a new computer(win7,64bit),I meet a problem that the drscl app cannot found the board! It shows"USB successfully scanned,but no boards found",but the drsosc runs well . when I connect to other win7*64bits computer,only one of them runs property! Is there any driver else I need to install? Thank you! Chen 652 Wed Jan 17 10:09:09 2018 Stefan RittThe input signals recorded are different with the signal showed in oscilloscope First thing is to do another voltage calibration. Disconnect input, "Config", "Execute Voltage Calibration". If this does not fix the problem, the board is probably broken. This can happen if you send very high input singals to the board (like >10V) and exceed the maximul allowed limit from the datasheet. In that case the board needs to be repaired. Please contact me directly (via email) so that we can make you a quote. Best regards, Stefan  Tran Cong Thien wrote: Dear Stefan, I am using an DRS4 board to record the signals from an plastic scintillator detector. It was working really good, yet a few day ago the signals became "not right". When I checked the signal using an oscilloscope it show the normal signals previously recorded. The signal amplitude are clearly reduced (from 0.3 in oscilloscope to lower than 0.1 in DRS4). Can you show me how to show this problem? Thank you very much! Best Regards, Thien 651 Wed Jan 17 09:51:16 2018 Tran Cong ThienThe input signals recorded are different with the signal showed in oscilloscope Dear Stefan, I am using an DRS4 board to record the signals from an plastic scintillator detector. It was working really good, yet a few day ago the signals became "not right". When I checked the signal using an oscilloscope it show the normal signals previously recorded. The signal amplitude are clearly reduced (from 0.3 in oscilloscope to lower than 0.1 in DRS4). Can you show me how to show this problem? Thank you very much! Best Regards, Thien 650 Wed Dec 20 22:14:35 2017 Stefan Rittcascading -- DRS4 Osci.cpp & DRS.cpp https://bitbucket.org/ritt/drs4eb 649 Wed Dec 20 16:30:45 2017 Yoni Shercascading -- DRS4 Osci.cpp & DRS.cpp Hi, The board is modified (and checks out with the DRSScope program). Could you please point me to the drs_exam_2048.cpp file? I can't seem to fine the most up-to-date git repository.... Thanks, Yoni Stefan Ritt wrote: First you need a board which is modified in hardware to support channel cascading. Basically there are internal resistors which connect each input connector to two channels. You have to specify this when you order the board. Then you can use the new drs_exam_2048.cpp file contains in the git repository which correctly configures and reads out the board in two-channel cascading mode. Putting all 8 channels together is not supported by the evaluation boards. Stefan Yoni Sher wrote: Hi, I'm trying to do the same thing (get 1 channel with 8192 bins), but I'm having some trouble with it. When I call SetChannelConfig(0, 8, 1) as suggeted, I get output that looks like noise on all readouts. Could you please explain what is supposed to happen in this case? I will happily write the code to combine the channels correctly (and debug it) if I can understand what needs to be done. (I should mention that my primary concern is a MATLAB interface which I have already written and don't mind sharing when it's complete). Yoni Sher Stefan Ritt wrote: Jill Russek wrote: Stefan Ritt wrote:  Jill Russek wrote: Stefan, thanks for your help so far. If I go with your plan A of just modifying drs_exam.cpp, is there a quick way to get it to save the data from the wave, like how osci.cpp spits out an xml file? (Ignoring the cascading aspect for now) Thanks again :) /Jill Well, you have to learn C programming, I won't do it for you. drs_exam.cpp contains already code to write to the ASCII file data.txt, so you just can use that or modify it to your needs. /Stefan Ha! So then the answer is no, there isn't a ready made function/method to pull out the timing and voltage, like how it was done in osci.cpp. That's all I wanted to know. (Not whether you would write it for me! Only trying to save time!) Thanks! /Jill You misunderstood. The answer is yes. drs_exam.cpp contains already code to write to an ASCII file. If you actually look into the file, you see: f = fopen("data.txt", "w"); ... b->GetTime(0, b->GetTriggerCell(0), time_array); ... b->GetWave(0, 0, wave_array[0]); ... fprintf(f, "%5.2f %6.2f\n", time_array[i], wave_array[0][i]); which actually pulls out the timing and voltage and writes it to the file. 648 Wed Dec 20 16:21:42 2017 Stefan Rittcascading -- DRS4 Osci.cpp & DRS.cpp First you need a board which is modified in hardware to support channel cascading. Basically there are internal resistors which connect each input connector to two channels. You have to specify this when you order the board. Then you can use the new drs_exam_2048.cpp file contains in the git repository which correctly configures and reads out the board in two-channel cascading mode. Putting all 8 channels together is not supported by the evaluation boards. Stefan Yoni Sher wrote: Hi, I'm trying to do the same thing (get 1 channel with 8192 bins), but I'm having some trouble with it. When I call SetChannelConfig(0, 8, 1) as suggeted, I get output that looks like noise on all readouts. Could you please explain what is supposed to happen in this case? I will happily write the code to combine the channels correctly (and debug it) if I can understand what needs to be done. (I should mention that my primary concern is a MATLAB interface which I have already written and don't mind sharing when it's complete). Yoni Sher Stefan Ritt wrote: Jill Russek wrote: Stefan Ritt wrote:  Jill Russek wrote: Stefan, thanks for your help so far. If I go with your plan A of just modifying drs_exam.cpp, is there a quick way to get it to save the data from the wave, like how osci.cpp spits out an xml file? (Ignoring the cascading aspect for now) Thanks again :) /Jill Well, you have to learn C programming, I won't do it for you. drs_exam.cpp contains already code to write to the ASCII file data.txt, so you just can use that or modify it to your needs. /Stefan Ha! So then the answer is no, there isn't a ready made function/method to pull out the timing and voltage, like how it was done in osci.cpp. That's all I wanted to know. (Not whether you would write it for me! Only trying to save time!) Thanks! /Jill You misunderstood. The answer is yes. drs_exam.cpp contains already code to write to an ASCII file. If you actually look into the file, you see: f = fopen("data.txt", "w"); ... b->GetTime(0, b->GetTriggerCell(0), time_array); ... b->GetWave(0, 0, wave_array[0]); ... fprintf(f, "%5.2f %6.2f\n", time_array[i], wave_array[0][i]); which actually pulls out the timing and voltage and writes it to the file. 647 Wed Dec 20 15:30:38 2017 Yoni Shercascading -- DRS4 Osci.cpp & DRS.cpp Hi, I'm trying to do the same thing (get 1 channel with 8192 bins), but I'm having some trouble with it. When I call SetChannelConfig(0, 8, 1) as suggeted, I get output that looks like noise on all readouts. Could you please explain what is supposed to happen in this case? I will happily write the code to combine the channels correctly (and debug it) if I can understand what needs to be done. (I should mention that my primary concern is a MATLAB interface which I have already written and don't mind sharing when it's complete). Yoni Sher Stefan Ritt wrote: Jill Russek wrote: Stefan Ritt wrote:  Jill Russek wrote: Stefan, thanks for your help so far. If I go with your plan A of just modifying drs_exam.cpp, is there a quick way to get it to save the data from the wave, like how osci.cpp spits out an xml file? (Ignoring the cascading aspect for now) Thanks again :) /Jill Well, you have to learn C programming, I won't do it for you. drs_exam.cpp contains already code to write to the ASCII file data.txt, so you just can use that or modify it to your needs. /Stefan Ha! So then the answer is no, there isn't a ready made function/method to pull out the timing and voltage, like how it was done in osci.cpp. That's all I wanted to know. (Not whether you would write it for me! Only trying to save time!) Thanks! /Jill You misunderstood. The answer is yes. drs_exam.cpp contains already code to write to an ASCII file. If you actually look into the file, you see: f = fopen("data.txt", "w"); ... b->GetTime(0, b->GetTriggerCell(0), time_array); ... b->GetWave(0, 0, wave_array[0]); ... fprintf(f, "%5.2f %6.2f\n", time_array[i], wave_array[0][i]); which actually pulls out the timing and voltage and writes it to the file. 646 Tue Dec 12 13:58:06 2017 Stefan RittExternal trigger using Raspberry Pi Indeed the code does not work for the current evaluation board, it has been written for a previous version and never been updated. Please use following code to enable the external trigger /* use following lines to enable the external trigger */ if (b->GetBoardType() >= 8) { // Evaluaiton Board V4&5 b->EnableTrigger(1, 0); // enable hardware trigger b->SetTriggerConfig(1<<4); // set external trigger as source } else { // Evaluation Board V3 b->EnableTrigger(1, 0); // lemo on, analog trigger offf } Please also make sure that the signal on the external trigger input is strong enough. You need at least 2.5V at 50 Ohms, and not every driver is capable of driving 50 Ohms. Stefan  Diego Yankelevich wrote: Dear Steffan: We have been able to use the DRS4 using a Raspberry Pi but we have not been able to use the external trigger. What we are doing is basically comment out the code shown below (downloaded from PSI) to use the hardware trigger and uncomment the code to use the external trigger. We have not been able to get external trigger to work. Could you see what could be wrong? Thanks Diego /* use following line to turn on the internal 100 MHz clock connected to all channels */ //b->EnableTcal(1); /* use following lines to enable hardware trigger on CH1 at 50 mV positive edge */ /* if (b->GetBoardType() >= 8) { // Evaluaiton Board V4&5 b->EnableTrigger(1, 0); // enable hardware trigger b->SetTriggerSource(1<<0); // set CH1 as source } else if (b->GetBoardType() == 7) { // Evaluation Board V3 b->EnableTrigger(0, 1); // lemo off, analog trigger on b->SetTriggerSource(0); // use CH1 as source } b->SetTriggerLevel(0.05); // 0.05 V b->SetTriggerPolarity(false); // positive edge */ /* use following lines to set individual trigger elvels */ //b->SetIndividualTriggerLevel(1, 0.1); //b->SetIndividualTriggerLevel(2, 0.2); //b->SetIndividualTriggerLevel(3, 0.3); //b->SetIndividualTriggerLevel(4, 0.4); //b->SetTriggerSource(15); b->SetTriggerDelayNs(0); // zero ns trigger delay /* use following lines to enable the external trigger */ if (b->GetBoardType() == 8) { // Evaluaiton Board V4 b->EnableTrigger(1, 0); // enable hardware trigger b->SetTriggerSource(1<<4); // set external trigger as source } else { // Evaluation Board V3 b->EnableTrigger(1, 0); // lemo on, analog trigger off } 645 Tue Dec 12 00:25:50 2017 Diego YankelevichExternal trigger using Raspberry Pi Dear Steffan: We have been able to use the DRS4 using a Raspberry Pi but we have not been able to use the external trigger. What we are doing is basically comment out the code shown below (downloaded from PSI) to use the hardware trigger and uncomment the code to use the external trigger. We have not been able to get external trigger to work. Could you see what could be wrong? Thanks Diego /* use following line to turn on the internal 100 MHz clock connected to all channels */ //b->EnableTcal(1); /* use following lines to enable hardware trigger on CH1 at 50 mV positive edge */ /* if (b->GetBoardType() >= 8) { // Evaluaiton Board V4&5 b->EnableTrigger(1, 0); // enable hardware trigger b->SetTriggerSource(1<<0); // set CH1 as source } else if (b->GetBoardType() == 7) { // Evaluation Board V3 b->EnableTrigger(0, 1); // lemo off, analog trigger on b->SetTriggerSource(0); // use CH1 as source } b->SetTriggerLevel(0.05); // 0.05 V b->SetTriggerPolarity(false); // positive edge */ /* use following lines to set individual trigger elvels */ //b->SetIndividualTriggerLevel(1, 0.1); //b->SetIndividualTriggerLevel(2, 0.2); //b->SetIndividualTriggerLevel(3, 0.3); //b->SetIndividualTriggerLevel(4, 0.4); //b->SetTriggerSource(15); b->SetTriggerDelayNs(0); // zero ns trigger delay /* use following lines to enable the external trigger */ if (b->GetBoardType() == 8) { // Evaluaiton Board V4 b->EnableTrigger(1, 0); // enable hardware trigger b->SetTriggerSource(1<<4); // set external trigger as source } else { // Evaluation Board V3 b->EnableTrigger(1, 0); // lemo on, analog trigger off } 644 Wed Nov 22 14:52:31 2017 Stefan RittAveraging capabilities This feature is not yet implemented. The (disabled) software swtich is more like a kind of a reminder to myself to work on that one day...  Diego Yankelevich wrote: The Display window in the Oscilloscope software shows averaging capabilites but I have not been able to activate these. Is it possible to activate averaging with the existing oscilloscope software? Thanks 643 Wed Nov 22 09:19:11 2017 chen wenjun using of the DRS Command Line Interface Thank you very much !! All my fault for I thought it too comlicated. Thank you sincerely! Stefan Ritt wrote: Remove the check mark from the "Lock" box and enter a different value in the sampling speed box and hit return. chen wenjun wrote: OK!Thank you! One more question,when I use the Oscillocope ,I found that the actual speed is a constant value of 1.007G,how can change this speed. Stefan Ritt wrote: The command line interface is more a debugging tool for experts, and you are not supposed to use it except to test the connection to the evaluation board. The programs for the user are the DRS Oscilloscope and the drs_exam.cpp example program to read out the board with your own program. Stefan  chen wenjun wrote: Hello! I'm using DRS4 evaluation board V5 with the drs command line interface,but the mannal only explained the meaning of the command--"info".And I can't get the hang of the use of other commands through "help",so is there anywhere can I learn more about other commands?Or I can only learn it through the datasheet of DRS4 chip. Thanks! 642 Wed Nov 22 09:14:18 2017 Stefan Rittusing of the DRS Command Line Interface Remove the check mark from the "Lock" box and enter a different value in the sampling speed box and hit return. chen wenjun wrote: OK!Thank you! One more question,when I use the Oscillocope ,I found that the actual speed is a constant value of 1.007G,how can change this speed. Stefan Ritt wrote: The command line interface is more a debugging tool for experts, and you are not supposed to use it except to test the connection to the evaluation board. The programs for the user are the DRS Oscilloscope and the drs_exam.cpp example program to read out the board with your own program. Stefan  chen wenjun wrote: Hello! I'm using DRS4 evaluation board V5 with the drs command line interface,but the mannal only explained the meaning of the command--"info".And I can't get the hang of the use of other commands through "help",so is there anywhere can I learn more about other commands?Or I can only learn it through the datasheet of DRS4 chip. Thanks! 641 Wed Nov 22 08:58:33 2017 chen wenjun using of the DRS Command Line Interface OK!Thank you! One more question,when I use the Oscillocope ,I found that the actual speed is a constant value of 1.007G,how can change this speed. Stefan Ritt wrote: The command line interface is more a debugging tool for experts, and you are not supposed to use it except to test the connection to the evaluation board. The programs for the user are the DRS Oscilloscope and the drs_exam.cpp example program to read out the board with your own program. Stefan  chen wenjun wrote: Hello! I'm using DRS4 evaluation board V5 with the drs command line interface,but the mannal only explained the meaning of the command--"info".And I can't get the hang of the use of other commands through "help",so is there anywhere can I learn more about other commands?Or I can only learn it through the datasheet of DRS4 chip. Thanks! Attachment 1: Î¢ÐÅÍ¼Æ¬_20171122160245.png 640 Wed Nov 22 08:48:36 2017 Stefan Rittusing of the DRS Command Line Interface The command line interface is more a debugging tool for experts, and you are not supposed to use it except to test the connection to the evaluation board. The programs for the user are the DRS Oscilloscope and the drs_exam.cpp example program to read out the board with your own program. Stefan  chen wenjun wrote: Hello! I'm using DRS4 evaluation board V5 with the drs command line interface,but the mannal only explained the meaning of the command--"info".And I can't get the hang of the use of other commands through "help",so is there anywhere can I learn more about other commands?Or I can only learn it through the datasheet of DRS4 chip. Thanks! 639 Wed Nov 22 08:31:03 2017 chen wenjun using of the DRS Command Line Interface Hello! I'm using DRS4 evaluation board V5 with the drs command line interface,but the mannal only explained the meaning of the command--"info".And I can't get the hang of the use of other commands through "help",so is there anywhere can I learn more about other commands?Or I can only learn it through the datasheet of DRS4 chip. Thanks! Attachment 1: Î¢ÐÅÍ¼Æ¬_20171122153834.png 638 Thu Nov 16 02:55:44 2017 Diego YankelevichAveraging capabilities The Display window in the Oscilloscope software shows averaging capabilites but I have not been able to activate these. Is it possible to activate averaging with the existing oscilloscope software? Thanks 637 Fri Nov 3 13:28:04 2017 Stefan RittTriggering using AND Think about: How would you make a coincidence (AND) between two edges? Since an edge is infinitesimally small, there is no way to make a meaningful coincidence between edges. Therefore, the DRS4 EB firmware makes a simple AND of levels. If you trigger on rising signals and do an AND, then you get a trigger if both values are above their threshold. For falling edge trigger (arrow goes down in the trigger configuration) the board triggers when both signals are BELOW the trigger threshold. So actually the singnal which crosses the threshold last determines the timing of the trigger. I see no other way how to implement an AND. Stefan  Håkan Wennlöf wrote: Hi! I'm using the DRSOsc program, and I have a question that I need a bit clarified; When triggering using AND between two channels, am I then triggering on rising/falling edge of both channels, or on the actual values? That is, is it the change in value that it triggers on, or when the actual value goes above a certain threshold? Using AND, it seems like I get a trigger when one (CH2) is above its trigger value (sometimes quite far above), and the other (CH1) changes to go above its trigger value. This works for my purposes, which is nice, but I just want to be sure I understand why it works. Ideally, I'd like to trigger when one of my channels is above a certain value, and the other has a rising edge above a certain value. I'm sorry if it's a silly question! I've just noticed that the Keysight oscilloscopes I've used can only do one channel with a rising edge at a time when doing a logic trigger, and I thought the same thing might be going on in the background here (which would be ideal for my purposes). Kind regards, Håkan Wennlöf 636 Fri Nov 3 12:11:14 2017 Håkan WennlöfTriggering using AND Hi! I'm using the DRSOsc program, and I have a question that I need a bit clarified; When triggering using AND between two channels, am I then triggering on rising/falling edge of both channels, or on the actual values? That is, is it the change in value that it triggers on, or when the actual value goes above a certain threshold? Using AND, it seems like I get a trigger when one (CH2) is above its trigger value (sometimes quite far above), and the other (CH1) changes to go above its trigger value. This works for my purposes, which is nice, but I just want to be sure I understand why it works. Ideally, I'd like to trigger when one of my channels is above a certain value, and the other has a rising edge above a certain value. I'm sorry if it's a silly question! I've just noticed that the Keysight oscilloscopes I've used can only do one channel with a rising edge at a time when doing a logic trigger, and I thought the same thing might be going on in the background here (which would be ideal for my purposes). Kind regards, Håkan Wennlöf 635 Wed Oct 18 11:48:14 2017 Vadym DenysenkoTime offset Thank you for your reply! Stefan Ritt wrote: No this is not possible. But you can delay your signal externally (like with a delay cable or electronically) and then send the dealyed signal to the evaluation board for triggering. Stefan  Vadym Denysenko wrote: Hello. I have a simple question, can I set SetTriggerDelayNs() more than 1631 ns? I need to set this delay to about 5 us... Can I do this? Thank you in advance! With best regards, Vadym 634 Wed Oct 18 09:12:26 2017 Stefan RittTime offset No this is not possible. But you can delay your signal externally (like with a delay cable or electronically) and then send the dealyed signal to the evaluation board for triggering. Stefan  Vadym Denysenko wrote: Hello. I have a simple question, can I set SetTriggerDelayNs() more than 1631 ns? I need to set this delay to about 5 us... Can I do this? Thank you in advance! With best regards, Vadym 633 Tue Oct 17 14:58:58 2017 Vadym DenysenkoTime offset Hello. I have a simple question, can I set SetTriggerDelayNs() more than 1631 ns? I need to set this delay to about 5 us... Can I do this? Thank you in advance! With best regards, Vadym 632 Mon Oct 16 15:35:22 2017 Stefan RittRaspberry Pi Connection Failure Have you tried as root? Maybe you miss some permissions. Stefan  Jonathan Wapman wrote: I am currently attempting to use a raspberry pi to connect to the DRS 4 board. I whenever I try to use the DRS Command Line TOol, Revision 21435 to connect to the drs board, I get the error "musb_open: libusb_open() error -3" "USB successfully scanned, but no boards found" "No DRS Boards Found". I successfully compiled the libusb driver before compiling the drs software 5.0.6, and installed all other listed packages in the install instructions. 631 Fri Oct 13 03:39:01 2017 Jonathan WapmanRaspberry Pi Connection Failure I am currently attempting to use a raspberry pi to connect to the DRS 4 board. I whenever I try to use the DRS Command Line TOol, Revision 21435 to connect to the drs board, I get the error "musb_open: libusb_open() error -3" "USB successfully scanned, but no boards found" "No DRS Boards Found". I successfully compiled the libusb driver before compiling the drs software 5.0.6, and installed all other listed packages in the install instructions. 630 Mon Oct 2 16:08:05 2017 Stefan RittEvent acquisition pace for irregular timing As written in the documentation, the DRS evaluaiton board has a maximum trigger capability of ~500 Hz. This is limited by the USB bus which has a finite data transfer rate. If you build your own electronics around the chip (like many other groups are doing), you can squeeze this to a few kHz, but it is some development effort. Stefan  Yoni Sher wrote: Hi, I'm running a LIDAR application that requires that every outgoing pulse be captured. My current setup firess sets of 20-50 pulses at 1 ms intervals, about 10 times a second, but only 10-20 pulses a second are captured. When I fire at full speed (1KHz - one pulse every ms), about 500-600 pulses a second are captured. At the moment, I'm triggering on channel 1 and captureing the data on channel 2. Would it help if I used the external trigger? Is there anything else I can do? Yoni 629 Wed Sep 27 16:11:03 2017 Yoni SherEvent acquisition pace for irregular timing Hi, I'm running a LIDAR application that requires that every outgoing pulse be captured. My current setup firess sets of 20-50 pulses at 1 ms intervals, about 10 times a second, but only 10-20 pulses a second are captured. When I fire at full speed (1KHz - one pulse every ms), about 500-600 pulses a second are captured. At the moment, I'm triggering on channel 1 and captureing the data on channel 2. Would it help if I used the external trigger? Is there anything else I can do? Yoni 628 Sun Aug 27 12:44:16 2017 Yuvaraj ElangovanDRS4 version Support Hi i am using DRS4 Eval Board V2, How to acquire data to a bin file using it. 627 Tue Jul 25 14:47:05 2017 Volodymyr RodinTime output Hi again. Okay, it works with 5.05 version very good and it is enough for me. Besides, What do I need to fix in this code for 2048 board? Best wishes, Volodymyr  Volodymyr Rodin wrote: Hello Stefan I tried to convert binary to a simple txt file and found next problem - strange time output. Here is output from little modification for read_binary.cpp (Its last output line also is strange: dT = -1.#IOns +- -1.$ps) Found data for board #0 Found timing calibration for channel #1 Found boards#  1      event    channel   waveform       time      point          1          0  -0.000092   0.000000          0          1          0   0.030548   0.000000          1          1          0   0.059418   0.000000          2          1          0   0.080200   0.000000          3          1          0   0.094223   0.000000          4          1          0   0.097702   0.000000          5          1          0   0.094055   0.000000          6          1          0   0.079117   0.000000          7          1          0   0.060364   0.000000          8          1          0   0.030960   0.000000          9          1          0   0.000504   0.000000         10          1          0  -0.031555   0.000000         11          1          0  -0.057465   0.000000         12          1          0  -0.080536   0.000000         13          1          0  -0.095413   0.000000         14          1          0  -0.099365   0.000000         15 I used output string in the following places, but it didn't help: // reach channel data :for (i=0 ; i<1024 ; i++) {                // convert data to volts                waveform[0][chn_index][i] = (voltage[i] / 65536. + eh.range/1000.0 - 0.5);                // calculate time for this cell                for (j=0,time[b][chn_index][i]=0 ; j

626   Fri Jul 21 09:16:02 2017 Volodymyr RodinTime output

Hello Stefan

I tried to convert binary to a simple txt file and found next problem - strange time output.

Here is output from little modification for read_binary.cpp (Its last output line also is strange: dT = -1.#IOns +- -1.ps) Found data for board #0 Found timing calibration for channel #1 Found boards# 1 event channel waveform time point 1 0 -0.000092 0.000000 0 1 0 0.030548 0.000000 1 1 0 0.059418 0.000000 2 1 0 0.080200 0.000000 3 1 0 0.094223 0.000000 4 1 0 0.097702 0.000000 5 1 0 0.094055 0.000000 6 1 0 0.079117 0.000000 7 1 0 0.060364 0.000000 8 1 0 0.030960 0.000000 9 1 0 0.000504 0.000000 10 1 0 -0.031555 0.000000 11 1 0 -0.057465 0.000000 12 1 0 -0.080536 0.000000 13 1 0 -0.095413 0.000000 14 1 0 -0.099365 0.000000 15 I used output string in the following places, but it didn't help: // reach channel data :for (i=0 ; i<1024 ; i++) { // convert data to volts waveform[0][chn_index][i] = (voltage[i] / 65536. + eh.range/1000.0 - 0.5); // calculate time for this cell for (j=0,time[b][chn_index][i]=0 ; j<i ; j++) time[b][chn_index][i] += bin_width[b][chn_index][(j+tch.trigger_cell) % 1024]; printf("%10d %10d %10f %10f %10d\n", eh.event_serial_number , chn_index , waveform[0][chn_index][i] , time[0][chn_index][i] , i); And after alignment procedure: t1 = time[b][0][(1024-tch.trigger_cell) % 1024]; for (chn=1 ; chn<4 ; chn++) { t2 = time[b][chn][(1024-tch.trigger_cell) % 1024]; dt = t1 - t2; for (i=0 ; i<1024 ; i++) time[b][chn][i] += dt; printf("%10d %10d %10f %10f %10d\n", eh.event_serial_number , chn_index , waveform[0][chn_index][i] , time[0][chn][i] , i); } Does it caused by some software or drivers changes? Best regards, Volodymyr 625 Thu Jul 20 13:00:44 2017 Volodymyr RodinDriver installation on Windows 10 Dear Laura You need to disable driver signature enforcement. Then try again with path option. It helped me. http://www.drivethelife.com/windows-drivers/how-to-disable-driver-signature-enforcement-on-windows-10-8-7-xp-vista.html Best regards, Volodymyr  Laura Gonella wrote: Hello, I am trying to get a DRS4 board to run on Windows 10. I am having problems with the driver installation. I am getting the follwoing message "There is no driver selected for the device information set or element" I had specified the path to look for the driver as C:\ProgramFilesx86\DRS\driver\. I also tried the option to look online for the driver. None works. Can anyone help? Thanks, Laura 624 Wed Jul 12 20:16:05 2017 Stefan RittTime resolution between boards Yes this should be possible. Stefan  Toshihiro Nonaka wrote: Hello, I 'm using four evaluation boards v.3 to construct the multi-board DAQ system. One channel for each board is used as reference clock, then calibrate timing offline, which allow below 10ps resolution between boards. Is it possible to keep the time resolution between boards below 10ps in daisy-chain mode with v.5 boards? Thank you in adcance. Best regards, Toshihiro Nonaka 623 Wed Jul 12 04:24:39 2017 Toshihiro NonakaTime resolution between boards Hello, I 'm using four evaluation boards v.3 to construct the multi-board DAQ system. One channel for each board is used as reference clock, then calibrate timing offline, which allow below 10ps resolution between boards. Is it possible to keep the time resolution between boards below 10ps in daisy-chain mode with v.5 boards? Thank you in adcance. Best regards, Toshihiro Nonaka 622 Fri Jul 7 10:31:47 2017 Stefan RittTrigger setting (AND AND) OR (AND AND) Unfortunately not with the current firmware. Stefan  Esperienza Giove wrote: Hello there, is it possible to setup trigger in double AND configuration (a pair in and or other pair in and). eg (CH 1 AND CH 2 ) OR ( CH 3 AND CH4) Thank you 621 Thu Jul 6 15:10:48 2017 Esperienza GioveTrigger setting (AND AND) OR (AND AND) Hello there, is it possible to setup trigger in double AND configuration (a pair in and or other pair in and). eg (CH 1 AND CH 2 ) OR ( CH 3 AND CH4) Thank you 620 Thu Jun 22 21:36:08 2017 Stefan RittAND Trigger problems with 2-3 channels Hi, from our screenshots I see the following: - you have sometimes a huge oscillation in your preamplifier. Fix this first before doing any waveform recording - your signals are barely 20 mV, and your trigger threshold is 20 mV. The coincidence only triggers when both signals are below the trigger threshold at the same time, and the overlap must be longer than 4-5 ns. So if your signals are not exactly in time, you won't get a coincidence trigger Stefan Rebecca Schmitz wrote: Hello, It seems that a coincidence with two fixed channels suddenly works. I don't know why. Screenshot 1 shows the trigger settings for the coincidence with two channels. Screenshot 2 shows the oscilloscope surface. Screenshot 3 shows the configuration. In the background there is a coincidence with three channels. In contrast to the coincidence with two channels this doesn't look good. Rebecca Stefan Ritt wrote: Can you post a screenshot where I can see the channel waveforms, the configuration and the trigger settings? Stefan  Rebecca Schmitz wrote: Hello, I work with the DRS4 Evaluation Board V5 and I have a problem with the software. I have a problem with the AND trigger setting. For this I have chosen the AND trigger function. However, when ONE channel senses an impulse, it triggers. I'm not able to see signals in the other channels, which I selected for the coincidence. What is the cause of this? Maybe the time window? I would like to measure a coincidence with two or three random channels. Is it possible? Thanks for the help. Rebecca 619 Fri Jun 16 17:34:20 2017 Laura GonellaDriver installation on Windows 10 Hello, I am trying to get a DRS4 board to run on Windows 10. I am having problems with the driver installation. I am getting the follwoing message "There is no driver selected for the device information set or element" I had specified the path to look for the driver as C:\ProgramFilesx86\DRS\driver\. I also tried the option to look online for the driver. None works. Can anyone help? Thanks, Laura 618 Fri Jun 9 09:44:33 2017 Rebecca SchmitzAND Trigger problems with 2-3 channels Hello, It seems that a coincidence with two fixed channels suddenly works. I don't know why. Screenshot 1 shows the trigger settings for the coincidence with two channels. Screenshot 2 shows the oscilloscope surface. Screenshot 3 shows the configuration. In the background there is a coincidence with three channels. In contrast to the coincidence with two channels this doesn't look good. Rebecca Stefan Ritt wrote: Can you post a screenshot where I can see the channel waveforms, the configuration and the trigger settings? Stefan  Rebecca Schmitz wrote: Hello, I work with the DRS4 Evaluation Board V5 and I have a problem with the software. I have a problem with the AND trigger setting. For this I have chosen the AND trigger function. However, when ONE channel senses an impulse, it triggers. I'm not able to see signals in the other channels, which I selected for the coincidence. What is the cause of this? Maybe the time window? I would like to measure a coincidence with two or three random channels. Is it possible? Thanks for the help. Rebecca Attachment 1: Screenshot1.png Attachment 2: Screenshot2.png Attachment 3: Screenshot3.png 617 Thu Jun 8 15:52:20 2017 Stefan RittAND Trigger problems with 2-3 channels Can you post a screenshot where I can see the channel waveforms, the configuration and the trigger settings? Stefan  Rebecca Schmitz wrote: Hello, I work with the DRS4 Evaluation Board V5 and I have a problem with the software. I have a problem with the AND trigger setting. For this I have chosen the AND trigger function. However, when ONE channel senses an impulse, it triggers. I'm not able to see signals in the other channels, which I selected for the coincidence. What is the cause of this? Maybe the time window? I would like to measure a coincidence with two or three random channels. Is it possible? Thanks for the help. Rebecca 616 Thu Jun 8 14:26:23 2017 Rebecca SchmitzAND Trigger problems with 2-3 channels Hello, I work with the DRS4 Evaluation Board V5 and I have a problem with the software. I have a problem with the AND trigger setting. For this I have chosen the AND trigger function. However, when ONE channel senses an impulse, it triggers. I'm not able to see signals in the other channels, which I selected for the coincidence. What is the cause of this? Maybe the time window? I would like to measure a coincidence with two or three random channels. Is it possible? Thanks for the help. Rebecca 615 Tue May 30 21:22:10 2017 Esperienza GioveSetting input range Thank you Stefan Ritt wrote: See elog:531  Esperienza Giove wrote: Hello, is it possible to set a completely negative input range like -1 to 0 or -0.95 to 0.05 ? 614 Tue May 30 21:00:26 2017 Stefan RittSetting input range See elog:531  Esperienza Giove wrote: Hello, is it possible to set a completely negative input range like -1 to 0 or -0.95 to 0.05 ? 613 Tue May 30 20:45:30 2017 Esperienza GioveSetting input range Hello, is it possible to set a completely negative input range like -1 to 0 or -0.95 to 0.05 ? 612 Fri May 26 08:48:25 2017 Stefan RittInvalid magic number 0000 There is no other way to reset the board. As I said, people running this under Windows or MacOS are fine, so maybe this calls for a change of OS. Esperienza Giove wrote: Hello, thanks for your answer. Unluckily if i try to reset in this way it keeps hanging musb_write: requested 10, wrote 0, errno -7 (Unknown error 18446744073709551609) musb_read error 0 musb_write: requested 10, wrote 0, errno -7 (Unknown error 18446744073709551609) musb_read error 0 Invalid magic number: 0000 musb_write: requested 10, wrote 0, errno -7 (Unknown error 18446744073709551609) musb_read error 0 musb_write: requested 10, wrote 0, errno -7 (Unknown error 18446744073709551609) musb_read error 0 I also tried with sudo tee /sys/bus/usb/drivers/usb/unbind and binding again; same thing happens. It seems the board needs to be reset when this happens. Is there a way to do that - to reset the board instead of usb? Thank you Stefan Ritt wrote: Under linux, many people observed that the USB connection is unstable to the evaluation board. This must be related to the linux USB stack, since my code runs fine under MacOSX and Windows, where I use the same USB library (libusb-1.0). So I can't do anything from my side. Baybe the linux system has some tools to reset an USB endpoint. I googled it and found some proposals here: https://askubuntu.com/questions/645/how-do-you-reset-a-usb-device-from-the-command-line Regards, Stefan  Esperienza Giove wrote: Hello everybody! After some times i init my board, or if i stop the program during the acquisition, i get the error message "Invalid magic 0000". The only way i can solve this problem is to physically disconnect and plug in again the USB cable. What's the point? Is there a bash command / code i could use to reset it? Thank you very much 611 Thu May 25 20:20:57 2017 Esperienza GioveInvalid magic number 0000 Hello, thanks for your answer. Unluckily if i try to reset in this way it keeps hanging musb_write: requested 10, wrote 0, errno -7 (Unknown error 18446744073709551609) musb_read error 0 musb_write: requested 10, wrote 0, errno -7 (Unknown error 18446744073709551609) musb_read error 0 Invalid magic number: 0000 musb_write: requested 10, wrote 0, errno -7 (Unknown error 18446744073709551609) musb_read error 0 musb_write: requested 10, wrote 0, errno -7 (Unknown error 18446744073709551609) musb_read error 0 I also tried with sudo tee /sys/bus/usb/drivers/usb/unbind and binding again; same thing happens. It seems the board needs to be reset when this happens. Is there a way to do that - to reset the board instead of usb? Thank you Stefan Ritt wrote: Under linux, many people observed that the USB connection is unstable to the evaluation board. This must be related to the linux USB stack, since my code runs fine under MacOSX and Windows, where I use the same USB library (libusb-1.0). So I can't do anything from my side. Baybe the linux system has some tools to reset an USB endpoint. I googled it and found some proposals here: https://askubuntu.com/questions/645/how-do-you-reset-a-usb-device-from-the-command-line Regards, Stefan  Esperienza Giove wrote: Hello everybody! After some times i init my board, or if i stop the program during the acquisition, i get the error message "Invalid magic 0000". The only way i can solve this problem is to physically disconnect and plug in again the USB cable. What's the point? Is there a bash command / code i could use to reset it? Thank you very much 610 Thu May 25 20:17:41 2017 Esperienza GioveInvalid magic number 0000 Hello, thanks for your answer. Unluckily if i try to reset in this way it keeps hanging musb_write: requested 10, wrote 0, errno -7 (Unknown error 18446744073709551609) musb_read error 0 musb_write: requested 10, wrote 0, errno -7 (Unknown error 18446744073709551609) musb_read error 0 Invalid magic number: 0000 musb_write: requested 10, wrote 0, errno -7 (Unknown error 18446744073709551609) musb_read error 0 musb_write: requested 10, wrote 0, errno -7 (Unknown error 18446744073709551609) musb_read error 0 I also tried with sudo tee /sys/bus/usb/drivers/usb/unbind and binding again; same thing happens. It seems the board needs to be reset when this happens. Is there a way to do that - to reset the board instead of usb? Thank you Stefan Ritt wrote: Under linux, many people observed that the USB connection is unstable to the evaluation board. This must be related to the linux USB stack, since my code runs fine under MacOSX and Windows, where I use the same USB library (libusb-1.0). So I can't do anything from my side. Baybe the linux system has some tools to reset an USB endpoint. I googled it and found some proposals here: https://askubuntu.com/questions/645/how-do-you-reset-a-usb-device-from-the-command-line Regards, Stefan  Esperienza Giove wrote: Hello everybody! After some times i init my board, or if i stop the program during the acquisition, i get the error message "Invalid magic 0000". The only way i can solve this problem is to physically disconnect and plug in again the USB cable. What's the point? Is there a bash command / code i could use to reset it? Thank you very much 609 Tue May 23 10:24:47 2017 Stefan RittInvalid magic number 0000 Under linux, many people observed that the USB connection is unstable to the evaluation board. This must be related to the linux USB stack, since my code runs fine under MacOSX and Windows, where I use the same USB library (libusb-1.0). So I can't do anything from my side. Baybe the linux system has some tools to reset an USB endpoint. I googled it and found some proposals here: https://askubuntu.com/questions/645/how-do-you-reset-a-usb-device-from-the-command-line Regards, Stefan  Esperienza Giove wrote: Hello everybody! After some times i init my board, or if i stop the program during the acquisition, i get the error message "Invalid magic 0000". The only way i can solve this problem is to physically disconnect and plug in again the USB cable. What's the point? Is there a bash command / code i could use to reset it? Thank you very much 608 Mon May 22 18:27:56 2017 Esperienza GioveInvalid magic number 0000 Hello everybody! After some times i init my board, or if i stop the program during the acquisition, i get the error message "Invalid magic 0000". The only way i can solve this problem is to physically disconnect and plug in again the USB cable. What's the point? Is there a bash command / code i could use to reset it? Thank you very much 607 Thu Apr 20 06:30:13 2017 Strahinja LukicWave rotation during transfer from the board? Thanks. Strahinja Stefan Ritt wrote: This is correct. Actually the amplitude array is rotated already inside the DRS4 chip. So the readout starts with the stop cell plus one. If you do not do anything, the waveform is already "rotated". If you want the waveform to start with physical cell #0, you have to "unrotate" it. Stefan  Strahinja Lukic wrote: Is this correct, and does this mean that the amplitude array is "rotated" already during the transfer from the board? 606 Wed Apr 19 12:17:25 2017 Stefan RittWave rotation during transfer from the board? This is correct. Actually the amplitude array is rotated already inside the DRS4 chip. So the readout starts with the stop cell plus one. If you do not do anything, the waveform is already "rotated". If you want the waveform to start with physical cell #0, you have to "unrotate" it. Stefan  Strahinja Lukic wrote: Is this correct, and does this mean that the amplitude array is "rotated" already during the transfer from the board? 605 Sat Apr 15 03:48:31 2017 Strahinja LukicWave rotation during transfer from the board? I don't know if this question is already documented elsewhere. I am developing a DAQ code for the DRS evaluation board, v4 for a test beam experiment. I link parts of the existing DRS code as a library. To understand the effect of various flags used in calls to the functions DRSBoard::GetTime() and DRSBoard::GetWave(), I performed several tests with the 100 MHz signal connected to the inputs of the chip (DRSBoard::EnableTcal()), and several tests with signals from scintillation counters. My question is about the flag "adjustToClock" in the call to DRSBoard::GetWave(). From looking at the code, I expected it to cause the waveforms to be "rotated" to start from the trigger cell, in a similar way that the flag "rotated" in the call to DRSBoard::GetTime() does for the time array. However, "adjustToClock" seems to shift the waveforms wrongly. I.e., if I want both the time and the amplitude arrays "rotated" to start from the trigger cell, I should set rotated=true for time and adjustToClock=false for the amplitude. This is also how these functions are called in e.g., Osci::ReadWaveforms(). Is this correct, and does this mean that the amplitude array is "rotated" already during the transfer from the board? I am using DRS evaluation board serial #2733, firmware revision 30000. Many thanks, Strahinja 604 Thu Apr 13 17:10:58 2017 Christian FarinaStand-alone Time Calibration for PSI Board Thank you for your help Stefan. I will try to get the TC part isolated. Stefan Ritt wrote: Than you can try to isolate the code. Note that different SCAs might work differently. Like the DRS4 has a channel-to-channel jitter which others might not. But you will see. Stefan Christian Farina wrote: Hi Stefan, Thank you for your reply. I have read the paper already. I looked through the code and I understand that the LTC and GTC are performed by the AnalyzeSlope and AnalyzePeriod functions, respectively, correct? It seems to me to be a complicated business to re-write that part from scratch, at least for an inexperienced programmer like me. It made more sense to try to isolate that part from the original DRS.cpp. Ideally, I would like to have a stand-alone program that would work on any SCA without references to the drs hardware specifics. Stefan Ritt wrote: Hard to say. Timing calibration is quite delicate. If you start from scratch, better read this paper: https://arxiv.org/abs/1405.4975 If you try to extract the code from DRS.cpp, better read the paper, too. Probably it will not be possible to develop or extract the code without knowing how it works. Best, Stefan  Christian Farina wrote: Hello everybody, I was trying to create a stand-alone program that would perform a time calibration on the board. My goal would be the following. - acquire about 10k sinus waveforms - write them to disk (also for later reanalysis) - run the time calibration on the recorded data - store the clibration results in a file / database Being not an expert, my question here is the following. Would it be easier to try to isolate the time calibration part from the DRS.cpp source code or re-write entirely the code from scratch? Thanks. 603 Thu Apr 13 17:02:01 2017 Stefan RittStand-alone Time Calibration for PSI Board Than you can try to isolate the code. Note that different SCAs might work differently. Like the DRS4 has a channel-to-channel jitter which others might not. But you will see. Stefan Christian Farina wrote: Hi Stefan, Thank you for your reply. I have read the paper already. I looked through the code and I understand that the LTC and GTC are performed by the AnalyzeSlope and AnalyzePeriod functions, respectively, correct? It seems to me to be a complicated business to re-write that part from scratch, at least for an inexperienced programmer like me. It made more sense to try to isolate that part from the original DRS.cpp. Ideally, I would like to have a stand-alone program that would work on any SCA without references to the drs hardware specifics. Stefan Ritt wrote: Hard to say. Timing calibration is quite delicate. If you start from scratch, better read this paper: https://arxiv.org/abs/1405.4975 If you try to extract the code from DRS.cpp, better read the paper, too. Probably it will not be possible to develop or extract the code without knowing how it works. Best, Stefan  Christian Farina wrote: Hello everybody, I was trying to create a stand-alone program that would perform a time calibration on the board. My goal would be the following. - acquire about 10k sinus waveforms - write them to disk (also for later reanalysis) - run the time calibration on the recorded data - store the clibration results in a file / database Being not an expert, my question here is the following. Would it be easier to try to isolate the time calibration part from the DRS.cpp source code or re-write entirely the code from scratch? Thanks. 602 Thu Apr 13 16:54:32 2017 Christian FarinaStand-alone Time Calibration for PSI Board Hi Stefan, Thank you for your reply. I have read the paper already. I looked through the code and I understand that the LTC and GTC are performed by the AnalyzeSlope and AnalyzePeriod functions, respectively, correct? It seems to me to be a complicated business to re-write that part from scratch, at least for an inexperienced programmer like me. It made more sense to try to isolate that part from the original DRS.cpp. Ideally, I would like to have a stand-alone program that would work on any SCA without references to the drs hardware specifics. Stefan Ritt wrote: Hard to say. Timing calibration is quite delicate. If you start from scratch, better read this paper: https://arxiv.org/abs/1405.4975 If you try to extract the code from DRS.cpp, better read the paper, too. Probably it will not be possible to develop or extract the code without knowing how it works. Best, Stefan  Christian Farina wrote: Hello everybody, I was trying to create a stand-alone program that would perform a time calibration on the board. My goal would be the following. - acquire about 10k sinus waveforms - write them to disk (also for later reanalysis) - run the time calibration on the recorded data - store the clibration results in a file / database Being not an expert, my question here is the following. Would it be easier to try to isolate the time calibration part from the DRS.cpp source code or re-write entirely the code from scratch? Thanks. 601 Thu Apr 13 16:50:18 2017 Stefan RittStand-alone Time Calibration for PSI Board Hard to say. Timing calibration is quite delicate. If you start from scratch, better read this paper: https://arxiv.org/abs/1405.4975 If you try to extract the code from DRS.cpp, better read the paper, too. Probably it will not be possible to develop or extract the code without knowing how it works. Best, Stefan  Christian Farina wrote: Hello everybody, I was trying to create a stand-alone program that would perform a time calibration on the board. My goal would be the following. - acquire about 10k sinus waveforms - write them to disk (also for later reanalysis) - run the time calibration on the recorded data - store the clibration results in a file / database Being not an expert, my question here is the following. Would it be easier to try to isolate the time calibration part from the DRS.cpp source code or re-write entirely the code from scratch? Thanks. 600 Thu Apr 13 16:42:21 2017 Christian FarinaStand-alone Time Calibration for PSI Board Hello everybody, I was trying to create a stand-alone program that would perform a time calibration on the board. My goal would be the following. - acquire about 10k sinus waveforms - write them to disk (also for later reanalysis) - run the time calibration on the recorded data - store the clibration results in a file / database Being not an expert, my question here is the following. Would it be easier to try to isolate the time calibration part from the DRS.cpp source code or re-write entirely the code from scratch? Thanks. 599 Tue Apr 11 09:41:44 2017 Stefan Rittdrs4 registers behaviour What I do is the following: Have the RESET input unconnected. When you power up, this makes an internal reset during the power up, and that's all you need. Then configure your registers using the sequences described in the manual. Then do not touch the RESET any more. Stefan Giovanni Bruni wrote: Thank you Stefan for replying! I have still the RESET issue in mind: how would you suggest to reset properly the DRS? Is there a particular procedure to follow instead of just sending a negative pulse to the RESET pin? Is it preferable to turn the DRS off and then restart? Thanks! Giovanni Stefan Ritt wrote: 1. WRITE SHIFT register and CONFIG registers are initialized to "1" on power up, but if you want to change that, use A0-A3 etc. as you indicated. 2. If you address the READ SHIFT register by applyin "1011" to A0-A3, the input of the register is connected to SRIN. So in fig. 11, you apply 1023x"0" plus 1x"1", which effectively clears the register and keeps one "1" at the last position, so on the next rising clock this gets shifted into position #0. If you do the readout, and NOT addresing the READ SHIFT register, then the input of that register is connected to it's output internally. Therefore the single "1" keep rotating on every 1024 clock cycles. Giovanni Bruni wrote: Hej Stefan! Thank you for your answer! Just to be sure to have understood properly: 1. Using the RESET line should be avoided. And in any case, the CONFIG register and the WRITE SHIFT register need to be initialized "by hand" using the A0-A3, SRCLK and SRIN pins. Is it correct? 2. Doing the procedure shown in Figure 11 will always inject a "1" in cell #0 of the READ SHIFT register, regardless if (before starting the procedure) there was a "1" in any other cell, right? Thank you! Giovanni Stefan Ritt wrote: Using the RESET line to reset registers is not a good idea since it can have some bad side-effects. The READ SHIFT register is NOT affected by RESET, so you have to inititialize these registers differently. To set a "1"-value at a defined position, you have to follow figure 11 in the data sheet. Once you executed that, your "1" is always at the same posiiton (namely cell #0), so after 1024 clock cycles you arrive at the same state, and do not have to re-do fig. 11 again. Stefan  Giovanni Bruni wrote: Hej everyone! I have some questions regarding what happens to some DRS registers in some scenarios: 1. How are the registers affected by a RESET? According to the data sheet all the CONFIG REGISTER bits are initilialized to 1. But what about the WRITE SHIFT and the READ SHIFT registers? Are they affected somehow after a RESET has been applied? 2. Suppose the DRS is happily running and I have done some readouts in ROI mode, so that the only "1"-value bit in the READ SHIFT register is in a random position. If now I want to execute a FULL READOUT, should I use the procedure explained in the data sheet (figure 11) for the FULL READOUT mode? or is this procedure useless since my "1"-value bit is already set somewhere in the READ SHIFT register and therefore a ROI readout of 1024 cells would be the solution (and getting the initial position from the SROUT pin)? Thanks a lot! Have a nice day! Giovanni 598 Tue Apr 11 09:07:33 2017 Giovanni Brunidrs4 registers behaviour Thank you Stefan for replying! I have still the RESET issue in mind: how would you suggest to reset properly the DRS? Is there a particular procedure to follow instead of just sending a negative pulse to the RESET pin? Is it preferable to turn the DRS off and then restart? Thanks! Giovanni Stefan Ritt wrote: 1. WRITE SHIFT register and CONFIG registers are initialized to "1" on power up, but if you want to change that, use A0-A3 etc. as you indicated. 2. If you address the READ SHIFT register by applyin "1011" to A0-A3, the input of the register is connected to SRIN. So in fig. 11, you apply 1023x"0" plus 1x"1", which effectively clears the register and keeps one "1" at the last position, so on the next rising clock this gets shifted into position #0. If you do the readout, and NOT addresing the READ SHIFT register, then the input of that register is connected to it's output internally. Therefore the single "1" keep rotating on every 1024 clock cycles. Giovanni Bruni wrote: Hej Stefan! Thank you for your answer! Just to be sure to have understood properly: 1. Using the RESET line should be avoided. And in any case, the CONFIG register and the WRITE SHIFT register need to be initialized "by hand" using the A0-A3, SRCLK and SRIN pins. Is it correct? 2. Doing the procedure shown in Figure 11 will always inject a "1" in cell #0 of the READ SHIFT register, regardless if (before starting the procedure) there was a "1" in any other cell, right? Thank you! Giovanni Stefan Ritt wrote: Using the RESET line to reset registers is not a good idea since it can have some bad side-effects. The READ SHIFT register is NOT affected by RESET, so you have to inititialize these registers differently. To set a "1"-value at a defined position, you have to follow figure 11 in the data sheet. Once you executed that, your "1" is always at the same posiiton (namely cell #0), so after 1024 clock cycles you arrive at the same state, and do not have to re-do fig. 11 again. Stefan  Giovanni Bruni wrote: Hej everyone! I have some questions regarding what happens to some DRS registers in some scenarios: 1. How are the registers affected by a RESET? According to the data sheet all the CONFIG REGISTER bits are initilialized to 1. But what about the WRITE SHIFT and the READ SHIFT registers? Are they affected somehow after a RESET has been applied? 2. Suppose the DRS is happily running and I have done some readouts in ROI mode, so that the only "1"-value bit in the READ SHIFT register is in a random position. If now I want to execute a FULL READOUT, should I use the procedure explained in the data sheet (figure 11) for the FULL READOUT mode? or is this procedure useless since my "1"-value bit is already set somewhere in the READ SHIFT register and therefore a ROI readout of 1024 cells would be the solution (and getting the initial position from the SROUT pin)? Thanks a lot! Have a nice day! Giovanni 597 Mon Apr 10 14:05:17 2017 Stefan Rittdrs4 registers behaviour 1. WRITE SHIFT register and CONFIG registers are initialized to "1" on power up, but if you want to change that, use A0-A3 etc. as you indicated. 2. If you address the READ SHIFT register by applyin "1011" to A0-A3, the input of the register is connected to SRIN. So in fig. 11, you apply 1023x"0" plus 1x"1", which effectively clears the register and keeps one "1" at the last position, so on the next rising clock this gets shifted into position #0. If you do the readout, and NOT addresing the READ SHIFT register, then the input of that register is connected to it's output internally. Therefore the single "1" keep rotating on every 1024 clock cycles. Giovanni Bruni wrote: Hej Stefan! Thank you for your answer! Just to be sure to have understood properly: 1. Using the RESET line should be avoided. And in any case, the CONFIG register and the WRITE SHIFT register need to be initialized "by hand" using the A0-A3, SRCLK and SRIN pins. Is it correct? 2. Doing the procedure shown in Figure 11 will always inject a "1" in cell #0 of the READ SHIFT register, regardless if (before starting the procedure) there was a "1" in any other cell, right? Thank you! Giovanni Stefan Ritt wrote: Using the RESET line to reset registers is not a good idea since it can have some bad side-effects. The READ SHIFT register is NOT affected by RESET, so you have to inititialize these registers differently. To set a "1"-value at a defined position, you have to follow figure 11 in the data sheet. Once you executed that, your "1" is always at the same posiiton (namely cell #0), so after 1024 clock cycles you arrive at the same state, and do not have to re-do fig. 11 again. Stefan  Giovanni Bruni wrote: Hej everyone! I have some questions regarding what happens to some DRS registers in some scenarios: 1. How are the registers affected by a RESET? According to the data sheet all the CONFIG REGISTER bits are initilialized to 1. But what about the WRITE SHIFT and the READ SHIFT registers? Are they affected somehow after a RESET has been applied? 2. Suppose the DRS is happily running and I have done some readouts in ROI mode, so that the only "1"-value bit in the READ SHIFT register is in a random position. If now I want to execute a FULL READOUT, should I use the procedure explained in the data sheet (figure 11) for the FULL READOUT mode? or is this procedure useless since my "1"-value bit is already set somewhere in the READ SHIFT register and therefore a ROI readout of 1024 cells would be the solution (and getting the initial position from the SROUT pin)? Thanks a lot! Have a nice day! Giovanni 596 Mon Apr 10 13:41:41 2017 Giovanni Brunidrs4 registers behaviour Hej Stefan! Thank you for your answer! Just to be sure to have understood properly: 1. Using the RESET line should be avoided. And in any case, the CONFIG register and the WRITE SHIFT register need to be initialized "by hand" using the A0-A3, SRCLK and SRIN pins. Is it correct? 2. Doing the procedure shown in Figure 11 will always inject a "1" in cell #0 of the READ SHIFT register, regardless if (before starting the procedure) there was a "1" in any other cell, right? Thank you! Giovanni Stefan Ritt wrote: Using the RESET line to reset registers is not a good idea since it can have some bad side-effects. The READ SHIFT register is NOT affected by RESET, so you have to inititialize these registers differently. To set a "1"-value at a defined position, you have to follow figure 11 in the data sheet. Once you executed that, your "1" is always at the same posiiton (namely cell #0), so after 1024 clock cycles you arrive at the same state, and do not have to re-do fig. 11 again. Stefan  Giovanni Bruni wrote: Hej everyone! I have some questions regarding what happens to some DRS registers in some scenarios: 1. How are the registers affected by a RESET? According to the data sheet all the CONFIG REGISTER bits are initilialized to 1. But what about the WRITE SHIFT and the READ SHIFT registers? Are they affected somehow after a RESET has been applied? 2. Suppose the DRS is happily running and I have done some readouts in ROI mode, so that the only "1"-value bit in the READ SHIFT register is in a random position. If now I want to execute a FULL READOUT, should I use the procedure explained in the data sheet (figure 11) for the FULL READOUT mode? or is this procedure useless since my "1"-value bit is already set somewhere in the READ SHIFT register and therefore a ROI readout of 1024 cells would be the solution (and getting the initial position from the SROUT pin)? Thanks a lot! Have a nice day! Giovanni 595 Mon Apr 10 10:50:57 2017 Stefan Rittdrs4 registers behaviour Using the RESET line to reset registers is not a good idea since it can have some bad side-effects. The READ SHIFT register is NOT affected by RESET, so you have to inititialize these registers differently. To set a "1"-value at a defined position, you have to follow figure 11 in the data sheet. Once you executed that, your "1" is always at the same posiiton (namely cell #0), so after 1024 clock cycles you arrive at the same state, and do not have to re-do fig. 11 again. Stefan  Giovanni Bruni wrote: Hej everyone! I have some questions regarding what happens to some DRS registers in some scenarios: 1. How are the registers affected by a RESET? According to the data sheet all the CONFIG REGISTER bits are initilialized to 1. But what about the WRITE SHIFT and the READ SHIFT registers? Are they affected somehow after a RESET has been applied? 2. Suppose the DRS is happily running and I have done some readouts in ROI mode, so that the only "1"-value bit in the READ SHIFT register is in a random position. If now I want to execute a FULL READOUT, should I use the procedure explained in the data sheet (figure 11) for the FULL READOUT mode? or is this procedure useless since my "1"-value bit is already set somewhere in the READ SHIFT register and therefore a ROI readout of 1024 cells would be the solution (and getting the initial position from the SROUT pin)? Thanks a lot! Have a nice day! Giovanni 594 Mon Apr 10 10:48:03 2017 Stefan RittDRS4 eval board v4 coincidence firmware changes for triger for short pulses You have to download the package for your board, which then includes also the correct firmware for your board. If you have a V4 board, your firmware is in drs-4.0.2.tar.gz which you can download from Dropbox at https://www.dropbox.com/sh/clqo7ekr0ysbrip/AACoWJzrQAbf3WiBJHG89bGGa?dl=0  Martin Petriska wrote: I would like to implement fpga firmware changes for DRS4 eval board v4 to put there posibility for standard coincidence (for example to get triger on two short (5ns pulses from Plastic scintilator) in 100ns coincidence window), Similar but more complex was done for eval v.5 boards ( https://forge.physik.rwth-aachen.de/projects/drs4-rwth ) Im beginner in state of FPGA design, but hope it will be not so dificult to implement same functionality in eval4 board. Is there any SVN server with firmware sources for evaluation board? Im litle bit confused with different firmware sources in linux and windows installation packages, For example whose are last eval4 board firmware souces ? (There are some eval4 sources in 5.0.6 files, but not sure if its workable) May be didnt make same changes already? 593 Mon Apr 10 08:50:11 2017 Giovanni Brunidrs4 registers behaviour Hej everyone! I have some questions regarding what happens to some DRS registers in some scenarios: 1. How are the registers affected by a RESET? According to the data sheet all the CONFIG REGISTER bits are initilialized to 1. But what about the WRITE SHIFT and the READ SHIFT registers? Are they affected somehow after a RESET has been applied? 2. Suppose the DRS is happily running and I have done some readouts in ROI mode, so that the only "1"-value bit in the READ SHIFT register is in a random position. If now I want to execute a FULL READOUT, should I use the procedure explained in the data sheet (figure 11) for the FULL READOUT mode? or is this procedure useless since my "1"-value bit is already set somewhere in the READ SHIFT register and therefore a ROI readout of 1024 cells would be the solution (and getting the initial position from the SROUT pin)? Thanks a lot! Have a nice day! Giovanni 592 Wed Apr 5 12:40:16 2017 Martin PetriskaDRS4 eval board v4 coincidence firmware changes for triger for short pulses I would like to implement fpga firmware changes for DRS4 eval board v4 to put there posibility for standard coincidence (for example to get triger on two short (5ns pulses from Plastic scintilator) in 100ns coincidence window), Similar but more complex was done for eval v.5 boards ( https://forge.physik.rwth-aachen.de/projects/drs4-rwth ) Im beginner in state of FPGA design, but hope it will be not so dificult to implement same functionality in eval4 board. Is there any SVN server with firmware sources for evaluation board? Im litle bit confused with different firmware sources in linux and windows installation packages, For example whose are last eval4 board firmware souces ? (There are some eval4 sources in 5.0.6 files, but not sure if its workable) May be didnt make same changes already? 591 Wed Apr 5 12:28:28 2017 Stefan Rittdrscl doesn't find eval board but drsosc does (Windows 7) Two people report now this problem, while this works fine at our lab. So I'm puzzled right now. I attach two screenshots from the device manager and the Command Line interface. Can you compare it with what you see? Which is the firmware version of your evaluaiton board? Stefan  Jim Freeman wrote: I cannot find the EVAL board using drscl version 5.06 while the drsosc works fine. I tried 2 different eval boards and 2 different computers and the same effect. I looked under device manager at the libusb and the drs4 was there, and checked the driver which was found to be up to date. Attachment 1: Screen_Shot_2017-04-05_at_12.27.46_.png Attachment 2: Screen_Shot_2017-04-05_at_11.45.07_.png 590 Tue Mar 28 21:53:12 2017 Jim Freemandrscl doesn't find eval board but drsosc does (Windows 7) I cannot find the EVAL board using drscl version 5.06 while the drsosc works fine. I tried 2 different eval boards and 2 different computers and the same effect. I looked under device manager at the libusb and the drs4 was there, and checked the driver which was found to be up to date. 589 Fri Feb 24 18:35:38 2017 Stefan RittPassing parameters to drscl This is indeed currently not implemented. But there is a simple C program drs_exam.cpp, which connects to a board and safes some data. You could modify that program to your needs. Stefan  Tarik Zengin wrote: Hi everyone, I wonder if there is a way to pass parameters to drscl. What I specifically want to do is calling drscl from a shell script and read/save some data. I want to schedule a measurement. Therefore I need to call drscl from the command line using some parameters. It would look something like this; #!/bin/bash for i in {0..100} do echo "Readingi"     ./drscl read 0 0 test.xml     sleep 1 done This doesn't work of course. drscl won't take arguments from the command line. Can you suggest a way to do this please? Thank you.

588   Fri Feb 24 17:34:28 2017 Tarik ZenginPassing parameters to drscl

Hi everyone,

I wonder if there is a way to pass parameters to drscl. What I specifically want to do is calling drscl from a shell script and read/save some data. I want to schedule a measurement. Therefore I need to call drscl from the command line using some parameters.

It would look something like this;

#!/bin/bash

for i in {0..100}

do

echo "Reading i" ./drscl read 0 0 test.xml sleep 1 done This doesn't work of course. drscl won't take arguments from the command line. Can you suggest a way to do this please? Thank you. 587 Tue Jan 31 08:40:04 2017 Stefan RittLLD and ULD discriminations, Not inside the board. Each channel has a single discriminator. You can select to trigger on a rising or falling edge, but you don't have two levels. What you can do however is to make an external trigger, like using old NIM logic. You can make discrimaiton with different levels and use a coincidence unit to combine them. Then feed the trigger into the external trigger input of the evaluation board (5V TTL level, not NIM level!). Stefan  VO HONG HAI wrote: Dear Stefan, Is there any way to develop LLD and ULD discrimination in DSR-4 evaluation board? Best regards, V.H.Hai 586 Tue Jan 31 01:37:35 2017 VO HONG HAILLD and ULD discriminations, Dear Stefan, Is there any way to develop LLD and ULD discrimination in DSR-4 evaluation board? Best regards, V.H.Hai 585 Mon Jan 30 16:37:33 2017 Stefan RittAND trigger problems In the evaluation board we use an ADCMP601 comparator, which has a setup and hold time of 4.6 ns. So a pulse which exceeds the threshold for less than 4.6 ns will not trigger the board. If you AND two signals together, an additional constraint might apply on the coincidence pulse. This is processed in the FPGA, but once it becomes too short, it won't trigger the board as well. I never made a real measurement of that, but I would not be suprised if the coicidence signal (output of AND), needs to be at least 4-5 ns wide. If you need more refined trigger conditions, make yourself an old-fashioned external trigger (with NIM modules for example), stretch the output to 10 ns and feed it into the external trigger input of the DRS4 board (5V CMOS logic, not NIM!). Best, Stefan  Danny Petschke wrote: Dear Stefan, I have 2 identical pulses as a splittet signal with an amplitude of 300mV. Range is -0.5-0.5V, 5.12GSamp using the Evaluation-Board. Both signals are triggered in AND logic. One of the signals is delayed by a fixed value of 1-50ns for testing. On increasing the trigger Level from 10% to 50% of amplitude (pulse rise time is 2.5ns) pulses cannot anymore triggered above 4-5ns delay. It means there is a proportionality between the trigger level and the available range where 2 signals can be triggered in AND logic (Time-difference between 2 pulses). Do I anything misunderstand or is the time the comparator needs by higher trigger Levels for comparation longer than the 200ns at 5.12GSamp? Board was timing and voltage calibrated before. Thx Danny 584 Sat Jan 28 14:11:58 2017 Danny PetschkeAND trigger problems Dear Stefan, I have 2 identical pulses as a splittet signal with an amplitude of 300mV. Range is -0.5-0.5V, 5.12GSamp using the Evaluation-Board. Both signals are triggered in AND logic. One of the signals is delayed by a fixed value of 1-50ns for testing. On increasing the trigger Level from 10% to 50% of amplitude (pulse rise time is 2.5ns) pulses cannot anymore triggered above 4-5ns delay. It means there is a proportionality between the trigger level and the available range where 2 signals can be triggered in AND logic (Time-difference between 2 pulses). Do I anything misunderstand or is the time the comparator needs by higher trigger Levels for comparation longer than the 200ns at 5.12GSamp? Board was timing and voltage calibrated before. Thx Danny 583 Fri Jan 13 13:50:10 2017 Stefan RittDRS software doesn't work under Windows XP SP3 Can you try that executable under XP: https://www.dropbox.com/s/j1n09afhbmh0zzu/drsosc.exe?dl=0  Gregor Kramberger wrote: Hi all I have a problem with running the DRSOSC under windows XP SP3. We have some hardware which is not supported under newer versions of windows and we would like to use DRS boards along it, therefore we would higly appreciated any help in that direction. We have installed the software (V 5.03) to two different XP machines and got the same problem. The driver installs without any problem, but when the drsosc is run the system says " drsosc.exe is not a valid Win32 application". We have developed our own API for our software which also doesn't recognize the board. It says on the www page that it has been tested for windows XP, but I would appreciate if you can verify it? With best regards and thanks... 582 Fri Jan 13 13:16:09 2017 Stefan RittDRS software doesn't work under Windows XP SP3 The error probably comes from the fact that the drsosc.exe application is a 64-bit application and cannot be executed under XP any more. Unfortunately XP is forbidden at our institute for security reasons, so I have no machine around where I could compile the executable fro XP. Another problem is the libusb library used by drsosc.exe. Not sure if there is a XP version available any more. Have a look yourself at http://www.libusb.org/wiki/windows_backend I only see two possibilities for you: 1) Try to compile the program under Windows XP yourself, either with MS Visual Studio or with MinGW (http://www.mingw.org/). 2) Set up a virtual machine on your PC (for example with Virtualbox), and install either a newer version of Windows or a Linux distribution. The Linux excutable can then be compiled directly from sources as written in the documentation. Stefan  Gregor Kramberger wrote: Hi all I have a problem with running the DRSOSC under windows XP SP3. We have some hardware which is not supported under newer versions of windows and we would like to use DRS boards along it, therefore we would higly appreciated any help in that direction. We have installed the software (V 5.03) to two different XP machines and got the same problem. The driver installs without any problem, but when the drsosc is run the system says " drsosc.exe is not a valid Win32 application". We have developed our own API for our software which also doesn't recognize the board. It says on the www page that it has been tested for windows XP, but I would appreciate if you can verify it? With best regards and thanks... 581 Fri Jan 13 12:58:22 2017 Gregor KrambergerDRS software doesn't work under Windows XP SP3 Hi all I have a problem with running the DRSOSC under windows XP SP3. We have some hardware which is not supported under newer versions of windows and we would like to use DRS boards along it, therefore we would higly appreciated any help in that direction. We have installed the software (V 5.03) to two different XP machines and got the same problem. The driver installs without any problem, but when the drsosc is run the system says " drsosc.exe is not a valid Win32 application". We have developed our own API for our software which also doesn't recognize the board. It says on the www page that it has been tested for windows XP, but I would appreciate if you can verify it? With best regards and thanks... 580 Fri Dec 9 04:17:46 2016 Abhishek RajputPotential Incorrect Timing Calibration for DRS4 Data Hello Stefan, Many thanks for the explanations. You've cleared my confusion in this matter. Abhishek Rajput Stefan Ritt wrote: The inverter chain in the DRS4 is continously running in a ring. Once you get a trigger, it is stopped. This happens in any of the 1024 cells. The last cell which sampled a signal plus ne is called "trigger cell". In the previous diagram in event #1, the last cell sampling was "1", so the trigger cell is "2". In event 2 (red case), the trigger cell is 5. If you would run like this, you see only the part of the waveform BEFORE your trigger (since the DRS4 is continously sampling and is stopped with the trigger). In order to see the full peak of your waveform, you can apply some external trigger to shift the trigger position to the right. This is done in the FPGA reading out the DRS4 chip. If your peak is let's say 20 ns wide, and you delay your trigger by 30 ns, you see the peak plus 10 ns right of the peak. Stefan  Abhishek Rajput wrote: Hello Stefan, Thank you for the excellent explanation and diagram. This part of the code is now much clearer to me. My other questions pertain to the "trigger cell". Firstly, what precisely does this mean? Moreover, how does the "trigger cell" relate to the trigger time delay we can set in the DRS4 application? This is causing some confusion for me, because regardless of where you set the trigger time delay on the DRS4 application, there are still points on the waveform that are saved prior to the moment in time when a pulse exceeds some voltage threshold we set in the application. I get the impression that "trigger delay" and "trigger cell" are unrelated concepts, so any clarification you can provide would be greatly appreciated. Abhishek 579 Fri Dec 2 16:47:37 2016 Stefan RittDRS4 Initiation No, I can't think of anything else. There is no intermediate addressing stage. The only thing which sometimes happens is that the QFN76 package is not soldered correctly. If you don't have this under control, some pins might have a bad contact. You can check this by touching with a oscilloscope probe not the PCB pads but really the pins from the side, which is a bit tricky. Stefan samridha kunwar wrote: Thanks for replying Stefan. I was more so just concerned with the steps in the firmware when I had asked. However, yes the ROFS (1.05V) and O-OFS (0.9 V was 1.3 V earlier but, changed this becasue of ADC input requirements) are per spec, the VDD voltages are all there and input voltages are within the rails and finally the RSLOAD (16 ns) too is ok. Looking at your eval board firmware , on appearance it looks exactly like what I am doing. I thought maybe I was/ still am missing some intermediate addressing stage. What I wrote earlier is what I still have. Stefan Ritt wrote: Uhh, there are 1000 things which might be wrong. A bit like "my car is not working, it makes strange noise". Without having a look under the hood, there is just some wild guessing: - Is your ROFS input at the right value? Your O-OFS? - All VDD voltages there? Input voltage outside the rails? - Your RSLOAD pulse long enough (>10ns) - What happens if you put a really big sinal at the input, like 100 MHz sine wave with 2V p-p The easiest is to have a look at the evaluation board and copy your new board like 1:1, also copy the VHDL readout code. Much easier that to start from scratch. Stefan  samridha kunwar wrote: I am having a general problem getting read back using the ROI mode. In the transparent mode everything looks good. These are the steps that I take: 1) configure register (b"11111111",addr = "1100") 2) configure write shift register (b"11111111", addr = "1101") 3) assert DENABLE and DWRITE 4) wait for trigger 5) on trigger deassert DWRITE 6) Strobe RSRLOAD 7)Set drs4 address to enable all channels (address = "1001") 8)give n SRCLK pulses 9) goto 3 and repeat. Am I missing something? Everything looks straight forward based on the manual yet in the readout mode I only get noise. I do get the stop position on SROUT and the refclk is at 475 KHz as desired and I get the desired behaviour for DTAP toggling at the same frequency as refclk. 578 Fri Dec 2 15:32:52 2016 samridha kunwarDRS4 Initiation Thanks for replying Stefan. I was more so just concerned with the steps in the firmware when I had asked. However, yes the ROFS (1.05V) and O-OFS (0.9 V was 1.3 V earlier but, changed this becasue of ADC input requirements) are per spec, the VDD voltages are all there and input voltages are within the rails and finally the RSLOAD (16 ns) too is ok. Looking at your eval board firmware , on appearance it looks exactly like what I am doing. I thought maybe I was/ still am missing some intermediate addressing stage. What I wrote earlier is what I still have. Stefan Ritt wrote: Uhh, there are 1000 things which might be wrong. A bit like "my car is not working, it makes strange noise". Without having a look under the hood, there is just some wild guessing: - Is your ROFS input at the right value? Your O-OFS? - All VDD voltages there? Input voltage outside the rails? - Your RSLOAD pulse long enough (>10ns) - What happens if you put a really big sinal at the input, like 100 MHz sine wave with 2V p-p The easiest is to have a look at the evaluation board and copy your new board like 1:1, also copy the VHDL readout code. Much easier that to start from scratch. Stefan  samridha kunwar wrote: I am having a general problem getting read back using the ROI mode. In the transparent mode everything looks good. These are the steps that I take: 1) configure register (b"11111111",addr = "1100") 2) configure write shift register (b"11111111", addr = "1101") 3) assert DENABLE and DWRITE 4) wait for trigger 5) on trigger deassert DWRITE 6) Strobe RSRLOAD 7)Set drs4 address to enable all channels (address = "1001") 8)give n SRCLK pulses 9) goto 3 and repeat. Am I missing something? Everything looks straight forward based on the manual yet in the readout mode I only get noise. I do get the stop position on SROUT and the refclk is at 475 KHz as desired and I get the desired behaviour for DTAP toggling at the same frequency as refclk. 577 Wed Nov 30 19:05:24 2016 Stefan RittDRS4 Initiation Uhh, there are 1000 things which might be wrong. A bit like "my car is not working, it makes strange noise". Without having a look under the hood, there is just some wild guessing: - Is your ROFS input at the right value? Your O-OFS? - All VDD voltages there? Input voltage outside the rails? - Your RSLOAD pulse long enough (>10ns) - What happens if you put a really big sinal at the input, like 100 MHz sine wave with 2V p-p The easiest is to have a look at the evaluation board and copy your new board like 1:1, also copy the VHDL readout code. Much easier that to start from scratch. Stefan  samridha kunwar wrote: I am having a general problem getting read back using the ROI mode. In the transparent mode everything looks good. These are the steps that I take: 1) configure register (b"11111111",addr = "1100") 2) configure write shift register (b"11111111", addr = "1101") 3) assert DENABLE and DWRITE 4) wait for trigger 5) on trigger deassert DWRITE 6) Strobe RSRLOAD 7)Set drs4 address to enable all channels (address = "1001") 8)give n SRCLK pulses 9) goto 3 and repeat. Am I missing something? Everything looks straight forward based on the manual yet in the readout mode I only get noise. I do get the stop position on SROUT and the refclk is at 475 KHz as desired and I get the desired behaviour for DTAP toggling at the same frequency as refclk. 576 Wed Nov 30 17:48:39 2016 samridha kunwarDRS4 Initiation I am having a general problem getting read back using the ROI mode. In the transparent mode everything looks good. These are the steps that I take: 1) configure register (b"11111111",addr = "1100") 2) configure write shift register (b"11111111", addr = "1101") 3) assert DENABLE and DWRITE 4) wait for trigger 5) on trigger deassert DWRITE 6) Strobe RSRLOAD 7)Set drs4 address to enable all channels (address = "1001") 8)give n SRCLK pulses 9) goto 3 and repeat. Am I missing something? Everything looks straight forward based on the manual yet in the readout mode I only get noise. I do get the stop position on SROUT and the refclk is at 475 KHz as desired and I get the desired behaviour for DTAP toggling at the same frequency as refclk. 575 Wed Nov 30 10:45:29 2016 Stefan RittLong timing between two channels You cannot measure times longer than 1024/sampling rate. Stefan  Randall Gladen wrote: I don't believe I fully understand how the timing works between multiple channels on DRS4 board, even after reading the manual, but I am hoping to measure a time difference between two channels longer than 1024/sampling rate. So far, I have written a program in Matlab to extract timing and voltage information from the binary file to find the time difference between two channels that are set with the AND trigger logic and appear within approximately 80 ns of each other at a sampling rate of 1 GSPS. This works as intended, but I would now like to try to measure time differences of anywhere between 50 ns and several ms within a single spectrum. Since this is out of the range of only 1024 channels above 1GSPS, is it possible for the board to keep track of the time between two trigger pulses that occur at time differences longer than 1024/sampling rate? Thank you very much for your help, and if I am severely misunderstanding how the board works, please forgive my ignorance and feel free to correct me, ~Randall Edit: I forgot to mention that I am collecting the data using the provided DRS4 Oscilloscope software. 574 Wed Nov 30 08:53:58 2016 Stefan RittPotential Incorrect Timing Calibration for DRS4 Data The inverter chain in the DRS4 is continously running in a ring. Once you get a trigger, it is stopped. This happens in any of the 1024 cells. The last cell which sampled a signal plus ne is called "trigger cell". In the previous diagram in event #1, the last cell sampling was "1", so the trigger cell is "2". In event 2 (red case), the trigger cell is 5. If you would run like this, you see only the part of the waveform BEFORE your trigger (since the DRS4 is continously sampling and is stopped with the trigger). In order to see the full peak of your waveform, you can apply some external trigger to shift the trigger position to the right. This is done in the FPGA reading out the DRS4 chip. If your peak is let's say 20 ns wide, and you delay your trigger by 30 ns, you see the peak plus 10 ns right of the peak. Stefan  Abhishek Rajput wrote: Hello Stefan, Thank you for the excellent explanation and diagram. This part of the code is now much clearer to me. My other questions pertain to the "trigger cell". Firstly, what precisely does this mean? Moreover, how does the "trigger cell" relate to the trigger time delay we can set in the DRS4 application? This is causing some confusion for me, because regardless of where you set the trigger time delay on the DRS4 application, there are still points on the waveform that are saved prior to the moment in time when a pulse exceeds some voltage threshold we set in the application. I get the impression that "trigger delay" and "trigger cell" are unrelated concepts, so any clarification you can provide would be greatly appreciated. Abhishek 573 Tue Nov 29 23:19:06 2016 Abhishek RajputPotential Incorrect Timing Calibration for DRS4 Data Hello Stefan, Thank you for the excellent explanation and diagram. This part of the code is now much clearer to me. My other questions pertain to the "trigger cell". Firstly, what precisely does this mean? Moreover, how does the "trigger cell" relate to the trigger time delay we can set in the DRS4 application? This is causing some confusion for me, because regardless of where you set the trigger time delay on the DRS4 application, there are still points on the waveform that are saved prior to the moment in time when a pulse exceeds some voltage threshold we set in the application. I get the impression that "trigger delay" and "trigger cell" are unrelated concepts, so any clarification you can provide would be greatly appreciated. Abhishek Stefan Ritt wrote: The code in the macro is correct. The misconception lies in the definition what "sample 0" means. Please view the attached picture. This is simplified case with a DRS chip with only 8 cells (instead of 1024). There are two events (blue and red). In the first event, the chip is stopped at trigger cell (tc) 2, in the second case at 5. Since the readout starts with the trigger cell, the first readout sample in the first event belongs to cell #2, the next one to cell #3 and so on. In the second (red) case, the first sample belongs to cell #5, the second to cell #6 and so on. "Aligning cells 0" now means that the physical cell 0 (not the readout sample) is aligned for each channel. In the first event, the 7th readout sample will have the same time in all channels, in the second event the fourth readout cells will have the same time. This is because physical cell #0 is always at different places inside the readout array. Stefan  Abhishek Rajput wrote: Hello, I was running through a particular binary file containing data taken on all 4 channels of the DRS4 and printing out the value of the first time sample for each channel (per event). While doing so, I noticed that some of these times were negative. For this dataset, channel 1 was chosen as the reference channel (which is the default setup in Stefan's DRS4 macro). From my understanding, the calibration procedure delineated in the DRS4 manual and shown in the code below is supposed to sync the timing of each channel relative to sample 0. However, this does not appear to be the case for when I print out the time value of the first sample, I notice that only channel 1's 0th sample is set to 0. The first sample for the other channels is nonzero (and most often negative). Even more strange is when I test another 4-channel dataset with the same code, this issue does not appear. More specifically, the first time sample on each waveform on all channels is set to 0, as should be the case. My question is therefore whether or not the timing calibration varies from dataset to dataset. My initial thought was that this should not be the case, but I have two different data sets taken on the same set of channels which give different timing calibration results. Are there any circumstances under which this behavior can happen? for (ch=0 ; ch<5 ; ch++) { i = fread(hdr, sizeof(hdr), 1, f); if (i < 1) break; if (hdr[0] != 'C') { // event header found fseek(f, -4, SEEK_CUR); break; } chn_index = hdr[3] - '0' - 1; fread(voltage, sizeof(short), 1024, f); for (i=0 ; i<1024 ; i++) { // convert data to volts waveform[chn_index][i] = (voltage[i] / 65536. - 0.5); // calculate time for this cell for (j=0,time[chn_index][i]=0 ; j 572 Mon Nov 28 22:28:34 2016 Randall GladenLong timing between two channels I don't believe I fully understand how the timing works between multiple channels on DRS4 board, even after reading the manual, but I am hoping to measure a time difference between two channels longer than 1024/sampling rate. So far, I have written a program in Matlab to extract timing and voltage information from the binary file to find the time difference between two channels that are set with the AND trigger logic and appear within approximately 80 ns of each other at a sampling rate of 1 GSPS. This works as intended, but I would now like to try to measure time differences of anywhere between 50 ns and several ms within a single spectrum. Since this is out of the range of only 1024 channels above 1GSPS, is it possible for the board to keep track of the time between two trigger pulses that occur at time differences longer than 1024/sampling rate? Thank you very much for your help, and if I am severely misunderstanding how the board works, please forgive my ignorance and feel free to correct me, ~Randall Edit: I forgot to mention that I am collecting the data using the provided DRS4 Oscilloscope software. 571 Mon Nov 28 16:52:38 2016 Stefan RittPLL did not lock Have you tried to unplug and re-plug the board a few times? According to our database, you should have three boards. Do all three show the same behavior or only this board? In case all three show this, it could be a hint of a software problem. If two boards are good and one is bad, this would be a hint of a hardware problem (broken board). Stefan Alexey Lubinets wrote: The serial number is 2586. This board is about two years old, and it might be in use (but I do not know exactly). Stefan Ritt wrote: Which serial number has the board? Has it been in use before or is it a new board? Stefan  Alexey Lubinets wrote: Hello, everybody! I installed DRSosc and DRScl. Command line works normally (at least, it can "see" the board). But when I start the oscilloscope, I have an error: "PLLs did not lock on USB board #0, serial number #...". In Info section I can see the board type = 9 (and in the error message I have "USB board #0"). After that I have a warning: "Board on USB0 has invalid voltge calibration. Only raw data will be displayed". I tried to execute voltage calibration using DRSosc and DRScl, but it did not help. Did anybody face such broblems? Does anybody know, how to fix them? Thank you. Alexey. 570 Mon Nov 28 16:48:15 2016 Alexey LubinetsPLL did not lock The serial number is 2586. This board is about two years old, and it might be in use (but I do not know exactly). Stefan Ritt wrote: Which serial number has the board? Has it been in use before or is it a new board? Stefan  Alexey Lubinets wrote: Hello, everybody! I installed DRSosc and DRScl. Command line works normally (at least, it can "see" the board). But when I start the oscilloscope, I have an error: "PLLs did not lock on USB board #0, serial number #...". In Info section I can see the board type = 9 (and in the error message I have "USB board #0"). After that I have a warning: "Board on USB0 has invalid voltge calibration. Only raw data will be displayed". I tried to execute voltage calibration using DRSosc and DRScl, but it did not help. Did anybody face such broblems? Does anybody know, how to fix them? Thank you. Alexey. 569 Thu Nov 24 13:24:26 2016 Stefan RittPotential Incorrect Timing Calibration for DRS4 Data The code in the macro is correct. The misconception lies in the definition what "sample 0" means. Please view the attached picture. This is simplified case with a DRS chip with only 8 cells (instead of 1024). There are two events (blue and red). In the first event, the chip is stopped at trigger cell (tc) 2, in the second case at 5. Since the readout starts with the trigger cell, the first readout sample in the first event belongs to cell #2, the next one to cell #3 and so on. In the second (red) case, the first sample belongs to cell #5, the second to cell #6 and so on. "Aligning cells 0" now means that the physical cell 0 (not the readout sample) is aligned for each channel. In the first event, the 7th readout sample will have the same time in all channels, in the second event the fourth readout cells will have the same time. This is because physical cell #0 is always at different places inside the readout array. Stefan  Abhishek Rajput wrote: Hello, I was running through a particular binary file containing data taken on all 4 channels of the DRS4 and printing out the value of the first time sample for each channel (per event). While doing so, I noticed that some of these times were negative. For this dataset, channel 1 was chosen as the reference channel (which is the default setup in Stefan's DRS4 macro). From my understanding, the calibration procedure delineated in the DRS4 manual and shown in the code below is supposed to sync the timing of each channel relative to sample 0. However, this does not appear to be the case for when I print out the time value of the first sample, I notice that only channel 1's 0th sample is set to 0. The first sample for the other channels is nonzero (and most often negative). Even more strange is when I test another 4-channel dataset with the same code, this issue does not appear. More specifically, the first time sample on each waveform on all channels is set to 0, as should be the case. My question is therefore whether or not the timing calibration varies from dataset to dataset. My initial thought was that this should not be the case, but I have two different data sets taken on the same set of channels which give different timing calibration results. Are there any circumstances under which this behavior can happen? for (ch=0 ; ch<5 ; ch++) { i = fread(hdr, sizeof(hdr), 1, f); if (i < 1) break; if (hdr[0] != 'C') { // event header found fseek(f, -4, SEEK_CUR); break; } chn_index = hdr[3] - '0' - 1; fread(voltage, sizeof(short), 1024, f); for (i=0 ; i<1024 ; i++) { // convert data to volts waveform[chn_index][i] = (voltage[i] / 65536. - 0.5); // calculate time for this cell for (j=0,time[chn_index][i]=0 ; j Attachment 1: drs.pdf 568 Thu Nov 24 08:13:23 2016 Stefan RittPLL did not lock Which serial number has the board? Has it been in use before or is it a new board? Stefan  Alexey Lubinets wrote: Hello, everybody! I installed DRSosc and DRScl. Command line works normally (at least, it can "see" the board). But when I start the oscilloscope, I have an error: "PLLs did not lock on USB board #0, serial number #...". In Info section I can see the board type = 9 (and in the error message I have "USB board #0"). After that I have a warning: "Board on USB0 has invalid voltge calibration. Only raw data will be displayed". I tried to execute voltage calibration using DRSosc and DRScl, but it did not help. Did anybody face such broblems? Does anybody know, how to fix them? Thank you. Alexey. 567 Thu Nov 24 00:40:38 2016 Alexey LubinetsPLL did not lock Hello, everybody! I installed DRSosc and DRScl. Command line works normally (at least, it can "see" the board). But when I start the oscilloscope, I have an error: "PLLs did not lock on USB board #0, serial number #...". In Info section I can see the board type = 9 (and in the error message I have "USB board #0"). After that I have a warning: "Board on USB0 has invalid voltge calibration. Only raw data will be displayed". I tried to execute voltage calibration using DRSosc and DRScl, but it did not help. Did anybody face such broblems? Does anybody know, how to fix them? Thank you. Alexey. 566 Wed Nov 23 08:17:23 2016 Abhishek RajputPotential Incorrect Timing Calibration for DRS4 Data Hello, I was running through a particular binary file containing data taken on all 4 channels of the DRS4 and printing out the value of the first time sample for each channel (per event). While doing so, I noticed that some of these times were negative. For this dataset, channel 1 was chosen as the reference channel (which is the default setup in Stefan's DRS4 macro). From my understanding, the calibration procedure delineated in the DRS4 manual and shown in the code below is supposed to sync the timing of each channel relative to sample 0. However, this does not appear to be the case for when I print out the time value of the first sample, I notice that only channel 1's 0th sample is set to 0. The first sample for the other channels is nonzero (and most often negative). Even more strange is when I test another 4-channel dataset with the same code, this issue does not appear. More specifically, the first time sample on each waveform on all channels is set to 0, as should be the case. My question is therefore whether or not the timing calibration varies from dataset to dataset. My initial thought was that this should not be the case, but I have two different data sets taken on the same set of channels which give different timing calibration results. Are there any circumstances under which this behavior can happen? for (ch=0 ; ch<5 ; ch++) { i = fread(hdr, sizeof(hdr), 1, f); if (i < 1) break; if (hdr[0] != 'C') { // event header found fseek(f, -4, SEEK_CUR); break; } chn_index = hdr[3] - '0' - 1; fread(voltage, sizeof(short), 1024, f); for (i=0 ; i<1024 ; i++) { // convert data to volts waveform[chn_index][i] = (voltage[i] / 65536. - 0.5); // calculate time for this cell for (j=0,time[chn_index][i]=0 ; j<i ; j++) time[chn_index][i] += bin_width[chn_index][(j+eh.trigger_cell) % 1024]; } } // align cell #0 of all channels t1 = time[0][(1024-eh.trigger_cell) % 1024]; for (ch=1 ; ch<4 ; ch++) { t2 = time[ch][(1024-eh.trigger_cell) % 1024]; dt = t1 - t2; for (i=0 ; i<1024 ; i++) time[ch][i] += dt; } 565 Mon Nov 21 14:13:32 2016 Stefan RittChannel offsets in GetTime() Cell 700 is arbitrary. You can choose any cell to align the channels to each other. The only requirement is that it's always the same cell for each event. Historically, Daniel chose cell #700 more or less arbitrary, but later we found out that this works with any cell. So for the publication we went with cell #0 (and that's why we have t_ch,0 in the paper), but cell #700 was left in the code because of lazyness. Feel free to replace 700 with any other number and you should get the same result. In a newer version of the software I use // align cell#0 of all channels float t1 = time[0][(1024-tc) % 1024]; for (int ch=1 ; ch<8 ; ch++) { float t2 = time[ch][(1024-tc) % 1024]; float dt = t1 - t2;  for (int i=0 ; i<1024 ; i++) time[ch][i] += dt; } which is also a bit simpler. So time[ch] contains already the integrated time array (like 0.2 ns, 0.4 ns, 0.6 ns if at 5 GSPS, not the delta_t values as in the DRS.cpp code). Since the readout starts with cell # tc, the cell time[channel][1024-tc] is the physical cell #0 of the chip. The code makes sure that cell #0 in all 8 channels has the same time value. Best regards, Stefan  Kurtis Nishimura wrote: Hello, I have a question about the GetTime() method in DRS.cpp. I understand how the DT values are applied for all channels, and I also understand from the evaluation board manual that the timing of each channel is synchronized at sample 0, so samples should really be aligned from channel-to-channel relative to sample 0. However, DRS.cpp has the following snippet in DrsBoard::GetTime(): if (channelIndex > 0) { // correct all channels to channel 0 (Daniel's method) iend = tc >= 700 ? 700+1024 : 700; for (i=tc,gt0=0 ; i 564 Fri Nov 18 16:38:42 2016 Gerard MontarouLabView Hello, Did you start to write some VI to interface DRS4board with labview ? i also have in mind to do that.I am surprised that nobody alraedy did it since there is no answer toyour question gerard  Christian D wrote: Hi, I would like to use the DRS4 board with LabView for fast readout. Do you know anyone who has written a VI for that? Thanks, Christian 563 Fri Nov 18 05:52:45 2016 Kurtis NishimuraChannel offsets in GetTime() Hello, I have a question about the GetTime() method in DRS.cpp. I understand how the DT values are applied for all channels, and I also understand from the evaluation board manual that the timing of each channel is synchronized at sample 0, so samples should really be aligned from channel-to-channel relative to sample 0. However, DRS.cpp has the following snippet in DrsBoard::GetTime(): if (channelIndex > 0) { // correct all channels to channel 0 (Daniel's method) iend = tc >= 700 ? 700+1024 : 700; for (i=tc,gt0=0 ; i<iend ; i++) gt0 += fCellDT[chipIndex][0][i % 1024]; for (i=tc,gt=0 ; i<iend ; i++) gt += fCellDT[chipIndex][channelIndex][i % 1024]; for (i=0 ; i<fChannelDepth ; i++) time[i] += (float)(gt0 - gt); } I can see what this is calculating and applying such an offset, but I don't understand why things seem to be referenced to sample 700. Is there a particular reason why sample 700 is chosen here? This does not seem like a straightforward application of the attached instructions from the evaluation board user's manual. Any insight would be much appreciated! Thanks so much, -Kurtis Attachment 1: offsetInstructions.png 562 Thu Nov 10 22:07:40 2016 Stefan RittBreak Statements in DRS4 Binary to ROOT Macro You're right, fread() return the number of objects read, so indeed it should be one if successful. Abhishek Rajput wrote: Hello, I am wondering why the code should be changed to i < sizeof(eh), since doesn't fread(&eh,sizeof(eh),1,f) return 1 in this scenario? I've confirmed with a cout statement that this is the case, so this break condition will therefore always trigger as sizeof(eh) is 32 bytes. Either way, I believe I figured out my problem. In my revised version of your code, I had two nested loops, the outer one being a loop over the channels and the inner one being a loop over the events. However, I really should have been doing the reverse considering the binary structure of the file. Otherwise, the end of the file will be reached for only a single iteration of the channel loop if I choose to loop through all the events in the data file. Once I modified the code to have the outer loop be over all the events and the inner one be over all the channels, I no longer suffered from breaks in the loops. Many thanks for your assistance. Abhishek Stefan Ritt wrote: Hi, fread() returns the number of bytes read and zero (I believe) if there is an end of file. So this break statement is a simple end-of-file test. There might be other erros such as hard disk failures, but these are extremely rare. If course the file should not end in the middle of an event header. If it does, it means the file is corrupted and truncated, and we should not continue to read that file, that's why there is the break. The internal file is just a series of bytes, it does not know about the event header, so there will be no "error" if we have for example a missing event header but a voltage array. To be correct, the code should actually read for (n=0 ; n<5 ; n++) { // read event header i = fread(&eh, sizeof(eh), 1, f); if (i < sizeof(eh)) break; Hope this helps, Stefan  Abhishek Rajput wrote: Hello, I recently modified the binary to ROOT convertor written by Stefan (https://midas.psi.ch/elogs/DRS4+Forum/361) so it can decode data taken with any channel or set of channels on the DRS4. In the process of testing this modifed version for data taken on all 4 channels, I encountered problems with decoding some of the event data. More specifically, upon hitting a certain event in some channel, the histograms for that channel would no longer be filled and the histograms for subsequent channels would not be filled with any event at all. After considerable bug hunting, I discovered the source of this problem was due to the break statement in the following code extract from the ROOT to binary macro:  for (n=0 ; n<5 ; n++) { // read event header i = fread(&eh, sizeof(eh), 1, f); if (i < 1) break; For some events apparently, the event header fails to be read properly (fread line returns 0 in this case). Moreover, when I used the feof and ferror functions on a particular file I was testing, the feof function returned a value of 1. So my questions deal with two scenarios. Firstly, in the event of an fread error, is a break statement is necessary? Is it not possible to skip the voltage data for those events whose event header fails to be read properly? Or is it the case that when some "corrupted" event header is encountered, all waveform data subsequent to that event is likewise corrupted? If the former is the case, is it advisable to replace the break condition with an fseek line that advances the position indicator of the stream by an additional 2052*n_channels + 32 bytes (in accordance with the binary file specifications of page 25 on the DRS4 manual) so that the next set of voltage data can be read? Secondly, in the case of an end of file error, does there exist any possible solution? Or is such an error an indication of a faulty drs4 channel or corrupted binary file? Any help with the aforementioned issues would be greatly appreciated. Abhishek 561 Thu Nov 10 20:54:45 2016 Christian FarinaMissing Header Hi Stefan, I have already read the paper. I was just unsure where the calibration code was located. Thank you so much for all your help. Christian Stefan Ritt wrote: Best is to read this paper: https://arxiv.org/abs/1405.4975 The source code for that is in DRS.cpp in the DRS software distribution in the function DRSBoard::CalibrateTiming() Stefan Christian Farina wrote: Thank you Stefan, that was just what I needed. Also, I have another question, if I am allowed to ask on this forum. I am trying to study how the time calibration of the DRS is done. Can you point me to the script in which this is done? Thank you, Christian Stefan Ritt wrote: The web page from where you downloaded the software contains a sentence "requires libusb-1.0 package". Please install it. This package brings the "usb.h" header file. Stefan  Christian Farina wrote: Hello everybody, I am completely new to this, so please bear with me. I am trying to install the applications on my laptop. I downloaded and untar-ed the drivers and applications for Linux as described in the evaluation board manual. However, when I do the make, I get the following error: drs-4.0.0 make g++ -g -O2 -Wall -Wuninitialized -fno-strict-aliasing -Iinclude -DOS_LINUX -DHAVE_LIBUSB -DUSE_DRS_MUTEX -c src/musbstd.c In file included from src/musbstd.c:14:0: include/musbstd.h:17:17: fatal error: usb.h: No such file or directory  #include   Can anybody help me please? Thanks.

560   Thu Nov 10 19:24:52 2016 Abhishek RajputBreak Statements in DRS4 Binary to ROOT Macro

Hello,

I am wondering why the code should be changed to i < sizeof(eh), since doesn't fread(&eh,sizeof(eh),1,f) return 1 in this scenario? I've confirmed with a cout statement that this is the case, so this break condition will therefore always trigger as sizeof(eh) is 32 bytes.

Either way, I believe I figured out my problem. In my revised version of your code, I had two nested loops, the outer one being a loop over the channels and the inner one being a loop over the events. However, I really should have been doing the reverse considering the binary structure of the file.  Otherwise, the end of the file will be reached for only a single iteration of the channel loop if I choose to loop through all the events in the data file.

Once I modified the code to have the outer loop be over all the events and the inner one be over all the channels, I no longer suffered from breaks in the loops.

Abhishek

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Hi,

fread() returns the number of bytes read and zero (I believe) if there is an end of file. So this break statement is a simple end-of-file test. There might be other erros such as hard disk failures, but these are extremely rare.

If course the file should not end in the middle of an event header. If it does, it means the file is corrupted and truncated, and we should not continue to read that file, that's why there is the break. The internal file is just a series of bytes, it does not know about the event header, so there will be no "error" if we have for example a missing event header but a voltage array. To be correct, the code should actually read

for (n=0 ; n<5 ; n++) {
i = fread(&eh, sizeof(eh), 1, f);
if (i < sizeof(eh))
break;

Hope this helps,

Stefan

 Abhishek Rajput wrote: Hello, I recently modified the binary to ROOT convertor written by Stefan (https://midas.psi.ch/elogs/DRS4+Forum/361) so it can decode data taken with any channel or set of channels  on the DRS4. In the process of testing this modifed version for data taken on all 4 channels, I encountered problems with decoding some of the event data. More specifically, upon hitting a certain event in some channel, the histograms for that channel would no longer be filled and the histograms for subsequent channels would not be filled with any event at all.  After considerable bug hunting, I discovered the source of this problem was due to the break statement in the following code extract from the ROOT to binary macro:  for (n=0 ; n<5 ; n++) { // read event header i = fread(&eh, sizeof(eh), 1, f); if (i < 1) break; For some events apparently, the event header fails to be read properly (fread line returns 0 in this case). Moreover, when I used the feof and ferror functions on a particular file I was testing, the feof function returned a value of 1. So my questions deal with two scenarios. Firstly, in the event of an fread error, is a break statement is necessary? Is it not possible to skip the voltage data for those events whose event header fails to be read properly? Or is it the case that when some "corrupted" event header is encountered, all waveform data subsequent to that event is likewise corrupted? If the former is the case, is it advisable to replace the break condition with an fseek line that advances the position indicator of the stream by an additional 2052*n_channels + 32 bytes (in accordance with the binary file specifications of page 25 on the DRS4 manual) so that the next set of voltage data can be read?  Secondly, in the case of an end of file error, does there exist any possible solution? Or is such an error an indication of a faulty drs4 channel or corrupted binary file?  Any help with the aforementioned issues would be greatly appreciated.   Abhishek

558   Thu Nov 10 09:56:04 2016 Stefan RittBreak Statements in DRS4 Binary to ROOT Macro

Hi,

fread() returns the number of bytes read and zero (I believe) if there is an end of file. So this break statement is a simple end-of-file test. There might be other erros such as hard disk failures, but these are extremely rare.

If course the file should not end in the middle of an event header. If it does, it means the file is corrupted and truncated, and we should not continue to read that file, that's why there is the break. The internal file is just a series of bytes, it does not know about the event header, so there will be no "error" if we have for example a missing event header but a voltage array. To be correct, the code should actually read

for (n=0 ; n<5 ; n++) {
i = fread(&eh, sizeof(eh), 1, f);
if (i < sizeof(eh))
break;

Hope this helps,

Stefan

 Abhishek Rajput wrote: Hello, I recently modified the binary to ROOT convertor written by Stefan (https://midas.psi.ch/elogs/DRS4+Forum/361) so it can decode data taken with any channel or set of channels  on the DRS4. In the process of testing this modifed version for data taken on all 4 channels, I encountered problems with decoding some of the event data. More specifically, upon hitting a certain event in some channel, the histograms for that channel would no longer be filled and the histograms for subsequent channels would not be filled with any event at all.  After considerable bug hunting, I discovered the source of this problem was due to the break statement in the following code extract from the ROOT to binary macro:  for (n=0 ; n<5 ; n++) { // read event header i = fread(&eh, sizeof(eh), 1, f); if (i < 1) break; For some events apparently, the event header fails to be read properly (fread line returns 0 in this case). Moreover, when I used the feof and ferror functions on a particular file I was testing, the feof function returned a value of 1. So my questions deal with two scenarios. Firstly, in the event of an fread error, is a break statement is necessary? Is it not possible to skip the voltage data for those events whose event header fails to be read properly? Or is it the case that when some "corrupted" event header is encountered, all waveform data subsequent to that event is likewise corrupted? If the former is the case, is it advisable to replace the break condition with an fseek line that advances the position indicator of the stream by an additional 2052*n_channels + 32 bytes (in accordance with the binary file specifications of page 25 on the DRS4 manual) so that the next set of voltage data can be read?  Secondly, in the case of an end of file error, does there exist any possible solution? Or is such an error an indication of a faulty drs4 channel or corrupted binary file?  Any help with the aforementioned issues would be greatly appreciated.   Abhishek

557   Thu Nov 10 04:41:24 2016 Abhishek RajputBreak Statements in DRS4 Binary to ROOT Macro

Hello,

I recently modified the binary to ROOT convertor written by Stefan (https://midas.psi.ch/elogs/DRS4+Forum/361) so it can decode data taken with any channel or set of channels  on the DRS4. In the process of testing this modifed version for data taken on all 4 channels, I encountered problems with decoding some of the event data. More specifically, upon hitting a certain event in some channel, the histograms for that channel would no longer be filled and the histograms for subsequent channels would not be filled with any event at all.

After considerable bug hunting, I discovered the source of this problem was due to the break statement in the following code extract from the ROOT to binary macro:

 for (n=0 ; n<5 ; n++) {
i = fread(&eh, sizeof(eh), 1, f);
if (i < 1)
break;

For some events apparently, the event header fails to be read properly (fread line returns 0 in this case). Moreover, when I used the feof and ferror functions on a particular file I was testing, the feof function returned a value of 1.

So my questions deal with two scenarios.

Firstly, in the event of an fread error, is a break statement is necessary? Is it not possible to skip the voltage data for those events whose event header fails to be read properly? Or is it the case that when some "corrupted" event header is encountered, all waveform data subsequent to that event is likewise corrupted? If the former is the case, is it advisable to replace the break condition with an fseek line that advances the position indicator of the stream by an additional 2052*n_channels + 32 bytes (in accordance with the binary file specifications of page 25 on the DRS4 manual) so that the next set of voltage data can be read?

Secondly, in the case of an end of file error, does there exist any possible solution? Or is such an error an indication of a faulty drs4 channel or corrupted binary file?

Any help with the aforementioned issues would be greatly appreciated.

Abhishek

556   Wed Nov 9 19:49:07 2016 Stefan RittMissing Header

Best is to read this paper: https://arxiv.org/abs/1405.4975

The source code for that is in DRS.cpp in the DRS software distribution in the function DRSBoard::CalibrateTiming()

Stefan

Christian Farina wrote:

Thank you Stefan, that was just what I needed.

Also, I have another question, if I am allowed to ask on this forum. I am trying to study how the time calibration of the DRS is done. Can you point me to the script in which this is done?

Thank you,

Christian

Stefan Ritt wrote:

The web page from where you downloaded the software contains a sentence "requires libusb-1.0 package". Please install it. This package brings the "usb.h" header file.

Stefan

 Christian Farina wrote: Hello everybody, I am completely new to this, so please bear with me. I am trying to install the applications on my laptop. I downloaded and untar-ed the drivers and applications for Linux as described in the evaluation board manual. However, when I do the make, I get the following error:   drs-4.0.0$make g++ -g -O2 -Wall -Wuninitialized -fno-strict-aliasing -Iinclude -DOS_LINUX -DHAVE_LIBUSB -DUSE_DRS_MUTEX -c src/musbstd.c In file included from src/musbstd.c:14:0: include/musbstd.h:17:17: fatal error: usb.h: No such file or directory #include Can anybody help me please? Thanks. 555 Wed Nov 9 17:19:48 2016 Christian FarinaMissing Header Thank you Stefan, that was just what I needed. Also, I have another question, if I am allowed to ask on this forum. I am trying to study how the time calibration of the DRS is done. Can you point me to the script in which this is done? Thank you, Christian Stefan Ritt wrote: The web page from where you downloaded the software contains a sentence "requires libusb-1.0 package". Please install it. This package brings the "usb.h" header file. Stefan  Christian Farina wrote: Hello everybody, I am completely new to this, so please bear with me. I am trying to install the applications on my laptop. I downloaded and untar-ed the drivers and applications for Linux as described in the evaluation board manual. However, when I do the make, I get the following error: drs-4.0.0$ make g++ -g -O2 -Wall -Wuninitialized -fno-strict-aliasing -Iinclude -DOS_LINUX -DHAVE_LIBUSB -DUSE_DRS_MUTEX -c src/musbstd.c In file included from src/musbstd.c:14:0: include/musbstd.h:17:17: fatal error: usb.h: No such file or directory  #include   Can anybody help me please? Thanks.

554   Tue Nov 8 10:20:52 2016 Stefan RittMissing Header

The web page from where you downloaded the software contains a sentence "requires libusb-1.0 package". Please install it. This package brings the "usb.h" header file.

Stefan

 Christian Farina wrote: Hello everybody, I am completely new to this, so please bear with me. I am trying to install the applications on my laptop. I downloaded and untar-ed the drivers and applications for Linux as described in the evaluation board manual. However, when I do the make, I get the following error:   drs-4.0.0$make g++ -g -O2 -Wall -Wuninitialized -fno-strict-aliasing -Iinclude -DOS_LINUX -DHAVE_LIBUSB -DUSE_DRS_MUTEX -c src/musbstd.c In file included from src/musbstd.c:14:0: include/musbstd.h:17:17: fatal error: usb.h: No such file or directory #include Can anybody help me please? Thanks. 553 Fri Nov 4 17:41:03 2016 Christian FarinaMissing Header Hello everybody, I am completely new to this, so please bear with me. I am trying to install the applications on my laptop. I downloaded and untar-ed the drivers and applications for Linux as described in the evaluation board manual. However, when I do the make, I get the following error: drs-4.0.0$ make
g++ -g -O2 -Wall -Wuninitialized -fno-strict-aliasing -Iinclude -DOS_LINUX -DHAVE_LIBUSB -DUSE_DRS_MUTEX -c src/musbstd.c
In file included from src/musbstd.c:14:0:
include/musbstd.h:17:17: fatal error: usb.h: No such file or directory
#include <usb.h>

Thanks.

552   Fri Oct 28 15:51:59 2016 Stefan RittProblems with DRS command line
No, I absolutely have no idea. Both DRSOsc and drscl use exaclty the same code to access USB.

Stefan

 Simon Mendisch wrote: that means, I am the second one experiencing this problem. To be more specific, the "No DRS Board found" problem is only present at one machine running Win7x64. DRSOsc, of course not running simultaneously works just fine. Only drscl shows this behavior. Upgrading to a newer software version or a re-installation of the old one didn't solve the issue. On other Win7x64 machines everything works fine, so I am pretty sure the problem is on this specific machine. Do you have any idea what could be the cause of this behavior?
551   Fri Oct 28 15:02:18 2016 Simon MendischProblems with DRS command line

 Stefan Ritt wrote: You are the first one describing this problem (out of ~200 people), so I guess the problem must be on your side. Have you made sure to start the DRS oscilloscope and the Command Line Interface not at the same time? Only one program can access the board at a given time. Have you tried disconnecting and re-connecting the board? Stefan

Hello,

that means, I am the second one experiencing this problem. To be more specific, the "No DRS Board found" problem is only present at one machine running Win7x64.
DRSOsc, of course not running simultaneously works just fine. Only drscl shows this behavior. Upgrading to a newer software version or a re-installation of the old one didn't solve the issue.
On other Win7x64 machines everything works fine, so I am pretty sure the problem is on this specific machine. Do you have any idea what could be the cause of this behavior?

Best Regards,

Simon
550   Thu Oct 27 08:29:26 2016 Stefan RittProblems with DRS command line

 Alexey Lubinets wrote: Hello, everybody I have installed the software for the DRS4 Evaluation Board. When I run the DRS Oscilloscope, it works OK (at least, my computer "knows", that the board is connected). But when I run the DRS Command Line Interface, it writes "USB successfully scanned, but no boards found No DRS boards found". How can I manage with this problem? The drivers for the DRS Evaluation Board are installed. Regards, Alexey Lubinets

You are the first one describing this problem (out of ~200 people), so I guess the problem must be on your side. Have you made sure to start the DRS oscilloscope and the Command Line Interface not at the same time? Only one program can access the board at a given time. Have you tried disconnecting and re-connecting the board?

Stefan
549   Wed Oct 26 21:15:35 2016 Alexey LubinetsProblems with DRS command line
Hello, everybody

I have installed the software for the DRS4 Evaluation Board.
When I run the DRS Oscilloscope, it works OK (at least, my computer "knows", that the board is connected). But when I run the DRS Command Line Interface, it writes "USB successfully scanned, but no boards found
No DRS boards found".
How can I manage with this problem? The drivers for the DRS Evaluation Board are installed.

Regards, Alexey Lubinets
548   Tue Oct 11 22:11:26 2016 Stefan Ritttime difference between 2 channels only ~30-35ps @ 5GSmples/s

Thank you very much! I will check it tomorrow!

-d

Concerning the offset, it looks to me like you moved the offset slider slider of channel 1 to a non-zero position. You see that from the marker at the very left side of the screen, where the yellow marker is at a different position as the others. Hint: a right-click on that slider sets it to zero. The little streak could be some kind of external noise.

 Danny Petschke wrote: Hello Stefan, thanks for the paper. That makes sense. I thought about sth. like that but wasnt sure. Couldn´t check higher frequencies (limit of my function generator). What do think about the other picture I attached yesterday where Chn1 shows a totally different offset than Chn2-4. Moreover Chn4 shows some streaks (red circle) ? Best regards Danny

547   Tue Oct 11 09:20:04 2016 Stefan Ritttime difference between 2 channels only ~30-35ps @ 5GSmples/s

Concerning the offset, it looks to me like you moved the offset slider slider of channel 1 to a non-zero position. You see that from the marker at the very left side of the screen, where the yellow marker is at a different position as the others. Hint: a right-click on that slider sets it to zero. The little streak could be some kind of external noise.

 Danny Petschke wrote: Hello Stefan, thanks for the paper. That makes sense. I thought about sth. like that but wasnt sure. Couldn´t check higher frequencies (limit of my function generator). What do think about the other picture I attached yesterday where Chn1 shows a totally different offset than Chn2-4. Moreover Chn4 shows some streaks (red circle) ? Best regards Danny

546   Tue Oct 11 09:04:33 2016 Danny Petschketime difference between 2 channels only ~30-35ps @ 5GSmples/s

Hello Stefan,

thanks for the paper. That makes sense. I thought about sth. like that but wasnt sure. Couldn´t check higher frequencies (limit of my function generator).

What do think about the other picture I attached yesterday where Chn1 shows a totally different offset than Chn2-4. Moreover Chn4 shows some streaks (red circle) ?

Best regards

Danny

 Stefan Ritt wrote: Ok, I got it. The timing resolution is affected by the signal-to-noise ratio over the rise-time of your signal. You find the full formula herer: https://arxiv.org/abs/1405.4975 Your sine wave input signal has a slow rise time, and therefore limits the time resolution. I reproduced your measurement with a 20 MHz sine wave and got the same result:   If I increase the frequency to 100 MHz and increase the amplitude, I get a better resolution:   This is 5 ps which is better than 37 ps, but still not 2.5 ps. This can only be reached by sending single pulses to the evaluation board which have a rise time of > 300 mV / ns, which can be seen here:   It is important to understand the relation timing - resolution vs. rise time / noise as explained in the quoted paper. If you have tiny pulses from your detector, you never will be able to measure excellent timing. This is physics, and not related to the specific electronics you are using. Best regards, Stefan

545   Mon Oct 10 12:03:27 2016 Stefan Ritttime difference between 2 channels only ~30-35ps @ 5GSmples/s

Ok, I got it. The timing resolution is affected by the signal-to-noise ratio over the rise-time of your signal. You find the full formula herer:

https://arxiv.org/abs/1405.4975

Your sine wave input signal has a slow rise time, and therefore limits the time resolution. I reproduced your measurement with a 20 MHz sine wave and got the same result:

If I increase the frequency to 100 MHz and increase the amplitude, I get a better resolution:

This is 5 ps which is better than 37 ps, but still not 2.5 ps. This can only be reached by sending single pulses to the evaluation board which have a rise time of > 300 mV / ns, which can be seen here:

It is important to understand the relation timing - resolution vs. rise time / noise as explained in the quoted paper. If you have tiny pulses from your detector, you never will be able to measure excellent timing. This is physics, and not related to the specific electronics you are using.

Best regards,
Stefan

544   Mon Oct 10 11:30:37 2016 Danny Petschketime difference between 2 channels only ~30-35ps @ 5GSmples/s

Hello Stefan,

Chn2 & Chn3 were used for delay-determination as you can see on the second picture.

The second picture shows all 4 Channels without any voltage input.

On Channel 4 streaks (red circle) occur often and Channel 1 has totally different Offset (Picture 1).

Thanks

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Can you post a screenshot of your measurement?

Stefan

 Danny Petschke wrote: (Board Type:9, DRS4) Hello, I´m trying to reach the timig resolution of about 2.5ps as written in the manual.  My settings are: 5GSamples/s +/-0.5V I followed the instructions of the manual. The chip was warm and ran about 10h. Then, Timing- followed by Voltage-Calibration. The test-signal is a splittet sine-wave of 20MHz (function-generator) brought on A0 and A1 (A1 signal is delayed by 1ns-cable). I´ve been testing different trigger-logic: (Chn1 AND Chn2), (Chn1 OR Chn2) and only Chn1 or Chn2.  Trigger-levels were changed too. All setups show the same result of 1.009ns +/- 30-35ns (results from the DRS-Oscilloscope). What is wrong from my side?  Thanks a lot for your help

Attachment 1: allChannels_zero_scaled.png
Attachment 2: Chn2_Chn3_1ns_delay_scaled.png
543   Sun Oct 9 11:39:18 2016 Stefan Ritttime difference between 2 channels only ~30-35ps @ 5GSmples/s

Can you post a screenshot of your measurement?

Stefan

 Danny Petschke wrote: (Board Type:9, DRS4) Hello, I´m trying to reach the timig resolution of about 2.5ps as written in the manual.  My settings are: 5GSamples/s +/-0.5V I followed the instructions of the manual. The chip was warm and ran about 10h. Then, Timing- followed by Voltage-Calibration. The test-signal is a splittet sine-wave of 20MHz (function-generator) brought on A0 and A1 (A1 signal is delayed by 1ns-cable). I´ve been testing different trigger-logic: (Chn1 AND Chn2), (Chn1 OR Chn2) and only Chn1 or Chn2.  Trigger-levels were changed too. All setups show the same result of 1.009ns +/- 30-35ns (results from the DRS-Oscilloscope). What is wrong from my side?  Thanks a lot for your help

542   Sun Oct 9 10:43:35 2016 Danny Petschketime difference between 2 channels only ~30-35ps @ 5GSmples/s

(Board Type:9, DRS4)

Hello,

I´m trying to reach the timig resolution of about 2.5ps as written in the manual.

My settings are:

5GSamples/s

+/-0.5V

I followed the instructions of the manual. The chip was warm and ran about 10h. Then, Timing- followed by Voltage-Calibration.

The test-signal is a splittet sine-wave of 20MHz (function-generator) brought on A0 and A1 (A1 signal is delayed by 1ns-cable).

I´ve been testing different trigger-logic: (Chn1 AND Chn2), (Chn1 OR Chn2) and only Chn1 or Chn2.

Trigger-levels were changed too.

All setups show the same result of 1.009ns +/- 30-35ns (results from the DRS-Oscilloscope).

What is wrong from my side?

Thanks a lot for your help

541   Thu Oct 6 15:23:18 2016 Will Flanagan

Hi Stefan,

That is exactly what I'm looking for. Thanks again!

Will

540   Thu Oct 6 11:18:05 2016 Stefan RittTimestamp for each DRS4 waveform

i = fread(&eh, sizeof(eh), 1, f);

The C structure eh now contains the full timestamp, and you can access it with

eh.year eh.month eh.day eh.hour eh.minute eh.second eh.millisecond

Cheers,
Stefan

 Will Flanagan wrote: Hi DRS4 Experts, I have been analyzing DRS4 binary data with scripts based on Stefan's (very helpful!) macro: https://midas.psi.ch/elogs/DRS4+Forum/361 I would now like to look at the stability of my waveforms over a long period of time. In order to do this, I would need a timestamp encoded with each waveform. Are there timestamps within default DRS4 binary data? If so, does anyone have sample code for extracting them? Best Regards, Will

539   Wed Oct 5 22:43:29 2016 Will FlanaganTimestamp for each DRS4 waveform

Hi DRS4 Experts,

I have been analyzing DRS4 binary data with scripts based on Stefan's (very helpful!) macro:

https://midas.psi.ch/elogs/DRS4+Forum/361

I would now like to look at the stability of my waveforms over a long period of time. In order to do this, I would need a timestamp encoded with each waveform. Are there timestamps within default DRS4 binary data? If so, does anyone have sample code for extracting them?

Best Regards,

Will

538   Fri Sep 30 17:03:38 2016 Stefan RittOutput Timing Drifting

Hi Jacob,

you are missing the timing calibration. Each sampling cell has not the same width. Running at 5 GSPS, cell widths scatter from 150 ps to 250 ps. If you integrate these widhts, you get a time scale which can be off by a few ns between chips, something you see in your plot. Here is a paper which explains in detail how to do a timing calibration: https://arxiv.org/abs/1405.4975

Cheers,
Stefan

 Jacob Hwang wrote: Hello, I have designed four DRS4 chips (36 channels) on my board running at 1GHz (REFCLK=488.28KHz) and ROI mode. All 4 chips' REFCLK, DWRITE, RSRLOAD, and SRCLK are buffer driven by the same source.  SRCLK is set to 40MHz to reduce the readout time. If I injected a sine waveform, buffered and splitted into all 36 channels,I noticed all 9 channels on each DRS4 chip output almost the same as expected.  But the output phase from chip to chip is drifting as shown in attached picture which is from two different channels of different chips.  From the few boards I have built, I found few chips are drifting more than the others and is different on every board. The sympton look like the DRS4 internal PLL is drifting, but I checked the DTAP output on every chip and found it's dead-lock steady even I used persistance setting on my oscilloscope.  Do you have any suggestion how to attack this problem?  Thank you. Jacob Hwang

537   Thu Sep 29 17:26:13 2016 Jacob HwangOutput Timing Drifting

Hello,

I have designed four DRS4 chips (36 channels) on my board running at 1GHz (REFCLK=488.28KHz) and ROI mode. All 4 chips' REFCLK, DWRITE, RSRLOAD, and SRCLK are buffer driven by the same source.  SRCLK is set to 40MHz to reduce the readout time.

If I injected a sine waveform, buffered and splitted into all 36 channels,I noticed all 9 channels on each DRS4 chip output almost the same as expected.  But the output phase from chip to chip is drifting as shown in attached picture which is from two different channels of different chips.  From the few boards I have built, I found few chips are drifting more than the others and is different on every board.

The sympton look like the DRS4 internal PLL is drifting, but I checked the DTAP output on every chip and found it's dead-lock steady even I used persistance setting on my oscilloscope.  Do you have any suggestion how to attack this problem?  Thank you.

Jacob Hwang

Attachment 1: Output_Drifting.jpg
536   Mon Aug 29 12:51:48 2016 Stefan Rittincrement write config register on the fly?

The problem is when you change the write config register from 11111111 to 01111111, or from 00001111 to 00000111, then the last 256 sampels of the previous channel (in the first case #0, in the scond #4) would be overwritten as soon as dwrite =1 again. So you loose 1/4 ef each channel.

Concerning the readout, indeed you can keep track in the FPGA, but only with a certainty of a few cells. This gives some timing inacccuracy of maybe 10-20 ns, which certainly would be disturbing you.

benjamin legeyt wrote:

If I may trouble you for a little more information, the critical point then is that there should not be any zeroes in the write config register while the sampling is active?  In case it was unclear I would only be reading out once sampling was stopped (dwrite = 0).

As for the readout, I know that I would have to read out all 1024 samples each time, and keep track of where each channel stopped in the FPGA.  I would never know the exact cell where sampling stopped but I hoped that if I discard some number of cells on each side of the expected stopping point that I would be OK.

Thanks again

Stefan Ritt wrote:

The issue with "stopping at cell 767" would also affect this mode of operation. Furthermore, the DRS4 chip has only 10 bit register which records in which cell the event has occured, and where the readout must be started. If you record 8 separate events, you don't know where to start the readout.

The DRS5 chip will have all this possibilitied, but unfortunately it won't be ready before 2-3 years from now.

Stefan

 benjamin legeyt wrote: Hello, I have a question about using the write config register to enable/disable sampling on the fly.  I am looking to instrument an experiment at EPFL where multiple short events need to be captured during a 20us period followed by an 80us quiet period during which we could read out the chip.  Would it be possible to start an acquisition with all channels seeing the same signal and the write config register set to 111111111 and then shift a zero into the write config reg after each event is detected to freeze the channels in time one-by-one?  In this way we could measure up to 8 different events during the active period and then read them all out together during the quiet period.  I have read the posts about the simultaneous read-write mode and the issue with waveforms stopping at cell 767.  not knowing the exact details of what causes this issue I wonder if it would effect this sort of operation?  Also, I would like to know if dwrite must be de-asserted while the write config register is being updated or if it could be done while the sampling is active?  The latter would obviously be preferable as we would not incur any dead-time during the active period. Thanks in advance for the information, Benjamin LeGeyt

535   Mon Aug 29 12:18:49 2016 benjamin legeytincrement write config register on the fly?

If I may trouble you for a little more information, the critical point then is that there should not be any zeroes in the write config register while the sampling is active?  In case it was unclear I would only be reading out once sampling was stopped (dwrite = 0).

As for the readout, I know that I would have to read out all 1024 samples each time, and keep track of where each channel stopped in the FPGA.  I would never know the exact cell where sampling stopped but I hoped that if I discard some number of cells on each side of the expected stopping point that I would be OK.

Thanks again

Stefan Ritt wrote:

The issue with "stopping at cell 767" would also affect this mode of operation. Furthermore, the DRS4 chip has only 10 bit register which records in which cell the event has occured, and where the readout must be started. If you record 8 separate events, you don't know where to start the readout.

The DRS5 chip will have all this possibilitied, but unfortunately it won't be ready before 2-3 years from now.

Stefan

 benjamin legeyt wrote: Hello, I have a question about using the write config register to enable/disable sampling on the fly.  I am looking to instrument an experiment at EPFL where multiple short events need to be captured during a 20us period followed by an 80us quiet period during which we could read out the chip.  Would it be possible to start an acquisition with all channels seeing the same signal and the write config register set to 111111111 and then shift a zero into the write config reg after each event is detected to freeze the channels in time one-by-one?  In this way we could measure up to 8 different events during the active period and then read them all out together during the quiet period.  I have read the posts about the simultaneous read-write mode and the issue with waveforms stopping at cell 767.  not knowing the exact details of what causes this issue I wonder if it would effect this sort of operation?  Also, I would like to know if dwrite must be de-asserted while the write config register is being updated or if it could be done while the sampling is active?  The latter would obviously be preferable as we would not incur any dead-time during the active period. Thanks in advance for the information, Benjamin LeGeyt

534   Mon Aug 29 10:57:33 2016 Stefan Rittincrement write config register on the fly?

The issue with "stopping at cell 767" would also affect this mode of operation. Furthermore, the DRS4 chip has only 10 bit register which records in which cell the event has occured, and where the readout must be started. If you record 8 separate events, you don't know where to start the readout.

The DRS5 chip will have all this possibilitied, but unfortunately it won't be ready before 2-3 years from now.

Stefan

 benjamin legeyt wrote: Hello, I have a question about using the write config register to enable/disable sampling on the fly.  I am looking to instrument an experiment at EPFL where multiple short events need to be captured during a 20us period followed by an 80us quiet period during which we could read out the chip.  Would it be possible to start an acquisition with all channels seeing the same signal and the write config register set to 111111111 and then shift a zero into the write config reg after each event is detected to freeze the channels in time one-by-one?  In this way we could measure up to 8 different events during the active period and then read them all out together during the quiet period.  I have read the posts about the simultaneous read-write mode and the issue with waveforms stopping at cell 767.  not knowing the exact details of what causes this issue I wonder if it would effect this sort of operation?  Also, I would like to know if dwrite must be de-asserted while the write config register is being updated or if it could be done while the sampling is active?  The latter would obviously be preferable as we would not incur any dead-time during the active period. Thanks in advance for the information, Benjamin LeGeyt

533   Mon Aug 29 09:36:34 2016 benjamin legeytincrement write config register on the fly?

Hello,

I have a question about using the write config register to enable/disable sampling on the fly.  I am looking to instrument an experiment at EPFL where multiple short events need to be captured during a 20us period followed by an 80us quiet period during which we could read out the chip.  Would it be possible to start an acquisition with all channels seeing the same signal and the write config register set to 111111111 and then shift a zero into the write config reg after each event is detected to freeze the channels in time one-by-one?  In this way we could measure up to 8 different events during the active period and then read them all out together during the quiet period.  I have read the posts about the simultaneous read-write mode and the issue with waveforms stopping at cell 767.  not knowing the exact details of what causes this issue I wonder if it would effect this sort of operation?  Also, I would like to know if dwrite must be de-asserted while the write config register is being updated or if it could be done while the sampling is active?  The latter would obviously be preferable as we would not incur any dead-time during the active period.

Thanks in advance for the information,

Benjamin LeGeyt

531   Wed Jun 29 09:10:01 2016 Stefan RittNegative input signals

Hello everybody,

I get often asked if the DRS4 evaluation board can accomodate negative input pulses going to -1V. This is unfortunately not possible, since the board is mainly for evaluation of the DRS4 chip and should not be seen as a complete oscilloscope with flexible input stage. So the maximum it can do is -0.5V to +0.5V or 0V to 1V. For -1V signals, one can use however a passive inverter like this one:

http://www.phillipsscientific.com/pdf/460ds.pdf

And for signals going furhter (-2V, -10V) one can use a passive attenuator like this one:

http://www.pomonaelectronics.com/pdf/d4108_K5513_101.pdf

Best regards,

Stefan

530   Wed Jun 15 14:49:00 2016 Stefan Rittproblems of DRS4

1. Simultaneous writing and reading is not possible with the DRS4 chip. The manual says differently on p. 14, but due to a bug in the chip waveforms get clipped at the end if one does that. We hopt to fix this problem in a future version of the chip.

2. You can cascade 2,4 or 8 channels. If you cascade 8 channels and run at 1 GSPS, you digitize a window of 8 us. If you have 16 signals, you then need 16 chips.

/Stefan

 Michael wrote: Hi I want to use DRS4 to digitize 16 channels of signals. The width of signal is about 20 ns, with frequency of 50Hz. The time differences between these 16 signals are not constant, arranging from 3us to 0. I am confused about this in some aspects. Can I use SIMULTANEOUS WRITINT AND READING to realize this? I saw the VHDL program, and if I understand it correctly, it did not work at this state. Or sampling at 1GSPS, using CASCADING OF CHANNELS, I can sample signal at most 4us or 8us, then digitizing all signals of one chip. Have you tested 4 or more channels cascading before? Besides, any advice will be helpful! Thank you.

Draft   Sun Jun 12 08:49:54 2016 Michaelproblems of DRS4

Hi

I want to use DRS4 to digitize 16 channels of signals. The width of signal is about 20 ns, with frequency of 50Hz. The time differences between these 16 signals are not constant, arranging from 3us to 0. I am confused about this in some aspects.

1. Can I use SIMULTANEOUS WRITINT AND READING to realize this? I saw the VHDL program, and if I understand it correctly, it did not work at this state.
2. Or sampling at 1GSPS, using CASCADING OF CHANNELS, I can sample signal at most 4us or 8us, then digitizing all signals of one chip. Have you tested 4 or more channels cascading before?

Thank you.

528   Sun Jun 12 08:45:52 2016 Michaelproblems of DRS4

Hi

I want to use DRS4 to digitize 16 channels of signals. The width of signal is about 20 ns, with frequency of 50Hz. The time differences between these 16 signals are not constant, arranging from 3us to 0. I am confused about this in some aspects.

1. Can I use SIMULTANEOUS WRITINT AND READING to realize this? I saw the VHDL program, and if I understand it correctly, it did not work at this state.
2. Or sampling at 1GSPS, using CASCADING OF CHANNELS, I can sample signal at most 4us or 8us, then digitizing all signals of one chip. Have you tested 4 or more channels cascading before?

Thank you.

527   Wed Jun 1 23:16:01 2016 Stefan Rittproblems when stop cell >= 767 ??

I cannot confirm the story with the "stop capacitor > 767". It can be seen from your plots that the distribution of stop cells are even, no holes or bins with double height.

There is an issue with cell 767, but this is when one tries to do simultaneous reading/writing to the chip. This does not really work as writen in the data sheet. Waveforms sometimgs get cut off at cell 767. But the stop cell is always correct, otherwise one could not calibrate the data. If you use the evaluation board for example, which is perfectly calibrated, and introduce an "artifical" shift like

if stop cell > 767 then
stop cell = stop cell + 1

then you would see that the voltage calibration would become wrong and very noisy.

Stefan

 Dominik Neise wrote: Hello Stefan, some colleages told me a story, I was neither able to confirm nor find anything in the datsheet about. According to them: For some internal reason of the DRS4, if the “stop capacitor” of the DRS4 is >= 767, the true stop channel is one before the stop channel read from the DRS4. In other words, the stop channel which returns the DRS4 shifts after sampling to the capacitor ID 766. Can you confirm that, or even say a few words about that matter? I wanted to confirm this by plotting the stop cell distribution for random triggered data, taken with one of the FACT boards. I assumed (possibly misunderstanding the matter), that this would lead to missing values in the area of stop cell 767, but cannot see any significant excess or lack of entries in that area.

526   Wed Jun 1 22:29:01 2016 Dominik Neiseproblems when stop cell >= 767 ??

Hello Stefan,

some colleages told me a story, I was neither able to confirm nor find anything in the datsheet about. According to them:

For some internal reason of the DRS4, if the “stop capacitor” of the DRS4 is >= 767, the true stop channel is one before the stop channel read from the DRS4. In other words, the stop channel which returns the DRS4 shifts after sampling to the capacitor ID 766.

Can you confirm that, or even say a few words about that matter?

I wanted to confirm this by plotting the stop cell distribution for random triggered data, taken with one of the FACT boards. I assumed (possibly misunderstanding the matter), that this would lead to missing values in the area of stop cell 767, but cannot see any significant excess or lack of entries in that area.

Attachment 1: stop_cell_distribution.png
525   Thu May 12 12:38:17 2016 Stefan RittDRS4 Macro to save events

Dear Maksat,

If your car does not run, and you call the car dealer and tell him "my car does not run", what will the car dealer ask you? Eh... ? Right ! He will ask "what are the symptoms, what did you try, what did and what did not work". Here it's the same. "was not able to get it work" is not a valid statement, since I have absolutely no idea what did not work and what you did try.

The official way is to follow the instruction in the evlauation board manual on section 2.4 - Installation under Linux. If that does not work, please be a bit more precise what errors you get.

Cheers,
Stefan

 Maksat wrote: Dear Stefan, I am trying to setup DRS inside radiation enclosure and would like to write a simple script that will automatically save certain number of events. Could you please point to me an example that can I use for Mac OS? I saw there is drs_exam.cpp in the directory but was not able to get work in Mac OS. Any help would be greatly appreciated. Thanks

Can you tell me (screendump) what is the problem on the web site https://www.psi.ch/drs/software-download ? It should redirect you to

I cannot send executables via email, that won't go though any spam filter.

Stefan

 Yu wrote: Hi  I can't download the software for windows on this website 'www.psi.ch/drs/software-download', there is some mistake when i click on download.   If convenient, can you send the software Version 5.0.5 for windows to me? My E-mail address is 'yuhaiyang421@163.com'. Thank you!   Best Regards Yu

Hi

If convenient, can you send the software Version 5.0.5 for windows to me? My E-mail address is 'yuhaiyang421@163.com'. Thank you!

Best Regards

Yu

522   Wed May 11 15:48:57 2016 SANDJONG Saturnin OrlyProbléme de Calibration de la DRS4

Bonjour, Je suis en stage dans un laboratoire ou on utilise pour echantillonnage des données, une cartes DRS4 5GSPS avec 1024 cell, mon probléme réside dans la partie Calibration en tension selon l'article "Novel Calibration Method for Switched Capacitor Arrays Enables Time Measurements with Sub-Picosecond Resolution".

En fait je ne comprends pas précisément ces 3 parties de la calibration en tension. Quelqu'un pourras t-il s'il vous plait m'expliquer assez clairement avec des exemples comment il faut s'y prendre?

Merci et bien Cordialement.

Attachment 1: piedestaux_per_time.jpg
521   Wed May 11 04:01:14 2016 MaksatDRS4 Macro to save events

Dear Stefan,

I am trying to setup DRS inside radiation enclosure and would like to write a simple script that will automatically save certain number of events.

Could you please point to me an example that can I use for Mac OS? I saw there is drs_exam.cpp in the directory but was not able to get work in Mac OS. Any help would be greatly appreciated.

Thanks

520   Mon May 2 14:31:28 2016 Dmitry Hitstwo DRS4 boards configuration with 2048 samples each

Hi Stefan

Any chance you have time to fix the software for multiboard configuration with 2048 samples each. I tried 5.0.5, but drsosc still shows only half of the waveform.

Dmitry

Stefan Ritt wrote:

The multi-board mode has never been tested with 2048 samples, so is very likely not to work. I don't know yet how much work this will be to fix, but I'm on a business trip the next three weeks and probably will only have time to look at it when I return.

Stefan

 Dmitry Hits wrote: Dear Stefan, I daisy-chained two boards (master sn#: 2514 - slave sn#: 2513) each with 2048 samples. However, when I use drsosc and put check mark in "configure multi-board daisy-chain" I see only 1024 samples. Namely, the first 1024 samples, the last part is missing. When I remove this check mark, I see all 2048 samples. Is there a simple software fix for this or is it a more involved firmware limitation?  Other parameters: software version: 5.0.4, firmware version 21305, configured for 0.7 GSPS, display at 500 ns/div Thank you, Dmitry Hits.

519   Thu Apr 28 15:47:53 2016 Stefan RittNew software version and binary format

A new software version 5.0.5 has been released today. This fixes a few bugs in multi-board configurations, and adds saving of the scaler values into XML and binary files. Please note that the binary file format has been changed for that. The new format is described in an updated manual (page 25), and reflected in a new read_binary.cpp program contained in the distribution.

/Stefan

518   Thu Apr 28 15:46:34 2016 Stefan RittBest settings for time measurements

The DRS4 chip has been designed to work best at high sampling speeds. At 700 MSPS, the chip is at it's limit and timing is very poorr (ns?). In order to get good timing, run it at least at 2 GSPS.

Stefan

 Abaz Kryemadhi wrote: I am studing some pulses that are about 200-300 ns wide and a rise time of few ns,    which settings would be best for coincidence time measurements? In some preliminary work I found for 700 MegaS the time measurement is better without time calibration (in -0.05 to 1V) rather than with time calibration in -0.5 to 0.5,  my pulses are about 60 mV.   Is it expected that always with time calibration time accuracy would be better or depends?    Also I use this code snippet to find time for channel 1 and the same idea for chan. 2. // find peak in channel 1 above threshold       for (i=0 ; i<1022 ; i++)          if (waveform[0][i] < threshold1 && waveform[0][i+1] >= threshold1) {             tt1 = (threshold1-waveform[0][i])/(waveform[0][i+1]-waveform[0][i])*(time[0][i+1]-time[0][i])+time[0][i];             break;          }   Thanks! Abaz

517   Wed Apr 27 20:04:12 2016 Abaz KryemadhiBest settings for time measurements

I am studing some pulses that are about 200-300 ns wide and a rise time of few ns,    which settings would be best for coincidence time measurements?

In some preliminary work I found for 700 MegaS the time measurement is better without time calibration (in -0.05 to 1V) rather than with time calibration in -0.5 to 0.5,  my pulses are about 60 mV.   Is it expected that always with time calibration time accuracy would be better or depends?

Also I use this code snippet to find time for channel 1 and the same idea for chan. 2.

// find peak in channel 1 above threshold
for (i=0 ; i<1022 ; i++)
if (waveform[0][i] < threshold1 && waveform[0][i+1] >= threshold1) {
tt1 = (threshold1-waveform[0][i])/(waveform[0][i+1]-waveform[0][i])*(time[0][i+1]-time[0][i])+time[0][i];
break;
}

Thanks!

Abaz

516   Wed Apr 27 09:51:37 2016 Toshihiro Nonakaserial number problem

The serial number has been fixed by using drscl. Thank you！

Stefan Ritt wrote:

If dis- and reconnecting the board does not help, there is the (small) chance that the serial number got erased in the board. You can re-set it with the "drscl" command line tool:

$drscl Found DRS4 board 0 on USB, serial #0, firmware revision 21305 B0> serial 2172  Toshihiro Nonaka wrote: Dear all, I'm using 3 DRS boards simultaneously and their serial numbers are 2169, 2170, 2172 respectively. Recently however, I obtain serial number "0" by DRSBoard::GetBoardSerialNumber() for #2172 board. Data taking can be done without any problems, but I'd like to know what is happening. Any advice？ Thank you. Toshihiro Nonaka 515 Wed Apr 27 09:04:01 2016 Stefan Rittserial number problem If dis- and reconnecting the board does not help, there is the (small) chance that the serial number got erased in the board. You can re-set it with the "drscl" command line tool:$ drscl
Found DRS4 board 0 on USB, serial #0, firmware revision 21305
B0> serial 2172

 Toshihiro Nonaka wrote: Dear all, I'm using 3 DRS boards simultaneously and their serial numbers are 2169, 2170, 2172 respectively. Recently however,  I obtain serial number "0" by DRSBoard::GetBoardSerialNumber() for #2172 board. Data taking can be done without any problems, but I'd like to know what is happening. Any advice？ Thank you. Toshihiro Nonaka

514   Wed Apr 27 08:14:14 2016 Toshihiro Nonakaserial number problem

Dear all,

I'm using 3 DRS boards simultaneously and their serial numbers are 2169, 2170, 2172 respectively.

Recently however,  I obtain serial number "0" by DRSBoard::GetBoardSerialNumber() for #2172 board.

Data taking can be done without any problems, but I'd like to know what is happening.

Thank you.

Toshihiro Nonaka

Attachment 1: serial.png
513   Tue Apr 26 13:42:42 2016 Stefan RittDRS4 purchase information

Just be patient. Anita is not at work this week.

 Konstantin Gusev wrote: Hi,  I can't contact with Anita Van Loon about DSR4 chip's price and delivery. Did you still sell it? Can you provide me this information?

512   Tue Apr 26 09:54:16 2016 Stefan RittNegative fCellDT values from GetTimeCalibration()

I just realized that the negative bin widht is not explicitly mentioned in the quoted paper. So let me explain it here:

The negative value of cell 498 is correct and "real" in the sense that the signal is first captured in cell 498 and later in cell 497. This is due to the exact layout of the cells on the chip and the input signal. Cell 498 is simply much closer to the input, so sees the signal earlier than cell 497, even if it's triggerd after cell 497. So nothing to worry about.

Stefan

Daniel Stricker-Shaver wrote:

Hi Kyle,

If I remember right the negative sampling width happens only for 498 and at high sampling speeds. It is described in a paper from Stefan:

http://arxiv.org/pdf/1405.4975.pdf

or

“Novel Calibration Method for Switched Capacitor Arrays Enables Time Measurements With Sub-Picosecond Resolution”( IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science 61 (2014),Nr. 6, 3607–3617)

 Kyle Weinfurther wrote: Hello Stefan, I am using four DRS4 v5 eval boards to digitize 16 channels of data. I have recently changed from saving the timing information of the waveform using GetTime() to GetTimeCalibration(). When changing over, I noticed that some values for fCellDT for cell 498 are negative. Over the 16 channels used, 4 of them have negative time bin widths for cell 498 while the other 12 channels are very close to 0 (in the ~10 ps range). One of the eval boards has no negative fCellDT whereas the other three boards have one or two channels with negative values. Upon further inspection, I checked the time between samples of GetTime() and found the same results in cell 498. After finding this, I did a timing calibration again with CalibrateTiming() even though in a different post on the discussion forum you said it was valid for a wide range of temperatures and a long time (years). This still allowed the negative fCellDT values to persist. Is this a common occurance? If so, is there a method to fix this issue? Is there a reason for cell 498 to have a small value for fCellDT? I searched the discussion forum and did not find anything relating to this issue. Attached are a couple waveform traces using GetTime() zoomed in on cell 498. Thanks, Kyle Weinfurther

511   Sat Apr 23 12:33:17 2016 Daniel Stricker-ShaverNegative fCellDT values from GetTimeCalibration()

Hi Kyle,

If I remember right the negative sampling width happens only for 498 and at high sampling speeds. It is described in a paper from Stefan:

http://arxiv.org/pdf/1405.4975.pdf

or

“Novel Calibration Method for Switched Capacitor Arrays Enables Time Measurements With Sub-Picosecond Resolution”( IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science 61 (2014),Nr. 6, 3607–3617)

 Kyle Weinfurther wrote: Hello Stefan, I am using four DRS4 v5 eval boards to digitize 16 channels of data. I have recently changed from saving the timing information of the waveform using GetTime() to GetTimeCalibration(). When changing over, I noticed that some values for fCellDT for cell 498 are negative. Over the 16 channels used, 4 of them have negative time bin widths for cell 498 while the other 12 channels are very close to 0 (in the ~10 ps range). One of the eval boards has no negative fCellDT whereas the other three boards have one or two channels with negative values. Upon further inspection, I checked the time between samples of GetTime() and found the same results in cell 498. After finding this, I did a timing calibration again with CalibrateTiming() even though in a different post on the discussion forum you said it was valid for a wide range of temperatures and a long time (years). This still allowed the negative fCellDT values to persist. Is this a common occurance? If so, is there a method to fix this issue? Is there a reason for cell 498 to have a small value for fCellDT? I searched the discussion forum and did not find anything relating to this issue. Attached are a couple waveform traces using GetTime() zoomed in on cell 498. Thanks, Kyle Weinfurther

509   Thu Apr 21 22:16:43 2016 Kyle WeinfurtherNegative fCellDT values from GetTimeCalibration()

Hello Stefan,

I am using four DRS4 v5 eval boards to digitize 16 channels of data. I have recently changed from saving the timing information of the waveform using GetTime() to GetTimeCalibration(). When changing over, I noticed that some values for fCellDT for cell 498 are negative. Over the 16 channels used, 4 of them have negative time bin widths for cell 498 while the other 12 channels are very close to 0 (in the ~10 ps range). One of the eval boards has no negative fCellDT whereas the other three boards have one or two channels with negative values.

Upon further inspection, I checked the time between samples of GetTime() and found the same results in cell 498. After finding this, I did a timing calibration again with CalibrateTiming() even though in a different post on the discussion forum you said it was valid for a wide range of temperatures and a long time (years). This still allowed the negative fCellDT values to persist.

Is this a common occurance? If so, is there a method to fix this issue? Is there a reason for cell 498 to have a small value for fCellDT? I searched the discussion forum and did not find anything relating to this issue.

Attached are a couple waveform traces using GetTime() zoomed in on cell 498.

Thanks,

Kyle Weinfurther

Attachment 1: ch5.png
Attachment 2: ch7.png
Attachment 3: ch9.png
508   Fri Apr 15 12:58:46 2016 Konstantin GusevDRS4 purchase information

Hi,

I can't contact with Anita Van Loon about DSR4 chip's price and delivery.

Did you still sell it? Can you provide me this information?

507   Wed Apr 6 09:46:10 2016 Daniel DribinDRS Oscilloscope freezing after a long run
Martin Petriska wrote:

Stefan Ritt wrote:

I tried this night to run the board at a 10 Hz rate with an external pulser, without writing, and it did not freeze after ~14 hours of running on Mac OSX. This night I will try again with writing.

Stefan

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Then it seems that there is some USB communication problem. I heard this also from other people, that the USB data transfer under Windows has sometimes problems. I develop and run the board under Mac OSX, and there the same software runs for days without problem. So I guess it's related to the underlying libusb lib which is used by the DRS oscilloscope, on which I have no influence. So the only advice I can give is to take shorter series of data. Anyhow the board is not considered a full DAQ system, just an "evaluation board" which means one can try the DRS4 chip and play with it. For serious business one should build own electronics with the chip. Anyhow we are currently developping an Ethernet board which allows much faster acquisition rates, so USB will be obsolete some day. Nevertheless I will try to reproduce your problem and see if I can do anything. At what trigger rate does it show up most prominently?

Stefan

Daniel Dribin wrote:

Dear Stefan Ritt,

Yes I use Windows 7, If the DRS Oscilloscope program stays on for a couple of hours without saving the data, the problem will occur. It seems it happens more often when there is data writing and when the rate of events is slow, about 100 events per second, at high rates it almost doesn't happen. Can it be temperature related?

Daniel

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Dear Daniel,

sorry my late reply, I'm pretty busy these days. The behavior you report has not been seen before, but I guess no one tried to take such long runs of data yet. Can you confirm that the problem also occurs without writing data to disk, or is it disk-related? I guess you use it under Windows 7, right?

Stefan

 Daniel Dribin wrote: Dear Stefan Ritt, I am using a DRS4 v5 to do timing measurements of Positron lifetime. I use the DRS Oscilloscope with triggering on 2 channels when I have a coincidence. Attached is a picture with all the setting that I use. When I use the DRS4 for a long measurements of 5 million events for a couple of hours, the DRS Oscilloscope stops showing any signal .After the first restart of the program I get a strange signal which is at the bottom of the scope range of voltage picture below(in the picture I changed the vertical positions of the channels for better viewing). Only after a couple of DRS Oscilloscope restarts and USB reconnections do I get the results again. I currently am using another DRS4 v5 and the same situation occurs again although with lower frequency. What can I do to solve this problem? thank you very much, Daniel

Hi I have also positron annihilation system based on DRS4v4 cards. Its running several weeks, sometimes months, without freezing in windows7 64bit system (Pentium Core Quad 2Ghz, 4GRam).  Problem was when widows was trying to install updates and restarted PC. In beginning I had some problem with memory leak in my application, but it was simple seen in task manager that application memory was rising and was need to find memory leak in application code. Now I remember card was sometimes freezing when room air conditioning with 2kW was starting and high electricity pulses were reason of USB problems, it helped to put air conditioner and PC in different power line input. Hope it help to solve zour problems.

Martin

I too have air conditioning in the room, not sure to which power line it is connected, but I'll try to check this aswell.

Thank you very much.

506   Wed Apr 6 09:43:52 2016 Daniel DribinDRS Oscilloscope freezing after a long run

At hight rates I worked with files of up to 20 GB so I don't think this is the problem.

I will try to run it under Ubuntu and see if i can recreate the problem.

Thank you very much for the quick responses and help.

 Stefan Ritt wrote: Even with writing for one night no problem (see below). Have you checked how big your data file is? I guess there is a limit under Windows of 2 GB. If that's the case, you have to write shorter files.

505   Wed Apr 6 09:01:28 2016 Martin PetriskaDRS Oscilloscope freezing after a long run

Stefan Ritt wrote:

I tried this night to run the board at a 10 Hz rate with an external pulser, without writing, and it did not freeze after ~14 hours of running on Mac OSX. This night I will try again with writing.

Stefan

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Then it seems that there is some USB communication problem. I heard this also from other people, that the USB data transfer under Windows has sometimes problems. I develop and run the board under Mac OSX, and there the same software runs for days without problem. So I guess it's related to the underlying libusb lib which is used by the DRS oscilloscope, on which I have no influence. So the only advice I can give is to take shorter series of data. Anyhow the board is not considered a full DAQ system, just an "evaluation board" which means one can try the DRS4 chip and play with it. For serious business one should build own electronics with the chip. Anyhow we are currently developping an Ethernet board which allows much faster acquisition rates, so USB will be obsolete some day. Nevertheless I will try to reproduce your problem and see if I can do anything. At what trigger rate does it show up most prominently?

Stefan

Daniel Dribin wrote:

Dear Stefan Ritt,

Yes I use Windows 7, If the DRS Oscilloscope program stays on for a couple of hours without saving the data, the problem will occur. It seems it happens more often when there is data writing and when the rate of events is slow, about 100 events per second, at high rates it almost doesn't happen. Can it be temperature related?

Daniel

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Dear Daniel,

sorry my late reply, I'm pretty busy these days. The behavior you report has not been seen before, but I guess no one tried to take such long runs of data yet. Can you confirm that the problem also occurs without writing data to disk, or is it disk-related? I guess you use it under Windows 7, right?

Stefan

 Daniel Dribin wrote: Dear Stefan Ritt, I am using a DRS4 v5 to do timing measurements of Positron lifetime. I use the DRS Oscilloscope with triggering on 2 channels when I have a coincidence. Attached is a picture with all the setting that I use. When I use the DRS4 for a long measurements of 5 million events for a couple of hours, the DRS Oscilloscope stops showing any signal .After the first restart of the program I get a strange signal which is at the bottom of the scope range of voltage picture below(in the picture I changed the vertical positions of the channels for better viewing). Only after a couple of DRS Oscilloscope restarts and USB reconnections do I get the results again. I currently am using another DRS4 v5 and the same situation occurs again although with lower frequency. What can I do to solve this problem? thank you very much, Daniel

Hi I have also positron annihilation system based on DRS4v4 cards. Its running several weeks, sometimes months, without freezing in windows7 64bit system (Pentium Core Quad 2Ghz, 4GRam).  Problem was when widows was trying to install updates and restarted PC. In beginning I had some problem with memory leak in my application, but it was simple seen in task manager that application memory was rising and was need to find memory leak in application code. Now I remember card was sometimes freezing when room air conditioning with 2kW was starting and high electricity pulses were reason of USB problems, it helped to put air conditioner and PC in different power line input. Hope it help to solve zour problems.

Martin

504   Wed Apr 6 08:41:08 2016 Stefan RittDRS Oscilloscope freezing after a long run

Even with writing for one night no problem (see below). Have you checked how big your data file is? I guess there is a limit under Windows of 2 GB. If that's the case, you have to write shorter files.

503   Tue Apr 5 16:08:59 2016 Stefan RittDRS Oscilloscope freezing after a long run

I tried this night to run the board at a 10 Hz rate with an external pulser, without writing, and it did not freeze after ~14 hours of running on Mac OSX. This night I will try again with writing.

Stefan

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Then it seems that there is some USB communication problem. I heard this also from other people, that the USB data transfer under Windows has sometimes problems. I develop and run the board under Mac OSX, and there the same software runs for days without problem. So I guess it's related to the underlying libusb lib which is used by the DRS oscilloscope, on which I have no influence. So the only advice I can give is to take shorter series of data. Anyhow the board is not considered a full DAQ system, just an "evaluation board" which means one can try the DRS4 chip and play with it. For serious business one should build own electronics with the chip. Anyhow we are currently developping an Ethernet board which allows much faster acquisition rates, so USB will be obsolete some day. Nevertheless I will try to reproduce your problem and see if I can do anything. At what trigger rate does it show up most prominently?

Stefan

Daniel Dribin wrote:

Dear Stefan Ritt,

Yes I use Windows 7, If the DRS Oscilloscope program stays on for a couple of hours without saving the data, the problem will occur. It seems it happens more often when there is data writing and when the rate of events is slow, about 100 events per second, at high rates it almost doesn't happen. Can it be temperature related?

Daniel

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Dear Daniel,

sorry my late reply, I'm pretty busy these days. The behavior you report has not been seen before, but I guess no one tried to take such long runs of data yet. Can you confirm that the problem also occurs without writing data to disk, or is it disk-related? I guess you use it under Windows 7, right?

Stefan

 Daniel Dribin wrote: Dear Stefan Ritt, I am using a DRS4 v5 to do timing measurements of Positron lifetime. I use the DRS Oscilloscope with triggering on 2 channels when I have a coincidence. Attached is a picture with all the setting that I use. When I use the DRS4 for a long measurements of 5 million events for a couple of hours, the DRS Oscilloscope stops showing any signal .After the first restart of the program I get a strange signal which is at the bottom of the scope range of voltage picture below(in the picture I changed the vertical positions of the channels for better viewing). Only after a couple of DRS Oscilloscope restarts and USB reconnections do I get the results again. I currently am using another DRS4 v5 and the same situation occurs again although with lower frequency. What can I do to solve this problem? thank you very much, Daniel

502   Mon Apr 4 12:08:15 2016 Stefan RittDRS Oscilloscope freezing after a long run

Then it seems that there is some USB communication problem. I heard this also from other people, that the USB data transfer under Windows has sometimes problems. I develop and run the board under Mac OSX, and there the same software runs for days without problem. So I guess it's related to the underlying libusb lib which is used by the DRS oscilloscope, on which I have no influence. So the only advice I can give is to take shorter series of data. Anyhow the board is not considered a full DAQ system, just an "evaluation board" which means one can try the DRS4 chip and play with it. For serious business one should build own electronics with the chip. Anyhow we are currently developping an Ethernet board which allows much faster acquisition rates, so USB will be obsolete some day. Nevertheless I will try to reproduce your problem and see if I can do anything. At what trigger rate does it show up most prominently?

Stefan

Daniel Dribin wrote:

Dear Stefan Ritt,

Yes I use Windows 7, If the DRS Oscilloscope program stays on for a couple of hours without saving the data, the problem will occur. It seems it happens more often when there is data writing and when the rate of events is slow, about 100 events per second, at high rates it almost doesn't happen. Can it be temperature related?

Daniel

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Dear Daniel,

sorry my late reply, I'm pretty busy these days. The behavior you report has not been seen before, but I guess no one tried to take such long runs of data yet. Can you confirm that the problem also occurs without writing data to disk, or is it disk-related? I guess you use it under Windows 7, right?

Stefan

 Daniel Dribin wrote: Dear Stefan Ritt, I am using a DRS4 v5 to do timing measurements of Positron lifetime. I use the DRS Oscilloscope with triggering on 2 channels when I have a coincidence. Attached is a picture with all the setting that I use. When I use the DRS4 for a long measurements of 5 million events for a couple of hours, the DRS Oscilloscope stops showing any signal .After the first restart of the program I get a strange signal which is at the bottom of the scope range of voltage picture below(in the picture I changed the vertical positions of the channels for better viewing). Only after a couple of DRS Oscilloscope restarts and USB reconnections do I get the results again. I currently am using another DRS4 v5 and the same situation occurs again although with lower frequency. What can I do to solve this problem? thank you very much, Daniel

501   Mon Apr 4 11:41:26 2016 Daniel DribinDRS Oscilloscope freezing after a long run

Dear Stefan Ritt,

Yes I use Windows 7, If the DRS Oscilloscope program stays on for a couple of hours without saving the data, the problem will occur. It seems it happens more often when there is data writing and when the rate of events is slow, about 100 events per second, at high rates it almost doesn't happen. Can it be temperature related?

Daniel

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Dear Daniel,

sorry my late reply, I'm pretty busy these days. The behavior you report has not been seen before, but I guess no one tried to take such long runs of data yet. Can you confirm that the problem also occurs without writing data to disk, or is it disk-related? I guess you use it under Windows 7, right?

Stefan

 Daniel Dribin wrote: Dear Stefan Ritt, I am using a DRS4 v5 to do timing measurements of Positron lifetime. I use the DRS Oscilloscope with triggering on 2 channels when I have a coincidence. Attached is a picture with all the setting that I use. When I use the DRS4 for a long measurements of 5 million events for a couple of hours, the DRS Oscilloscope stops showing any signal .After the first restart of the program I get a strange signal which is at the bottom of the scope range of voltage picture below(in the picture I changed the vertical positions of the channels for better viewing). Only after a couple of DRS Oscilloscope restarts and USB reconnections do I get the results again. I currently am using another DRS4 v5 and the same situation occurs again although with lower frequency. What can I do to solve this problem? thank you very much, Daniel

500   Mon Apr 4 11:31:34 2016 Stefan RittDRS Oscilloscope freezing after a long run

Dear Daniel,

sorry my late reply, I'm pretty busy these days. The behavior you report has not been seen before, but I guess no one tried to take such long runs of data yet. Can you confirm that the problem also occurs without writing data to disk, or is it disk-related? I guess you use it under Windows 7, right?

Stefan

 Daniel Dribin wrote: Dear Stefan Ritt, I am using a DRS4 v5 to do timing measurements of Positron lifetime. I use the DRS Oscilloscope with triggering on 2 channels when I have a coincidence. Attached is a picture with all the setting that I use. When I use the DRS4 for a long measurements of 5 million events for a couple of hours, the DRS Oscilloscope stops showing any signal .After the first restart of the program I get a strange signal which is at the bottom of the scope range of voltage picture below(in the picture I changed the vertical positions of the channels for better viewing). Only after a couple of DRS Oscilloscope restarts and USB reconnections do I get the results again. I currently am using another DRS4 v5 and the same situation occurs again although with lower frequency. What can I do to solve this problem? thank you very much, Daniel

499   Sun Apr 3 22:34:28 2016 Abaz KryemadhiTrigger on the And of a positive and negative signal

Thanks, great!

Chris Thompson wrote:

No there are no other components. I put a photo of the inverter with its cables SMA and one end, BNC at the other. You can see it is very small. I glued the inverter to a piece of thin plywood, and fixed the cables to it before attempting to solder them to the pads on the ferite bead support

Thanks again,   this is very useful,  just another question did you put any other passive elements in the circuit for inverting the signal or just simply swaped the transformer connections?

Chris Thompson wrote:

The coilcraft part number is: JA4220-ALB. Iordered two of them and they were sent as free samples. You might want to buy some slightly bigger ones. I found them so small it was very hard to solder the coax cable to the connectors. Since I got them, I managed to damage one as they are quite fragile! In the confirmation email I got there was some contact info which may be useful for you: "For help, contact Victoria Berner at 847-516-5551  vberner@coilcraft.com "  BTW every time I use this forum I'm told that my password is not valid. Each time I reset it according to the "Lost pasword preceedure. Then I can log on again. Its quite annoying.

Hi Chris,

I am looking at Sensl SiPMs as well,  can you send the part number from Coilcraft?

Thanks!

Abaz

Chris Thompson wrote:

I needed a fast pulse inverter in order to feed signals from the recent SensL SiPMs into a conventional CFD which only accepted negative signals. I got a very small ferite torridal transformer from Coilcraft and wired up to invert signals then inserted into in 50 ohm coax cable and it works fine. These things cost only a few cents each!

Thanks, that looks just fine.

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Ok, thanks!  do you know an easy in-line inverter like mini-circuit or digikey?    Can also redesign the detector I gues to produce positive signals, just it might be easier if there was a simple inverter if you are aware of? thanks Abaz

Stefan Ritt wrote:

No. You have to use an inverter for one of your signals.

Stefan

 Abaz Kryemadhi wrote: I would like to be able to trigger in this fashon:  channel 0 > 0.1 and. channel 1< -0.1,  because I have a positive and a negative signal.  Can DRS4 (5) Eval board do this kind of trigger? Thanks! Abaz

498   Sun Apr 3 22:10:19 2016 Chris ThompsonTrigger on the And of a positive and negative signal

No there are no other components. I put a photo of the inverter with its cables SMA and one end, BNC at the other. You can see it is very small. I glued the inverter to a piece of thin plywood, and fixed the cables to it before attempting to solder them to the pads on the ferite bead support

Thanks again,   this is very useful,  just another question did you put any other passive elements in the circuit for inverting the signal or just simply swaped the transformer connections?

Chris Thompson wrote:

The coilcraft part number is: JA4220-ALB. Iordered two of them and they were sent as free samples. You might want to buy some slightly bigger ones. I found them so small it was very hard to solder the coax cable to the connectors. Since I got them, I managed to damage one as they are quite fragile! In the confirmation email I got there was some contact info which may be useful for you: "For help, contact Victoria Berner at 847-516-5551  vberner@coilcraft.com "  BTW every time I use this forum I'm told that my password is not valid. Each time I reset it according to the "Lost pasword preceedure. Then I can log on again. Its quite annoying.

Hi Chris,

I am looking at Sensl SiPMs as well,  can you send the part number from Coilcraft?

Thanks!

Abaz

Chris Thompson wrote:

I needed a fast pulse inverter in order to feed signals from the recent SensL SiPMs into a conventional CFD which only accepted negative signals. I got a very small ferite torridal transformer from Coilcraft and wired up to invert signals then inserted into in 50 ohm coax cable and it works fine. These things cost only a few cents each!

Thanks, that looks just fine.

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Ok, thanks!  do you know an easy in-line inverter like mini-circuit or digikey?    Can also redesign the detector I gues to produce positive signals, just it might be easier if there was a simple inverter if you are aware of? thanks Abaz

Stefan Ritt wrote:

No. You have to use an inverter for one of your signals.

Stefan

 Abaz Kryemadhi wrote: I would like to be able to trigger in this fashon:  channel 0 > 0.1 and. channel 1< -0.1,  because I have a positive and a negative signal.  Can DRS4 (5) Eval board do this kind of trigger? Thanks! Abaz

Attachment 1: Pulse_inverter.jpg
497   Sat Apr 2 17:22:34 2016 Abaz KryemadhiTrigger on the And of a positive and negative signal

Thanks again,   this is very useful,  just another question did you put any other passive elements in the circuit for inverting the signal or just simply swaped the transformer connections?

Chris Thompson wrote:

The coilcraft part number is: JA4220-ALB. Iordered two of them and they were sent as free samples. You might want to buy some slightly bigger ones. I found them so small it was very hard to solder the coax cable to the connectors. Since I got them, I managed to damage one as they are quite fragile! In the confirmation email I got there was some contact info which may be useful for you: "For help, contact Victoria Berner at 847-516-5551  vberner@coilcraft.com "  BTW every time I use this forum I'm told that my password is not valid. Each time I reset it according to the "Lost pasword preceedure. Then I can log on again. Its quite annoying.

Hi Chris,

I am looking at Sensl SiPMs as well,  can you send the part number from Coilcraft?

Thanks!

Abaz

Chris Thompson wrote:

I needed a fast pulse inverter in order to feed signals from the recent SensL SiPMs into a conventional CFD which only accepted negative signals. I got a very small ferite torridal transformer from Coilcraft and wired up to invert signals then inserted into in 50 ohm coax cable and it works fine. These things cost only a few cents each!

Thanks, that looks just fine.

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Ok, thanks!  do you know an easy in-line inverter like mini-circuit or digikey?    Can also redesign the detector I gues to produce positive signals, just it might be easier if there was a simple inverter if you are aware of? thanks Abaz

Stefan Ritt wrote:

No. You have to use an inverter for one of your signals.

Stefan

 Abaz Kryemadhi wrote: I would like to be able to trigger in this fashon:  channel 0 > 0.1 and. channel 1< -0.1,  because I have a positive and a negative signal.  Can DRS4 (5) Eval board do this kind of trigger? Thanks! Abaz

496   Sat Apr 2 11:41:07 2016 Stefan RittQuestion about timimng calibration

The evaluation board normally has 1024 bins per channel. We offer an option with 2048 bins using channel cascading, to capture longer waveform windows. The binary data format is however defined as having 1024 bins. Therefore, for the 2048 bin boards, the software averages over two adjacent cells and saves effectively 1024 bins. The noise of each bin improves this way by sqrt(2). The time however is not very well defined, since you average the voltage of two bins. Therefore, I simple also average over the time of the two bins. Maybe this is not the best way, so feel free to change this.

Stefan

 Felix Bachmair wrote: Hi, I am trying to understand some details about the timing calibration. We wrote our own code but we more or less use the ideas of the Oscilloscope class. In the binary file writing of in the function Osci.cpp::SaveWaveforms() (line 924ff) the following code is executed: if (m_waveDepth == 2048) {     t = (tcal[j]+tcal[j+1])/2;     j++; } else     t = tcal[j];   I do not understand the averaging of the to adjacent calibration constants. Could you explain this? Do one have two measurements? Cheers Felix

495   Sat Apr 2 11:21:10 2016 Felix BachmairQuestion about timimng calibration

Hi,

I am trying to understand some details about the timing calibration.

We wrote our own code but we more or less use the ideas of the Oscilloscope class.

In the binary file writing of in the function Osci.cpp::SaveWaveforms() (line 924ff)

the following code is executed:

if (m_waveDepth == 2048) {     t = (tcal[j]+tcal[j+1])/2;     j++; } else     t = tcal[j];

I do not understand the averaging of the to adjacent calibration constants. Could you explain this? Do one have two measurements?

Cheers

Felix

494   Fri Apr 1 22:09:07 2016 Chris ThompsonTrigger on the And of a positive and negative signal

The coilcraft part number is: JA4220-ALB. Iordered two of them and they were sent as free samples. You might want to buy some slightly bigger ones. I found them so small it was very hard to solder the coax cable to the connectors. Since I got them, I managed to damage one as they are quite fragile! In the confirmation email I got there was some contact info which may be useful for you: "For help, contact Victoria Berner at 847-516-5551  vberner@coilcraft.com "  BTW every time I use this forum I'm told that my password is not valid. Each time I reset it according to the "Lost pasword preceedure. Then I can log on again. Its quite annoying.

Hi Chris,

I am looking at Sensl SiPMs as well,  can you send the part number from Coilcraft?

Thanks!

Abaz

Chris Thompson wrote:

I needed a fast pulse inverter in order to feed signals from the recent SensL SiPMs into a conventional CFD which only accepted negative signals. I got a very small ferite torridal transformer from Coilcraft and wired up to invert signals then inserted into in 50 ohm coax cable and it works fine. These things cost only a few cents each!

Thanks, that looks just fine.

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Ok, thanks!  do you know an easy in-line inverter like mini-circuit or digikey?    Can also redesign the detector I gues to produce positive signals, just it might be easier if there was a simple inverter if you are aware of? thanks Abaz

Stefan Ritt wrote:

No. You have to use an inverter for one of your signals.

Stefan

 Abaz Kryemadhi wrote: I would like to be able to trigger in this fashon:  channel 0 > 0.1 and. channel 1< -0.1,  because I have a positive and a negative signal.  Can DRS4 (5) Eval board do this kind of trigger? Thanks! Abaz

493   Fri Apr 1 01:30:40 2016 Abaz KryemadhiTrigger on the And of a positive and negative signal

Hi Chris,

I am looking at Sensl SiPMs as well,  can you send the part number from Coilcraft?

Thanks!

Abaz

Chris Thompson wrote:

I needed a fast pulse inverter in order to feed signals from the recent SensL SiPMs into a conventional CFD which only accepted negative signals. I got a very small ferite torridal transformer from Coilcraft and wired up to invert signals then inserted into in 50 ohm coax cable and it works fine. These things cost only a few cents each!

Thanks, that looks just fine.

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Ok, thanks!  do you know an easy in-line inverter like mini-circuit or digikey?    Can also redesign the detector I gues to produce positive signals, just it might be easier if there was a simple inverter if you are aware of? thanks Abaz

Stefan Ritt wrote:

No. You have to use an inverter for one of your signals.

Stefan

 Abaz Kryemadhi wrote: I would like to be able to trigger in this fashon:  channel 0 > 0.1 and. channel 1< -0.1,  because I have a positive and a negative signal.  Can DRS4 (5) Eval board do this kind of trigger? Thanks! Abaz

492   Thu Mar 31 20:48:00 2016 Chris ThompsonTrigger on the And of a positive and negative signal

I needed a fast pulse inverter in order to feed signals from the recent SensL SiPMs into a conventional CFD which only accepted negative signals. I got a very small ferite torridal transformer from Coilcraft and wired up to invert signals then inserted into in 50 ohm coax cable and it works fine. These things cost only a few cents each!

Thanks, that looks just fine.

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Ok, thanks!  do you know an easy in-line inverter like mini-circuit or digikey?    Can also redesign the detector I gues to produce positive signals, just it might be easier if there was a simple inverter if you are aware of? thanks Abaz

Stefan Ritt wrote:

No. You have to use an inverter for one of your signals.

Stefan

 Abaz Kryemadhi wrote: I would like to be able to trigger in this fashon:  channel 0 > 0.1 and. channel 1< -0.1,  because I have a positive and a negative signal.  Can DRS4 (5) Eval board do this kind of trigger? Thanks! Abaz

491   Thu Mar 31 20:38:05 2016 Abaz KryemadhiTrigger on the And of a positive and negative signal

Thanks, that looks just fine.

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Ok, thanks!  do you know an easy in-line inverter like mini-circuit or digikey?    Can also redesign the detector I gues to produce positive signals, just it might be easier if there was a simple inverter if you are aware of? thanks Abaz

Stefan Ritt wrote:

No. You have to use an inverter for one of your signals.

Stefan

 Abaz Kryemadhi wrote: I would like to be able to trigger in this fashon:  channel 0 > 0.1 and. channel 1< -0.1,  because I have a positive and a negative signal.  Can DRS4 (5) Eval board do this kind of trigger? Thanks! Abaz

490   Thu Mar 31 20:34:25 2016 Stefan RittTrigger on the And of a positive and negative signal

Ok, thanks!  do you know an easy in-line inverter like mini-circuit or digikey?    Can also redesign the detector I gues to produce positive signals, just it might be easier if there was a simple inverter if you are aware of? thanks Abaz

Stefan Ritt wrote:

No. You have to use an inverter for one of your signals.

Stefan

 Abaz Kryemadhi wrote: I would like to be able to trigger in this fashon:  channel 0 > 0.1 and. channel 1< -0.1,  because I have a positive and a negative signal.  Can DRS4 (5) Eval board do this kind of trigger? Thanks! Abaz

489   Thu Mar 31 19:44:38 2016 Abaz KryemadhiTrigger on the And of a positive and negative signal

Ok, thanks!  do you know an easy in-line inverter like mini-circuit or digikey?    Can also redesign the detector I gues to produce positive signals, just it might be easier if there was a simple inverter if you are aware of? thanks Abaz

Stefan Ritt wrote:

No. You have to use an inverter for one of your signals.

Stefan

 Abaz Kryemadhi wrote: I would like to be able to trigger in this fashon:  channel 0 > 0.1 and. channel 1< -0.1,  because I have a positive and a negative signal.  Can DRS4 (5) Eval board do this kind of trigger? Thanks! Abaz

488   Thu Mar 31 19:35:06 2016 Stefan RittTrigger on the And of a positive and negative signal

No. You have to use an inverter for one of your signals.

Stefan

 Abaz Kryemadhi wrote: I would like to be able to trigger in this fashon:  channel 0 > 0.1 and. channel 1< -0.1,  because I have a positive and a negative signal.  Can DRS4 (5) Eval board do this kind of trigger? Thanks! Abaz

487   Thu Mar 31 19:30:26 2016 Abaz KryemadhiTrigger on the And of a positive and negative signal

I would like to be able to trigger in this fashon:  channel 0 > 0.1 and. channel 1< -0.1,  because I have a positive and a negative signal.  Can DRS4 (5) Eval board do this kind of trigger?

Thanks!

Abaz

486   Tue Mar 22 12:54:41 2016 Stefan Ritt

Yes this is correct. But it is a sample-and-hold circuit. So the sampling cell follows the input for 3.2 ns, then samples and holds the current value at the end of the period.

 Dominik Neise wrote: Hello Stefan, I just stumbled again over a phrase in the DRS4 datasheet I never really understood, but didn't find the time to ask. On page 8 it says: "An internal circuit ensures that the write signal is always 16 cells wide." So when I look at a single channel, do I understand correctly, that at any given time during sampling, always 16 cells are open, i.e. 16 cells are connected to the analog inputs? So when the domino frequency is e.g. 5GHz then each cell sees the analog input not for 200ps but for 3.2ns correct?

485   Mon Mar 21 10:38:27 2016 Daniel DribinDRS Oscilloscope freezing after a long run

Dear Stefan Ritt,

I am using a DRS4 v5 to do timing measurements of Positron lifetime. I use the DRS Oscilloscope with triggering on 2 channels when I have a coincidence. Attached is a picture with all the setting that I use. When I use the DRS4 for a long measurements of 5 million events for a couple of hours, the DRS Oscilloscope stops showing any signal .After the first restart of the program I get a strange signal which is at the bottom of the scope range of voltage picture below(in the picture I changed the vertical positions of the channels for better viewing). Only after a couple of DRS Oscilloscope restarts and USB reconnections do I get the results again.

I currently am using another DRS4 v5 and the same situation occurs again although with lower frequency.

What can I do to solve this problem?

thank you very much,

Daniel

Attachment 1: drs_settings.png
Attachment 2: empty_drs.png
Attachment 3: drs_ofset.png
484   Fri Mar 11 19:50:18 2016 Dominik Neise

Hello Stefan,

I just stumbled again over a phrase in the DRS4 datasheet I never really understood, but didn't find the time to ask.

On page 8 it says: "An internal circuit ensures that the write signal is always 16 cells wide."

So when I look at a single channel, do I understand correctly, that at any given time during sampling, always 16 cells are open, i.e. 16 cells are connected to the analog inputs? So when the domino frequency is e.g. 5GHz then each cell sees the analog input not for 200ps but for 3.2ns correct?

483   Wed Mar 9 09:57:20 2016 Christian DLabView

Hi,

I would like to use the DRS4 board with LabView for fast readout.
Do you know anyone who has written a VI for that?

Thanks,
Christian

482   Mon Feb 29 14:09:21 2016 Stefan Ritttwo DRS4 boards configuration with 2048 samples each

The multi-board mode has never been tested with 2048 samples, so is very likely not to work. I don't know yet how much work this will be to fix, but I'm on a business trip the next three weeks and probably will only have time to look at it when I return.

Stefan

 Dmitry Hits wrote: Dear Stefan, I daisy-chained two boards (master sn#: 2514 - slave sn#: 2513) each with 2048 samples. However, when I use drsosc and put check mark in "configure multi-board daisy-chain" I see only 1024 samples. Namely, the first 1024 samples, the last part is missing. When I remove this check mark, I see all 2048 samples. Is there a simple software fix for this or is it a more involved firmware limitation?  Other parameters: software version: 5.0.4, firmware version 21305, configured for 0.7 GSPS, display at 500 ns/div Thank you, Dmitry Hits.

481   Mon Feb 29 13:33:06 2016 Dmitry Hitstwo DRS4 boards configuration with 2048 samples each

Dear Stefan,

I daisy-chained two boards (master sn#: 2514 - slave sn#: 2513) each with 2048 samples. However, when I use drsosc and put check mark in "configure multi-board daisy-chain" I see only 1024 samples. Namely, the first 1024 samples, the last part is missing. When I remove this check mark, I see all 2048 samples. Is there a simple software fix for this or is it a more involved firmware limitation?

Other parameters: software version: 5.0.4, firmware version 21305, configured for 0.7 GSPS, display at 500 ns/div

Thank you,

Dmitry Hits.

480   Mon Feb 29 13:09:29 2016 Stefan Rittbaseline shift

The baseline shift comes from some instable power supply inside the evaluation board which cannot be controlled to the mV level. In a real measurement, you usually get an additional baseline shift due to some environmental electromagnetic interferences, such as a 50 Hz signal. People fix this shifting baseline by always aquiring a small portion (10-20 samples) of the baseline before any signal from a particle detector. The signal is then corrected event-by-event by subtracting the baseline from each waveform. By doing that, you fix not only the 50 Hz noise, but also the shifting baseline you mention.

Stefan

 Dmitry Philippov wrote: Hello! My name is Dmitry. I am from SiPM Lab is NRNU MEPhI (Russia, Moscow). We bought DRS4 evaluation board V5 with firmware 21305. We use 5.0.4 build 21911 2015-11-23 software version (and before that we used 5.0.3 build 21508, 2014-10-15) with Windows 7 32bit. We observe some strange behaviour. When we save waveforms (in xml or binary data) we see that some of them have the baseline shifted of about -5 mV. The first picture (pic1) is 1000 waveforms which were glued in one. It is clearly see that baseline quite often has the shift. The same effect can be seen without saving (writting): rarely when we use normal or auto trigger mode (pic3), and always in single trigger mode (pic2). The images are attached. Do you have any idea how it can be fixed?   Thanks, Dmitry.

479   Mon Feb 29 12:58:17 2016 Dmitry Philippovbaseline shift

Hello! My name is Dmitry. I am from SiPM Lab is NRNU MEPhI (Russia, Moscow). We bought DRS4 evaluation board V5 with firmware 21305. We use 5.0.4 build 21911 2015-11-23 software version (and before that we used 5.0.3 build 21508, 2014-10-15) with Windows 7 32bit.

We observe some strange behaviour. When we save waveforms (in xml or binary data) we see that some of them have the baseline shifted of about -5 mV.

The first picture (pic1) is 1000 waveforms which were glued in one. It is clearly see that baseline quite often has the shift.

The same effect can be seen without saving (writting): rarely when we use normal or auto trigger mode (pic3), and always in single trigger mode (pic2).

The images are attached.

Do you have any idea how it can be fixed?

Thanks, Dmitry.

Attachment 1: pic1.png
Attachment 2: pic2.png
Attachment 3: pic3.png
478   Tue Feb 16 11:55:54 2016 Martin PetriskaSaving histogram data

 Robert Adams wrote: I would really love to be able to save histogram data, though I have not been able to do this. I could take a screenshot and extract the data from an image, but would prefer to avoid this if there is a simpler way... possibly I have overlooked something obvious? Thanks very much for any advice or tips.

You can use qtpals, there is posibility to save histograms (energy, time diference), only set trigger on channel which you use. https://sourceforge.net/projects/qtpals/files/?source=navbar

477   Tue Feb 16 11:21:43 2016 Stefan RittSaving histogram data

There is no histogram save functoinality in ther DRSOscilloscope program - on purpose. The board and the software are meant to evaluate the board, not to replace a full DAQ system. If we want to save histograms, you maybe also want to set the range, make cuts, do fits etc. So it would take lots of resources to add all that. Therefore we recommend to use the stand-alone C program drs_exam.cpp to read the board, the you can either do whatever you want in the C program, including saving of histograms. Alternatively, you can use ROOT to analyze binary stored DRS data and do whatever histogram manipulation you want there.

Stefan

 Robert Adams wrote: I would really love to be able to save histogram data, though I have not been able to do this. I could take a screenshot and extract the data from an image, but would prefer to avoid this if there is a simpler way... possibly I have overlooked something obvious? Thanks very much for any advice or tips.

476   Fri Jan 15 08:09:00 2016 Stefan RittTriggering of DRS4 in the fastest sampling mode

Hi Chris,

if you ever used an oscilloscope, you might be familar with the button controlling the riger in respect to "risign edge" vs. "falling edge". I copied the same for the DRS software. So just click on that button:

and you will get what you want. Also the AND/OR gets reversed this way. If you select rising edge (default), the AND will be made if both signals are ABOVE the threshold, that's why it does not work for you. If you select falling edge, the AND will be made if both signals are BELOW the threshold. For negative pulses you need falling edge.

Stefan

 Chris Thompson wrote: I am attempting to use the DRS4 to measure the timing resolution of a pair of SensL silicon photomultipliers (SiPM). In order to do this I need to trigger the DRS4 only when there is a coincidence between the two input signals, and hopefully make histograms of the relative detection times of each detector. There are two completely separate issues. (1) I think this may just be a labelling error. In the first image (OR_mode_selected) one can clearly see two pulses which are very similar. In this mode, both signals are present, and are always present. I think this should be the "AND", not "OR" of the two signals. Contrast this with the second image where I have selected "AND_mode". Clearly only one signal is present, and either signal trigges an event, so this should be "OR", not "AND" The second issue is, for me, much more serious. I want to sample the leading edge of this event in order to determine its "time". The little "T" at the top of each image is, I believe the "trigger point" in the first two images. However, this is well after the part of the signal I am interested in. The first two images were at 2 GigaSamples/sec. The third is at 5 GigaSamples/sec. Clearly the event I am interested in processing is over by then. At the lower sampling rate, I can see well before the "T", but at the higher one I can only see after the "T". I had built an external "coincidence circuit" and the "external trigger mode" hoping to to circumvent this issue by using very long cables to delay the signals inut to the DRS4, But even then I have not been successful in getting the to work. I am using version 5.0.3 on a PC as the version released after that did not work. I hope some can help! Chris Thompson

475   Thu Jan 14 21:49:37 2016 Chris ThompsonTriggering of DRS4 in the fastest sampling mode

I am attempting to use the DRS4 to measure the timing resolution of a pair of SensL silicon photomultipliers (SiPM). In order to do this I need to trigger the DRS4 only when there is a coincidence between the two input signals, and hopefully make histograms of the relative detection times of each detector.

There are two completely separate issues. (1) I think this may just be a labelling error. In the first image (OR_mode_selected) one can clearly see two pulses which are very similar. In this mode, both signals are present, and are always present. I think this should be the "AND", not "OR" of the two signals. Contrast this with the second image where I have selected "AND_mode". Clearly only one signal is present, and either signal trigges an event, so this should be "OR", not "AND"

The second issue is, for me, much more serious. I want to sample the leading edge of this event in order to determine its "time". The little "T" at the top of each image is, I believe the "trigger point" in the first two images. However, this is well after the part of the signal I am interested in. The first two images were at 2 GigaSamples/sec. The third is at 5 GigaSamples/sec. Clearly the event I am interested in processing is over by then. At the lower sampling rate, I can see well before the "T", but at the higher one I can only see after the "T". I had built an external "coincidence circuit" and the "external trigger mode" hoping to to circumvent this issue by using very long cables to delay the signals inut to the DRS4, But even then I have not been successful in getting the to work.

I am using version 5.0.3 on a PC as the version released after that did not work.

I hope some can help!

Chris Thompson

Attachment 1: OR_mode_selected.jpg
Attachment 2: AND_mode_selected.jpg
Attachment 3: 20ns_per_div.jpg
474   Thu Jan 14 14:11:06 2016 Stefan RittDtap stops toggling after 40msec

Thanks for the update, I will add a note into the data sheet.

mony orbach wrote:

surrey i forgot to update..

after carefully examining our VHDL we found out that there are brief times that we put A0-A3 in 1111

after making shore that a0-a3 never get 1111 value thae drs4 woks as expected.

The dtap toggols ok.

We can sample and read all the data channels.

So, putting A0-A3 value of 1111 even for very short period  " confuse " the DRS and then it start to behave in a strange manner.

mony

Stefan Ritt wrote:

While I can understand 1., I'm puzzeled by 2.

If you put the chip in standby mode, the internal current sources are switched off, which of course make the domino wave non-functional. This is clearly stated in the data sheet.

Concerning the DMODE bit, we operate all (!) our chips with DMODE=1. Actually this is the default value. After a reset, all register bits are "1", which enables the PLL and causes DTAP to oscillate. If DMODE=1, the DTAP signal should toggle only once (!) since the domino loop is not closed. So the scope traces you showed previously are consistent with the standby mode, but not possible with ANY setting of DMODE.

Stefan

 mony orbach wrote: Hi We have resolve the problem, the Dtap is now working correctly. There were two problems: After configuration we put the all address bits to one (standby mode) We are now setting the address bits to all zero. Failure to do so result in Dtap  stop toggling after several hundred milliseconds. The DMODE bit in contradiction to the data sheet should be set to 0 And not to 1.   Is this a known bug in the chip? Only bay setting DMODE to zero we got the Dtap to work correctly. The PLL locks after 1 milisec. If we set it to one we get Dtap that stop toggling after several hundred milliseconds. We have test it on two boards, they both worked in the same. Never did we get a One shot  Dtap.   Did you published a errata page to the drs4?   Thanks, Mony

473   Thu Jan 14 14:00:26 2016 mony orbachDtap stops toggling after 40msec

surrey i forgot to update..

after carefully examining our VHDL we found out that there are brief times that we put A0-A3 in 1111

after making shore that a0-a3 never get 1111 value thae drs4 woks as expected.

The dtap toggols ok.

We can sample and read all the data channels.

So, putting A0-A3 value of 1111 even for very short period  " confuse " the DRS and then it start to behave in a strange manner.

mony

Stefan Ritt wrote:

While I can understand 1., I'm puzzeled by 2.

If you put the chip in standby mode, the internal current sources are switched off, which of course make the domino wave non-functional. This is clearly stated in the data sheet.

Concerning the DMODE bit, we operate all (!) our chips with DMODE=1. Actually this is the default value. After a reset, all register bits are "1", which enables the PLL and causes DTAP to oscillate. If DMODE=1, the DTAP signal should toggle only once (!) since the domino loop is not closed. So the scope traces you showed previously are consistent with the standby mode, but not possible with ANY setting of DMODE.

Stefan

 mony orbach wrote: Hi We have resolve the problem, the Dtap is now working correctly. There were two problems: After configuration we put the all address bits to one (standby mode) We are now setting the address bits to all zero. Failure to do so result in Dtap  stop toggling after several hundred milliseconds. The DMODE bit in contradiction to the data sheet should be set to 0 And not to 1.   Is this a known bug in the chip? Only bay setting DMODE to zero we got the Dtap to work correctly. The PLL locks after 1 milisec. If we set it to one we get Dtap that stop toggling after several hundred milliseconds. We have test it on two boards, they both worked in the same. Never did we get a One shot  Dtap.   Did you published a errata page to the drs4?   Thanks, Mony

472   Tue Jan 12 21:02:31 2016 Stefan RittCompiling DRS-exam

I guess you are compiling under MS Windows ??? You probably don't link correctly to the USB lib. Try to compile the examples coming with libusb-1.0 to make you everything is right there.

 Jack Bargemann wrote: I am trying to compile drs-exam, but am getting an error message I do not understand: 1>musbstd.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol _usb_open referenced in function _musb_open 1>musbstd.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol _usb_close referenced in function _musb_close 1>musbstd.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol _usb_get_descriptor referenced in function _musb_get_device 1>musbstd.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol _usb_bulk_write referenced in function _musb_write 1>musbstd.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol _usb_bulk_read referenced in function _musb_read 1>musbstd.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol _usb_set_configuration referenced in function _musb_open 1>musbstd.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol _usb_claim_interface referenced in function _musb_open 1>musbstd.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol _usb_release_interface referenced in function _musb_close 1>musbstd.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol _usb_set_altinterface referenced in function _musb_set_altinterface 1>musbstd.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol _usb_reset referenced in function _musb_reset 1>musbstd.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol _usb_init referenced in function _musb_open 1>musbstd.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol _usb_set_debug referenced in function _musb_open 1>musbstd.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol _usb_find_busses referenced in function _musb_open 1>musbstd.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol _usb_find_devices referenced in function _musb_open 1>musbstd.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol _usb_get_busses referenced in function _musb_open I have tried redownloading a different version of libusb-1.0, but the problem was not solved.  What might I be doing wrong?

471   Tue Jan 12 17:57:03 2016 Jack BargemannCompiling DRS-exam

I am trying to compile drs-exam, but am getting an error message I do not understand:

1>musbstd.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol _usb_open referenced in function _musb_open
1>musbstd.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol _usb_close referenced in function _musb_close
1>musbstd.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol _usb_get_descriptor referenced in function _musb_get_device
1>musbstd.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol _usb_bulk_write referenced in function _musb_write
1>musbstd.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol _usb_bulk_read referenced in function _musb_read
1>musbstd.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol _usb_set_configuration referenced in function _musb_open
1>musbstd.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol _usb_claim_interface referenced in function _musb_open
1>musbstd.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol _usb_release_interface referenced in function _musb_close
1>musbstd.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol _usb_set_altinterface referenced in function _musb_set_altinterface
1>musbstd.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol _usb_reset referenced in function _musb_reset
1>musbstd.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol _usb_init referenced in function _musb_open
1>musbstd.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol _usb_set_debug referenced in function _musb_open
1>musbstd.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol _usb_find_busses referenced in function _musb_open
1>musbstd.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol _usb_find_devices referenced in function _musb_open
1>musbstd.obj : error LNK2019: unresolved external symbol _usb_get_busses referenced in function _musb_open

I have tried redownloading a different version of libusb-1.0, but the problem was not solved.  What might I be doing wrong?

470   Tue Jan 12 16:06:07 2016 Stefan RittUse of Channel Cascading in drs_exam.cpp

Hi Larry,

sorry my late reply, swamped with work here. You were right in the modifictions you did, congrats. The speed limitation of 500 events come from USB2, which simply is not fast enough. The 500 Hz are mentioned on the evaluation board web site, so you should have seen that before ordering. Some people build their own hardware around the chip, in which case they get higher rates. The "hard" limit is the DRS4 readout speed, which is 30ns per sample. So if you have 8 ADCs in parallel, and you only need 100 samples of your waveform, the readout time is 3 us, in which case you could go up to a few 10 kHz without much of a dead time.

Cheers,
Stefan

Larry Byars wrote:

An update. I have been successful in making modifications to drs_exam.cpp so that I can get 2048 samples per channel.. The main changes were to the size of the time_array and wave_array and adding a call to Set ChannelConfig(0,8,4). It was also necessary to change the parameters to GetWave so that the Trigger Cell and WSR values were passed to get the channel combinations correct (2048 channel.ppt).

I've moved on to try to increase the speed of acquisition (I get only about 500 events/sec) and trying to understand the corrections.Working through the source code slowly...

Regards,

Larry Byars

 Larry Byars wrote: Hello Stefan, Here in Rockford, TN we just got a new DRS4 evaluation board (Serail # 2612, Board Type 9, Firmware 21305) which is labeled as combined 2048. It looks like the drs_exam.cpp only works with 1024 samples per channel. We'd like to be able to get 2048 samples from each of the four channels but I am uncertain what code modifications are necessary support this. Could you offer a suggestion? I've searched the forum for cascade and read several threads but they are pretty old. One even says it isn't supported in the evaluation board, but I think that is no longer the case.   Thanks for your help,   Larry Byars

469   Tue Jan 12 15:42:31 2016 Larry ByarsUse of Channel Cascading in drs_exam.cpp

An update. I have been successful in making modifications to drs_exam.cpp so that I can get 2048 samples per channel.. The main changes were to the size of the time_array and wave_array and adding a call to Set ChannelConfig(0,8,4). It was also necessary to change the parameters to GetWave so that the Trigger Cell and WSR values were passed to get the channel combinations correct (2048 channel.ppt).

I've moved on to try to increase the speed of acquisition (I get only about 500 events/sec) and trying to understand the corrections.Working through the source code slowly...

Regards,

Larry Byars

 Larry Byars wrote: Hello Stefan, Here in Rockford, TN we just got a new DRS4 evaluation board (Serail # 2612, Board Type 9, Firmware 21305) which is labeled as combined 2048. It looks like the drs_exam.cpp only works with 1024 samples per channel. We'd like to be able to get 2048 samples from each of the four channels but I am uncertain what code modifications are necessary support this. Could you offer a suggestion? I've searched the forum for cascade and read several threads but they are pretty old. One even says it isn't supported in the evaluation board, but I think that is no longer the case.   Thanks for your help,   Larry Byars

468   Tue Jan 12 12:57:46 2016 Stefan RittPC software beyond Windows 7

The 5.0.4 version was corrupt on our server. I fixed it, so now it shoudl also work fine (although there are only very minor changes between 5.0.3 and 5.0.4).

/Stefan

Chris Thompson wrote:

On a hunch, I tried downloading V 5.0.3 instead. This works, and I now have the oscilloscope mode displaying signals! (just to make sure, I re-tire version 5.0.4 and still get the same error. So, in summary V 5.0.3 seems to install successfully and work with Windows 10, but the newer V5.0.4 does not install... I assmume that I am missing something though, as the newer version is 10 Mbytes bigger!

Chris Thompson wrote:

I tried restarting Windows 10 in a way the allowed me to use "advanced startup options" Option 7 suggested it was to restart without mandatory driver signing. However, the error persists. Has anyone tested this latest version 5.0.4 on Windows 10? My hardware arrived today, and I am anxious to test it.!!!!

Chris Thompson wrote:

I tried this suggestion of changing the startup settings to ingore driver license signing (as suggested in the post # 434), but when I tried to install the software I got a error message which I captured from the screen and I have attached. Perhaps I have the wrong version, or, as suggested, the file I downloaded from your site is incomplete?

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Have a look here elog:434

 Chris Thompson wrote: I am new to this forum. I have ordered a DRS4 evaluation board for doing experiments with very fast PET detectors. It has not arrived yet. The version of the manual I downloaded today shows software  installation instructions for Windows 7 and earlier versions. I intend to use it on a 64bit PC running Windows 8.1. Will the Windows 7 driver work, or is there an updated version for Windows 8 or 10?

467   Wed Jan 6 15:51:58 2016 Larry ByarsUse of Channel Cascading in drs_exam.cpp

Hello Stefan,

Here in Rockford, TN we just got a new DRS4 evaluation board (Serail # 2612, Board Type 9, Firmware 21305) which is labeled as combined 2048.

It looks like the drs_exam.cpp only works with 1024 samples per channel. We'd like to be able to get 2048 samples from each of the four channels but I am uncertain what code modifications are necessary support this.

Could you offer a suggestion? I've searched the forum for cascade and read several threads but they are pretty old. One even says it isn't supported in the evaluation board, but I think that is no longer the case.

Larry Byars

466   Wed Dec 30 17:00:00 2015 Stefan RittDtap stops toggling after 40msec

While I can understand 1., I'm puzzeled by 2.

If you put the chip in standby mode, the internal current sources are switched off, which of course make the domino wave non-functional. This is clearly stated in the data sheet.

Concerning the DMODE bit, we operate all (!) our chips with DMODE=1. Actually this is the default value. After a reset, all register bits are "1", which enables the PLL and causes DTAP to oscillate. If DMODE=1, the DTAP signal should toggle only once (!) since the domino loop is not closed. So the scope traces you showed previously are consistent with the standby mode, but not possible with ANY setting of DMODE.

Stefan

 mony orbach wrote: Hi We have resolve the problem, the Dtap is now working correctly. There were two problems: After configuration we put the all address bits to one (standby mode) We are now setting the address bits to all zero. Failure to do so result in Dtap  stop toggling after several hundred milliseconds. The DMODE bit in contradiction to the data sheet should be set to 0 And not to 1.   Is this a known bug in the chip? Only bay setting DMODE to zero we got the Dtap to work correctly. The PLL locks after 1 milisec. If we set it to one we get Dtap that stop toggling after several hundred milliseconds. We have test it on two boards, they both worked in the same. Never did we get a One shot  Dtap.   Did you published a errata page to the drs4?   Thanks, Mony

465   Wed Dec 30 16:25:35 2015 mony orbachDtap stops toggling after 40msec

Hi

We have resolve the problem, the Dtap is now working correctly.

There were two problems:

1. After configuration we put the all address bits to one (standby mode)

We are now setting the address bits to all zero. Failure

to do so result in Dtap  stop toggling after several hundred milliseconds.

1. The DMODE bit in contradiction to the data sheet should be set to 0

And not to 1.

Is this a known bug in the chip?

Only bay setting DMODE to zero we got the Dtap to work correctly.

The PLL locks after 1 milisec.

If we set it to one we get Dtap that stop toggling after several hundred milliseconds.

We have test it on two boards, they both worked in the same.

Never did we get a One shot  Dtap.

Did you published a errata page to the drs4?

Thanks, Mony

mony orbach wrote:

Hi Stefan

We are in the process of assemble another PCB board.

so soon we can compere between two boards.

As for the PLLEN bit, we set it.

We checked several times the soldering of the DRS4 using a microscope.

Everything looks ok.

In what method do you recommend to solder the DRS4?

Thanks for the invitation to meet.

120Km is not so far J

mony

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Thanks for posting the plots. It really looks like the PLL is not working. I see two possible reasons: 1) The PLLEN bit in the configuration register is not set and 2) The REFCLK signal does not reach the chip. We had cases whrere people had a hard time to solder the DRS4 correctly due to the small pins. So if the REFCLK+ and REFCLK- signals have a poor connection, then the PLL of course won't work. Putting some more tin at the pins manually usually helps. Or remove the chip completely and try with another chip. In theory there is the possibility that the internal bond wire of the REFCLK signal has a bad connection, but we tested all chips we send out so we should have seen that. But trying with another chip cannot hurt in general. Next month I'm coming to the Weizman Institute for the ISOTDAQ shool. If you want we can meet there if you don't mind the 120 km drive from Haifa.

Stefan

 mony orbach wrote: Hi We have some measures to show (attached) Dtap and Denable Dtap+Denable in zoom Dtap + Refck+ Dtap + Dspeed From the screen shots it can be seen that refck+ is not synchronized with Dtap (PLL not working correctly) And Dspeed is going done to zero after some time. In our system Dspeed is shorted to pllout. So it looks like pllout do not pump the RC filter capacitors. We tested various value of R and C's. Also we checked that pllout is sorted to Dspeed.   Thanks, mony

464   Mon Dec 28 11:21:54 2015 mony orbachDtap stops toggling after 40msec

Hi Stefan

We are in the process of assemble another PCB board.

so soon we can compere between two boards.

As for the PLLEN bit, we set it.

We checked several times the soldering of the DRS4 using a microscope.

Everything looks ok.

In what method do you recommend to solder the DRS4?

Thanks for the invitation to meet.

120Km is not so far J

mony

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Thanks for posting the plots. It really looks like the PLL is not working. I see two possible reasons: 1) The PLLEN bit in the configuration register is not set and 2) The REFCLK signal does not reach the chip. We had cases whrere people had a hard time to solder the DRS4 correctly due to the small pins. So if the REFCLK+ and REFCLK- signals have a poor connection, then the PLL of course won't work. Putting some more tin at the pins manually usually helps. Or remove the chip completely and try with another chip. In theory there is the possibility that the internal bond wire of the REFCLK signal has a bad connection, but we tested all chips we send out so we should have seen that. But trying with another chip cannot hurt in general. Next month I'm coming to the Weizman Institute for the ISOTDAQ shool. If you want we can meet there if you don't mind the 120 km drive from Haifa.

Stefan

 mony orbach wrote: Hi We have some measures to show (attached) Dtap and Denable Dtap+Denable in zoom Dtap + Refck+ Dtap + Dspeed From the screen shots it can be seen that refck+ is not synchronized with Dtap (PLL not working correctly) And Dspeed is going done to zero after some time. In our system Dspeed is shorted to pllout. So it looks like pllout do not pump the RC filter capacitors. We tested various value of R and C's. Also we checked that pllout is sorted to Dspeed.   Thanks, mony

463   Mon Dec 28 11:05:15 2015 Stefan RittDtap stops toggling after 40msec

Thanks for posting the plots. It really looks like the PLL is not working. I see two possible reasons: 1) The PLLEN bit in the configuration register is not set and 2) The REFCLK signal does not reach the chip. We had cases whrere people had a hard time to solder the DRS4 correctly due to the small pins. So if the REFCLK+ and REFCLK- signals have a poor connection, then the PLL of course won't work. Putting some more tin at the pins manually usually helps. Or remove the chip completely and try with another chip. In theory there is the possibility that the internal bond wire of the REFCLK signal has a bad connection, but we tested all chips we send out so we should have seen that. But trying with another chip cannot hurt in general. Next month I'm coming to the Weizman Institute for the ISOTDAQ shool. If you want we can meet there if you don't mind the 120 km drive from Haifa.

Stefan

 mony orbach wrote: Hi We have some measures to show (attached) Dtap and Denable Dtap+Denable in zoom Dtap + Refck+ Dtap + Dspeed From the screen shots it can be seen that refck+ is not synchronized with Dtap (PLL not working correctly) And Dspeed is going done to zero after some time. In our system Dspeed is shorted to pllout. So it looks like pllout do not pump the RC filter capacitors. We tested various value of R and C's. Also we checked that pllout is sorted to Dspeed.   Thanks, mony

462   Sun Dec 27 15:41:32 2015 mony orbachDtap stops toggling after 40msec

Hi

We have some measures to show (attached)

1. Dtap and Denable
2. Dtap+Denable in zoom
3. Dtap + Refck+
4. Dtap + Dspeed

From the screen shots it can be seen that refck+ is not synchronized with Dtap (PLL not working correctly)

And Dspeed is going done to zero after some time.

In our system Dspeed is shorted to pllout.

So it looks like pllout do not pump the RC filter capacitors.

We tested various value of R and C's.

Also we checked that pllout is sorted to Dspeed.

Thanks, mony

Stefan Ritt wrote:

I want to see the trace on the scope for the DTAP, the REFCLK, the DENABLE and the DWRITE.

Probably (but it's just a guess), you have a problem with the soldering of the DRS chip, maybe to the PLL loop filter. Or you chose the wrong capacitor/resistor combination for the loop filter. There are ~10 other groupsl who did the same and it works for all of them, so there must be a problem on your side.

Stefan

mony orbach wrote:

my refclk is 1.25Mhz

what are the inputs and voltage you need to see?

Avdd and Dvdd are 2.5v

Denable is "1" Dwrite "0"

currently i am doing an external reset cycle, after that i am doing the configuration cycle.

should i relay on the internal reset?

the Dtap is toggling for 33.8msec and then just stops.

Thanks, Mony

Stefan Ritt wrote:

No idea what you do wrong. I need to see oscilloscope traces for all your inputs and voltages. What is your REFCLK input?

 mony orbach wrote: Hi the drs4 start to generate Dtap signal after reset and standard configuration. while in reset Denable and  Dwrite are low after reset we put Denable in high the Dtap starts to toggle, and the plllck stabilizes on about 1V.   After 40Msec the Dtap stops to toggle and the plllck go to 2.5V Why do the Domino stop working?   Thanks, Mony

Attachment 1: Dtap-Denable.gif
Attachment 2: dtap-Danable2.gif
Attachment 3: Dtap-refck.gif
Attachment 4: Dtap-Dspeed.gif
Draft   Sun Dec 27 15:06:59 2015 mony orbachDtap stops toggling after 40msec

Hi

We have some meesurs to show (attached)

1. Dtap and Denable
2. Dtap+Denable in zoom
3. Dtap + Ref+
4. Dtap + Dspeed

From the screen shots it can be seen that ref+ is not synchronized with Dtap (PLL not working correctly)

And Dspeed is going done to zero after some time.

In our system Dspeed is shorted to pllout.

So it looks like pllout do not pump the RC filter capacitors.

We tested various value of R and C's.

Also we checked that pllout is sorted to Dspeed.

Thanks, mony

Stefan Ritt wrote:

I want to see the trace on the scope for the DTAP, the REFCLK, the DENABLE and the DWRITE.

Probably (but it's just a guess), you have a problem with the soldering of the DRS chip, maybe to the PLL loop filter. Or you chose the wrong capacitor/resistor combination for the loop filter. There are ~10 other groupsl who did the same and it works for all of them, so there must be a problem on your side.

Stefan

mony orbach wrote:

my refclk is 1.25Mhz

what are the inputs and voltage you need to see?

Avdd and Dvdd are 2.5v

Denable is "1" Dwrite "0"

currently i am doing an external reset cycle, after that i am doing the configuration cycle.

should i relay on the internal reset?

the Dtap is toggling for 33.8msec and then just stops.

Thanks, Mony

Stefan Ritt wrote:

No idea what you do wrong. I need to see oscilloscope traces for all your inputs and voltages. What is your REFCLK input?

 mony orbach wrote: Hi the drs4 start to generate Dtap signal after reset and standard configuration. while in reset Denable and  Dwrite are low after reset we put Denable in high the Dtap starts to toggle, and the plllck stabilizes on about 1V.   After 40Msec the Dtap stops to toggle and the plllck go to 2.5V Why do the Domino stop working?   Thanks, Mony

460   Thu Dec 24 12:45:41 2015 Stefan RittDtap stops toggling after 40msec

I want to see the trace on the scope for the DTAP, the REFCLK, the DENABLE and the DWRITE.

Probably (but it's just a guess), you have a problem with the soldering of the DRS chip, maybe to the PLL loop filter. Or you chose the wrong capacitor/resistor combination for the loop filter. There are ~10 other groupsl who did the same and it works for all of them, so there must be a problem on your side.

Stefan

mony orbach wrote:

my refclk is 1.25Mhz

what are the inputs and voltage you need to see?

Avdd and Dvdd are 2.5v

Denable is "1" Dwrite "0"

currently i am doing an external reset cycle, after that i am doing the configuration cycle.

should i relay on the internal reset?

the Dtap is toggling for 33.8msec and then just stops.

Thanks, Mony

Stefan Ritt wrote:

No idea what you do wrong. I need to see oscilloscope traces for all your inputs and voltages. What is your REFCLK input?

 mony orbach wrote: Hi the drs4 start to generate Dtap signal after reset and standard configuration. while in reset Denable and  Dwrite are low after reset we put Denable in high the Dtap starts to toggle, and the plllck stabilizes on about 1V.   After 40Msec the Dtap stops to toggle and the plllck go to 2.5V Why do the Domino stop working?   Thanks, Mony

459   Thu Dec 24 10:51:31 2015 mony orbachDtap stops toggling after 40msec

my refclk is 1.25Mhz

what are the inputs and voltage you need to see?

Avdd and Dvdd are 2.5v

Denable is "1" Dwrite "0"

currently i am doing an external reset cycle, after that i am doing the configuration cycle.

should i relay on the internal reset?

the Dtap is toggling for 33.8msec and then just stops.

Thanks, Mony

Stefan Ritt wrote:

No idea what you do wrong. I need to see oscilloscope traces for all your inputs and voltages. What is your REFCLK input?

 mony orbach wrote: Hi the drs4 start to generate Dtap signal after reset and standard configuration. while in reset Denable and  Dwrite are low after reset we put Denable in high the Dtap starts to toggle, and the plllck stabilizes on about 1V.   After 40Msec the Dtap stops to toggle and the plllck go to 2.5V Why do the Domino stop working?   Thanks, Mony

458   Wed Dec 23 15:48:42 2015 Stefan RittDtap stops toggling after 40msec

No idea what you do wrong. I need to see oscilloscope traces for all your inputs and voltages. What is your REFCLK input?

 mony orbach wrote: Hi the drs4 start to generate Dtap signal after reset and standard configuration. while in reset Denable and  Dwrite are low after reset we put Denable in high the Dtap starts to toggle, and the plllck stabilizes on about 1V.   After 40Msec the Dtap stops to toggle and the plllck go to 2.5V Why do the Domino stop working?   Thanks, Mony

457   Wed Dec 23 15:38:14 2015 mony orbachDtap stops toggling after 40msec

Hi

the drs4 start to generate Dtap signal after reset and standard configuration.

while in reset Denable and  Dwrite are low

after reset we put Denable in high

the Dtap starts to toggle, and the plllck stabilizes on about 1V.

After 40Msec the Dtap stops to toggle and the plllck go to 2.5V

Why do the Domino stop working?

Thanks, Mony

456   Sat Dec 5 03:21:21 2015 Chris ThompsonPC software beyond Windows 7

On a hunch, I tried downloading V 5.0.3 instead. This works, and I now have the oscilloscope mode displaying signals! (just to make sure, I re-tire version 5.0.4 and still get the same error. So, in summary V 5.0.3 seems to install successfully and work with Windows 10, but the newer V5.0.4 does not install... I assmume that I am missing something though, as the newer version is 10 Mbytes bigger!

Chris Thompson wrote:

I tried restarting Windows 10 in a way the allowed me to use "advanced startup options" Option 7 suggested it was to restart without mandatory driver signing. However, the error persists. Has anyone tested this latest version 5.0.4 on Windows 10? My hardware arrived today, and I am anxious to test it.!!!!

Chris Thompson wrote:

I tried this suggestion of changing the startup settings to ingore driver license signing (as suggested in the post # 434), but when I tried to install the software I got a error message which I captured from the screen and I have attached. Perhaps I have the wrong version, or, as suggested, the file I downloaded from your site is incomplete?

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Have a look here elog:434

 Chris Thompson wrote: I am new to this forum. I have ordered a DRS4 evaluation board for doing experiments with very fast PET detectors. It has not arrived yet. The version of the manual I downloaded today shows software  installation instructions for Windows 7 and earlier versions. I intend to use it on a 64bit PC running Windows 8.1. Will the Windows 7 driver work, or is there an updated version for Windows 8 or 10?

455   Sat Dec 5 02:39:20 2015 Chris ThompsonPC software beyond Windows 7

I tried restarting Windows 10 in a way the allowed me to use "advanced startup options" Option 7 suggested it was to restart without mandatory driver signing. However, the error persists. Has anyone tested this latest version 5.0.4 on Windows 10? My hardware arrived today, and I am anxious to test it.!!!!

Chris Thompson wrote:

I tried this suggestion of changing the startup settings to ingore driver license signing (as suggested in the post # 434), but when I tried to install the software I got a error message which I captured from the screen and I have attached. Perhaps I have the wrong version, or, as suggested, the file I downloaded from your site is incomplete?

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Have a look here elog:434

 Chris Thompson wrote: I am new to this forum. I have ordered a DRS4 evaluation board for doing experiments with very fast PET detectors. It has not arrived yet. The version of the manual I downloaded today shows software  installation instructions for Windows 7 and earlier versions. I intend to use it on a 64bit PC running Windows 8.1. Will the Windows 7 driver work, or is there an updated version for Windows 8 or 10?

454   Thu Nov 26 18:59:27 2015 Robert AdamsSaving histogram data

I would really love to be able to save histogram data, though I have not been able to do this. I could take a screenshot and extract the data from an image, but would prefer to avoid this if there is a simpler way... possibly I have overlooked something obvious? Thanks very much for any advice or tips.

453   Wed Nov 25 17:36:25 2015 Chris ThompsonPC software beyond Windows 7

I tried this suggestion of changing the startup settings to ingore driver license signing (as suggested in the post # 434), but when I tried to install the software I got a error message which I captured from the screen and I have attached. Perhaps I have the wrong version, or, as suggested, the file I downloaded from your site is incomplete?

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Have a look here elog:434

 Chris Thompson wrote: I am new to this forum. I have ordered a DRS4 evaluation board for doing experiments with very fast PET detectors. It has not arrived yet. The version of the manual I downloaded today shows software  installation instructions for Windows 7 and earlier versions. I intend to use it on a 64bit PC running Windows 8.1. Will the Windows 7 driver work, or is there an updated version for Windows 8 or 10?

Attachment 1: Installation_failure_screen.jpg
452   Wed Nov 25 08:20:47 2015 Stefan RittPC software beyond Windows 7

Have a look here elog:434

 Chris Thompson wrote: I am new to this forum. I have ordered a DRS4 evaluation board for doing experiments with very fast PET detectors. It has not arrived yet. The version of the manual I downloaded today shows software  installation instructions for Windows 7 and earlier versions. I intend to use it on a 64bit PC running Windows 8.1. Will the Windows 7 driver work, or is there an updated version for Windows 8 or 10?

451   Wed Nov 25 02:52:35 2015 Chris ThompsonPC software beyond Windows 7

I am new to this forum. I have ordered a DRS4 evaluation board for doing experiments with very fast PET detectors. It has not arrived yet. The version of the manual I downloaded today shows software  installation instructions for Windows 7 and earlier versions. I intend to use it on a 64bit PC running Windows 8.1. Will the Windows 7 driver work, or is there an updated version for Windows 8 or 10?

450   Thu Nov 5 00:18:42 2015 Will FlanaganLatest macro for DRS4 V5

Hi Stefan,

This is absolutely perfect.

Thanks,

Will

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Have a look here: elog:361

 Will Flanagan wrote: Hi DRS4 Experts, I have an extremely naive question: Is there any official macro to unpack the DRS4 binary files? All I am looking to do is to plot a few of my waveforms and manipulate them in root. I am using OSX 10.10 and ROOT 5.34. Thanks in advance, Will

449   Wed Nov 4 15:40:10 2015 Stefan RittLatest macro for DRS4 V5

Have a look here: elog:361

 Will Flanagan wrote: Hi DRS4 Experts, I have an extremely naive question: Is there any official macro to unpack the DRS4 binary files? All I am looking to do is to plot a few of my waveforms and manipulate them in root. I am using OSX 10.10 and ROOT 5.34. Thanks in advance, Will

448   Tue Nov 3 23:15:38 2015 Will FlanaganLatest macro for DRS4 V5

I should of course mention that I looked through the DRS4 website and didn't see anything obvious: https://www.psi.ch/drs/evaluation-board

Thanks,

Will

 Will Flanagan wrote: Hi DRS4 Experts, I have an extremely naive question: Is there any official macro to unpack the DRS4 binary files? All I am looking to do is to plot a few of my waveforms and manipulate them in root. I am using OSX 10.10 and ROOT 5.34. Thanks in advance, Will

447   Tue Nov 3 22:37:56 2015 Will FlanaganLatest macro for DRS4 V5

Hi DRS4 Experts,

I have an extremely naive question: Is there any official macro to unpack the DRS4 binary files? All I am looking to do is to plot a few of my waveforms and manipulate them in root. I am using OSX 10.10 and ROOT 5.34.

Will

Draft   Wed Oct 7 13:06:34 2015 Ilja BekmanVoltage Calibration with signal on the input
445   Wed Aug 19 15:07:53 2015 Martin PetriskaQtPALS

There is software for DRS4 board and positron lifetime measurement availiable. Still in beta but works. Its usable for measuring time between pulses in two or three channels and histogramming that time. (May be time of flight measurement should be tested too) Project code is here: http://sourceforge.net/projects/qtpals/. More about it is here http://iopscience.iop.org/1742-6596/505/1/012044/. Still tested only with v3 and v4 evaluation board, but should work with new callibration in v5 board too.

444   Fri Aug 7 20:32:15 2015 Felix BachmairDRS4

Hi

Did you copy the udev rule 41-drs.rules into /etc/udev/rules.d/ ?

Which operating system are you using?

Cheers
Felix

 dante wrote: Hi I have just installed DRS4, but when I try to view it from the USB it don't work. Why?     [  .../home  $] lsusb -d 04b4:1175 -v Bus 002 Device 008: ID 04b4:1175 Cypress Semiconductor Corp. Couldn't open device, some information will be missing Device Descriptor: 443 Fri Aug 7 18:41:37 2015 danteDRS4 Hi I have just installed DRS4, but when I try to view it from the USB it don't work. Why? [ .../home$] lsusb -d 04b4:1175 -v

Bus 002 Device 008: ID 04b4:1175 Cypress Semiconductor Corp.
Couldn't open device, some information will be missing
Device Descriptor:

442   Thu Jul 23 13:46:12 2015 Stefan RittMeasure the time between different samples
> Hi,
>   I have a question using a data acquisition card base on DRS4 chip. How can I measure the time between several samples of one channel&#65292;with the accuracy of like nanoseconds , for I am using the internal trigger. Is there any complete work about this problem&#65311;
>   One conceivable way is using an global counter in FPGA, but I'm wondering how to synch the counter with the DRS4 sampling.
>   Thanks.
> Chenfei Yang

I do not know exactly what you do, so it's hard to give an advice. All I can say that the DRS4 Evaluation Board from PSI allows time measurements between two channels in the order of a few pico seconds. You can download the software for this board from the DRS4 web site and
have a look how things are done.

The trigger position is not a good time reference, since the trigger position jitters by a few samples. So if you want to measure the time of a signal versus a trigger, you have to put this trigger in a free channel of the DRS4 and use that as a time reference.

Best regards,
Stefan
441   Mon Jul 20 09:25:38 2015 Chenfei YangMeasure the time between different samples
Hi,
I have a question using a data acquisition card base on DRS4 chip. How can I measure the time between several samples of one channel&#65292;with the accuracy of like nanoseconds , for I am using the internal trigger. Is there any complete work about this problem&#65311;
One conceivable way is using an global counter in FPGA, but I'm wondering how to synch the counter with the DRS4 sampling.
Thanks.
Chenfei Yang
440   Tue Jul 7 09:29:21 2015 Felix BachmairCreation of Object files

Yes of course no problem.

You can download via github https://github.com/veloxid/DRS4-v5-shared and I also put it in the attachment.

It's tested with Ubuntu, Fedora and RHEL.

For mac OSX one needs to create a dylib out of the so file.

Cheers

Felix

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Anyhow it would be nice if you just post your Makefile here, which runs with the standard distribution, so people can use it if needed.

Stefan

Felix Bachmair wrote:

Hi Stefan,

That's fine for me. I thought it might be interesting for others as well..

Cheers

Felix

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Hi Felix,

the distribution does not contain any binaries, since there are too many Linux distributions around, so everybody compiles from the sources under Linux. Do you want me to just add libDRS.so to the official Makefile? Actually you are the first one asking for this. Would it be beneficial to have this in the distribution, or can you just maintain your own Makefile in the github repository?

Stefan

 Felix Bachmair wrote: HI, We are using the DRS4 Board in the EUDAQ framework [1]. We wrote a a Producer based on the software of the evaluation board, which is using the DRS class/header/src files. In order to make it work we needed to compile it with a shared object file. [2] Would it be possbile to include a shared object in the 'official' release?  Cheers Felix

Attachment 1: Makefile
########################################################
#
#  Makefile for drsosc, drscl and drs_exam
#  executables under linux
#
#  Requires wxWidgets 2.8.9 or newer
#
########################################################

# check if wxWidgets is installed
HAVE_WX       = $(shell which wx-config) ifeq ($(HAVE_WX),)
$(error Error: wxWidgets required to compile "drsosc") endif # check for OS OS =$(shell uname)
ifeq ($(OS),Darwin) DOS = OS_DARWIN else DOS = OS_LINUX endif CFLAGS = -g -O2 -Wall -Wuninitialized -fno-strict-aliasing -Iinclude -I/usr/local/include -D$(DOS) -DHAVE_USB -DHAVE_LIBUSB10 -DUSE_DRS_MUTEX

ifeq ($(OS),Darwin) CFLAGS += -stdlib=libstdc++ endif # wxWidgets libs and flags WXLIBS =$(shell wx-config --libs)
WXFLAGS       = $(shell wx-config --cxxflags) CPP_OBJ = DRS.o averager.o ConfigDialog.o DOFrame.o DOScreen.o DRSOsc.o MeasureDialog.o Measurement.o Osci.o InfoDialog.o DisplayDialog.o AboutDialog.o EPThread.o TriggerDialog.o rb.o OBJECTS = musbstd.o mxml.o strlcpy.o SHARED_OBJECTS= libDRS.so ifeq ($(OS),Darwin)
all: drsosc drscl drs_exam drs_exam_multi DRSOsc.app
else
all: drsosc drscl drs_exam drs_exam_multi
endif

DRSOsc.app: drsosc
-mkdir DRSOsc.app
-mkdir DRSOsc.app/Contents
-mkdir DRSOsc.app/Contents/MacOS
-mkdir DRSOsc.app/Contents/Resources
-mkdir DRSOsc.app/Contents/Resources/English.lproj
echo 'APPL????' > DRSOsc.app/Contents/PkgInfo
cp Info.plist DRSOsc.app/Contents/Info.plist
cp DRSOsc.icns DRSOsc.app/Contents/Resources
cp drsosc DRSOsc.app/Contents/MacOS/DRSOsc

drsosc: $(OBJECTS)$(CPP_OBJ) main.o
$(CXX)$(CFLAGS) $(OBJECTS)$(CPP_OBJ) main.o -o drsosc $(LIBS)$(WXLIBS)

drscl: $(OBJECTS) DRS.o averager.o drscl.o$(CXX) $(CFLAGS)$(OBJECTS) DRS.o averager.o drscl.o -o drscl $(LIBS)$(WXLIBS)

drs_exam: $(OBJECTS) drs_exam.o$(SHARED_OBJECTS)
#	$(CXX)$(CFLAGS) -L . $(OBJECTS) -lDRS drs_exam.o -o drs_exam$(LIBS) $(WXLIBS)$(CXX) $(CFLAGS)$(OBJECTS) -L. drs_exam.o -lDRS -o drs_exam $(LIBS)$(WXLIBS)

drs_exam_multi: $(OBJECTS) DRS.o averager.o drs_exam_multi.o #old$(CXX) $(CFLAGS)$(OBJECTS) DRS.o averager.o drs_exam_multi.o -o drs_exam_multi $(LIBS)$(WXLIBS)
$(CXX)$(CFLAGS) $(OBJECTS) -L. DRS.o averager.o drs_exam_multi.o -o drs_exam_multi -lDRS$(LIBS) $(WXLIBS) main.o: src/main.cpp include/mxml.h include/DRS.h$(CXX) $(CFLAGS)$(WXFLAGS) -c $< drscl.o: src/drscl.cpp include/mxml.h include/DRS.h$(CXX) $(CFLAGS) -c$<

drs_exam.o: src/drs_exam.cpp include/mxml.h include/DRS.h
$(CXX)$(CFLAGS) -c $< drs_exam_multi.o: src/drs_exam_multi.cpp include/mxml.h include/DRS.h$(CXX) $(CFLAGS) -c$<

$(CPP_OBJ): %.o: src/%.cpp include/%.h include/mxml.h include/DRS.h$(CXX) $(CFLAGS)$(WXFLAGS) -c $<$(OBJECTS): %.o: src/%.c include/mxml.h include/DRS.h
$(CC)$(CFLAGS) -c $<$(SHARED_OBJECTS): %.so:  DRS.o mxml.o averager.o musbstd.o
# Make Shared objectss
#  g++ -Wall -shared -fPIC -o libDRS.so src/DRS.cpp src/averager.cpp src/mxml.c -I include/
# < $< # @$@
# %.so
#g++ -Wall -shared -fPIC -o libDRS.so src/DRS.cpp src/averager.cpp src/mxml.c -I include/")
$(CXX)$(CFLAGS) $(WXFLAGS) -Wall -shared -fPIC -o$@ -I include/ src/DRS.cpp src/averager.cpp src/mxml.c  src/musbstd.c $(LIBS)$(WXLIBS)

clean:
rm -f *.o  *.so drscl drsosc


439   Mon Jul 6 19:25:27 2015 Stefan RittCreation of Object files

Anyhow it would be nice if you just post your Makefile here, which runs with the standard distribution, so people can use it if needed.

Stefan

Felix Bachmair wrote:

Hi Stefan,

That's fine for me. I thought it might be interesting for others as well..

Cheers

Felix

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Hi Felix,

the distribution does not contain any binaries, since there are too many Linux distributions around, so everybody compiles from the sources under Linux. Do you want me to just add libDRS.so to the official Makefile? Actually you are the first one asking for this. Would it be beneficial to have this in the distribution, or can you just maintain your own Makefile in the github repository?

Stefan

 Felix Bachmair wrote: HI, We are using the DRS4 Board in the EUDAQ framework [1]. We wrote a a Producer based on the software of the evaluation board, which is using the DRS class/header/src files. In order to make it work we needed to compile it with a shared object file. [2] Would it be possbile to include a shared object in the 'official' release?  Cheers Felix

438   Mon Jul 6 11:30:56 2015 Felix BachmairCreation of Object files

Hi Stefan,

That's fine for me. I thought it might be interesting for others as well..

Cheers

Felix

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Hi Felix,

the distribution does not contain any binaries, since there are too many Linux distributions around, so everybody compiles from the sources under Linux. Do you want me to just add libDRS.so to the official Makefile? Actually you are the first one asking for this. Would it be beneficial to have this in the distribution, or can you just maintain your own Makefile in the github repository?

Stefan

 Felix Bachmair wrote: HI, We are using the DRS4 Board in the EUDAQ framework [1]. We wrote a a Producer based on the software of the evaluation board, which is using the DRS class/header/src files. In order to make it work we needed to compile it with a shared object file. [2] Would it be possbile to include a shared object in the 'official' release?  Cheers Felix

437   Fri Jul 3 17:13:27 2015 Stefan RittCreation of Object files

Hi Felix,

the distribution does not contain any binaries, since there are too many Linux distributions around, so everybody compiles from the sources under Linux. Do you want me to just add libDRS.so to the official Makefile? Actually you are the first one asking for this. Would it be beneficial to have this in the distribution, or can you just maintain your own Makefile in the github repository?

Stefan

 Felix Bachmair wrote: HI, We are using the DRS4 Board in the EUDAQ framework [1]. We wrote a a Producer based on the software of the evaluation board, which is using the DRS class/header/src files. In order to make it work we needed to compile it with a shared object file. [2] Would it be possbile to include a shared object in the 'official' release?  Cheers Felix

436   Thu Jul 2 13:20:51 2015 Felix BachmairCreation of Object files

HI,

We are using the DRS4 Board in the EUDAQ framework [1]. We wrote a a Producer based on the software of the evaluation board, which is using the DRS class/header/src files.

In order to make it work we needed to compile it with a shared object file. [2]

Would it be possbile to include a shared object in the 'official' release?

Cheers

Felix

435   Thu Jul 2 08:53:17 2015 Felix BachmairIssue with Trigger rates below ~100Hz

Hi,

We did a further investigation of this problem:

We figured out that this issue seems to be related to the kernel.

We tested it now on two machines with Ubuntu 14.04.2 LTS (kernel 3.16.0-41), one with RHEL 6.6 (kernel 2.6.32) , one with Fedora 20 (kernel 3.18.7) and one with Mac OSX. We see this issue  with the Ubuntu and the fedroa  machines.Both have a kernel above 3.0 while RHEL has a kernel of 2.6

We can repoduce the problem on all input channels as a trigger.

I will try to find out what could be the cause of it.

Cheers

Felix

 Felix Bachmair wrote: Hi We are working with the DRS 4 V5 version and we investigated an issue with the trigger at rates below ~120 Hz. As long as we have a trigger rate of more than 125 Hz. everything seems to work fine and we are recording more or less all events. As soon as we go lower in input trigger rate to 100Hz, we see a drop in trigger rates to approx 15 - 20 Hz. When we use the new firmware we can see that the busy signal is  0 for much longer times than usual up to .5 seconds.   We made a plot of input trigger rate vs trigger rate of drs: https://plot.ly/~simon.corrodi/316   In the  oscilloscope plots one can see the the trigger in in yellow and the trig out from drs board in blue.   Do you have any idea what could be the reason?   We also

434   Fri Jun 19 12:32:10 2015 Gregor Krambergerdrs 5.03 and windows 8.1

 Gregor Kramberger wrote: I have problems with driver installation on windows 8.1 (software version 5.03). I have sen that that has been an issue before (driver signing) and I would like to know if this has been solved. We run several DRS4 evaluation boards on different PCs all running Win7 without any problems. Therefore we are almost confident that it is related to Win 8.1. Thanks.

Solved. Need to restart Windows 8.1 (64 bit) in recovery mode and dissable driver signing as mandatory. Then it works fine.

433   Thu Jun 18 17:33:05 2015 Gregor Krambergerdrs 5.03 and windows 8.1

I have problems with driver installation on windows 8.1 (software version 5.03). I have sen that that has been an issue before (driver signing) and I would like to know if this has been solved. We run several DRS4 evaluation boards on different PCs all running Win7 without any problems. Therefore we are almost confident that it is related to Win 8.1. Thanks.

432   Tue Jun 16 22:26:41 2015 Stefan RittDRS4 Evaluation Board Osc Application

There is a horizontal position slider in the "Horizontal" box on the right side below the trigger delay. Use it.

 Michael Buadelk wrote: Hi, I have a DRS4 v5 evaluation board and I have a novice question about the oscilliscop application. When I connect it to a photo-detector (silicon photo-multiplier to be exact), the signal appears only on one half of the screen, and I cannot change it to be full screen, and pulse to be centered. I tried changing delay time and played around with the settings of the applicaton but no success. I'd apprecite if someone help me on this, probably very simple, problem.

431   Tue Jun 16 20:45:54 2015 Michael BuadelkDRS4 Evaluation Board Osc Application

Hi, I have a DRS4 v5 evaluation board and I have a novice question about the oscilliscop application. When I connect it to a photo-detector (silicon photo-multiplier to be exact), the signal appears only on one half of the screen, and I cannot change it to be full screen, and pulse to be centered. I tried changing delay time and played around with the settings of the applicaton but no success. I'd apprecite if someone help me on this, probably very simple, problem.

430   Fri Jun 5 13:32:03 2015 Stefan RittDRS4 firmware UCF constraints
Actually we should take this offline not to pester other DRS users which are not interested in this topic. Please call me directly (3728) at PSI.

/Stefan
429   Fri Jun 5 13:29:55 2015 Stefan RittDRS4 firmware UCF constraints
Do the following:

Use the TRG OUT of the evaluation board as a "busy". Only if this signal goes low (meaning that the readout of the board is complete and the board has been restarted), then re-enable triggers in your trigger logic.

/Stefan

> Hi Stefan,
> No we only use one evaluation board. We use the evaluation board as a part of our beam test setup. It includes a telescope based on the current PSI46V2.1 CMS Pixel chip and a trigger logic board for triggering the telescope and the evaluation board. This includes a
> handshake between every device and the tlu
> e.g. the tlu expects an answer for each trigger.
> If the trigger comes within this first 200 mus it seems that not every trigger is accepted.
> In this moment our readout would 'die' since the tlu is waiting for the handshake.
428   Fri Jun 5 13:15:35 2015 Felix BachmairDRS4 firmware UCF constraints
Hi Stefan,
No we only use one evaluation board. We use the evaluation board as a part of our beam test setup. It includes a telescope based on the current PSI46V2.1 CMS Pixel chip and a trigger logic board for triggering the telescope and the evaluation board. This includes a
handshake between every device and the tlu
e.g. the tlu expects an answer for each trigger.
If the trigger comes within this first 200 mus it seems that not every trigger is accepted.
In this moment our readout would 'die' since the tlu is waiting for the handshake.
Cheers
Felix

> I presume you have several evaluation boards and want to run them in sync, right?
>
> This can be either made in daisy-chain mode (see manual page 25). In this case only the master board can trigger the slave boards. If you need to trigger on SEVERAL boards (like a coincidence between two boards), you have to do this with an external trigger and
busy logic. This is rather
> complicated and needs detailed explanations. So come to my office and I will teach you.
>
> Best,
> Stefan
427   Fri Jun 5 12:07:38 2015 Stefan RittDRS4 firmware UCF constraints
I presume you have several evaluation boards and want to run them in sync, right?

This can be either made in daisy-chain mode (see manual page 25). In this case only the master board can trigger the slave boards. If you need to trigger on SEVERAL boards (like a coincidence between two boards), you have to do this with an external trigger and busy logic. This is rather
complicated and needs detailed explanations. So come to my office and I will teach you.

Best,
Stefan
426   Wed Jun 3 09:07:38 2015 Stefan RittPeculiar behavior of time values for Rev5 DRS4 EB

First of all, you should not use new boards with old software. I try to keep the current software compatible with old boards, but not vice versa. Please use the DRS.cpp library from the current V5 software, otherwise your time calibration will not work.

If you then do the calibration with the V5 software and the V5 board, you will see that the bin widhts of the DRS chips are not the same. Actually they are "oscillating" between ~130 ps and ~270 ps if you run at 5 GSPS. Some bins are even negative, this means that the next bin sees the signal before the previous bin. This is correct and due to the specific layout of the chip which is not perfect. Using the new time calibration with the current software, you should be able to make time measurements with a few ps accuracy.

Stefan

 Peter Steinberg wrote: Hi - I am setting up a new DRS4 rev5 but using drivers and software we were recently using with a Rev4 (with a recent release of the drs4 code, from mid-2014).  I am writing since I see peculiar behavior of the calibrated times when I read them back from the Rev 5.  I get events where the first time returns 0 (which was always the case on my Rev 4), but the following time is negative -- this seems to be wrong since the times should always increase. Is it a problem with my running the time calibration or a problem with the board itself?  For the record, the integral nonlinearity displayed during time calibration "looks" very different when running with the same (recent) drsosc on the two boards.  The rev5 has apparently a much larger amplitude. - peter

425   Tue May 26 11:27:27 2015 Felix BachmairDRS4 firmware UCF constraints
> > Hello, I'm using two DRS4 rev.5 boards for 8ch readout and triggering.
> >
> > I needed to modify the trigger logic and implement some tweaks in the firmware, and noticed that
> > the firmware source in drs-5.0.2 (and 5.0.3, SVN:5339) while still compiling fine with Xilinx ISE 10, stops
> > doing so in the ISE 14.7 (also already in 13.2)
> >
> > While the Synthesis is running through (in the new ISE it complains about using more than 100% of resources.)
> > The Mapping fails due to constraints (firmware/ucf/drs4_eval5.ucf) complaining about an illegal IOSTANDARD
> > for P_IO_PMC_USR<55> (LVDS_25).
> >
> > In the newer version the wild-cards (lines 67..69 ) are not properly dealt with, it seems, and if I move the
> > property by hand to all the wild-carded NETs it start to recognise the LVDS_25.
> > But after that Place&Route fails with messages about locked Banks due to incompatible VCCO.
> >
> > I'm trying to adapt the ucf file and am reading about the changes in the ISE software and constraints files, but
> > want to ask if some of you guys have seen the same issue and resolved it out "officially".
>
> The current firmware compiles nicely under 14.7. I attached it. It also has one modification which you probably need:
>
> When the board triggers, the TRG OUT goes high and stays high until the board has been read out and restarted. So it can be used as a "busy" signal for an external trigger logic.
>
> Best regards,
> Stefan

Hi Stefan,
Thanks a lot for the new firmware. We are testing it at the moment in a beam test at PSI (PiM1) and we realized that this doesn't seem to work 100%.
We need to extend the death time after a trigger by approx. 200 mus in order to not loose triggers.
It seems that under certain circumstances a trigger within that window is ignored.
We do a handshake after each trigger so we are able to recognize such ignored events. This can happen quite often (within the first few hundered events) when we do not increase the deadtime.
Do you have any idea what could be the reason for that issue?
Best regardds
Felix 
424   Sun May 24 09:34:27 2015 Peter SteinbergPeculiar behavior of time values for Rev5 DRS4 EB

Hi -

I am setting up a new DRS4 rev5 but using drivers and software we were recently using with a Rev4 (with a recent release of the drs4 code, from mid-2014).

I am writing since I see peculiar behavior of the calibrated times when I read them back from the Rev 5.  I get events where the first time returns 0 (which was always the case on my Rev 4), but the following time is negative -- this seems to be wrong since the times should always increase.

Is it a problem with my running the time calibration or a problem with the board itself?  For the record, the integral nonlinearity displayed during time calibration "looks" very different when running with the same (recent) drsosc on the two boards.  The rev5 has apparently a much larger amplitude.

- peter

423   Sat May 23 11:03:20 2015 Felix BachmairIssue with Trigger rates below ~100Hz

Hi

We are working with the DRS 4 V5 version and we investigated an issue with the trigger at rates below ~120 Hz.

As long as we have a trigger rate of more than 125 Hz. everything seems to work fine and we are recording more or less all events.

As soon as we go lower in input trigger rate to 100Hz, we see a drop in trigger rates to approx 15 - 20 Hz.

When we use the new firmware we can see that the busy signal is  0 for much longer times than usual up to .5 seconds.

We made a plot of input trigger rate vs trigger rate of drs: https://plot.ly/~simon.corrodi/316

In the  oscilloscope plots one can see the the trigger in in yellow and the trig out from drs board in blue.

Do you have any idea what could be the reason?

We also

Attachment 1: drs_v5_newStefan_10Hz.png
Attachment 2: drs_v5_newStefan_4Hz.png
Attachment 3: drs_v5_500_160Hz.png
Attachment 4: drs_5-0-0_4hz.png
422   Fri May 22 14:25:45 2015 Stefan RittDRS4 firmware UCF constraints
> Hello, I'm using two DRS4 rev.5 boards for 8ch readout and triggering.
>
> I needed to modify the trigger logic and implement some tweaks in the firmware, and noticed that
> the firmware source in drs-5.0.2 (and 5.0.3, SVN:5339) while still compiling fine with Xilinx ISE 10, stops
> doing so in the ISE 14.7 (also already in 13.2)
>
> While the Synthesis is running through (in the new ISE it complains about using more than 100% of resources.)
> The Mapping fails due to constraints (firmware/ucf/drs4_eval5.ucf) complaining about an illegal IOSTANDARD
> for P_IO_PMC_USR<55> (LVDS_25).
>
> In the newer version the wild-cards (lines 67..69 ) are not properly dealt with, it seems, and if I move the
> property by hand to all the wild-carded NETs it start to recognise the LVDS_25.
> But after that Place&Route fails with messages about locked Banks due to incompatible VCCO.
>
> I'm trying to adapt the ucf file and am reading about the changes in the ISE software and constraints files, but
> want to ask if some of you guys have seen the same issue and resolved it out "officially".

The current firmware compiles nicely under 14.7. I attached it. It also has one modification which you probably need:

When the board triggers, the TRG OUT goes high and stays high until the board has been read out and restarted. So it can be used as a "busy" signal for an external trigger logic.

Best regards,
Stefan
Attachment 1: firmware.zip
421   Tue May 19 14:14:45 2015 Ilja BekmanDRS4 firmware UCF constraints
Hello, I'm using two DRS4 rev.5 boards for 8ch readout and triggering.

I needed to modify the trigger logic and implement some tweaks in the firmware, and noticed that
the firmware source in drs-5.0.2 (and 5.0.3, SVN:5339) while still compiling fine with Xilinx ISE 10, stops
doing so in the ISE 14.7 (also already in 13.2)

While the Synthesis is running through (in the new ISE it complains about using more than 100% of resources.)
The Mapping fails due to constraints (firmware/ucf/drs4_eval5.ucf) complaining about an illegal IOSTANDARD
for P_IO_PMC_USR<55> (LVDS_25).

In the newer version the wild-cards (lines 67..69 ) are not properly dealt with, it seems, and if I move the
property by hand to all the wild-carded NETs it start to recognise the LVDS_25.
But after that Place&Route fails with messages about locked Banks due to incompatible VCCO.

I'm trying to adapt the ucf file and am reading about the changes in the ISE software and constraints files, but
want to ask if some of you guys have seen the same issue and resolved it out "officially".
420   Wed May 13 16:25:24 2015 Stefan Ritttransparent-mode voltage

To get the good linearity, you need indeed ROFS = 1.05V. With a O-OFS of 0.9V, a zero input signal would give you DRS_OUT+=1.05V and DRS_OUT-=0.75V. I think this is till in the range of your ADC, right? So it's a tradeoff between linearity and available range. I do not know how nonlinear the DRS4 will be for ROFS < 1.05V, you have to try. If it's getting too bad, you still can correct for this off-line.

Chenfei Yang wrote:

If using a ROFS of 0.9V, the input would not between 1.05V~2.05V better non-linearity area. Is that appropriate?

 Stefan Ritt wrote: There might be a solution. How do you bias th input of the DRS4 chip? If you use a scheme as described in elog:84, you can bias DRS_IN+ and DRS_IN- as desired. Take for example a board input range of 0-1V. For a 0V input, you bias DRS_IN+ and DRS_IN- both with 0.9V. A 1V input signal then puts DRS_IN+ to 1.4V and DRS_IN-to 0.4 V. In the transparent mode, DRS_OUT+ = DRS_IN+ and DRS_OUT- = O-OFS - DRS_OUT+. So if you put O-OFS to 0.9V, you get for a 0V board input signal DRS_OUT- = 2*0.9V - DRS_OUT+ = 0.9V. So DRS_OUT+   = DRS_OUT- = 0.9 V which is in the middle of your ADC range.  If you do now a DRS readout, you need a ROFS of roughly 0.9V. For a 0V input, the storage capacitors have a zero differential voltage (DRS_IN+ = DRS_IN- = 0.8V), so DRS_OUT+ = (0.8V - 0.8V) + ROFS  = 0.9V, and since you have O-OFS=0.9V, you will also get DRS_OUT- = 2*0.9V - DRS_OUT+ = 0.9V. So you ranges for transparent mode nad DRS readout mode will be roughly the same.

419   Wed May 13 16:13:07 2015 Chenfei Yangtransparent-mode voltage

If using a ROFS of 0.9V, the input would not between 1.05V~2.05V better non-linearity area. Is that appropriate?

 Stefan Ritt wrote: There might be a solution. How do you bias th input of the DRS4 chip? If you use a scheme as described in elog:84, you can bias DRS_IN+ and DRS_IN- as desired. Take for example a board input range of 0-1V. For a 0V input, you bias DRS_IN+ and DRS_IN- both with 0.9V. A 1V input signal then puts DRS_IN+ to 1.4V and DRS_IN-to 0.4 V. In the transparent mode, DRS_OUT+ = DRS_IN+ and DRS_OUT- = O-OFS - DRS_OUT+. So if you put O-OFS to 0.9V, you get for a 0V board input signal DRS_OUT- = 2*0.9V - DRS_OUT+ = 0.9V. So DRS_OUT+   = DRS_OUT- = 0.9 V which is in the middle of your ADC range.  If you do now a DRS readout, you need a ROFS of roughly 0.9V. For a 0V input, the storage capacitors have a zero differential voltage (DRS_IN+ = DRS_IN- = 0.8V), so DRS_OUT+ = (0.8V - 0.8V) + ROFS  = 0.9V, and since you have O-OFS=0.9V, you will also get DRS_OUT- = 2*0.9V - DRS_OUT+ = 0.9V. So you ranges for transparent mode nad DRS readout mode will be roughly the same.

418   Wed May 13 12:52:22 2015 Chenfei Yangtransparent-mode voltage

Yes. I use exactly the same scheme as you mentioned. I'll try your solution.

 Stefan Ritt wrote: There might be a solution. How do you bias th input of the DRS4 chip? If you use a scheme as described in elog:84, you can bias DRS_IN+ and DRS_IN- as desired. Take for example a board input range of 0-1V. For a 0V input, you bias DRS_IN+ and DRS_IN- both with 0.9V. A 1V input signal then puts DRS_IN+ to 1.4V and DRS_IN-to 0.4 V. In the transparent mode, DRS_OUT+ = DRS_IN+ and DRS_OUT- = O-OFS - DRS_OUT+. So if you put O-OFS to 0.9V, you get for a 0V board input signal DRS_OUT- = 2*0.9V - DRS_OUT+ = 0.9V. So DRS_OUT+   = DRS_OUT- = 0.9 V which is in the middle of your ADC range.  If you do now a DRS readout, you need a ROFS of roughly 0.9V. For a 0V input, the storage capacitors have a zero differential voltage (DRS_IN+ = DRS_IN- = 0.8V), so DRS_OUT+ = (0.8V - 0.8V) + ROFS  = 0.9V, and since you have O-OFS=0.9V, you will also get DRS_OUT- = 2*0.9V - DRS_OUT+ = 0.9V. So you ranges for transparent mode nad DRS readout mode will be roughly the same.

417   Wed May 13 12:34:49 2015 Stefan Ritttransparent-mode voltage

There might be a solution. How do you bias th input of the DRS4 chip? If you use a scheme as described in elog:84, you can bias DRS_IN+ and DRS_IN- as desired. Take for example a board input range of 0-1V. For a 0V input, you bias DRS_IN+ and DRS_IN- both with 0.9V. A 1V input signal then puts DRS_IN+ to 1.4V and DRS_IN-to 0.4 V. In the transparent mode, DRS_OUT+ = DRS_IN+ and DRS_OUT- = O-OFS - DRS_OUT+. So if you put O-OFS to 0.9V, you get for a 0V board input signal DRS_OUT- = 2*0.9V - DRS_OUT+ = 0.9V. So DRS_OUT+   = DRS_OUT- = 0.9 V which is in the middle of your ADC range.

If you do now a DRS readout, you need a ROFS of roughly 0.9V. For a 0V input, the storage capacitors have a zero differential voltage (DRS_IN+ = DRS_IN- = 0.8V), so DRS_OUT+ = (0.8V - 0.8V) + ROFS  = 0.9V, and since you have O-OFS=0.9V, you will also get DRS_OUT- = 2*0.9V - DRS_OUT+ = 0.9V. So you ranges for transparent mode nad DRS readout mode will be roughly the same.

416   Wed May 13 10:27:43 2015 Chenfei Yangtransparent-mode voltage

I'm using an AD9252, 0.9V common mode voltage is suggested and I already use 8 un-switchable level shifters. Just as you said, this common mode range is recommended for optimum performance and the device can function over a wider range with reasonable performance. So I think I could adjust O_OFS to a minor level during transparent output.

Stefan Ritt wrote:

I see your point. Actually I will soon have the same issue since we design right now a board with an AD9637 using the transparent mode. Which one are you using? The common mode range given in the datasheet is limited to guarantee optimal performance. But some ADCs allow a slightly bigger common mode range with reduced performance, but which might still be ok for some application. A "real" solution would be to put switchable level shifters between the DRS and the ADC, but that requires 8 additional chips which is bad. Alternative the ADC could pick up the signal not at the DRS output but at the DRS input, but that would aslo require additional chips for multiplexing. So unfortunately no perfect solution for that...

Chenfei Yang wrote:

Here's the problem. My external ADC has 2Vpp differtial input voltage range. And the common-mode voltage of the inputs need to be 1.3V. I cannot make both the transparent-output and the readout-output meet the ADC input requirement.

Stefan Ritt wrote:

The ROFS signal has no effect in the transparent mode, so you have to adjust O_OFS between sampling and transparent mode accordingly. Either use a DAC or two voltages with an analog switch.

 Chenfei Yang wrote: Hello Mr. Stefan Ritt   For DRS4 differential inputs ranges form 500mV to 1100mV, with ROFS set to 1.55V, O_OFS set to 1.3V, the outputs of DRS4 is shown in the attachment.   The left part of the waveform,DRS4 works in transparent mode, and then the readout take place. The DMV of transparent mode is bigger then the readout mode, and that makes ADC sampling harder.How may I solve this problem?   Best wishes!                                  Chenfei Yang

415   Wed May 13 10:16:40 2015 Stefan Ritttransparent-mode voltage

I see your point. Actually I will soon have the same issue since we design right now a board with an AD9637 using the transparent mode. Which one are you using? The common mode range given in the datasheet is limited to guarantee optimal performance. But some ADCs allow a slightly bigger common mode range with reduced performance, but which might still be ok for some application. A "real" solution would be to put switchable level shifters between the DRS and the ADC, but that requires 8 additional chips which is bad. Alternative the ADC could pick up the signal not at the DRS output but at the DRS input, but that would aslo require additional chips for multiplexing. So unfortunately no perfect solution for that...

Chenfei Yang wrote:

Here's the problem. My external ADC has 2Vpp differtial input voltage range. And the common-mode voltage of the inputs need to be 1.3V. I cannot make both the transparent-output and the readout-output meet the ADC input requirement.

Stefan Ritt wrote:

The ROFS signal has no effect in the transparent mode, so you have to adjust O_OFS between sampling and transparent mode accordingly. Either use a DAC or two voltages with an analog switch.

 Chenfei Yang wrote: Hello Mr. Stefan Ritt   For DRS4 differential inputs ranges form 500mV to 1100mV, with ROFS set to 1.55V, O_OFS set to 1.3V, the outputs of DRS4 is shown in the attachment.   The left part of the waveform,DRS4 works in transparent mode, and then the readout take place. The DMV of transparent mode is bigger then the readout mode, and that makes ADC sampling harder.How may I solve this problem?   Best wishes!                                  Chenfei Yang

414   Wed May 13 09:55:09 2015 Chenfei Yangtransparent-mode voltage

Here's the problem. My external ADC has 2Vpp differtial input voltage range. And the common-mode voltage of the inputs need to be 1.3V. I cannot make both the transparent-output and the readout-output meet the ADC input requirement.

Stefan Ritt wrote:

The ROFS signal has no effect in the transparent mode, so you have to adjust O_OFS between sampling and transparent mode accordingly. Either use a DAC or two voltages with an analog switch.

 Chenfei Yang wrote: Hello Mr. Stefan Ritt   For DRS4 differential inputs ranges form 500mV to 1100mV, with ROFS set to 1.55V, O_OFS set to 1.3V, the outputs of DRS4 is shown in the attachment.   The left part of the waveform,DRS4 works in transparent mode, and then the readout take place. The DMV of transparent mode is bigger then the readout mode, and that makes ADC sampling harder.How may I solve this problem?   Best wishes!                                  Chenfei Yang

413   Wed May 13 09:45:51 2015 Stefan Ritttransparent-mode voltage

The ROFS signal has no effect in the transparent mode, so you have to adjust O_OFS between sampling and transparent mode accordingly. Either use a DAC or two voltages with an analog switch.

 Chenfei Yang wrote: Hello Mr. Stefan Ritt   For DRS4 differential inputs ranges form 500mV to 1100mV, with ROFS set to 1.55V, O_OFS set to 1.3V, the outputs of DRS4 is shown in the attachment.   The left part of the waveform,DRS4 works in transparent mode, and then the readout take place. The DMV of transparent mode is bigger then the readout mode, and that makes ADC sampling harder.How may I solve this problem?   Best wishes!                                  Chenfei Yang

412   Wed May 13 09:31:18 2015 Chenfei Yangtransparent-mode voltage

Hello Mr. Stefan Ritt

For DRS4 differential inputs ranges form 500mV to 1100mV, with ROFS set to 1.55V, O_OFS set to 1.3V, the outputs of DRS4 is shown in the attachment.

The left part of the waveform,DRS4 works in transparent mode, and then the readout take place. The DMV of transparent mode is bigger then the readout mode, and that makes ADC sampling harder.How may I solve this problem?

Best wishes!

Chenfei Yang

Attachment 1: tek00000_.png
411   Wed May 13 08:19:53 2015 Stefan RittGetting Trigger Source

DRSBoard::GetTriggerSource() simply returns what has been enabled via DRSBoard::SetTriggerSource(). The actual source which causes the trigger is not stored in the hardware of the board, because I can be reconstructed easily from the waveforms. So just look which of the channels is above your trigger threshold. If none of the channels has a waveform obove the threshold, then the trigger must have been come from the external trigger.

 Cosmin Deaconu wrote: I'd like to be able to know which channel (0,1,2,3 or external) was responsible for the trigger.  DRSBoard::GetTriggerSource() seems to always return 1.  Is there a way to get this information?  Using the DRS4 evaluation board and software version 5.0.3. Thanks, Cosmin

410   Wed May 13 01:07:36 2015 Cosmin DeaconuDRS4 Evaluation Board + Powered USB Hub

I am trying to use 4 evaluation boards with a powered USB hub (since eventually, I will have to do this on a laptop).  It seems like destroying the DRS object is insufficent to properly close the boards when on the hub (i.e. I get usb read errors next time I run my program). When all the boards are plugged into the computer, all is fine.  This is on Linux using libusb1. My guess is something about resetting the port doesn't work properly (but maybe that's this particular hub's fault?).  Has anyone else experienced a similar issue. If not, can someone recommend a hub that is known to work?

409   Wed May 13 00:52:51 2015 Cosmin DeaconuGetting Trigger Source

I'd like to be able to know which channel (0,1,2,3 or external) was responsible for the trigger.  DRSBoard::GetTriggerSource() seems to always return 1.  Is there a way to get this information?  Using the DRS4 evaluation board and software version 5.0.3.

Thanks,

Cosmin

408   Tue Apr 21 13:06:39 2015 Stefan RittDRS4 Evaluation Board Baseline/Voltage Calibration

Sure, for a V3 board you need a pre-V5 software, but I assumed Julien had a V5 board.

 Daniel Stricker-Shaver wrote: I also use Ubuntu 14.04 LTS and for my V3 borad I have to use drsosc 4.x or ealier to perform the calibration.
407   Tue Apr 21 13:03:38 2015 Daniel Stricker-ShaverDRS4 Evaluation Board Baseline/Voltage Calibration

I also use Ubuntu 14.04 LTS and for my V3 borad I have to use drsosc 4.x or ealier to perform the calibration.

Stefan Ritt wrote:

1) I tried to cablirate a V5 board with drsosc 5.0.3 and it just worked fine for me. No idea what went wrong in your case.

2) The "found 4096 stuck pixels on this board" can be safely ignored. It comes from the fact that the standard evaluation board has four cannels unconnected (the DRS4 chip has 8 channels, four are connected to in the evaluation board and four are unconnected). So the software sees wrong values on four channels because they are unconnected and thinks something is wrong. Unfortunately the software cannot determine if the channels are connected or not. So just ignore it.

3) I heard several people having to reset their boards under Linux in a similar way than you. This is probalby due to some instability in the USB part of the linux kernel, since the problem does not occur on other systems (Windows, Mac OSX). So I cannot do anything from the software side.

/Stefan

 Julien Wulf wrote: Hi, Im trying to calibrate my DRS4 evoluation board to an input range of 0-1V but it doesnt work. 1) First I tried to calibrate it with the drsosc (version 5.0.3) Software. The -0.5V - 0.5V calibration works, but during the 0 - 1V calibration the Software crashes. 2) I also tried to calibrate the input range with a C++ DAQ Package (based on drs_exam). Here the code of the calibration:     ....     b->SetInputRange(0.) (Center at 0 V )     b->CalibrateVolt(NULL);    ....    Calibration Works    ....    b->SetInputRange(0.5) (Center at 0.5 V )    b->CalibrateVolt(NULL);   ....    Results in: Found 4096 stuck pixels on this board. Did I do a mistake or is this a normal behaviour of the board? Also the board often crashes and I get a magic number 0000 after restarting the DAQ. Then the board needs to be restarted via pulling the plug. ( I ensured that I terminate the USB connection before I close the program with "delete drs"). Is there a possibility to avoid this error? My OS: Ubuntu 14.04 LTS. Ciao, Julien

406   Tue Apr 21 12:52:18 2015 Stefan RittDRS4 Evaluation Board Baseline/Voltage Calibration

1) I tried to cablirate a V5 board with drsosc 5.0.3 and it just worked fine for me. No idea what went wrong in your case.

2) The "found 4096 stuck pixels on this board" can be safely ignored. It comes from the fact that the standard evaluation board has four cannels unconnected (the DRS4 chip has 8 channels, four are connected to in the evaluation board and four are unconnected). So the software sees wrong values on four channels because they are unconnected and thinks something is wrong. Unfortunately the software cannot determine if the channels are connected or not. So just ignore it.

3) I heard several people having to reset their boards under Linux in a similar way than you. This is probalby due to some instability in the USB part of the linux kernel, since the problem does not occur on other systems (Windows, Mac OSX). So I cannot do anything from the software side.

/Stefan

 Julien Wulf wrote: Hi, Im trying to calibrate my DRS4 evoluation board to an input range of 0-1V but it doesnt work. 1) First I tried to calibrate it with the drsosc (version 5.0.3) Software. The -0.5V - 0.5V calibration works, but during the 0 - 1V calibration the Software crashes. 2) I also tried to calibrate the input range with a C++ DAQ Package (based on drs_exam). Here the code of the calibration:     ....     b->SetInputRange(0.) (Center at 0 V )     b->CalibrateVolt(NULL);    ....    Calibration Works    ....    b->SetInputRange(0.5) (Center at 0.5 V )    b->CalibrateVolt(NULL);   ....    Results in: Found 4096 stuck pixels on this board. Did I do a mistake or is this a normal behaviour of the board? Also the board often crashes and I get a magic number 0000 after restarting the DAQ. Then the board needs to be restarted via pulling the plug. ( I ensured that I terminate the USB connection before I close the program with "delete drs"). Is there a possibility to avoid this error? My OS: Ubuntu 14.04 LTS. Ciao, Julien

405   Tue Apr 21 12:01:45 2015 Stefan Ritt DRSBoard::SetTriggerSource

Your first assumption is correct, e.g.

source = 00000000'00000001 = 0x0001 ==> CH1

source = 00010001'00000000 = 0x1100 ==> CH1 and EXT

So the lower byte is the "OR" block, and the upper byte is the "AND" block. Both blocks are combined via an "OR" so

source = 00011000'00000011 = 0x1803 is (EXT and CH4) OR (CH1 or CH2)

The "OR" combination between the two blocks is fixed in the firmware and cannot be changed without changing the firmware, but theoretically any logical combination between five inputs would be possible if you touch thr firmware.

/Stefan

 Felix Bachmair wrote: Hi I have a question about the function SetTriggerSource in the class DRSBoard (DRS.h/DRS.cpp) In the implementation there is the following comment: // Set trigger configuration // OR 0=CH1, 1=CH2, 2=CH3, 3=CH4, 4=EXT // AND 8=CH1, 9=CH2, 10=CH3, 11=CH4, 12=EXT   What does this exactly mean? I am assuming that this are the bits which are set? e.g source = 1 ==> CH1 source = 4352 = 0x1100 ==> CH1 and ext How is the AND/Or logic implemented? When i have: source = 0x1803 (bit 12,11,1,0) what is the right way to set the brackets to expalin the logic? (EXT and CH4 ) or CH2 or CH1 ?   Cheers Felix Bachmair ETH Zurich

404   Mon Apr 20 13:08:24 2015 Stefan RittClock settings in daisy chain DAQ

The resolution coming from the sampling rate goes into these numbers, but just marginally. At 5 GSPS, you get a few ps reolution, while at 1 GSPS, you get like 15 ps. If you convolve 15 ps with 400 ps, you get 400.3 ps, which is not significantly worse than 400 ps.

Simon Weingarten wrote:

Hi Stefan,

do you know how these numbers (400ps and 60ps) scale with the sampling rate? The manual says they are for 5GS/s, do they change with slower sampling?

Thanks and best regards,

Simon

 Stefan Ritt wrote: Here is the full version of the program with clock daisy-chaining. Before switching to the external clock, it checks if the clock really is there (by reading an internal scaler), and only then enables it. Note that the code also works without clock daisy-chaining. But without clock daisy-chaining your have some 400 ps time resolution between boards, and with clock daisy-chaining you get some 60 ps.

403   Fri Apr 17 10:07:38 2015 Simon WeingartenClock settings in daisy chain DAQ

Hi Stefan,

do you know how these numbers (400ps and 60ps) scale with the sampling rate? The manual says they are for 5GS/s, do they change with slower sampling?

Thanks and best regards,

Simon

 Stefan Ritt wrote: Here is the full version of the program with clock daisy-chaining. Before switching to the external clock, it checks if the clock really is there (by reading an internal scaler), and only then enables it. Note that the code also works without clock daisy-chaining. But without clock daisy-chaining your have some 400 ps time resolution between boards, and with clock daisy-chaining you get some 60 ps.

402   Thu Apr 9 11:46:33 2015 Felix Bachmair DRSBoard::SetTriggerSource

Hi

I have a question about the function SetTriggerSource in the class DRSBoard (DRS.h/DRS.cpp)

In the implementation there is the following comment:

// Set trigger configuration

// OR 0=CH1, 1=CH2, 2=CH3, 3=CH4, 4=EXT

// AND 8=CH1, 9=CH2, 10=CH3, 11=CH4, 12=EXT

What does this exactly mean? I am assuming that this are the bits which are set?

e.g

source = 1 ==> CH1

source = 4352 = 0x1100 ==> CH1 and ext

How is the AND/Or logic implemented?

When i have:

source = 0x1803 (bit 12,11,1,0)

what is the right way to set the brackets to expalin the logic?

(EXT and CH4 ) or CH2 or CH1 ?

Cheers Felix Bachmair

ETH Zurich

401   Sun Apr 5 22:16:48 2015 Julien WulfDRS4 Evaluation Board Baseline/Voltage Calibration

Hi,

Im trying to calibrate my DRS4 evoluation board to an input range of 0-1V but it doesnt work.

1) First I tried to calibrate it with the drsosc (version 5.0.3) Software. The -0.5V - 0.5V calibration works, but during the 0 - 1V calibration the Software crashes.

2) I also tried to calibrate the input range with a C++ DAQ Package (based on drs_exam). Here the code of the calibration:

....

b->SetInputRange(0.) (Center at 0 V )

b->CalibrateVolt(NULL);

....

Calibration Works

....

b->SetInputRange(0.5) (Center at 0.5 V )

b->CalibrateVolt(NULL);

....

Results in: Found 4096 stuck pixels on this board.

Did I do a mistake or is this a normal behaviour of the board? Also the board often crashes and I get a magic number 0000 after restarting the DAQ. Then the board needs to be restarted via pulling the plug. ( I ensured that I terminate the USB connection before I close the program with "delete drs"). Is there a possibility to avoid this error?

My OS: Ubuntu 14.04 LTS.

Ciao,

Julien

400   Thu Mar 19 07:37:52 2015 Daniel Stricker-ShaverRunning 2 instances of a DRS DAQ program

I don't know if it helps, but we measured the time resolution between two independendly running v3 boards using a single PC (latest software) in Linux. (http://arxiv.org/abs/1405.4975)

You start the DRS DAQ program with only one USB board connected, first. Afterwards connect the second board and start another session. If you externally trigger (global) both boards with less than 1 Hz, you can garantee that both programs save the same events independently (from two individual DRS boards).

Daniel

Stefan Ritt wrote:

I never had in mind running two systems in parallel, that's why the code claims all interfaces when started. You have to dig into the usb code which is located in musbstd.c at function musb_open(). There you will find a line libusb_claim_interface() which requests exclusive access to the usb subsystem. The code is there because I copied it from some standard example for the libusb library. You have to read the documentation for libusb (http://libusb.sourceforge.net/api-1.0/) and see if you can get rid of that. Probaby you have to claim/release the interface on each access, but I never tried that.

Stefan

 Hermann-Josef Mathes wrote: Hi, we want to run two instances of our little DRS DAQ program but obviously the first instance started always claims all DRS boards for itself and the other one exits with an error. The 2 boards used in the example below have the serial number # 2413 and #2414 and are v5 boards. The first one: mathes@ikauger5:~/src/DRS4/Cpp> ./drsdaq -b 2413 DRSController: found board with serial number #2413 DRSController: found board with serial number #2414 DRSController: using board with serial number #2413 CalibratedFrequency= 1.00721 ==================================== DRS type:            DRS4 Board type:          9 Serial number:       2413 Firmware revision:   21260 ... And the second one: mathes@ikauger5:~/src/DRS4/Cpp> ./drsdaq -b 2414 musb_open: usb_set_configuration() error -6 musb_open: Found USB device 0x04b4:0x1175 instance 0, but cannot initialize it: please check permissions on "/proc/bus/usb/1/7" and "/dev/bus/usb/1/7" USB successfully scanned, but no boards found ... How can our goal be achieved? Thanks Hermann-Josef

399   Tue Mar 17 02:53:26 2015 Stefan RittRunning 2 instances of a DRS DAQ program

I never had in mind running two systems in parallel, that's why the code claims all interfaces when started. You have to dig into the usb code which is located in musbstd.c at function musb_open(). There you will find a line libusb_claim_interface() which requests exclusive access to the usb subsystem. The code is there because I copied it from some standard example for the libusb library. You have to read the documentation for libusb (http://libusb.sourceforge.net/api-1.0/) and see if you can get rid of that. Probaby you have to claim/release the interface on each access, but I never tried that.

Stefan

 Hermann-Josef Mathes wrote: Hi, we want to run two instances of our little DRS DAQ program but obviously the first instance started always claims all DRS boards for itself and the other one exits with an error. The 2 boards used in the example below have the serial number # 2413 and #2414 and are v5 boards. The first one: mathes@ikauger5:~/src/DRS4/Cpp> ./drsdaq -b 2413 DRSController: found board with serial number #2413 DRSController: found board with serial number #2414 DRSController: using board with serial number #2413 CalibratedFrequency= 1.00721 ==================================== DRS type:            DRS4 Board type:          9 Serial number:       2413 Firmware revision:   21260 ... And the second one: mathes@ikauger5:~/src/DRS4/Cpp> ./drsdaq -b 2414 musb_open: usb_set_configuration() error -6 musb_open: Found USB device 0x04b4:0x1175 instance 0, but cannot initialize it: please check permissions on "/proc/bus/usb/1/7" and "/dev/bus/usb/1/7" USB successfully scanned, but no boards found ... How can our goal be achieved? Thanks Hermann-Josef

398   Mon Mar 16 16:07:39 2015 Hermann-Josef MathesRunning 2 instances of a DRS DAQ program

Hi,

we want to run two instances of our little DRS DAQ program but obviously the first instance started always claims all DRS boards for itself and the other one exits with an error. The 2 boards used in the example below have the serial number # 2413 and #2414 and are v5 boards.

The first one:

mathes@ikauger5:~/src/DRS4/Cpp> ./drsdaq -b 2413
DRSController: found board with serial number #2413
DRSController: found board with serial number #2414
DRSController: using board with serial number #2413
CalibratedFrequency= 1.00721
====================================
DRS type:            DRS4
Board type:          9
Serial number:       2413
Firmware revision:   21260

...
And the second one:

mathes@ikauger5:~/src/DRS4/Cpp> ./drsdaq -b 2414
musb_open: usb_set_configuration() error -6
musb_open: Found USB device 0x04b4:0x1175 instance 0, but cannot initialize it: please check permissions on "/proc/bus/usb/1/7" and "/dev/bus/usb/1/7"
USB successfully scanned, but no boards found
...

How can our goal be achieved?

Thanks

Hermann-Josef

397   Fri Feb 13 10:12:16 2015 Andrzej Grzeszczukdrs4 and root

Hello,

I compiled base file for drs system  (DRS.cpp) to root framework (root.cern.ch) as dynamic library DRS.so. It can be used for building many kind of applications under the root system. I applied it for older version of  root 5.28 and for latest version 6.02 too.

If anyone is interesting, I can help, please write to me andrzej.grzeszczuk@us.edu.pl

Regards

Andrzej

396   Fri Jan 16 14:12:19 2015 Stefan RittMac OSX Yosemite 10.10
> Hello,
>
> I can compile version 5.0.3 of DRS4sc on Mac OSX 10.0 without errors but when I want to execute the program I get the following error:
>
> [home]$./DRSOsc > DRSOsc(48068,0x7fff7ac5e300) malloc: *** error for object 0x7f88d9434a80: incorrect checksum for freed object - object was probably > modified after being freed. > *** set a breakpoint in malloc_error_break to debug > > Is this a known error? Will it be fixed in the next release? When I compile on OSX 10.10.1 with XCode 6.1.1 I get no error. I'm using wxWidgets 3.0.0. Same when I compile with the command line tools (which you first have to install from Apple) via "make", "make app", "open ./DRSOsc.app". You cannot start a graphical program directly from the command line like under Linux, you have to make an app and the do "open <app>". Best regards, Stefan 395 Fri Jan 16 13:29:05 2015 Rainer HentgesMac OSX Yosemite 10.10 Hello, I can compile version 5.0.3 of DRS4sc on Mac OSX 10.0 without errors but when I want to execute the program I get the following error: [home]$ ./DRSOsc
DRSOsc(48068,0x7fff7ac5e300) malloc: *** error for object 0x7f88d9434a80: incorrect checksum for freed object - object was probably
modified after being freed.
*** set a breakpoint in malloc_error_break to debug

Is this a known error? Will it be fixed in the next release?
394   Tue Nov 25 14:06:34 2014 Stefan RittRaspberry Pi drsosc does not exit properly

 Mickey Chiu wrote: When running drsosc on a raspberry pi, it seems the exit doesn't seem to work at all.  This is true for the "exit" button on the window, or the file menu exit, or the "x" on the window.  I end up having to kill drsosc manually from the command line.  This wouldn't be such a bad thing except that it doesn't seem to store any settings when killed in this way.  I'm wondering if anyone else sees the same thing, or if there is a fix out there, before I go and delve into why.

Unfortunately I don't have a pi here right now, so I cannot reproduce your problem. I checked on a linux system and it worked fine with wxWidgets 3.0.1 and GTK2 2.20. The wxWidget library sends an wxID_EXIT event to DOFrame::OnExit, which then closes the window. The destructor of DOFrame then calls SaveConfig() to save the current settings. Maybe you can debug this.

/Stefan

393   Mon Nov 17 16:36:18 2014 Mickey ChiuRaspberry Pi drsosc does not exit properly

When running drsosc on a raspberry pi, it seems the exit doesn't seem to work at all.  This is true for the "exit" button on the window, or the file menu exit, or the "x" on the window.  I end up having to kill drsosc manually from the command line.  This wouldn't be such a bad thing except that it doesn't seem to store any settings when killed in this way.  I'm wondering if anyone else sees the same thing, or if there is a fix out there, before I go and delve into why.

392   Sun Oct 19 14:36:54 2014 Chris Tullycoverting the xml file format into binary

Hi,

Is there a straightforward way to convert the xml file format into the binary format?  I have some runs taken mistakenly with xml.

Best,

Chris

391   Thu Oct 16 16:16:12 2014 Stefan Rittbinary files time calibration header in drs-5.0.2
> Dear Stefan
>
> I have a problem considering binary data files.
> Usually binary files start with TIME... (the time calibration header). But I observed the following reproducible problem.
> 1. Start to save a binary file (e.g. 001.dat) with 1000000 events.
> 2. Hit the close button before this limit has reached. (so far the binary files seems to be ok)
> 3. Start to save again a file with the SAME filename (and agree to replace the already existing it)
> If I do it like this, the file has no time information anymore and starts directly with EHDR.
>
> could it be that the m_evSerial counter is not reset in this specific situation?
>
> Cheers,
> Roman

This problem has also been fixed in version 5.0.3

/Stefan
390   Thu Oct 16 16:15:16 2014 Stefan Rittbinary files with more than 4 drs board ver. 5.0.2
> Dear Stefan
>
> after having some problems with writing binary files with more than 4 drs boards (in multiboard-mode) I might
> have found the solution.
> In the file src/Osci.cpp at line 838 is:
> unsigned char buffer[100000];
>
> If I understand the binary format right, this works only with up to four boards. With the maximum number of
> boards in your specification (16 boards) and all channels switched on on all boards this array needs to have
> about 400000 entries (for the first event, where the time information is written too).
>
> Could you please cross-check that?
>
> Thank you very much!
> Cheers,
> Roman

This problem has been fixed in software version 5.0.3

/Stefan
389   Wed Oct 15 12:15:58 2014 Stefan RittClock settings in daisy chain DAQ

Here is the full version of the program with clock daisy-chaining. Before switching to the external clock, it checks if the clock really is there (by reading an internal scaler), and only then enables it. Note that the code also works without clock daisy-chaining. But without clock daisy-chaining your have some 400 ps time resolution between boards, and with clock daisy-chaining you get some 60 ps.

Attachment 1: drs_exam_multi.cpp
/********************************************************************\

Name:         drs_exam_multi.cpp
Created by:   Stefan Ritt

Contents:     Simple example application to read out a several
DRS4 evaluation board in daisy-chain mode

$Id: drs_exam_multi.cpp 21509 2014-10-15 10:11:36Z ritt$

\********************************************************************/

#include <math.h>

#ifdef _MSC_VER

#include <windows.h>

#elif defined(OS_LINUX)

#define O_BINARY 0

#include <unistd.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <errno.h>

#define DIR_SEPARATOR '/'

#endif

#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

#include "strlcpy.h"
#include "DRS.h"

/*------------------------------------------------------------------*/

int main()
{
int i, j, k;
DRS *drs;
DRSBoard *b, *mb;
float time_array[8][1024];
float wave_array[8][1024];
FILE  *f;

/* do initial scan, sort boards accordning to their serial numbers */
drs = new DRS();
drs->SortBoards();

/* show any found board(s) */
for (i=0 ; i<drs->GetNumberOfBoards() ; i++) {
b = drs->GetBoard(i);
printf("Found DRS4 evaluation board, serial #%d, firmware revision %d\n",
b->GetBoardSerialNumber(), b->GetFirmwareVersion());
if (b->GetBoardType() < 8) {
printf("Found pre-V4 board, aborting\n");
return 0;
}
}

/* exit if no board found */
if (drs->GetNumberOfBoards() == 0) {
printf("No DRS4 evaluation board found\n");
return 0;
}

/* exit if only one board found */
if (drs->GetNumberOfBoards() == 1) {
printf("Only one DRS4 evaluation board found, please use drs_exam program\n");
return 0;
}

/* use first board with highest serial number as the master board */
mb = drs->GetBoard(0);

/* common configuration for all boards */
for (i=0 ; i<drs->GetNumberOfBoards() ; i++) {
b = drs->GetBoard(i);

/* initialize board */
b->Init();

/* select external reference clock for slave modules */
/* NOTE: this only works if the clock chain is connected */
if (i > 0) {
if (b->GetFirmwareVersion() >= 21260) { // this only works with recent firmware versions
if (b->GetScaler(5) > 300000)        // check if external clock is connected
b->SetRefclk(true);               // switch to external reference clock
}
}

/* set sampling frequency */
b->SetFrequency(5, true);

/* set input range to -0.5V ... +0.5V */
b->SetInputRange(0);

/* enable hardware trigger */
b->EnableTrigger(1, 0);

if (i == 0) {
/* master board: enable hardware trigger on CH1 at 50 mV positive edge */
b->SetTranspMode(1);
b->SetTriggerSource(1<<0);        // set CH1 as source
b->SetTriggerLevel(0.05);         // 50 mV
b->SetTriggerPolarity(false);     // positive edge
b->SetTriggerDelayNs(0);          // zero ns trigger delay
} else {
/* slave boards: enable hardware trigger on Trigger IN */
b->SetTriggerSource(1<<4);        // set Trigger IN as source
b->SetTriggerPolarity(false);     // positive edge
}
}

/* open file to save waveforms */
f = fopen("data.txt", "w");
if (f == NULL) {
perror("ERROR: Cannot open file \"data.txt\"");
return 1;
}

/* repeat ten times */
for (i=0 ; i<10 ; i++) {

/* start boards (activate domino wave), master is last */
for (j=drs->GetNumberOfBoards()-1 ; j>=0 ; j--)
drs->GetBoard(j)->StartDomino();

/* wait for trigger on master board */
printf("Waiting for trigger...");
fflush(stdout);
while (mb->IsBusy());

fprintf(f, "Event #%d =====================================================\n", j);

for (j=0 ; j<drs->GetNumberOfBoards() ; j++) {
b = drs->GetBoard(j);
if (b->IsBusy()) {
i--; /* skip that event, must be some fake trigger */
break;
}

/* read all waveforms from all boards */
b->TransferWaves(0, 8);

for (k=0 ; k<4 ; k++) {
/* read time (X) array in ns */
b->GetTime(0, k*2, b->GetTriggerCell(0), time_array[k]);

/* decode waveform (Y) arrays in mV */
b->GetWave(0, k*2, wave_array[k]);
}

/* Save waveform: X=time_array[i], Channel_n=wave_array[n][i] */
fprintf(f, "Board #%d ---------------------------------------------------\n t1[ns]  u1[mV]  t2[ns]  u2[mV]  t3[ns]  u3[mV]  t4[ns]  u4[mV]\n", b->GetBoardSerialNumber());
for (k=0 ; k<1024 ; k++)
fprintf(f, "%7.3f %7.1f %7.3f %7.1f %7.3f %7.1f %7.3f %7.1f\n",
time_array[0][k], wave_array[0][k],
time_array[1][k], wave_array[1][k],
time_array[2][k], wave_array[2][k],
time_array[3][k], wave_array[3][k]);
}

/* print some progress indication */
}

fclose(f);

printf("Program finished.\n");

/* delete DRS object -> close USB connection */
delete drs;
}

388   Wed Oct 15 11:34:43 2014 Simon WeingartenClock settings in daisy chain DAQ

Stefan Ritt wrote:

 Simon Weingarten wrote: Hi, I'm currently working on a little DAQ system with four DRS evaluation boards. Do i need to apply any specific settings when using the clock in/out connectors for synchronization? I do not see anything like that in the drs_exam_multi example. Any help would be greatly appreciated! Best, Simon

Right, I did not yet put any code there. What you need on all slave boards is

b->SetRefclk(true);

b->SetFrequency(...);

Set SetFrequency() is needed to restart the boards with the external clock.

This works of course only if you have the clock signals connected as written in the manual. If not, the boards won't work after you switch the reference clock.

Best regards,
Stefan

Thank you so much for the fast reply! I'll give it a try.

Best regards,

Simon

387   Wed Oct 15 10:52:58 2014 Stefan RittClock settings in daisy chain DAQ

 Simon Weingarten wrote: Hi, I'm currently working on a little DAQ system with four DRS evaluation boards. Do i need to apply any specific settings when using the clock in/out connectors for synchronization? I do not see anything like that in the drs_exam_multi example. Any help would be greatly appreciated! Best, Simon

Right, I did not yet put any code there. What you need on all slave boards is

b->SetRefclk(true);

b->SetFrequency(...);

Set SetFrequency() is needed to restart the boards with the external clock.

This works of course only if you have the clock signals connected as written in the manual. If not, the boards won't work after you switch the reference clock.

Best regards,
Stefan

386   Wed Oct 15 10:14:32 2014 Simon WeingartenClock settings in daisy chain DAQ

Hi,

I'm currently working on a little DAQ system with four DRS evaluation boards. Do i need to apply any specific settings when using the clock in/out connectors for synchronization? I do not see anything like that in the drs_exam_multi example.

Any help would be greatly appreciated!

Best,

Simon

385   Tue Oct 14 16:51:37 2014 Stephane DebieuxUSB Microcontroller firmware

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Stephane Debieux wrote:

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Stephane Debieux wrote:

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Stephane Debieux wrote:

Stefan Ritt wrote:

 Stephane Debieux wrote: Hi, I'm trying to recompile the USB microcontroller firmware starting from the drs_eval.c file but I'm not able to get a .iic file close to the one provided with the eval board. It seems to me that this drs_eval.iic file does not match the drs_eval.c and drs_eval.hex files or that I'm doing something wrong. Could you please help or give me an explanation. Thank you. Stephane

I did not touch the firmware since a couple of years, but I can confirm that the drs_eval.iic is the correct firmware file, since we use this one on all of our boards. To program it, you need the Cypress USB Console. You remove the jumper (to detach the EEPROM), then power the board (which then boots from the internal memory), connect to the board via the Cypress console, the put back the jumper while the board is running, then program the file into the EEPROM.

Best,
Stefan

Thank you Stefan.

Would that be possible to get the corresponding drs_eval.c source file since I'm assuming the one provided with the eval board is not the right one?

Thank you.

Stephane

There is only one drs_eval.c version around, and I confirm that it is the one in the distribution. If you use different compiler settings, like optimisations, you might get a different executable file (and thus a .iic file), but the files have the same functionality.

Stefan

I'm very sorry to insist but if I take the .hex of the distribution, convert it to .iic using the hex2bix utility, and reprogram the board, I can't read the board correctly (invalid magic number read with drscl for instance). Also, when using the uVision2 project file you provide and compiling the drs_eval.c, I get the same result  (i.e. no way to generate a functional .iic file starting from the sources). So, either I'm doing something wrong (and I don't know what) or the drs_eval.c is not the correct one.

And what happens if you program the .iic file from the distribution?

It works as expected.

Then why don't you use the .iic file and forget about the hex and c files? Honestly speaking, I don't remember what source file I compiled a couple of years ago, and it could be that an older file slipped into the repository, but that's all I have. I would have to investigate myself, try to compile and program the c file, do the debugging, and find out what the differences are. But unfortunately I don't have time for that right now. So just stick with the .iic file.

Thanks for the help.

I'm not doing this for fun, checking that the source matches the .iic ! I know I could directly use the .iic and forget about the hex and c files.

I just wanted to use your source file as the starting point for my own board, as everybody is doing at the application level.

384   Tue Oct 14 16:38:14 2014 Stefan RittUSB Microcontroller firmware

Stephane Debieux wrote:

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Stephane Debieux wrote:

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Stephane Debieux wrote:

Stefan Ritt wrote:

 Stephane Debieux wrote: Hi, I'm trying to recompile the USB microcontroller firmware starting from the drs_eval.c file but I'm not able to get a .iic file close to the one provided with the eval board. It seems to me that this drs_eval.iic file does not match the drs_eval.c and drs_eval.hex files or that I'm doing something wrong. Could you please help or give me an explanation. Thank you. Stephane

I did not touch the firmware since a couple of years, but I can confirm that the drs_eval.iic is the correct firmware file, since we use this one on all of our boards. To program it, you need the Cypress USB Console. You remove the jumper (to detach the EEPROM), then power the board (which then boots from the internal memory), connect to the board via the Cypress console, the put back the jumper while the board is running, then program the file into the EEPROM.

Best,
Stefan

Thank you Stefan.

Would that be possible to get the corresponding drs_eval.c source file since I'm assuming the one provided with the eval board is not the right one?

Thank you.

Stephane

There is only one drs_eval.c version around, and I confirm that it is the one in the distribution. If you use different compiler settings, like optimisations, you might get a different executable file (and thus a .iic file), but the files have the same functionality.

Stefan

I'm very sorry to insist but if I take the .hex of the distribution, convert it to .iic using the hex2bix utility, and reprogram the board, I can't read the board correctly (invalid magic number read with drscl for instance). Also, when using the uVision2 project file you provide and compiling the drs_eval.c, I get the same result  (i.e. no way to generate a functional .iic file starting from the sources). So, either I'm doing something wrong (and I don't know what) or the drs_eval.c is not the correct one.

And what happens if you program the .iic file from the distribution?

It works as expected.

Then why don't you use the .iic file and forget about the hex and c files? Honestly speaking, I don't remember what source file I compiled a couple of years ago, and it could be that an older file slipped into the repository, but that's all I have. I would have to investigate myself, try to compile and program the c file, do the debugging, and find out what the differences are. But unfortunately I don't have time for that right now. So just stick with the .iic file.

383   Tue Oct 14 16:34:45 2014 Stephane DebieuxUSB Microcontroller firmware

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Stephane Debieux wrote:

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Stephane Debieux wrote:

Stefan Ritt wrote:

 Stephane Debieux wrote: Hi, I'm trying to recompile the USB microcontroller firmware starting from the drs_eval.c file but I'm not able to get a .iic file close to the one provided with the eval board. It seems to me that this drs_eval.iic file does not match the drs_eval.c and drs_eval.hex files or that I'm doing something wrong. Could you please help or give me an explanation. Thank you. Stephane

I did not touch the firmware since a couple of years, but I can confirm that the drs_eval.iic is the correct firmware file, since we use this one on all of our boards. To program it, you need the Cypress USB Console. You remove the jumper (to detach the EEPROM), then power the board (which then boots from the internal memory), connect to the board via the Cypress console, the put back the jumper while the board is running, then program the file into the EEPROM.

Best,
Stefan

Thank you Stefan.

Would that be possible to get the corresponding drs_eval.c source file since I'm assuming the one provided with the eval board is not the right one?

Thank you.

Stephane

There is only one drs_eval.c version around, and I confirm that it is the one in the distribution. If you use different compiler settings, like optimisations, you might get a different executable file (and thus a .iic file), but the files have the same functionality.

Stefan

I'm very sorry to insist but if I take the .hex of the distribution, convert it to .iic using the hex2bix utility, and reprogram the board, I can't read the board correctly (invalid magic number read with drscl for instance). Also, when using the uVision2 project file you provide and compiling the drs_eval.c, I get the same result  (i.e. no way to generate a functional .iic file starting from the sources). So, either I'm doing something wrong (and I don't know what) or the drs_eval.c is not the correct one.

And what happens if you program the .iic file from the distribution?

It works as expected.

382   Tue Oct 14 16:29:12 2014 Stefan RittUSB Microcontroller firmware

Stephane Debieux wrote:

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Stephane Debieux wrote:

Stefan Ritt wrote:

 Stephane Debieux wrote: Hi, I'm trying to recompile the USB microcontroller firmware starting from the drs_eval.c file but I'm not able to get a .iic file close to the one provided with the eval board. It seems to me that this drs_eval.iic file does not match the drs_eval.c and drs_eval.hex files or that I'm doing something wrong. Could you please help or give me an explanation. Thank you. Stephane

I did not touch the firmware since a couple of years, but I can confirm that the drs_eval.iic is the correct firmware file, since we use this one on all of our boards. To program it, you need the Cypress USB Console. You remove the jumper (to detach the EEPROM), then power the board (which then boots from the internal memory), connect to the board via the Cypress console, the put back the jumper while the board is running, then program the file into the EEPROM.

Best,
Stefan

Thank you Stefan.

Would that be possible to get the corresponding drs_eval.c source file since I'm assuming the one provided with the eval board is not the right one?

Thank you.

Stephane

There is only one drs_eval.c version around, and I confirm that it is the one in the distribution. If you use different compiler settings, like optimisations, you might get a different executable file (and thus a .iic file), but the files have the same functionality.

Stefan

I'm very sorry to insist but if I take the .hex of the distribution, convert it to .iic using the hex2bix utility, and reprogram the board, I can't read the board correctly (invalid magic number read with drscl for instance). Also, when using the uVision2 project file you provide and compiling the drs_eval.c, I get the same result  (i.e. no way to generate a functional .iic file starting from the sources). So, either I'm doing something wrong (and I don't know what) or the drs_eval.c is not the correct one.

And what happens if you program the .iic file from the distribution?

381   Tue Oct 14 16:21:07 2014 Stephane DebieuxUSB Microcontroller firmware

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Stephane Debieux wrote:

Stefan Ritt wrote:

 Stephane Debieux wrote: Hi, I'm trying to recompile the USB microcontroller firmware starting from the drs_eval.c file but I'm not able to get a .iic file close to the one provided with the eval board. It seems to me that this drs_eval.iic file does not match the drs_eval.c and drs_eval.hex files or that I'm doing something wrong. Could you please help or give me an explanation. Thank you. Stephane

I did not touch the firmware since a couple of years, but I can confirm that the drs_eval.iic is the correct firmware file, since we use this one on all of our boards. To program it, you need the Cypress USB Console. You remove the jumper (to detach the EEPROM), then power the board (which then boots from the internal memory), connect to the board via the Cypress console, the put back the jumper while the board is running, then program the file into the EEPROM.

Best,
Stefan

Thank you Stefan.

Would that be possible to get the corresponding drs_eval.c source file since I'm assuming the one provided with the eval board is not the right one?

Thank you.

Stephane

There is only one drs_eval.c version around, and I confirm that it is the one in the distribution. If you use different compiler settings, like optimisations, you might get a different executable file (and thus a .iic file), but the files have the same functionality.

Stefan

I'm very sorry to insist but if I take the .hex of the distribution, convert it to .iic using the hex2bix utility, and reprogram the board, I can't read the board correctly (invalid magic number read with drscl for instance). Also, when using the uVision2 project file you provide and compiling the drs_eval.c, I get the same result  (i.e. no way to generate a functional .iic file starting from the sources). So, either I'm doing something wrong (and I don't know what) or the drs_eval.c is not the correct one.

380   Mon Oct 13 17:14:58 2014 Stefan RittUSB Microcontroller firmware

Stephane Debieux wrote:

Stefan Ritt wrote:

 Stephane Debieux wrote: Hi, I'm trying to recompile the USB microcontroller firmware starting from the drs_eval.c file but I'm not able to get a .iic file close to the one provided with the eval board. It seems to me that this drs_eval.iic file does not match the drs_eval.c and drs_eval.hex files or that I'm doing something wrong. Could you please help or give me an explanation. Thank you. Stephane

I did not touch the firmware since a couple of years, but I can confirm that the drs_eval.iic is the correct firmware file, since we use this one on all of our boards. To program it, you need the Cypress USB Console. You remove the jumper (to detach the EEPROM), then power the board (which then boots from the internal memory), connect to the board via the Cypress console, the put back the jumper while the board is running, then program the file into the EEPROM.

Best,
Stefan

Thank you Stefan.

Would that be possible to get the corresponding drs_eval.c source file since I'm assuming the one provided with the eval board is not the right one?

Thank you.

Stephane

There is only one drs_eval.c version around, and I confirm that it is the one in the distribution. If you use different compiler settings, like optimisations, you might get a different executable file (and thus a .iic file), but the files have the same functionality.

Stefan

379   Mon Oct 13 17:08:40 2014 Stephane DebieuxUSB Microcontroller firmware

Stefan Ritt wrote:

 Stephane Debieux wrote: Hi, I'm trying to recompile the USB microcontroller firmware starting from the drs_eval.c file but I'm not able to get a .iic file close to the one provided with the eval board. It seems to me that this drs_eval.iic file does not match the drs_eval.c and drs_eval.hex files or that I'm doing something wrong. Could you please help or give me an explanation. Thank you. Stephane

I did not touch the firmware since a couple of years, but I can confirm that the drs_eval.iic is the correct firmware file, since we use this one on all of our boards. To program it, you need the Cypress USB Console. You remove the jumper (to detach the EEPROM), then power the board (which then boots from the internal memory), connect to the board via the Cypress console, the put back the jumper while the board is running, then program the file into the EEPROM.

Best,
Stefan

Thank you Stefan.

Would that be possible to get the corresponding drs_eval.c source file since I'm assuming the one provided with the eval board is not the right one?

Thank you.

Stephane

378   Mon Oct 13 16:46:56 2014 Stefan RittUSB Microcontroller firmware

 Stephane Debieux wrote: Hi, I'm trying to recompile the USB microcontroller firmware starting from the drs_eval.c file but I'm not able to get a .iic file close to the one provided with the eval board. It seems to me that this drs_eval.iic file does not match the drs_eval.c and drs_eval.hex files or that I'm doing something wrong. Could you please help or give me an explanation. Thank you. Stephane

I did not touch the firmware since a couple of years, but I can confirm that the drs_eval.iic is the correct firmware file, since we use this one on all of our boards. To program it, you need the Cypress USB Console. You remove the jumper (to detach the EEPROM), then power the board (which then boots from the internal memory), connect to the board via the Cypress console, the put back the jumper while the board is running, then program the file into the EEPROM.

Best,
Stefan

377   Tue Oct 7 14:09:02 2014 Stephane DebieuxUSB Microcontroller firmware

Hi,

I'm trying to recompile the USB microcontroller firmware starting from the drs_eval.c file but I'm not able to get a .iic file close to the one provided with the eval board. It seems to me that this drs_eval.iic file does not match the drs_eval.c and drs_eval.hex files or that I'm doing something wrong. Could you please help or give me an explanation.

Thank you.

Stephane

376   Mon Sep 22 15:04:37 2014 Stefan RittTiming Calibration Fail

 Hannes Wachter wrote: Hi, has anyone experienced a shutdown of the DRSosc.exe or DRScl.exe when executing a Timing Calibration? Also, when we add the command b->CalibrateTiming(NULL); to the drs_exam.cpp and run the exe, our program shuts down immediately and windows shows an error message (identical to DRSosc and DRScl). Any help is appreciated.

Actually there is no need to call b->CalibrateTiming() at all from drs_exam.cpp. The timing calibration, once executed, will remain valid over a wide temperature range and for very long time (years), so no need to redo it over and over again.

/Stefan

375   Mon Sep 22 14:52:21 2014 Stefan Rittcompilation error for v5.0.2

Dmitry Hits wrote:

Stefan Ritt wrote:

 Dmitry Hits wrote: Hi, I am getting the following compilation error when trying to compile version 5.0.2 software: src/DOFrame.cpp:617:14: error: invalid conversion from ‘char*’ to ‘wxChar {aka wchar_t}’ [-fpermissive]   I have wxWidgets v. 2.8.12 package on Fedora version 3.9.10-100.fc17.x86_64   Has anyone seen this before?   Thank you,   Dmitry    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Full error report: g++ -g -O2 -Wall -Wuninitialized -fno-strict-aliasing -Iinclude -I/usr/local/include -DOS_LINUX -DHAVE_USB -DHAVE_LIBUSB10 -DUSE_DRS_MUTEX -I/usr/lib64/wx/include/gtk 2-unicode-release-2.8 -I/usr/include/wx-2.8 -D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64 -D_LARGE_FILES -D__WXGTK__ -pthread -c src/DOFrame.cpp src/DOFrame.cpp: In member function ‘void DOFrame::LoadConfig(char*, int)’: src/DOFrame.cpp:617:14: error: invalid conversion from ‘char*’ to ‘wxChar {aka wchar_t}’ [-fpermissive] In file included from /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/memory.h:16:0,                  from /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/object.h:20,                  from /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/wx.h:16,                  from include/DRSOscInc.h:9,                  from src/DOFrame.cpp:9: /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:1413:13: error:   initializing argument 1 of ‘wxString& wxString::operator+=(wxChar)’ [-fpermissive]

I don't get this error under gcc 4.4.7, so I guess you have a newer version. Each one becomes more picky. Just try to replace

str += filename;

with

str += (wxString) filename;

in line 617 of DOFrame.cpp

/Stefan

Hi Stefan,

Unfortunately that did not work and from suggestions in the error I do see a good solution:

----------------------------

src/DOFrame.cpp: In member function ‘void DOFrame::LoadConfig(char*, int)’:

src/DOFrame.cpp:617:25: error: call of overloaded ‘wxString(char [1024])’ is ambiguous

src/DOFrame.cpp:617:25: note: candidates are:

/usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:722:3: note: wxString::wxString(const wxWCharBuffer&) <near match>

/usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:722:3: note:   no known conversion for argument 1 from ‘char [1024]’ to ‘const wxWCharBuffer&’

/usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:692:3: note: wxString::wxString(wxChar, size_t) <near match>

/usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:692:3: note:   no known conversion for argument 1 from ‘char [1024]’ to ‘wxChar {aka wchar_t}’

/usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:690:3: note: wxString::wxString(const wxString&) <near match>

/usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:690:3: note:   no known conversion for argument 1 from ‘char [1024]’ to ‘const wxString&’

/usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:682:3: note: wxString::wxString(int) <near match>

/usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:682:3: note:   no known conversion for argument 1 from ‘char [1024]’ to ‘int’

---------------------------------

let me know if you see one.

Thank you,

Dmitry.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Full error:

++ -g -O2 -Wall -Wuninitialized -fno-strict-aliasing -Iinclude -I/usr/local/include -DOS_LINUX -DHAVE_USB -DHAVE_LIBUSB10 -DUSE_DRS_MUTEX -I/usr/lib64/wx/include/gtk

2-unicode-release-2.8 -I/usr/include/wx-2.8 -D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64 -D_LARGE_FILES -D__WXGTK__ -pthread -c src/DOFrame.cpp

src/DOFrame.cpp: In member function ‘void DOFrame::LoadConfig(char*, int)’:

src/DOFrame.cpp:617:14: error: invalid conversion from ‘char*’ to ‘wxChar {aka wchar_t}’ [-fpermissive]

In file included from /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/memory.h:16:0,

from /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/object.h:20,

from /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/wx.h:16,

from include/DRSOscInc.h:9,

from src/DOFrame.cpp:9:

/usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:1413:13: error:   initializing argument 1 of ‘wxString& wxString::operator+=(wxChar)’ [-fpermissive]

[dmitry@kitkat ~]$more error-drs4v5_2 g++ -g -O2 -Wall -Wuninitialized -fno-strict-aliasing -Iinclude -I/usr/local/include -DOS_LINUX -DHAVE_USB -DHAVE_LIBUSB10 -DUSE_DRS_MUTEX -I/usr/lib64/wx/include/gtk 2-unicode-release-2.8 -I/usr/include/wx-2.8 -D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64 -D_LARGE_FILES -D__WXGTK__ -pthread -c src/DOFrame.cpp src/DOFrame.cpp: In member function ‘void DOFrame::LoadConfig(char*, int)’: src/DOFrame.cpp:617:25: error: call of overloaded ‘wxString(char [1024])’ is ambiguous src/DOFrame.cpp:617:25: note: candidates are: In file included from /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/memory.h:16:0, from /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/object.h:20, from /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/wx.h:16, from include/DRSOscInc.h:9, from src/DOFrame.cpp:9: /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:722:3: note: wxString::wxString(const wxWCharBuffer&) <near match> /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:722:3: note: no known conversion for argument 1 from ‘char [1024]’ to ‘const wxWCharBuffer&’ /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:692:3: note: wxString::wxString(wxChar, size_t) <near match> /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:692:3: note: no known conversion for argument 1 from ‘char [1024]’ to ‘wxChar {aka wchar_t}’ /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:690:3: note: wxString::wxString(const wxString&) <near match> /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:690:3: note: no known conversion for argument 1 from ‘char [1024]’ to ‘const wxString&’ /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:682:3: note: wxString::wxString(int) <near match> /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:682:3: note: no known conversion for argument 1 from ‘char [1024]’ to ‘int’ make: *** [DOFrame.o] Error 1 I just tried with the current Ubuntu version (gcc version 4.8.2, wxWidgets 3.0.1) and it worked without any problem. So please upgrade to wxWidgets 3.0.1 /Stefan 374 Mon Sep 15 16:24:41 2014 Hannes WachterTiming Calibration Fail Hi, has anyone experienced a shutdown of the DRSosc.exe or DRScl.exe when executing a Timing Calibration? Also, when we add the command b->CalibrateTiming(NULL); to the drs_exam.cpp and run the exe, our program shuts down immediately and windows shows an error message (identical to DRSosc and DRScl). Any help is appreciated. 373 Fri Sep 12 16:38:24 2014 Dmitry Hitscompilation error for v5.0.2 Stefan Ritt wrote:  Dmitry Hits wrote: Hi, I am getting the following compilation error when trying to compile version 5.0.2 software: src/DOFrame.cpp:617:14: error: invalid conversion from ‘char*’ to ‘wxChar {aka wchar_t}’ [-fpermissive] I have wxWidgets v. 2.8.12 package on Fedora version 3.9.10-100.fc17.x86_64 Has anyone seen this before? Thank you, Dmitry --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Full error report: g++ -g -O2 -Wall -Wuninitialized -fno-strict-aliasing -Iinclude -I/usr/local/include -DOS_LINUX -DHAVE_USB -DHAVE_LIBUSB10 -DUSE_DRS_MUTEX -I/usr/lib64/wx/include/gtk 2-unicode-release-2.8 -I/usr/include/wx-2.8 -D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64 -D_LARGE_FILES -D__WXGTK__ -pthread -c src/DOFrame.cpp src/DOFrame.cpp: In member function ‘void DOFrame::LoadConfig(char*, int)’: src/DOFrame.cpp:617:14: error: invalid conversion from ‘char*’ to ‘wxChar {aka wchar_t}’ [-fpermissive] In file included from /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/memory.h:16:0, from /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/object.h:20, from /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/wx.h:16, from include/DRSOscInc.h:9, from src/DOFrame.cpp:9: /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:1413:13: error: initializing argument 1 of ‘wxString& wxString::operator+=(wxChar)’ [-fpermissive] I don't get this error under gcc 4.4.7, so I guess you have a newer version. Each one becomes more picky. Just try to replace str += filename; with str += (wxString) filename; in line 617 of DOFrame.cpp /Stefan Hi Stefan, Unfortunately that did not work and from suggestions in the error I do see a good solution: ---------------------------- src/DOFrame.cpp: In member function ‘void DOFrame::LoadConfig(char*, int)’: src/DOFrame.cpp:617:25: error: call of overloaded ‘wxString(char [1024])’ is ambiguous src/DOFrame.cpp:617:25: note: candidates are: /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:722:3: note: wxString::wxString(const wxWCharBuffer&) <near match> /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:722:3: note: no known conversion for argument 1 from ‘char [1024]’ to ‘const wxWCharBuffer&’ /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:692:3: note: wxString::wxString(wxChar, size_t) <near match> /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:692:3: note: no known conversion for argument 1 from ‘char [1024]’ to ‘wxChar {aka wchar_t}’ /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:690:3: note: wxString::wxString(const wxString&) <near match> /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:690:3: note: no known conversion for argument 1 from ‘char [1024]’ to ‘const wxString&’ /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:682:3: note: wxString::wxString(int) <near match> /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:682:3: note: no known conversion for argument 1 from ‘char [1024]’ to ‘int’ --------------------------------- let me know if you see one. Thank you, Dmitry. _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Full error: ++ -g -O2 -Wall -Wuninitialized -fno-strict-aliasing -Iinclude -I/usr/local/include -DOS_LINUX -DHAVE_USB -DHAVE_LIBUSB10 -DUSE_DRS_MUTEX -I/usr/lib64/wx/include/gtk 2-unicode-release-2.8 -I/usr/include/wx-2.8 -D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64 -D_LARGE_FILES -D__WXGTK__ -pthread -c src/DOFrame.cpp src/DOFrame.cpp: In member function ‘void DOFrame::LoadConfig(char*, int)’: src/DOFrame.cpp:617:14: error: invalid conversion from ‘char*’ to ‘wxChar {aka wchar_t}’ [-fpermissive] In file included from /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/memory.h:16:0, from /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/object.h:20, from /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/wx.h:16, from include/DRSOscInc.h:9, from src/DOFrame.cpp:9: /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:1413:13: error: initializing argument 1 of ‘wxString& wxString::operator+=(wxChar)’ [-fpermissive] [dmitry@kitkat ~]$ more error-drs4v5_2

g++ -g -O2 -Wall -Wuninitialized -fno-strict-aliasing -Iinclude -I/usr/local/include -DOS_LINUX -DHAVE_USB -DHAVE_LIBUSB10 -DUSE_DRS_MUTEX -I/usr/lib64/wx/include/gtk

2-unicode-release-2.8 -I/usr/include/wx-2.8 -D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64 -D_LARGE_FILES -D__WXGTK__ -pthread -c src/DOFrame.cpp

src/DOFrame.cpp: In member function ‘void DOFrame::LoadConfig(char*, int)’:

src/DOFrame.cpp:617:25: error: call of overloaded ‘wxString(char [1024])’ is ambiguous

src/DOFrame.cpp:617:25: note: candidates are:

In file included from /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/memory.h:16:0,

from /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/object.h:20,

from /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/wx.h:16,

from include/DRSOscInc.h:9,

from src/DOFrame.cpp:9:

/usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:722:3: note: wxString::wxString(const wxWCharBuffer&) <near match>

/usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:722:3: note:   no known conversion for argument 1 from ‘char [1024]’ to ‘const wxWCharBuffer&’

/usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:692:3: note: wxString::wxString(wxChar, size_t) <near match>

/usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:692:3: note:   no known conversion for argument 1 from ‘char [1024]’ to ‘wxChar {aka wchar_t}’

/usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:690:3: note: wxString::wxString(const wxString&) <near match>

/usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:690:3: note:   no known conversion for argument 1 from ‘char [1024]’ to ‘const wxString&’

/usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:682:3: note: wxString::wxString(int) <near match>

/usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:682:3: note:   no known conversion for argument 1 from ‘char [1024]’ to ‘int’

make: *** [DOFrame.o] Error 1

372   Fri Sep 12 16:08:49 2014 Stefan Rittcompilation error for v5.0.2

 Dmitry Hits wrote: Hi, I am getting the following compilation error when trying to compile version 5.0.2 software: src/DOFrame.cpp:617:14: error: invalid conversion from ‘char*’ to ‘wxChar {aka wchar_t}’ [-fpermissive]   I have wxWidgets v. 2.8.12 package on Fedora version 3.9.10-100.fc17.x86_64   Has anyone seen this before?   Thank you,   Dmitry    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Full error report: g++ -g -O2 -Wall -Wuninitialized -fno-strict-aliasing -Iinclude -I/usr/local/include -DOS_LINUX -DHAVE_USB -DHAVE_LIBUSB10 -DUSE_DRS_MUTEX -I/usr/lib64/wx/include/gtk 2-unicode-release-2.8 -I/usr/include/wx-2.8 -D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64 -D_LARGE_FILES -D__WXGTK__ -pthread -c src/DOFrame.cpp src/DOFrame.cpp: In member function ‘void DOFrame::LoadConfig(char*, int)’: src/DOFrame.cpp:617:14: error: invalid conversion from ‘char*’ to ‘wxChar {aka wchar_t}’ [-fpermissive] In file included from /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/memory.h:16:0,                  from /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/object.h:20,                  from /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/wx.h:16,                  from include/DRSOscInc.h:9,                  from src/DOFrame.cpp:9: /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:1413:13: error:   initializing argument 1 of ‘wxString& wxString::operator+=(wxChar)’ [-fpermissive]

I don't get this error under gcc 4.4.7, so I guess you have a newer version. Each one becomes more picky. Just try to replace

str += filename;

with

str += (wxString) filename;

in line 617 of DOFrame.cpp

/Stefan

371   Fri Sep 12 14:57:22 2014 Dmitry Hitscompilation error for v5.0.2

Hi,

I am getting the following compilation error when trying to compile version 5.0.2 software:

src/DOFrame.cpp:617:14: error: invalid conversion from ‘char*’ to ‘wxChar {aka wchar_t}’ [-fpermissive]

I have wxWidgets v. 2.8.12 package on Fedora version 3.9.10-100.fc17.x86_64

Has anyone seen this before?

Thank you,

Dmitry

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Full error report:

g++ -g -O2 -Wall -Wuninitialized -fno-strict-aliasing -Iinclude -I/usr/local/include -DOS_LINUX -DHAVE_USB -DHAVE_LIBUSB10 -DUSE_DRS_MUTEX -I/usr/lib64/wx/include/gtk

2-unicode-release-2.8 -I/usr/include/wx-2.8 -D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64 -D_LARGE_FILES -D__WXGTK__ -pthread -c src/DOFrame.cpp
src/DOFrame.cpp: In member function ‘void DOFrame::LoadConfig(char*, int)’:
src/DOFrame.cpp:617:14: error: invalid conversion from ‘char*’ to ‘wxChar {aka wchar_t}’ [-fpermissive]
In file included from /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/memory.h:16:0,
from /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/object.h:20,
from /usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/wx.h:16,
from include/DRSOscInc.h:9,
from src/DOFrame.cpp:9:
/usr/include/wx-2.8/wx/string.h:1413:13: error:   initializing argument 1 of ‘wxString& wxString::operator+=(wxChar)’ [-fpermissive]
370   Fri Sep 12 13:41:43 2014 Stefan Rittsynchronizing two DRS4 evaluation boards readout with one computer

Dmitry Hits wrote:

Stefan Ritt wrote:

 Dmitry Hits wrote: Hi everyone, Has anyone tried to synchronize 2 (two) DRS4 evaluation boards readout by the same computer? I have read about some attempts on this board in the past, but I do not know if they have succeeded. If yes, could you share your experience and/or software. Thank you very much, Dmitry.

Please read the manual http://www.psi.ch/drs/DocumentationEN/manual_rev50.pdf page 25 where this is described in detail.

/Stefan

Hi Stefan,

Thank you for pointing me to the document. Does it apply only to version 5 of the board or can it be applied also to version 4 (which is the one I have)?

Dmitry

In principle it should also work with version 4, but I'm not sure how well the V4 software supports this. You might try the V5 software with your V4 boards.

/Stefan

369   Fri Sep 12 13:37:42 2014 Dmitry Hitssynchronizing two DRS4 evaluation boards readout with one computer

Stefan Ritt wrote:

 Dmitry Hits wrote: Hi everyone, Has anyone tried to synchronize 2 (two) DRS4 evaluation boards readout by the same computer? I have read about some attempts on this board in the past, but I do not know if they have succeeded. If yes, could you share your experience and/or software. Thank you very much, Dmitry.

Please read the manual http://www.psi.ch/drs/DocumentationEN/manual_rev50.pdf page 25 where this is described in detail.

/Stefan

Hi Stefan,

Thank you for pointing me to the document. Does it apply only to version 5 of the board or can it be applied also to version 4 (which is the one I have)?

Dmitry

368   Fri Sep 12 13:00:04 2014 Stefan Rittsynchronizing two DRS4 evaluation boards readout with one computer

 Dmitry Hits wrote: Hi everyone, Has anyone tried to synchronize 2 (two) DRS4 evaluation boards readout by the same computer? I have read about some attempts on this board in the past, but I do not know if they have succeeded. If yes, could you share your experience and/or software. Thank you very much, Dmitry.

Please read the manual http://www.psi.ch/drs/DocumentationEN/manual_rev50.pdf page 25 where this is described in detail.

/Stefan

367   Fri Sep 12 11:52:21 2014 Dmitry Hitssynchronizing two DRS4 evaluation boards readout with one computer

Hi everyone,

Has anyone tried to synchronize 2 (two) DRS4 evaluation boards readout by the same computer? I have read about some attempts on this board in the past, but I do not know if they have succeeded. If yes, could you share your experience and/or software.

Thank you very much,

Dmitry.

366   Tue Aug 26 14:16:26 2014 Roman Gredigbinary files with more than 4 drs board ver. 5.0.2
Dear Stefan

after having some problems with writing binary files with more than 4 drs boards (in multiboard-mode) I might
have found the solution.
In the file src/Osci.cpp at line 838 is:
unsigned char buffer[100000];

If I understand the binary format right, this works only with up to four boards. With the maximum number of
boards in your specification (16 boards) and all channels switched on on all boards this array needs to have
about 400000 entries (for the first event, where the time information is written too).

Thank you very much!
Cheers,
Roman
365   Tue Aug 26 12:32:21 2014 Stefan Ritt10GSps on DRS4 Evm with delay cables

 Martin Petriska wrote: Hi, I read its possible to use channels 2,4,6 to extend 200ns to 400ns (1024bins to 2048). Is it possible to use same channels to double sampling rate with paralel feeding, one channel delayed by Ts/2, for 5,12GS/s is it cca 3cm delay cable?   Martin

In principle yes (you could split your signal externally and add some cable delay to one side), but it is not supported by the software. You would have to combine the data from the two channels yourself. But it won't help much. The analog bandwidth of the evaluation board is about 700 MHz. So sampling at 10 GSPS vs. 5 GSPS won't give you any additional information, since the highest frequencies in your signal will be only 700 MHz. You could as well take your 5 GSPS measurement and interpolate it with some sinc function to get exactly the same result. See here for details: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Whittaker%E2%80%93Shannon_interpolation_formula

364   Thu Aug 21 11:03:36 2014 Martin Petriska10GSps on DRS4 Evm with delay cables

Hi, I read its possible to use channels 2,4,6 to extend 200ns to 400ns (1024bins to 2048).

Is it possible to use same channels to double sampling rate with paralel feeding, one channel delayed by Ts/2, for 5,12GS/s is it cca 3cm delay cable?

Martin

363   Wed Aug 13 20:17:19 2014 Roman Gredigbinary files time calibration header in drs-5.0.2
Dear Stefan

I have a problem considering binary data files.
Usually binary files start with TIME... (the time calibration header). But I observed the following reproducible problem.
1. Start to save a binary file (e.g. 001.dat) with 1000000 events.
2. Hit the close button before this limit has reached. (so far the binary files seems to be ok)
3. Start to save again a file with the SAME filename (and agree to replace the already existing it)
If I do it like this, the file has no time information anymore and starts directly with EHDR.

could it be that the m_evSerial counter is not reset in this specific situation?

Cheers,
Roman
362   Wed Jul 30 17:05:38 2014 Stefan Rittdrsosc binary to cern ROOT file conversion

ChengMing Du wrote:

Stefan Ritt wrote:

 Luka Pavelic wrote: Thank you for your fast and very helpful replay. I made it work with drsosc version 4 but with version 5 i am getting weird results. Is it possible that they changed binary formatting?

Yes, but this is documented in the evaluation board manual. You have to modify the script slightly. I will update it myself in about 2-3 weeks.

Cheers,

Stefan

hi Stefan,can you update the code to convert binary to root for newest drsosc?Thanks.

See elog:361

361   Wed Jul 30 17:05:06 2014 Stefan RittROOT program to decode binary data from DRSOsc

 Stefan Ritt wrote: Please find attached a simple ROOT based program (http://root.cern.ch) to decode binary data from the DRSOsc program. It assumes that all four channels were recorded. If this is not the case, the program can be adjusted accordingly. To use it, simply type (assuming that you have written a data file "test.dat" with DRSOsc): root [0] .L decode.C+ Info in : creating shared library /tmp/./decode_C.so root [1] decode("test"); Info in :  created default TCanvas with name c1 1927 events processed "test.root" written root [2]  If you have turned on the clock on channel4 of the DRS4 evaluation board, it will produce a plot like this:       /Stefan

I updated this ROOT program for the new format used with the V5 boards. It's now called "read_binary.C". Usage stays the same. There is also a standalone C program "read_binary.cpp". Both are attached.

/*

Created by:     Stefan Ritt <stefan.ritt@psi.ch>
Date:           July 30th, 2014

Purpose:        Example program under ROOT to read a binary data file written
by the DRSOsc program. Decode time and voltages from waveforms
and display them as a graph. Put values into a ROOT Tree for
further analysis.

To run it, do:

- Crate a file test.dat via the "Save" button in DRSOsc
- start ROOT
root [1] decode("test.dat");

*/

#include <string.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include "TFile.h"
#include "TTree.h"
#include "TString.h"
#include "TGraph.h"
#include "TCanvas.h"
#include "Getline.h"

typedef struct {
char           bn[2];
unsigned short board_serial_number;

typedef struct {
unsigned int   event_serial_number;
unsigned short year;
unsigned short month;
unsigned short day;
unsigned short hour;
unsigned short minute;
unsigned short second;
unsigned short millisecond;
unsigned short reserved1;
char           bs[2];
unsigned short board_serial_number;
char           tc[2];
unsigned short trigger_cell;

/*-----------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

void decode(char *filename) {
char hdr[4];
unsigned short voltage[1024];
double waveform[4][1024], time[4][1024];
float bin_width[4][1024];
char rootfile[256];
int i, j, ch, n, chn_index;
double t1, t2, dt;

// open the binary waveform file
FILE *f = fopen(Form("%s", filename), "r");
if (f == NULL) {
printf("Cannot find file \'%s\'\n", filename);
return;
}

//open the root file
strcpy(rootfile, filename);
if (strchr(rootfile, '.'))
*strchr(rootfile, '.') = 0;
strcat(rootfile, ".root");
TFile *outfile = new TFile(rootfile, "RECREATE");

// define the rec tree
TTree *rec = new TTree("rec","rec");
rec->Branch("t1", time[0]     ,"t1[1024]/D");
rec->Branch("t2", time[1]     ,"t2[1024]/D");
rec->Branch("t3", time[2]     ,"t3[1024]/D");
rec->Branch("t4", time[3]     ,"t4[1024]/D");
rec->Branch("w1", waveform[0] ,"w1[1024]/D");
rec->Branch("w2", waveform[1] ,"w2[1024]/D");
rec->Branch("w3", waveform[2] ,"w3[1024]/D");
rec->Branch("w4", waveform[3] ,"w4[1024]/D");

// create canvas
TCanvas *c1 = new TCanvas();

// create graph
TGraph *g = new TGraph(1024, (double *)time[0], (double *)waveform[0]);

printf("Found data for board #%d\n", th.board_serial_number);

memset(bin_width, sizeof(bin_width), 0);
for (ch=0 ; ch<5 ; ch++) {
if (hdr[0] != 'C') {
fseek(f, -4, SEEK_CUR);
break;
}
i = hdr[3] - '0' - 1;
printf("Found timing calibration for channel #%d\n", i+1);
}

// loop over all events in data file
for (n=0 ; n<5 ; n++) {
i = fread(&eh, sizeof(eh), 1, f);
if (i < 1)
break;

printf("Found event #%d\n", eh.event_serial_number);

// reach channel data
for (ch=0 ; ch<5 ; ch++) {
i = fread(hdr, sizeof(hdr), 1, f);
if (i < 1)
break;
if (hdr[0] != 'C') {
fseek(f, -4, SEEK_CUR);
break;
}
chn_index = hdr[3] - '0' - 1;

for (i=0 ; i<1024 ; i++) {
// convert data to volts
waveform[chn_index][i] = (voltage[i] / 65536. - 0.5);

// calculate time for this cell
for (j=0,time[chn_index][i]=0 ; j<i ; j++)
time[chn_index][i] += bin_width[chn_index][(j+eh.trigger_cell) % 1024];
}
}

// align cell #0 of all channels
t1 = time[0][(1024-eh.trigger_cell) % 1024];
for (ch=1 ; ch<4 ; ch++) {
t2 = time[ch][(1024-eh.trigger_cell) % 1024];
dt = t1 - t2;
for (i=0 ; i<1024 ; i++)
time[ch][i] += dt;
}

// fill root tree
rec->Fill();

// fill graph
for (i=0 ; i<1024 ; i++)
g->SetPoint(i, time[0][i], waveform[0][i]);

// draw graph and wait for user click
g->Draw("ACP");
c1->Update();
}

// print number of events
printf("%d events processed, \"%s\" written.\n", n, rootfile);

// save and close root file
rec->Write();
outfile->Close();
}

/*
Created by:     Stefan Ritt <stefan.ritt@psi.ch>
Date:           July 30th, 2014

Purpose:        Example file to read binary data saved by DRSOsc.

Compile and run it with:

This program assumes that a pulse from a signal generator is split
and fed into channels #1 and #2. It then calculates the time difference
between these two pulses to show the performance of the DRS board
for time measurements.

$Id: read_binary.cpp 21438 2014-07-30 15:00:17Z ritt$
*/

#include <stdio.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <math.h>

typedef struct {
char           bn[2];
unsigned short board_serial_number;

typedef struct {
unsigned int   event_serial_number;
unsigned short year;
unsigned short month;
unsigned short day;
unsigned short hour;
unsigned short minute;
unsigned short second;
unsigned short millisecond;
unsigned short reserved1;
char           bs[2];
unsigned short board_serial_number;
char           tc[2];
unsigned short trigger_cell;

/*-----------------------------------------------------------------------------*/

int main(int argc, const char * argv[])
{
char hdr[4];
unsigned short voltage[1024];
double waveform[4][1024], time[4][1024];
float bin_width[4][1024];
char rootfile[256];
int i, j, ch, n, chn_index;
double t1, t2, dt;
char filename[256];

int ndt;
double threshold, sumdt, sumdt2;

if (argc > 1)
strcpy(filename, argv[1]);
else {
return 0;
}

// open the binary waveform file
FILE *f = fopen(filename, "r");
if (f == NULL) {
printf("Cannot find file \'%s\'\n", filename);
return 0;
}

printf("Found data for board #%d\n", th.board_serial_number);

memset(bin_width, sizeof(bin_width), 0);
for (ch=0 ; ch<5 ; ch++) {
if (hdr[0] != 'C') {
fseek(f, -4, SEEK_CUR);
break;
}
i = hdr[3] - '0' - 1;
printf("Found timing calibration for channel #%d\n", i+1);
}

// initialize statistics
ndt = 0;
sumdt = sumdt2 = 0;

// loop over all events in the data file
for (n= 0 ; ; n++) {
i = fread(&eh, sizeof(eh), 1, f);
if (i < 1)
break;

printf("Found event #%d\n", eh.event_serial_number);

// reach channel data
for (ch=0 ; ch<5 ; ch++) {
i = fread(hdr, sizeof(hdr), 1, f);
if (i < 1)
break;
if (hdr[0] != 'C') {
fseek(f, -4, SEEK_CUR);
break;
}
chn_index = hdr[3] - '0' - 1;

for (i=0 ; i<1024 ; i++) {
// convert data to volts
waveform[chn_index][i] = (voltage[i] / 65536. - 0.5);

// calculate time for this cell
for (j=0,time[chn_index][i]=0 ; j<i ; j++)
time[chn_index][i] += bin_width[chn_index][(j+eh.trigger_cell) % 1024];
}
}

// align cell #0 of all channels
t1 = time[0][(1024-eh.trigger_cell) % 1024];
for (ch=1 ; ch<4 ; ch++) {
t2 = time[ch][(1024-eh.trigger_cell) % 1024];
dt = t1 - t2;
for (i=0 ; i<1024 ; i++)
time[ch][i] += dt;
}

t1 = t2 = 0;
threshold = 0.3;

// find peak in channel 1 above threshold
for (i=0 ; i<1022 ; i++)
if (waveform[0][i] < threshold && waveform[0][i+1] >= threshold) {
t1 = (threshold-waveform[0][i])/(waveform[0][i+1]-waveform[0][i])*(time[0][i+1]-time[0][i])+time[0][i];
break;
}

// find peak in channel 2 above threshold
for (i=0 ; i<1022 ; i++)
if (waveform[1][i] < threshold && waveform[1][i+1] >= threshold) {
t2 = (threshold-waveform[1][i])/(waveform[1][i+1]-waveform[1][i])*(time[1][i+1]-time[1][i])+time[1][i];
break;
}

// calculate distance of peaks with statistics
if (t1 > 0 && t2 > 0) {
ndt++;
dt = t2 - t1;
sumdt += dt;
sumdt2 += dt*dt;
}
}

// print statistics
printf("dT = %1.3lfns +- %1.1lfps\n", sumdt/ndt, 1000*sqrt(1.0/(ndt-1)*(sumdt2-1.0/ndt*sumdt*sumdt)));

return 1;
}


360   Wed Jul 30 11:38:58 2014 Tsutomu NagayoshiSampling speed of DRS4 Board ver4

Hello!

I have a question concerning the sampling speed of the DRS4 evaluation board.

It is written in the manual that the sampling speed of  DRS4 Evaluation Board is supported above 0.7 GHz.

However I was able to set the sampling speed to be 0.5 GHz with the function DRSBpard::SetFrequency(0.5)  and realized that DRSBoard::GetTime function fills time array in every 2 ns.

I am wondering if the data taken with 0.5 GHz sampling is reliable or not.

Best regards,

Tsutomu Nagayoshi

359   Wed Jul 16 12:10:19 2014 Stefan Rittchange cascading from 1024 to 2048 bins for each input channel

 Yves Bianga wrote: Hello,   I want to ask whether it is possible to modify a Evaluation Board 5.0 from 1024 to 2048 cells for each of the 4 input channels. On the rev50 manual at page 31 I found an option to connect the 4 unused channels by setting 8 solder bridges. The source code for controlling the board seems already prepared for 2048 bins, since version 5.0.2.   So my first question: Are there any implementations in the VHDL Code to control the write shift register in 2048 mode? / Is there a necessity for a newer/other VHDL Code or is it already implemented?   And the second: Are there any other modifications except the eight zero Ohm resistors and maybe changes in the FPGA code?   My board info output:   Mezz. Board index:    0 DRS type:             DRS4 Board type:           9 Serial number:        2451 Firmware revision:    21260     Thanks a lot!   Yves Bianga

Indeed you only need R99-R106 to be installed. Unfortunately the firm/software cannot know if the resistors are there, that's why we introduced R142/R143, which connect J44 of the FPGA optionally to low. So if J44 is low (R143 installed), this tells the system that we are in 2048 bin mode. Unfortunately you need firmware revision 21305 or later to support this bit, which you apparently do not have. So you can either upgrade the firmware (if you have a download cable) or "fake" the 2048 bin mode in software. Go to line 4345 of DRS.cpp and look for DRSBoard::Is2048ModeCapable(). This function just returns the status of this bit. If you installed R99-R106, you could modify this function to always return "1" instead of "0". Then the DRSOsc program will display 2048 bins for each of the four channels.

Best regards,

Stefan

358   Mon Jul 14 19:03:05 2014 Yves Biangachange cascading from 1024 to 2048 bins for each input channel

Hello,

I want to ask whether it is possible to modify a Evaluation Board 5.0 from 1024 to 2048 cells for each of the 4 input channels.
On the rev50 manual at page 31 I found an option to connect the 4 unused channels by setting 8 solder bridges.
The source code for controlling the board seems already prepared for 2048 bins, since version 5.0.2.

So my first question: Are there any implementations in the VHDL Code to control the write shift register in 2048 mode? / Is there a necessity for a newer/other VHDL Code or is it already implemented?

And the second: Are there any other modifications except the eight zero Ohm resistors and maybe changes in the FPGA code?

My board info output:

Mezz. Board index:    0
DRS type:             DRS4
Board type:           9
Serial number:        2451
Firmware revision:    21260

Thanks a lot!

Yves Bianga
357   Fri Jun 27 11:23:19 2014 ChengMing Dudrsosc binary to cern ROOT file conversion

Stefan Ritt wrote:

 Luka Pavelic wrote: Thank you for your fast and very helpful replay. I made it work with drsosc version 4 but with version 5 i am getting weird results. Is it possible that they changed binary formatting?

Yes, but this is documented in the evaluation board manual. You have to modify the script slightly. I will update it myself in about 2-3 weeks.

Cheers,

Stefan

hi Stefan,can you update the code to convert binary to root for newest drsosc?Thanks.

356   Mon Jun 16 15:35:59 2014 Osip LishilinAnnouncement of new Evaluation Board V5

Stefan Ritt wrote:

Osip Lishilin wrote:

 Stefan Ritt wrote: Hardware scalers for all four channels and the trigger working up to 200 MHz. With the trigger scaler one can measure for example coincidence rates between two channels.

Does it give the ability to measure triggering rate? I'm talking again about possibility of use DRS4 as pulse counter for PMT's. If yes, do I need new v5 board or it is possible to use v4 board?

Yes it is possible to measure the raw trigger rate, with a resolution of 10 Hz. You need a new V5 board for that.

I'm not sure if I understand you correctly. The trigger rate could be up to 200 MHz, and it's possible to measure it  with 10 Hz resolution. Is it right?

Does it possible to measure independent trigger rate for each channel?

355   Thu Jun 12 17:16:13 2014 Stefan RittCalibrationWaveform

 Toshihiro Nonaka wrote: I'm writing the drs_exam.cpp to use multi-boards(v3, firmware:4.0.0), and taking data succeeded. But I have several questions about function written in DRS.cpp.   I wrote following code in drs_exam.cpp to set input range -0.4~0.6                                      b1->SetInputRange(0.1);             And the 100mV offset appeared(I attached a picture). I think this is due to the voltage calibration isn't done.(Calibrated to -0.5~0.5mV in DRS Oscilloscope)             If so, could you show me a simple usage of "CalibrationWaveform()" function in